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May 30, 1919 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish Chronicle, 1919-05-30

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

A mterfram Pal ish Periodical Carter

CLIFTON AVINUI - CINCINNATI 20, 01110

THE DETROIT JEWISH CHRONICLE

MICHIGAN'S JEWISH HOME PUBLICATION

01.

VOL V. NO. 26.

U. A. H. C. PROTESTS
POLISH POGROMS
AT CONVENTION

Cable Vigorous Resolutions to
Wilson — Re-affirm "We Are
Jews by Religion, American by
Nationality."

1. GOLDBERG, DETROIT,
ON EXECUTIVE BOARD

National Federation of Temple
Sisterhoods Convenes at Same
Time—Show Growth in 26,000
Membership.

Boston:—The Union of American
Hebrew Congregations, comprising
all elements of liberal Judaism in Am-
erica, closed its 20th bi-ennial con-
vention here on Thursday, May 22,
after a four-day deliberation and dis-
cussion of many vital problems. Held
at the beginning of the period of re-
construction in all human affairs it
was the most important convention in
the history of the organization.
Chief among the definite actions
taken by the convention was a res-
olution protesting most vigorously
against the outrages committed
against the Jewish people of Poland
and Roumania. The resolution was
cabled to President Wilson at the
Wednesday session. It concluded by
calling upon the Peace Conference at
once to put an end to these cruelties.
The text of the resolution reads in
part:

Per Year, $2.00; Copy, 5 Cents

DETROIT, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1919.

AMERICAN EMBASSY AIDS
JEWISH REFUGEES

Paris—The officials of the American
Embassy in Switzerland have appeal-
ed to the Peace Conference in Paris
to save from expulsion the Galician
Jewish refugees in Vienna. As a re-
sult of this appeal, Baron Sonnino,
foreign minister of Italy, who is him-
self of Jewish origin, informed the
Italian Commission, now in Vienna,
that the Allied Powers will endeavor
to alleviate the suffering of these Jew-
ish refugees.
This statement by Baron Sonnino
came as a direct answer to an appeal
made by the Chief Rabbi of Vienna,
Dr. Chayes, who is himself a native
of Italy. Baron Sonnino requested
the Italian Commission in Vienna to
inform Dr. Chayes that his appeal will
be granted. At the same time Dr.
Chayes was informed that Conunis-
sion of the Allies will also help the
refugees.

Aaron Aaronsohn, Noted
Agricultural Expert,
Killed in Airplane Fall

U. S. GOVERNMENT DEMANDS
MASSACRE OF JEWS STOP

Senate Passes Resolution Directing President
Wilson to Act Through State Department
and Peace Conference.

WILSON WIRES OUTRAGES WILL CEASE

State Department Cables American Minister to Poland to
Declare 'Attitude of U. S.—Similar
Instructions for Roumania.

NO RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT TO BE RECOGNIZED
UNLESS EQUAL RIGHTS ARE GRANTED TO JEWS

PROMISES INDEMNITY
TO POGROM VICTIMS

LONDON.—The Ukrainian gov-
ernment has asked the Jewish Coun-
cil in Stanislav to inform all Jews
that the government will indemnify

all the pogrom victims. The Jewish
press has also been asked not to give
too much prominence to the news
about the pogroms, since that stay.
injure Ukrainia's reputation. Thel

newspapers may only print brief re-
ports about pogroms which have oc-
curred.
A pogrom has just occurred in
Klatschow. Ukrainian soldiers start-
ed to pillage Jewish houses and
stores. But loyal soldiers soon ar-
rived on the scene, and drove off
the uniformed brigands. The loyal
soldiers afterwards distributed in-
demnities to the pogrom victims.

POLISH TREATY
TO GIVE EQUAL
RIGHTS TO JEWS

Judge Mack Assured by Supreme
' Council That Poland Must Guar-
antee No Discrimination of Any
Kind.

"WESTWARD HO" SAILS
AGAIN TO RELIEVE
DISTRESS IN POLAND

PACT TO CONTAIN CLAUSE
ON "NATIONAL RIGHTS"

League of Nations Will Supervise
Execution of Provisions of
Treaty—"Jewish Problem" May
Be Settled,

(By the Special Correspondent of the
American Jewish News, in Paris).
duced into congress condemning the
Paris:—Judge Julian W. Mack,
New York—On her second trip of
pogroms tit l'oland and requesting the
chairman of the American Jewish
American government to take action, inertly to Poland since the signing of
Congress,
is returning to America
Paris—Aaron Aaronsohn, of Haifa,
for the purpose of putting a stop to the armistice, the freighter Westward
Palestine, considered one of the
Ho sailed from New York last week with assurances from the Supreme
them.
world's most notable agricultural ex-
for the port of Danzig, under com- Council that Poland will have to rec-
Action in the House.
perts and the discoverer of wild
mand of Lieutenant Commander ognize Jewish civil, religious and po-
wheat, a friend of Roosevelt and Wil-
One resolution introduced by Con- Charles Itoettger, with food, clothing litical rights.
son, was killed in a fall of an aero-
Below are the seven specific points
gressman Henry N. Goldfogle reads and supplies—the gift of the Polish and
plane last week near Boulogne while
as follows:
Jewish population of America to the of the treaty, six of which have been
flying from London to Paris.
"Resolved by the House of Repre- destitute people of Poland. The cargo agreed upon:
Aaronsohn was one of the technical
sentatives of the United States, that will be distributed through the Ameri-
1. All citizens shall have equal
advisers of the United States Depart-
we greatly deplore and express our can Relief Administration, of which civil, political and religious rights,
ment of Agriculture. He was about
horror and chagrin at the murderous Herbert Hoover is the director gen- without distinction of race, national-
40 years old, a graduate of the agri-
and cruel treatment of innocent men, eral.
ity, religion or language.
No boy-
cultural department of the University .
women and children in Poland, Ron-
The Westward llo carries 235 tons cotts or other discriminations shall be
of Zurich and spoke English, Hebrew.
mania and Galicia, and at the frequent of clothing, boots and shoes for the instigated on the score of birth or re-
Arabic and German fluently. He was
barbaric pogroms in those countries. I'oles: 1,300 tons of the same articles ligious belief.
largely responsible for the rev ival of
Washington—The United States Such actions justly deserve the .con- for the Polish Jews. and approxi-
2. Poland will assume the protec-
agriculture by the Jews in Palestine. government on Monday demanded an denotation of the entire world. he mately 500 tons of supplies for the
tion of the life, liberty and property
In his experimental station, estab- end be put to the massacres of Jews president of the United States is re- Red Cross. In addition there are
of all subjects, regardless of origin or
lished and maintained by American in Europe. The senate, by unanimous spectfully requested to take such steps approximately 3,200 tons of rye.
RESOLUTION OF PROTEST.
creed.
Jews. he discovered wild wheat.
The Polish Relief Society and the
vote, deplored the slaughter of inno- as in his opinion will help bring about
WHEREAS, the Union of Ameri-
3. Poland will guarantee the free
The United States Department of cent mem women and children and a condition which will, so far as pos- joint distribution committee of the
can Hebrew Congregations is meet- Avriculture summoned Mr. Aaron-
use of any language in commerce, in
ing at a time when our beloved coun- sidin to Washington to learn from called upon President Wilson for ac- Bible, prevent a repetition of such American Fund for Jewish War Suf- the schools, in the press and in public
try is rejoicing in the close of the him about his discovery of wild wheat, tion. massacres in the future and will as- ferers donated the supplies for Po- meetings.
The state department, before adop- sure humane treatment to the peoples land, the money being raised through
world war and in the triumph of the which, it was found, could be grown
4. National minorities must be
tion of the senate resolution, had dis- against whom these persecutions are contributions from clubs and societies
principle of democracy; and
recognized as legal entities with the
advantageously in the arid regions of
all over the United States.
patched
another note to the Polish being conducted."
WHEREAS, the complete eman- the northwest. During the war his
right
to establish, manage and con-
Congressman Goldfogle will strain
The Westward Ho was he first
cipation of oppressed peoples has been sister and father-in-law .were killed by government. calling on it to desist
trol cultural and philanthropic insti-
the inspiring watchword of those who Turks on the trumped-up charge that from the terroristic tactics its citizens all his efforts to see that this resole- supply ship to pass through the Kiel tutions.
have employed against Jews. The Lion is adopted. This step by Mr.' Canal after the signing of the armis-
fought to make the world free; and
they were spies of the Allies.
5. Every nationality must have a
American government proposes tip Goldfogle is considered to be such as mice, and carried the first aid which
WHEREAS, despite this solemn
stop further massacres and will take will have the desired effect of stop- Poland received from the outland proportional share of state depart-
promise in whose behalf so many
TURKISH
OPPRESSORS
mental,
municipal, and other budgets
ping
the
massacres
and
persecutions
world.
drastic
means
if
necessary.
lives have been offered and so much
for the maintenance of educational,
BEING PUNISHED NOW One of the latter is the refusal to upon Jews in the above countries.
sorrow endured, the position of Israel
cultural
and religious institutions.
Congressman
La
Guardia
has
also
grant offending nations either mate-
in the world still remains a question
introduced a similar resolution in
6. Each national minority shall
of public controversy while Jews in
The history of the sufferings of the rial or moral support.
have the right to proportional repre-
Senator Calder. New York, was the congress. Both resolutions were re-
eastern lands continue to be deprived Jews of Palestine under Turkish rule
sentation in all public elective bodies.
of the fundamental human rights and now forms the topic of the day. Sev- author of the senate resolution which ferred to the committee on foreign
affairs.
A
hearing
on
both
resolutions
(This is the clause which still finds
was
adopted
without
debate,
as
fol-
to be denied civic, political and relig- eral of the former Turkish officials
Evidence that many of Detroit's in- opposition on the part of the French
will be held shortly by the committee.
ious equality; and
who took part in the cruel persecu- lows:
dustrial leaders are heartily in sym- and British Jews, and some members
WHEREAS, the appalling oppres- tion and brutal maltreatment of the
Roumania Also Warned.
SENATE RESOLUTION.
pathy with our protest against the of the American Peace Delegation.)
sion, persecution and slaughter of out Jews have after long searching been
Frank l'olk, acting secretary of murder of our brethren in eastern
"Resolved, by the senate of the
people have persisted even during and arrested by the English military au-
7. Poland shall enact no law which
state, cabled Hugh Gibson, American Europe is contained in a letter from
since the close of the war; therefore, thorities. Thus the former Turkish United States of America that the de- minister to Poland, today to represent the superintendent of labor of Dodge shall conflict with the rights stip-
BE IT RESOLVED, That the head physician of Nazareth, Hassan partment of state be, and hereby is further to the Polish government the Brothers, motor manufacturers. When ulated by the foregoing clauses.
Union of American Hebrew Congre- Bey, has just been taken into cus- directed to communicate such reports attitude of the American government.. the decision was made to declare a
Proportional Representation.
gations in Council Assembled in the tody. Already the mere mention of to the president of the United States That attitude, as far as the state de- (lay of mourning on \Vednesday, May
city of Boston, Mass., U. S. A., re- this execrable person awakens mem- and request that he confer with the partment is concerned, is one which 21, Mr. Charles C. Simons. chairman
The fact that Poland will be called
representatives
at
the
peace
confer-
cords its profound sympathy with the ories of horror in our hearts. He
calls for an immediate end to the out- of the Arcadia mass meeting, made a upon to sign, stipulates as obligations
oppressed and suffering of the House was the chief initiator of the purpose ence of the countries where such out- rages. Similar ak.tton was taken with request of various plants in the city of l'oland to the League of Nations,
of Israel; that we pledge our readiness of ill-treating and blackmailing moo- rages and massacres are reported to regard to the Roumania government. that the interests of Jewish employes that no citizens are to be discrimin-
occur, and inform them that this body
to extend to them every help in our cent people. Frightful things are re- and
the American people very deeply The United States, it was made plain be not prejudiced by reason of their ated against, no matter what their
race, nationality, religion or language.
power; and that we herewith issue a lated of this monster's barbarous cru- deplore acts of violence
and cruelty by officials today, will enter into no absence from work to take part in
solemn protest against the wrongs elty. It was he who in i the spring committed against men, women and negotiations with any future Russian the mass protest. The following let- Poland must assume the protection
inflicted upon them, and demand that of 1917 in Nazareth subjected the children because of race
of the life, liberty and property of all
or religion." government unless it is assured in ad- ter is a reply to this request:
the powers of the world put an end to Jewish workman Schwartz to the
her subjects without distinction of
May 22nd, 1919.
On Wednesday, \lay 21, while the vance of a policy which will prevent
these horrors which serve to mock
race or creed. National minorities
Chas. C. Simons, Esq.,
most
dreadful
tortures
until
the
un-
great
demonstration
against
the
Po-
pogroms.
and defeat the righteous aims pro-
are to be freely permitted to conduct
The action of time senate is sure to
happy man put an end to his intol- lisp pogroms was going on in New
32h Majestic Building,
their own cultural institutions, and are
claimed by the war.
erable sufferings by committing sin- York and in other large cities of this he followed by similar action on the
Detroit, Michigan.
There was a burst of applause when
to have a proportional of state and
tide. It was also Hassan Bey who country, two resolutions were intro- mart of the house within a few days.
Dear Mr. Simms: NVe have
it was announced that the American
municipal budgets for this purpose.
had the teacher Ehrlich, Mendel
your letter of May 20th. regarding
Unitarian Association had sent a
It may be stated that Colonel House
m
Chankin and the comunity
presiden
the observance of Wednesday af-
cablegram to President Wilson pro-
is ready to go further, and urge the
or-
in
the
mst
bat
Rosenberg, flogged
it by the Jewish people in
te
D er tnr000n.
testing against the Polish cruelty,
provision that every national minority
barons manner. Ile had boiling eggs
and that this action had been taken
shall have the right to proportional
placed under the arms of the laborer
You may be sure that any of
by the Unitarians before the matter
representation in all public elective
Zwi Nadal) in order to extort a con-
our Jewish employes who were
had been called to their attention by
bodies. Some of the other members
Session from him. He was thor-
absent on account of the meeting
the delegates front any Hebrew body.
of the American Peace Delegation,
in question will not be censured
oughly merciless. and tortured Jew-
how ev er, oppose the latter proposal,
Resolutions on "Nationalism."
The following editorial appeared in the Detroit Free Press on Wednes-
ish men, women and children. includ-
in any way.
and it is not yet sure that they can
The convention went on record by ing the aged and the sick. The Eng- day, May 28.
We have a large number of
be won user.
affirming the declaration of the Union lish authorities had been long search-
Jew's, whom we count among our
THE POGROMS IN POLAND.
It was only after a gruelling three
twenty-one years ago that "we arc ing in vain for him until the Jewish
most competent and dependable
weeks of the hardest kind of work
The attempt of Captain S. A. Iciek, chaplain in the Polish army,
Jews in religion and Americans in colonist Gorki. one of his victims,
employes and we sincerely hope
that
the various Jewish elements and
to explain away and excuse the anti-Jewish pogroms which have been
nationality." The text of this resolu- succeeded in running him to earth.
the persecutions of this race will
- factions" represented here were con-
going on under the Paderewski regime in Poland, will not do much
tion reads:
soon be stopped forever.
The colonist had him arrested and be
ciliated
so that they now present a
toward quieting the indignation of unprejudiced, humane people.
"In this year of the centenary of is now confined in the prison at Jaffa
Yours very truly.
practically united front. The rock of
There is no possible justification or excuse for murder and rapine,
the birth of Isaac M. Wise, founder with Jewish gendarmes guarding hint
DODGE BROTHERS.
dissension was the demand for na-
and the pogroms are nothing less than wholesale assassinations and
of the Union of American Hebrew New witnesses against him and per-
(Signed) C. T. \Vinegar,
tional rights. The Alliance Israelite
assaults on unarmed, unresisting people, followed frequently by
Congregations, we commemorate the sons who have suffered injury at his
Superintendent of Labor.
felt that it might be ready to ask for
equally wholesale looting of the property of the victims. Whether
event by reaffirming our alliance to hands are appearing every day. It is
the victims of the outrages in Poland assumed in the first place an
some form of racial group rights, but
the principles and ideals that inspired reported that the notorious Kairna-
IMMIGRANT
AID
SOCIETY
irritating,
non-patriotic
attitude,
whether
some
were
bolshevist
in-
that was as far as it was willing to
his life and created this union.
kam of Haifa, who likewise has in-
clined is quite immateral. If any were guilty of crimes against the
go. The English delegation of which
TO RE-UNITE JEWISH
"While recognizing that the Jews numerable crimes against the Jews
country in which they lived there were legal ways of proceeding
Lucien Wolf is the spokesman, stood
were bound together in the far past and Arabs on his conscience, has al-
FAMILIES LOST IN WAR by the French. The American Jew-
against
them.
The
common
law
of
civilization
demanded
that
at
by political ties, and in all historic so been arrested.
least some rudimentary attempt be made to separate the guilty from
ish Congress delegation, however.
time by common cultural aims, we
the innocent, the women and children from the men. And even if
The Hebrew Sheltering and Immi- joined hands with the Eastern Euro-
believe that all these factors are inci-
the victims of the pogroms had been monsters of wickedness, which
grant Aid Society of America, accord- pean Jews, and carried the matter
dental means toward the dominant SAGINAW TO HOLD
CONFIRMATION
they were not, the appropriation of their property was common theft.
ing to announcement made by Mr. right up to the American Peace Dele-
purpose to which Israel has been con-
Captain Iciek recogni.as the difficulty of his task when he under-
John L. Bernstein, the president. has gation, with the result that Colonel
sciously dedicated from the begin-
takes to excuse his countrymen, and he asser ts that "most of the re-
On Sunday, June 1st. at 2 o'clock,
mken measures to re-unite Jewish House was won over. while much was
ning, namely the development of the
ported
outrages
took
place
before
the
tenth
of
November,
that
is,
families who have been separated by (lone to overcome the initial opposi-
Rabbi Samuel S. Mayerberg of Tem-
Jewish religion.
before
the
armistice,
when
both
Austria
and
Germany
were
still
in
tion on the part of some other of the
"In accordance with the spirit of ple Beth El, Detroit, will confirm a
the war.
power, and in the period when the demobilization of various armies in
our whole history, we declared that class of eleven boys and girls at Sagi-
It is estimated that at least 200,000 American delegates. On all other
Poland
took
place."
He
says
"the
Poles
took
charge
of
their
govern-
Jews residing in this country still points. however, the Jewish deputa-
it is imperative for the welfare of naw. The names of the confirmants
ment and began to organize an army after the tenth of November, and
have their wives and children in the 'ions from the various countries stood
Jews everywhere, as a great religious are, William Dembinski, William Kel-
Poles or Poland cannot be blamed for things that took place under
European countries affected by the together, and a considerable victory
community with a universal message lar, Julius Goldman. Lucille Greene-
Austrian
or
German
government."
war. Very many of these had alrerady has been won.
for humanity, that Israel dedicate it- baton, Emily Oppenheim, Irene Phil-
Of
course,
the
Poles
are
not
responsible
for
any
outrages
that
lippe,
Mortimer
Schonmuller,
Fannie
purchased
steamship tickets and were
self, not to any aspirations for the
Morgenthau Does Not Oppose.
may have been committed by the Teutonic invaders of their country,
about to bring their families over
revival of a Jewish nationality, or the Schonmuller, Jeanne Seitner, Edward
but
we
fear
Captain
Iciek's
information
on
the
subject
of
pogroms
is
In short, the four and a half mil-
here, when all transportation facilities
foundation of a Jewish State, but to Seitner and -Joseph Seitner.
defective. For it happens that within a few days President Wilson
The confirrnants at a recent meet-
were suspended. lions of Jews in Poland have been res-
the faithful and consistent fulfillment
has received from Louis Marshall, of New York, a report on the anti-
The Hebrew Sheltering and Immt- cued from virtual annihilation. What
of its religious mission in the world decided that they would not accept
Semitic
outrages
in
Poland,
including
an
account
in
some
detail
of
the
grant Aid Society of America has the war had spread, hunger and the
"We, therefore, do not seek for Is- gifts from anyone outside of the im-
infamous one which took place in Pinsk shortly before the Passover
opened a special bureau, where all pogroms were decimating. The Jew-
rael any national homeland, it being mediate families and their friends are
period. At Pinsk 37 young men were taken by the Polish soldiery and
the men having families abroad can ish representatives fighting for Jew-
our religion that Israel is at home in requested to give donations to char-
massacred without the semblance of trial, without any charge being
register. giving full information as to ish rights time took heart from Pres-
every free country, and should be at itable institutions instead of sending
made against them. Other Jews were beaten and imprisoned. And
the last place of residence of their ident Wilson's manifesto to Italy de-
home in all lands. Nor do we ap- them individual presents.
• few days later, the military authorities imposed a "fine" of 100,000
wives and children and other data claring for equal and equitable na-
prove of the demand for specifically
marks on the Jewish population of the place, the levy being the enact
PISGAH
LODGE
NOTICE.
tional minority rights. Henry W.
that will help to trace them.
Jewish national rights in any land,
amount of a relief fund in po 'on of the local Jewish committee.
This data will be sent to the socie- Morgenthau, who had previously been
but we demand equal rights for all
200 men, women and children were murdered
Again,
on
April
17,
ty's representative on the other side, active against any national claims, has
There will be a regular meeting of
inhabitants of all lands, regardless of
while they were at worship in a synagogue at Vilna, and every Jewish
who will take up the task of locating given assurance that he will not raise
race and creed.
Pisgah Lodge. No. 34, I, 0 .B. 8., held
house in the city was pillaged. Since April 28 there have been
his hand against the grave Jewish in-
the lost relatives.
"We affirm the declaration made by at the lodge rooms, 25 Broadway, on
pogroms in ■ t least 14 pl•ce ■ in territory controlled by the Polish
The Hebrew Sheltering and Immi- terests involved.
the union of American Hebrew Con- Monday evening, June 2, at 7:30 p. m.
government, and the outrag ■ • appear to be going on at the present
It is now virtually assured that at
grant Aid Society of America has
gregations twenty-one years ago, that Dr. Simon Peiser, Superintendent of
time.
been successful in the past in reunit- least six out of the seven demands of
we are Jews in religion and Ameri- the Cleveland Orphan Asylum will
The whole record is • black one which cannot be glossed over.
ing
such
families
and
it
is
expected
the
Jews will he incorporated in the
cans in nationality."
It is • blot on the new Polish republic and the effect which the reports
deliver an address on the subject of
that the present efforts will he result- various peace treaties. Inasmuch as
received in Paris are likely tc have on the attitude of the Big Four
Favor Unassigned Pews.
the orphan asylum,
producing as well. For further in- the execution of the terms of the
in considering the pleas of Paderewski for greater power and more
The Forum Luncheon will be held
formation and for copy of the regis- treaties will be under the supervision
Appreciation for the work of the
territory is indicated by the action of the American state department
tration card. application may he made of the League of Nations, the problem
Jewish Welfare Board in behalf of the as usual on Tuesday noon, June 3 at
and American senate in demanding sharply that an end be put to the
to the society's offices, 229 East of the Polish Jews may at last be con-
soldiers and sailors at home and 12 o'clock. The speaker will be De.
massacre of Jews in Europe.—Editorial in Detroit Free Press, Wed-

Washington.—President Wilson has
assured the Jews of America that
there will be nc religious discrimina-
tion in the new states created by the
peace treaty.
This assurance was telegraphed on
Tuesday to Rabbi Stephen Wise, of
New York, by Secretary to the Presi-
dent Tumulty, following cable
vices from Paris.
"The president requests me
sure you," Tumulty's telegra
"that safeguards against religio mt
crimination, which the president
he has so much at heart, will be em-
bodied in the agreement by which
the new states will be set up."

DODGE BROTHERS
FAVOR PROTEST

DETROIT FREE PRESS SAYS POLISH
POGROMS CANNOT BE "EXPLAINED"

(Continued On Page 4.)

Pc leer.

nesday, May 28.

Broadway, New York City.

sidered as happily settled.

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