THE DETROIT JEWISH CHRONICLE
MICHIGAN'S JEWISH HOME PUBLICATION
Per Year, $3.00; Copy, 10 Cents
DETROiT, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 16, 1920.
VOIL. VII. No. 7.
SUCCESSFUL YEAR AND FINE PROSPECTS
SHOWN IN REPORTS HEARD AT ANNUAL
MEETING OF UNITED JEWISH CHARITIES
Elected President of the United Jewish Solomon Hurwitz Dies
of New York
Charities at Twentieth Annual Meeting
NOTED RABBI EDITOR OF "THE
SEMITIC LANGUAGES AT COLUM-
29000 JEWS SLAIN
IN UKRAINE, SAYS
NEW YORK—Solomon T. I). Hur-
witz, lecturer on Semitic languages' at President Wilson sends U. S.
Columbialbliversity, 'founder and editor
General's Report on Pogroms
of the Jewish Forum and professor of
to Senate—Corroborates Pre-
Hebrew and Aramaic Philology at the
Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary,
died Monday afternoon, aged 32 years,
in the Beth ilospital of paralysis.
Descended from an old rabbinical
CHARGES AS FALSE
family and himself a rabbi, he was an
industrious student and teacher of Ile -
Lraic subjects. Among the ninny posi- State Department Makes Great
Efforts to Obtain Information—
tions he held during his brief career
were Principal of the Orach Chaim Sis-
Admiral McCully Goes to
terhood free school, librarian of the
Ukraine, Says Laming.
Department of Jew ish Literature at the
Public Library, founder and Principal
\VASIIINGT(IN —1 , ,,,ident Wilson
of the first Jew ish
As the culmination of more than
transmitted to the Senate Monday ex-
America, edit or of the Hidepartme
20 years unselfish endeavor and de-
cerpts from a report regarding pogroms
orthodox Jewish affairs for the Ameri-
votion to the interests of Detroit's
in the Ukraine, made by Brig.-Gen. Jad-
can Jewish Chronicle•
Jewish community, the greatly re-
win, U. S. A., who made a tour of that
NE \N' YORK—Einigation from Po-
modeled and enlarged Jewish Insti-
country in the latter part of September.
tute building at 239 Iligh street re-
his report General Jadwin said that
sible, because of lack of transport
ceived its formal dedication Wednes-
one Jew ish committee gave him a list
day evening. Present were Samuel facilities. The Joint I)istribution
of 10,712-Jews who had been killed and
Heavenrich, Henry A. Krolik and
named the towns
e the pogroms had
Rabbi Leo M. Franklin, founders of hundreds of requests for information
occurred, with t wheat`
dates of these mas-
the organization in the early '90's, and assistance from men and women
sacres. Sonic totals supplied put the
who in short addresses traced the
killed up to September 9 at 29,000.
to bring to America their wives,
rise and growth of the Institute and its
children and parents, who now reside
Rabbi Silver Makes Eloquent Plea Another statement made by General
auxiliary agencies. Judge Harry L
in parts of Poland. Hundreds of fam-
— Over a Million Dollars Jadwin was that some of the Jews felt
Ilulbert, of the Detroit Juvenile
that propaganda alleging that Jews
ilies haul already sold their little be-
Court, spoke of his duties, of the
Pledged Toward Ten Million predominated in the Bolshevist moves
longings, believing that they could
problems which daily demanded sol-
Palestine Restoration Fund.
sail immediately for America, and
ment, and the fact that Trotzky and
ution, and of the aid given by such
they had conic to Warsaw• where,
Bela Run were Jews, had been respon-
community centers as the Jewish In-
destitute and disappointed, they had
sible largely for the pogroms. Such
been added to the burden of the
FELS GIVE GENEROUSLY propaganda they denounced as false.
Key Presented to Mr. Heavenrich.
The excerpts from the report were
In orer to prevent greater suffer-
New York.—Of 500 Zionist work- furnished to the President by Secretary
Reports were read by the retiring
ing from these sources, the following
Lansing, who attached to the
president, secretary and treasurer, bil-
cable from Isidore Hershfield, who at
lowed by the installation of officers
the cunt of $1,090,000, or nearly one- report announcement of plans for fur-
present represents the Joint Distri-
of conditions by the
for the ensuing year. As a tribute
bution Committee in Poland, has been
to his labors in behalf of the Insti-
000 of the "Fen Million Dollars ' ,a l es _ State Department. .
tute, the key to the new building was
Sec'y Lansing States Plans.
tine Restoration Fund at a remark-
"Because the Treaty between Po-
Julian H. Krolile, prominent civic worker, was unanimously able banquet at the Hotel Astor g lie"Istaii(niLay.t.h,e konf.wintit -irie,:st t
presented to Samuel Heavenrich by
land and Germany is not yet ratified
Walter Fuchs, through whose instru-
Monday evening, Jan. 5th. Anum
tlt ( i e) t h D ee pSa er n t m
and peace treaty establishing status elected President of the United Jewish Charities at its Twentieth
mentality the new addition was com-
largest pledges were $50,000 by of State has recently made a decided ef-
of Danzig not yet fully operative, the Annual Meeting held Wednesday, Jan.
He succeeds Joseph the
pleted. Mr. Fuchs, said President
Polish Government reports it is im-
Selling had received the hearty sup-
possible now because of railroad L. Selling, whose three year's leadership of the Charities was brought the National Committee for the Pal- first-hand information. kVith this in
port of A. Schiffman in his Work.
shortage to arrange transportation to to a successful conclusion with the dedication of a large addition to •stine Restoration Fund, $40,000 by view• it has sent Evan E. Young, an ex-
In welcoming the officers and mem-
Sirs. Mary Fels, and $25,000 by Peter periesiced Consul General in the Consu-
Danzig Barracks fumigating stations.
bers of the United Jewish Charities,
Schweit zer, treasurer of the Zionist lar Service, to Odessa, and has obtained
No competent Danzig authority can the building.
Joseph L. Selling, president for 1919,
Organization and his wife. from the navy the services of Rear
act. Immigration is therefore im-
The million dollar result, the larg- Admiral McCully, w110 has had a long
possible now. \Vu' expect no diffi-
"The enlargement of this building
est sum ever subscribed at a Zionist experience of Russian affairs and is
culties in passport visas. We can
will add to our usefulness and will
in this city was only one of Cl110, ersant With the Russian language.
probably arrange steamships but rail-
help our program for the moral and
the stirring incidents at this gather- "Admiral NIcCully has been desig-
road transporation is lacking."
people who are rightfully considering
ing. The first thrill came when the nated as special agent of the Depart-
this building more of a cheerful club
.A., B.SC., Ph. D.
president of the organization, Judge meat of State and instructed to proceed
By SELIG BRODET
house than anything else. The time
that to the south of Russia for general par-,
Schiff had offered
Lecturer in Applied Mathense s t the University of Bristol.
is rapidly coming when the word
poses of observation. Both he and Mr.
'Charity' will receive less hard usage,
Speaking at a joint meeting of the tions thru the ether, leading to the back from the German Ifilfsverein. Young are now en route; but it is feared
for after all, assistance to the needy
the recent military advances of the
Royal Society on Thursday. Nov. 6, conclusion that our view of this
is a duty, not a form of charity.
Palestine, of the Hebrew Polytech- Bolslieviki may prevent their penetrat-
the president of the Royal Society, propagation is not dependent on our Melon,
Increase in Efficiency Shown.
Sir J. J. Thomson, master of Trinity u , wn, perhaps undiscoverable, munition tiou had acquired at a forced sale into the Ukraine.
"The situation in the Ukraine, espe-
"SVe have increased our organiza-
College, Cambridge, is reported as through the ether.
just before the outbreak of the war. cially with respect to the condition of
Einstein's New Point of View,
having said that he had listened to
Dr. Franklin's Pulpit Sunday— one of the most momentous pro- In 1905, Einstein, then a very young
the Jews there, is receiving the con-
sions, but in efficiency as well After
(if the Zionists--sa school with Ille -
observing the work of our staff, I want
Prominent Figure in Communal nouncements of human thought.' man, took up the subject from an- brew the language of instruction, scant attention of the Department of
to say that I an proud of every mem•
whose intention it is to do every.
point of view. Ile laid down
Scientific men of standing are not other
Life of Forest City.
bur of it. The labor of the social
given to laudatory exaggeration, and the principle that 'it is impossible by chanies were to be trained, and pre- thing practicable to keep in touch with
service worker is difficult, butt in the
Rabbi Louis Wolsey, of the Euclid it is, therefore, of profound interest any conceivable experiment to detect pared for the work of restoring Jew- developments in that quarter."
case of this institution it has been
Avenue Temple, ('leveland, Ohio, will to all who wish to follow the trend uniform motion Oro the ether,' and ish Palestine. Because the Jews of
well done. In concluding my third
report the following occur:
speak in Temple Beth El, his subject of modern scientific thought, to un- , deduced by straightforward mathe- Palestine had refused to permit their
and final year as your president, I
matical reasoning Lorentz' conch'.
Gen') Jadwin's Report.
being "The Emil hath said in his heart, derstand what this pronouncement is I l
schools to be teutonized, and teach-
have only words of praise to the
and what significance it deserves. To sinus from Michelson's experiments.
crs and pupils had struck against the "They claim that besides these (the
staff and to the executive board, who 'There is no God'."
sidistittition of German for Hebrew. 29,(X0 reported slain), there were doubt-
Rabbi Wolsey is one of the foremost
have given me their loyalty and sup-
est, for the man chiefly concerned in our ideas of coincidence in space and a mortgage had been foreclosed. And less many others killed of whom they
figures in the community life of Cleve-
this pronouncement is 'a compara- simultaneity in time vary from body now the Technieum is to revert to have no record. Most of these killed
"For my successor who goes into
tively young Jew, Albert Einstein, to body, according to the uniform the Zionists—thanks to the generos- are reported to have been done away
office well qualified with years of
who is credited with the perpetration motion of each thru the ether, these
ity of N1r. Schiff—at a time when with by bands, fait information avail-
training and for the other new offi-
of a 'Revolution in Science. and with various ideas being attuned in such a
Great Britain is in military posses- able was to the effect that bands had
cers, also men experienced in their
the overthrow of the Newtonian way that no phenomenon results
sion of Palestine and preparing to also killed about 450 l'oles, largely land-
task, and for the new board in gener-
ideas, from which the motion of any one of
assume a mandate over the land sm.- owners and bourgeoisie.
al, I bespeak your aid and co-opera•
In accepting the invitation of The these bodies can be found.
"When the Russian army broke tip
lion. I pledge my time and my ef-
Einstein's work at once attracted cifically for the establishment there
Jewish Guardian to write an account
of a Jewish National Homeland, even- many of the soldiers are said to have
forts toward the advancement of this
of Einstein and his work. I beg to wide attention, and numerous coin-
wally to become an autonomous coin- taken their weapons home and to have
noble cause. May we become more
remind my readers of Sir J. J. Thom- ments were written on it. 'Elie most
secreted them. In the absence of a gen-
useful with each succeeding year."
son's further remark that no one has far-reaching aspect was afforded by monwcalth.
cral stable government throughout the
Rabbi Silver's Eloquence.
Mr. Krolik in his address praised
yet succeeded in stating in clear Islinkowski, who showed that the full
But the greatest enthusiasm of the country these weapons are brought out
the work of his predecessor and allud-
Einstein's theory significance of Einstein's results was
evening was created by the address at times under different leaders. Those
ing to the report of Blanche N. Hart,
really is. One cannot in a brief arti- the extension of the rather obvious
Rabbi Abba Hilted Silver. of Cleve- especially mentioned include Petleira,
executive secretary, emphasized the
de explain a train of ideas that baffle 'relativity' of space to a relativity
need for a greater number of volun•
smote of the greatest of rontemporary of time. that just as the terms right land. Ohio, who in spite of his youth Gregorioff, Struck, Zylony, and Sokolow.
of the commanding figures of There was nothing to show whether the
minds. An understanding of the sub- and left can only refer to sonic given
t eer workers.
"We need the moral and individual
ject is only possible to one who is object so the terms before and after the Reform Jewish Pulpit in this killing were with the knowledge of con-
community," he said, "Don't wait um
equipped for the appreciation of, and can only refer to an observer mov- country. Ile was in Palestine for scv- nivance of the leaders or had been done
end months last year. Many who independently by some men who at other
tit you are called upon. There are
is prepared to brave, the formidable ing at a specified rate.
many newcomers in the city whose
In Nlinkowski's interpretation lay heard him last night—themselves vet- times were in their bands. Proof was
mathematical analysis of Einstein's
capabilities are unsuspected. Come
investigations. !ray aim here will be the seed of the present 'revolution.' trans of the pulpit, rostrum and prop- not furnished that the actions were con-
forward. We need you."
to indicate the little than can be pre- If our experience of time and space aganda — platform — pronounced him certed or that any one man was re-
bears reference to our motion thru as one of the greatest orators the sponsible for a large number of the
wilted in non-technical terms.
Brought Orthodox and Reformed.
the ether, then if our motion ears Jews possess.
- An officer of Petlura's army said that
The necessity for co-operation and
Here are some of the things hr
Theory of Rest or Motion. without our being conscious of it,
for united effort in the giving of re•
The famous controversy as to the effect on our minds would be the said:
(Continued On Page C..)
lief, more than any other single
whether the earth or the sun is the suggestion of forces representing this
agency, said Rabbi Franklin, had
immovable centre of the Universe, variation. A person living on a passionate prayer, the hope, the
RABBI LOUIS WOLSEY.
brought together the Orthodox and
pre-supposes the acceptance of the roundabout without knowing it would
(Continue On rage 7.)
Reformed elements of the community. land. There is nothing of a social or principle that we can appreciate also- live in the belief of the existence of
Briefly he recounted the beginnings civic character of importance in which lute motion and absolute rest, and a permanent—centrifugal—force tend-
of the work.
he does not take a prominent part. lie ordinary mechanics, based on the ing to pull him away from a point,
"If parents may be proud of the is known as a forceful and eloquent classical work of Galileo and New- which an outsider would recognize
NEW YORK—Establishment of a Jew-
achievements of their children," said
ish national homeland in l'alestine was
speaker. No doubt he will be heard hi ton, appears to be founded on this as the centre of the round-about.
Rabbi Franklin, then perhaps 1 may
approved today by Bishop Charles S.
Detroit by a very large congregation. supposition. Yet careful thought NOW the great problem of modern
be pardoned for my pride in the
leads to the conviction that the sup- science is the mystery of gravitation.
-Antagonism toward Burch of the Episcopal Church and 140
The public is cordially invited.
growth of an institution which was
position is unjustified, and that the Newton enunciated the principle that the Executive Committee of the Ameri- other l'rotestant clergymen at a luncheon
organized in the vestry rooms of the
only conception see have of rest or all matter attracts, butt no satisfactory can Jewish Congress, held in Philadel- of time Zionist organization of America.
old Temple on Washington Boulevard BUKOWINIAN JEWS
motion is purely relative! physical view of this attraction has
in December, 1918, was voiced at Addresses were made also by Dr. Arthur
SUFFER POGROM SCARE This has long been a commonplace been discovered. Einstein hit on the phia
and Clifford street in November, 1899.
a meeting of 100 delegates to that body, C. McGiffert, president of Union Theo-
"Coming here from the West where
BUCHAREST.—As a result of the of scientific doctrine and astronomers brilliant and profound idea that gravi- because of delay in reconvening. The logical Seminary; Rabbi Stephen S.
we were used to doing things in a distribution of anti-Semitic literature have ceased to search for the 'centre' cation itself might he our subjective
Protestants, meeting at the Hotel Mc- Wise, and Judge Julian W. Mack, presi-
united way, I was somewhat shocked and placards in Cernowitz. the capi- of the Universe. lint the question interpretation of the nature of the
Alpin, deciared their patience exhausted dent of the organization. Letters of
upon my arrival to find such a com- tol city of liukowina, the Jewish arises whether there may not be in pace in which we move. The work-
and that if the committee did not call a approval w eye read from Luther B. Wil-
petition in good works, and about population there has lived thru its the results of physical science sonic mg out of the idea was a mathemati-
son, resident Bishop of the Methodist
the first community task to which I first pogrom scare since the Rou- discoverable effect of our ignorance cal task of surpassing difficulty, but convention immediately they would act,
Their chief complaint was that the Episcopal Church, New York, and Dr.
set myself was the creating of a manian occupation.
of actual absolute motions. The pin-- Einstein succeeded in evolving a committee, headed by Louis Marshall, Henry van Dyke, former Minister to the
sentiment for the union of the vary
It appears that the literature was nomena of electricity. magnetism, and consistent theory leading to the de-
ions philanthropic agencies among the distributed with the encouragement optics arc recognized ss due to the duction of the force of gravitation. sent by the Congress to the Peace Con- Netherlands.
Contributions and pledges amounting
ference, had not reported.
Jews of the city of Detroit. The of the son of the Roumanian general ,scillations in a so-called luminifer- This was in 1915.
When Mr. M a r shall was told last to $400.000 were announced last night
United Jewish Charities was the in command of the region, in spite outs ether, which prevades all space.
(('ontinue On Page 7.)
a dinner of about 500 workers of the
fruitage of that sentiment.
of the assurances of government offi- even the space between the earth and
Restoration Fund drive,
silly and childish that I don't care to Palestinian.
"I remember the first years of our cials that no pogroms would be per- the sun, and between one star and
was held at the Hotel Astor. The
endeavors under the auspices of the mitted.
mother. According to classical ideas,
The resolution adopted at the meeting city's quota of the $10,000,003 campaign,
United Jewish Charities very clearly.
In addition to the fact that the the motion of the eat th Oro the ether
said that the delegates. believing that which begins on January 18. is $3,500,-
Our first meeting place under the new Jewish National Council of Bukowina diould lead to certain well-defined
regime was at 379 Brush St., cornet has been dissolved by order of the snd measurable consequences. Yet in
NEW YORK—Nirs. Abraham Bern- there were earnest and pressing prob- 000. Judge Julian Vu'. Mack, president
Montcalm. The place was previous- Roumanian government, which gave famous experiments cal rind out in hard, of the Hotel Gotham, has just re- hems facing the Congress were resolved of the Zionist Organization of America,
ly occupied by our first self-help cir- as reason the statement that as Bo- I887 by :Michelson (a Jew) assisted ceh,ed from the Queen of the Belgians to call upon the officers of the Congress presided. The speakers were Rabbi
cle which later became a branch of kowinian Jews were now Rouman- by Morley, no such consequence was the decoration of the Order of Queen 'n take immediate steps to reconvening Abba Hillel Silver of Cleveland and
the United Jewish Charities.
ians they no longer needed their own -Attained. And finally it was shown Elizabeth. The presentation was mad , 'he body on February 22. that if the Ex- Rabbi Stephen S. Wise. Some of the
"At the meetings of the Board of National Council, Roumania has also by Lorentz that the negative result by Mrs. Pierre Mali, wife of the Belgian -eutive Committee decided not to call. larger donations were those of $50.000
Directors we 'had very little oppor announced
lie convention by that time, the chair- , from Nathan Straus, $50,000 from Mrs.
announced that it will not recognize
fM ichelson's experiments could be Consul. The decoration is for distin-
tunny of thinking of the relief cases the authority of the Bukowinian Jew
vorked into the generally accepted guislied services to the Belgian cause man of the meeting should send out a Mary Fels. and S25.003 from Mr. and
ish delegation in Paris.
view of the propagation of oscilla- during the war.
I Mrs. Peter Schweitzer,
Continued On Page 6.)
Dedication of Large Addition to Institute Opens
New and Greater Opportunities for Service—
Judge Hulbert Addresses Large Gathering at
JULIAN H. KROLIK UNANIMOUSLY ELECTED PRESI-
DENT—WALTER FUCHS, WILLIAM FRIEDMAN,
MILTON M. ALEXANDER, VICE - PRESIDENTS.
SOME CHANGES IN BOARD OF DIRECTORS.
POLISH JEWS CANNOT
JACOB SCHIFF OFFERS
TO REPURCHASE HEBREW
POLYTECHNIC AT HAIFA
JULIAN H. KROLIK
nd His Work
DR. WOLSEY TO SPEAK
AT TEMPLE BETH EL
SUNDAY, JAN. 18
COMPLAIN OF DELAY
OF JEWISH CONGRESS