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June 21, 1963 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1963-06-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Purely Commentary

TORONTO (JTA)—A Toronto
rabbi said that swastikas
smeared on synagogues and
other Jewish buildings in the
Toronto area should be left un-
touched on the buildings as a
public reminder that there were
still individuals in the city filled
with "hatred, depravity and per-
version."
Rabbi Erwin Schild of Adath
Israel said the swastikas and
anti-Semitic slogans should be
allowed to remain until police
caught the culprits. He con-
tended that the smearings were
"not a mark of shame for To-
ronto Jewry" but rather "marks
of shame for the community in
general."
He said that "by hastily scrub-
bing off and covering up these
marks we might give the appear-
ance of being ashamed or hurt,
thus encouraging further defac-
ings of our buildings." Removing
the smears, he added, also might
"beguile people into thinking
that we have eradicated the evil
which lurks in depraved human
minds."
He also expressed strong op-
position to suggestions that Jew-
ish organizations take direct ac-
tion to protect Jewish buildings
and catch the culprits, declaring
that "in an ordered society, the
protection of property is the con-
cern of government and police."

Brazil Laborites Elect
Steinbruch President

RIO DE JANEIRO, (JTA) —
Senator Aaron Steinbruch, a
leader of Brazil's Jewish com-
munity, has been elected presi-
dent of the Brazilian labor
party, the M.T.R. Steinbruch is
the vice-chairman of the Con-
federation of Jewish communi-
ties in Brazil.

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(Continued from Page 2)
It may very well be that Roy Wilkins is over-optimistic. But
his very confidence in the emergence of a better understanding
and the retention of good relations is encouraging.
Nevertheless, it would be well for Negro leaders to under-
stand that while exploitations of Negroes must be abandoned,
there also devolves upon Negroes the duty to reduce inter-
mediations, to prevent violence, as in the instance of the
brutal attack on a white man in Detroit with shouts "this is
for Louisiana, for Alabama," to teach their youth not to create
terror for school children and to throw away their knives.
The interpretation of the existing issue by a prominent Jew,
the new chairman of the Bnai Brith Anti-Defamation League,
Dare Schary, is important. A statement by Schary on "The
Ordeal of American Negroes" declares:
"ADL research in the South has found anti-Semitism among
Negroes there too. Since the Supreme Court decision, the South
has been a special target for the anti-Semitic and racist literature
of such a man as Conde McGinley and his Common Sense, and
the Thunderbolt of the National States Rights Party (notor-
iously vile anti-Semitic periodicals). This material is now get-
ting into the hands of Negroes too; the racist anti-Negro portions
they take for granted and ignore—the anti-Semitic portions they
seem to have a tendency to read and retain.
"Negro anti-Semitism is a particular tragedy because it is
so misguided. Responsible Negro leadership knows that Jews
and Jewish organizations were often instrumental in forming the
human relations councils that developed throughout the country
immediately after World War II; in the educational campaigns
for FEPC and other types of civil rights legislation that have
gone into the statute books of scores of states in the past eigh-
teen years; in the development of the whole course of human
relations education throughout the country.
"In his misguided, twisted way, the professional bigot recog-
nizes this when he accuses Jews of trying to 'mongrelize' the
nation or of being a moving force behind the Negro integration
movement. `Mongrelization,' of course, is hardly the issue;
democracy, security and equal opportunity are the sum total of
the aims of human rights groups, Jewish or otherwise.
"It may seem a remote notion to Americans in normal situa-
tions, but many Negroes, in their anguish and impatience, com-
pare Nazi Germany at the time it was persecuting and killing
millions with the United States of America today. The equation
cannot be made; all the force of federal government, the will
of the majority, our law, and our common heritage are on the
side of human rights. Nazi Germany's course was one of a con-
stant downward spiral, into degradation and the pit of evil. But
the mood of many Negroes is that they have long been con-
demned to hell by white Americans and that gradualism—
gradual release from purgatory as they see it—is not the
answer."
The latter point is particularly noteworthy. Too many—
especially Jews—have likened the Negro's position to that of
the Jews under the Nazis. Schary disproves it. There were lynch-
ings of Negroes, and the world was horrified; but they were
murders of individuals, not of six million who perished during
an era when there was such silence from the Christian world
that the blot will remain on non-Jews forever. The Nazi holo-
caust, as Schary states, was government-inspired. The anti-Negro
drive has always been that of a minority.
In any event, the facts are on the record, and the position
of the Jew vis-a-vis his black neighbor is a known fact. Let the
truth serve to unite all peoples in the cause for decency and
justice, and may there be an end to Negro anti-Semitism, just
as there is certain to come a day—in our own lifetime—when
race prejudice will be anathema to all Americans.

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Auschwitz Commander Dies in Cell
of Heart Attack Awaiting Trial

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to

The Jewish News)

FRANKFURT—Richard Baer,
51, the last commandant of the
Auschwitz murder factory, died
in his cell Tuesday of an ap-
parent heart attack while await-
ing trial for his war crimes,
officials here said Wednesday.
Baer had directed the oper-
ations of the camp, where an
estimated 2,500,000 victims
were slaughtered and cremated
from the spring of 1942 until
the end of the war. He and 23
other Auschwitz officials were
awaiting trial on charges of
mass murder and atrocities. The
trial, scheduled to be held in
Frankfurt next year, will con-
tinue as originally planned, the
officials said, despite the death
of the most important de-
fendant.
When the war ended. Baer
found work as a woodcutter

under an _assumed name. He
was found and arrested in De-
cember, 1960, shortly after the
state prosecutor's office offered
a $2,380 reward for his appre-
hension. His two predecessors
as commandant, Rudolf Hoess
and. A. Liebehenschel, were
tried and hanged by the Poles.

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Documentary Film
Shows Killing of Jews
by Nazis in Latvia

LONDON, (JTA) — The
Latvian Soviet Socialist Repub-
lic has produced a documentary
film concerning the extermina-
tion during the Nazi occupation
of 150,000 Latvian Jews, accord-
ing to reports received here
today.
The film is unusual in that,
unlike previous Soviet war films,
it makes no attempt to- hide
cases in which non-Jewish local
population cooperated with Nazis
in carrying out their program- of
genocide in the Latvian capital
of Riga and other cities in the
Republic.
It gives names and addresses
of German and Latvian war crim-
inals still at large who took part
in one of the mass killings.
Among those listed .are Heinrich
von Lohse, who the film says,
is living in West Germany and
Herbert Cukurs, a Latvian, said
to be living in Sao Paulo, Bra-
zil.
Von Lohse, whose name also
appears in files of known war
criminals as "Loose," served
the Nazis as Reichskomissar for
the Ostland and was sentenced
to 10 years' imprisonment in
1948, but was released in 1951.

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S -- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Fri d ay, June 21 , 1 963


Toronto. Rabbi Says
Swastikas Stay Until
Culprits Are Caught

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