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January 23, 1917 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1917-01-23

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FAIR AND WYARMER"I
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UNITED PRES
DAY AND NIGHT
WIRE SERVICE

VOL. XXVII. No. 84.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TJESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1917.

PRICE FIVE

- _ V

CDVNGIL TO STAGE
'MINIATURE -HOP'
FOR DISAPPOINTED
DANCE WILL BE PATTERNED
AFTER BWIGAFFAIR
IN GY
100 MEN MUST SIGN
UP AT UNION TODAY
Attendance Will le Limited to 100
Coples; Tickets Will Go
on Sale Friday
In order to take care of those dis-
appointed students who failed to se-
cure tickets for the big J-hop, the
student council is planning to stage a
formal party that is to be termed
"The Miniature J-Hop," at the Union,
on the same night as the regular ar-
ranged party.
There is one provision, however, to
these proposed plans. At least 70 men
must sign up at the Union today, sig-
nifying their desire to attend the
party, or it will not be given.
From start to finish, in every detail,
the "Miniature J-Hop" will be pat-
terned after the big dance. Elaborate
decorations will be contracted for, and
Fisher's six-piece orchestra will play.
Dancing will begin at 9 o'clock and
last until 3 o'clock, while the pro-
grams will be of the hop variety. Re-
freshments will be served during the
course of the evening.
Attendance will be limited to 100
couples. The tickets are to sell at
$4.00 each, and will go on sale Fri-
day morning, providing the necessary
number sign up. Sales will be made
in the order of the names on the list,
until the specified 100 have been dis-
posed of.
Because of the great disappointment
evinced by many students on account
of their inability to get the regular
hop pasteboards, the committee de-
cided that the above plans would be
the only possible solution for the dif-
fculty.
At its meeting on Sunday morning,
the matter was gone over with Prof.
Louis A. Strauss, head of the commit-
tee on non-athletic student affairs, and
it was then formally decided that ab-
solutely no more tickets could be sold
for-the big party. To put any more
than 1,000 people into the one gym-
nasium would mean, the committee
thought, to over crowd and thus spoil
the affair. It was then decided to put
toe matter of giving a "miniature hop"
up to the student council.
The general hop committee will
meet at 9:30 o'clock tomorrow even-
ing at the Union.
PLAN PROTECTION
FOR ALLIED SHIPS
Project Includes Parts of Refuge In
Europe and South
America
By H. I). Robertson
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Riq de Janiero, Jan. 22.--Allied
steamship agents today were discuss-
ing plans for a convoy of the allied
merchantmen across the seas. The
project contemplates "ports of ren-
devouz" in Europe and South America.
Under such a scheme allied mer-
chantmen would assemble probably at
Lisbon and Pernambuco and on cer-

tain specified dates sail under pro-
tection of allied warships all the way
across the Atlantic.
British, French and Norwegian con-
sular officials today completed ar-
rangements for transfer back home of
the citizens of those nations included
in the prisoners landed from the Hud-
son Maru at Pernambuco. Many will
start the return trip on the next out
going steamer. The Brazilian govern-
ment is taking no chances of violation
of its territorial waters. A big fleet
of Brazilian vessels is patrolling the
coast line.
Shakespeare Class to Give Reading
Professor T. C. Trueblood's clss in
Shakespearean reading will give a
public recital of "The Comedy of Er-
rors" Wednesday, Jan. 24, at 8 o'clock
in Sarah Caswell Angell hall. Pro-
fessor Trueblood will personally su-

Cheap Paper Goal
of Experimenters
Tests Are Conducted by Chemists in
Attempt to Find Substitute
for Pulp

EASTMAN FLOUTS
OLD DOCTRINES

Noted Lecturer Says
Teaches Individual

Feminism
Life

Experiments that may cause consid-
erable comment and perhaps an en-
tirely new process in the paper mak-
ing industry are being made at pres-
ent in the chemical engineering de-
partment. Various tests are being
made with wheat straw and Yogrumo,
a Porto Rican plant, in an effort to
find a substitute for the expensive ma-
terials now used in the industry. Six
large paper manufacturing companies
have combined and established a fel-
lowship in this University of $600 a
year for investigation along this line.
F. Edwin Ford, '7$E, M. E. S., '16, of
Eillsdale, held this fellowship last year]
and he devoted most of his time to the
problem of studying some of the fac-
tors influencing the retention of fillers
in paper pulp. This investigation in-
volved the determination'of the par-1
ticular properties of different finely
divided mineral :substances, such as1
china clay tales, barium sulphate,
calcium sulphate, when mixed with the
paper making fibers.
China and Clay Similar.
Ford first demonstrated that china
clay and talcs show approximately the
same retention, but that size and alum
materially increase this retention in
tales and asbestine. This investiga-
tion is being continued by C. W. Halla-
han,. who is also attempting to estab-
lish a relationship between the prop-
erties of the different pulps on the one
hand and the properties of the filler
on the other, and the different reten-
tion values. This is the first time that
these problems have been scientifically1
studied.
Would Find Substitute for Wood Pulp.
One of the most important phases of
the subject concerns the finding of a
substitute for the present form of wood
pulp. B. S. Vetter, grad., is studying
straw as a possible substitute for pop-
lar wood, and several others are in-
vestigatingathe possibilities of yo-
grumo, a Porto Rican plant, for this
purpose. This plant is similar to the
bamboo, but it lacks the hard outer
crust of this plant and the woody
fibers are less compact. Yogrumo is
found in large quantities in Porto Rico
within easy reach of water power.
One of the most interesting pieces of
work is being carried on by R. W. Jen-
nings, '17E, who is investigating the
re-utilization of waste paper. The Uni-
versity possesses a complete pulp and
paper making outfit in small form and
the manufacturing is carried on
through the making of the pulp to the
finished paper sheet.
PORTER DISCOVERS "SCARE
BOMB" IN MANHATTAN SUBWAY
New York, Jan. 22.-A "scare bomb"
-a two-quart tin containing seven or
eight pounds of powder, some excelsior
and a collection of bolts and scrap iron
-was placed on the stairway of the
Manhattan street station of the Broad-
way subway. It was discovered by a
porter just as the fuse was burning
down to the powder.
Experts, after examining the bomb,
said it was not powerful enough to
blow away much of the station, but
that it certainly would have started a
fire and made a big noise.
The bomb had been placed close to
the head of the west stairway to the
station platform. The porter, after
preventing its explosion, fell down the
flight of stairs, fracturing his left
shoulder.
Cotton Exchange Under Investigation
Washington, Jan. 22.-An investiga-
tion by the department of justice, of
transactions on the cotton exchange in
New York, was hinted at by Senators
Smith of Georgia, and Smith of South
Carolina today. Complaints have
reached both senators from farmers,

bankers, and other business organiza-
tions that the cotton exchange of New
Orleans is selling and buying contracts
below what actual cotton caif be
bought for in the stock markets of
Texas and other southern states.
French Stays Two German Sallies
Paris, Jan. 22.-Two German attacks
on trenches north of Courieres Woods
yesterday evening were stopped by
artillery and infantry fire, today's of-
ficial statement related. A number of
patrol combats in Alsace were also re-

for Woman

"WOMEN NO LONGER CONTENT TO
DISPLAY FASHION ON HIGHWAY"
Points Out Necessity for Throwing,
Barbaric Theology Into
Discard
"Feminism is that new and highly
original fact that it is as important for
woman to be happy as it is for man,"
said Max Eastman last night in his
lecture on "Feminism" in the high+
school auditorium.
Mr. Eastman said that woman like
man has her own special individual
problem to solve, and to help her do
it is the aim of this new movement,
however, not replacing old dogmas by
new, but by truths.;
A large audience received with de-
light the statement that the chivalry
of man says, "When you want what I
want, you may have anything that you
desire."
The absurdity of a woman being the
custodian of the community's virtue
but not its conduct, was also pointed
out. Whether the woman be of the
laboring class of society or of the
wealthy class, the aim of feminism is
to help her to effective living, for after
all that is the main business of life,
that it be greatly lived.
Women Not Content With Fashion.
"Women are no longer content to
have for their main business in life'
the presentation of the extreme bu-
foonry of conteporary'fashion on the
public highways," said Mr. Eastman.
"Whatever womanddoes in the world,.
let her be assigned her proper pe-
cupiary reward for the same, for then1
and then only, will she have true free-
dom. No one can be free and be
economically dependent on some one
else."
In closing Mr. Eastman suggests
that we throw off the remnants of a
barbarous system of theology. When
mothers have as their chief asset a
broad understanding of life, a solution
for the tottering families of today will
be reached. Then there will be no
children with their naive conception of
the world in which they live, pushed
over the threshold of the world wvith
only the exhortation to be good chil-
dren.
Late News Briefs
Washington, Jan. 22. - 1916 was
Uncle Sam's greatest year in foreign
trade. Exports reached the unpre-
cedented total of $5,481,000,000 accord-
ing to a department of commerce
statement today. This exceeds by $1,-
926,000,000 the total for 1915.
Washington, Jan. 22. - The house
committee on banking and currency
today struck an amendment to the fed-
eral reserve act which would have per-
mitted state mutual savings banks and
associations to become. under cer-
tain conditions, members of the fed-
eral reserve bank in the district in
which they were located.
South Bend, Jan. 22-Fire caused
$100,000 damage to a three-story build-
ing in the business district early to-
day. The blaze was discovered in the
Colonial theater which was destroyed.
The Bayer Floral company suffered a
loss of $20,000.
Washington, Jan. 22.- Republicans
are so sure that they will control the
next house that they announced this
afternoon that they will hold a caucus
Wednesday night to "consider a gen-
eral legislative program" for the com-
ing session.

Berlin, Jan. 22.- Wireless distress
signals were heard last night in the
English channel from an English
transport with. 1800 soldiers on board,,
which had struck a mine, Rotterdam
reports, says the semi-official news
agency today.
Brown Home Suffers from Small Fire
Fire broke out at the home of E.
N. Brown, 237 South Ingalls street, at
3 o'clock yesterday afternoon. The
damage was slight.

PRESENT IBSEN'S
FLAY THURSDAY
Oratorical Associationi to Give "Pillars
of Society"; Taet in Pro-
duction
"Pillars of Society," a powerful so-
cial drama by Henric Ibsen, will be
presented at 8 o'clock in University
Hall, under the auspices of the Ora-
toricalJassociation, next Thursday
night, Jan. 25.
The play has been under preparation
since the middle of November and has
enlisted some of the best dramatic
talent on the campus.
The. leading part is taken by one
new to campus dramatics, J. C. Cary,
'19, playing the role of Karsten Ber-
nick, the wealthy shipbuilder whose;
reputation for goodness and morality
has been built upon a lie. E. Louise1
Robson, grad., and a former member
of the Comedy club fills the role of
Mrs. Bernick.
Lena M. Sacket, '18, is the boy of
the play, and is cast as Olaf, the four-
teen year old son of the Bernick's. R.
C. Hunter, '17, takes the part of Johan
Tonnesen, the brother of Mrs. Ber-
nick, while Miriam Toles, '17, appears'
as the half-sister of Mrs. Bernick.
H. L. Haag, '17, carries the part of
Hilmar Tonnesen, cousin of Bernick's
(Continued on Page Six.)
FORMER GERM CONSUL
VIOLATS NEUTHRITY
FRAN Z BOPP, SENTENCED TO TWO
YEARS IMPRISONMENT AND
$10,000 FINE
San Francisco, Jan. 22.-Franz Bopp,
former German consul-general, must
serve two years imprisonment and pay
$10,000 fine for violation of American
neutrality.
This sentence was proiounced on
him this afternoon by United States
District Judge Hunt, after the court
'had overruled a motion for a new trial
for Bopp.
Bopp was found guilty on two
counts of the indictments. On the
first he was sentenced to two years
imprisonment and $5,000 fine, and on
the second to one year imprisonment
and $5,000 fine. It was stated, how-
ever, that his actual sentence would
be two years and $10,000 fine, as the
prison terms run concurrently. Bopp's
attorneys announced they would ap-
peal immediately.
Eckhardt van Schaack, former vice-
consul, and Lieutenant Baron Wilhelm
von Hincken, military attache, were
sentenced to the same terms as Bopp.
A similar sentence was pronounced
on Charles C. Crowley, a secret serv-
ice agent of the German consulate,
while Mrs. Margaret Cornell, Crow-
k'y's assistant, was sentenced to a
krlson term of one year and one day.
Ton (C. Reid, '16, Buried Yesterday
Funeral services for Tom C. Reid,
'16, were held yesterday morning at
St. Mark's in Detroit. Burial took
place in Mt. Elliot cemetery.
The pall-bearers were J. C. B. Park-
er, '17, Harold Charles Le Baron Jack-
I son, '18, Harold M. Donaldson, '20E,
and Jerome Bosley, Walter Haller and
George Lyons of Detroit. The three
young men from Detroit were mem-
bers of the high school fraternity of
which Reid was a member.
Alpha Nu Initiates 17 New Members
Alpha Nu Debating society initiated
17 new members into the organization

last Saturday night. Nominations of
officers were made at the regular
business meeting which followed the
initiation ceremonies. Officers for the
coming semester will be elected at the
next meeting to be held next Friday,
Jan. 26.
A ttend Pe?,tal Teachers' Institute
Dean M. L. Ward of the Dental col-
lege, together with Dr. L. P. Hall, Dr.
KL. Lyons and Dr. R: W. Bunting
left yesterday for Philadelphia to at-
rend the annual meeting of the Ameri-
can Institute of Dental Teachers. Dr.
Ward will also visit the Caulk dental
laboratories at Milford, Delaware, be-
fore returning to Ann Arbor.
Postzffice Quarantined for .Smallpox
Munsing, Mich., Jan.. 22.-The post-
office at Au Train is quarantined for
smallpox. *Mail for that village is be-
ing sent and forwarded from Onota. A
lumberjack developed the case which
tied up the mail facilities.

SENATORS OF BOTH
PARTIES LAUD TALK
Expect Germany to Receive Speech
in Favorable Light;
May Reply
Washington, Jan. 22.-Senator Till-1
man discussing the president's address
to the senate today said: "I look upon
the president's address to the senate
this afternoon as the most startling
and noblest utterance that has fallen
from human lips since the declaration
of independence, because it is basedc
on justice and liberty, the true bedt
rock principles of modern civilization.
The program he maps out for our
country is a giant stride ih interna-
tional comity and it took a giant to
make it. It is the very quintescence
of free self-government distilled and
double distilled."
Republicans Make Comments. 1
Only a few Republicans would com-
ment. Senator Cummins said: "The<
president's message is a startling thing
that affords food for reflection."
Senator Shafroth: "The greatest1
message of the century."a
Senator Newlands: "The message of1
the president was a remarkable pro-
duction as startling to its application
to international life as was the declar-
ation of independence regarding na-
tional life. It applies the principles
of freedom and democracy to interna-E
tional problems of the highest gravity
at a time when they will arrest the
attention of the world and do much to
advancespopular rights and free in-
Senator Stone, chairman of the for-
eign relations committee, said: "It is1
a great state paper, the greatest of1
this generation. It must have a far-1
reaching effect. Just after the presi-
dent finished his message, he said to1
me: 'I hope the people of the United1
States and Europe will take it in the1
spirit in which it is given. I tried to'
express by exact thoughts in simple'
English'."
Washington, Jan. 22. - President
Wilson's address to the senate today
will without doubt be favorably re-
ceived by the German government and
all German liberals, it was stated at
the German embassy today. Chancel-
lor Bethmann-Hollweg it is thought
will very likely make some indirect re-
ply to the president's speech in an ad-
dress of his own in the near future.
They interpreted into the president's
remarks two points in favor of Ger-
many. These points were th'at the
United States would not be willing
to enter a peace enforcement league
at the conclusion of the war unless
peacetterms decided upon are liberal;
that the United States would be in-
terested in establishing "freedom of
the seas."
HOLD NEGROES ON SUSPICION
OF ATTACK ON WHITE MAN
Three men are now in the county
jail held on suspicion of an attack on
John Sweigert Saturday night. Swei-
gart was attacked about 9:15 o'clock,
while he was walking between the two
bridges on Broadway.
The names of the men held on sus-
picion are Dave Carter, Harrison How-
ard and "Bill" Rideout, all colored. In
the encounter with his enemy, Swei-
gart was clashed across the left side
of the throat with a knife. HIs wound
is regarded as dangerous.
At noon yesterday Swelgert failed
to indentify the negroes as his assaiI-
ants. Prosecutor Lehman says he will
have to discharge the men unless some

new development arises.
U. of P. Men Study Chinese Art in East
s Philadelphia, Jan. 22.-Officials of
the University of Pennsylvania an-
nounced today that the university mu-
seum will send a new expedition to
the far east next month to study
ancient Chinese art. The expedition
will be under the leadership of Dr.
Carl W. Bishop, curator of the section
of Oriental art at the museum. Three
years will be spent in China and Ja-
pan.

PRESIDENT STATES PROPOSALS
FOR ESTABLISHMENT
OF TRUCE
NATIONS MUST MAKE
GREAT SACRIFICES
Declares Only Peace Without Victory
Will Be Lasting; Equality
Is Watchword
By ROBERT J. BENDER
(United Press Staff Correspondent)
Washington, Jan. 22.-For the sec-
ond time in history the president of
the United States today addressed a
session of the senate.
Declaring that implication from
statements of the warring powers con-
vinced him a "victorious peace"
was impossible in the European war,
President Wilson, outlined to the
United States senate and to the world,
his ideas of the terms upon which the
conflict might be ended.
He recommended that the principle
of the Monore Doctrine be adopted as
the doctrine of the world and enum-
erated proposals as follows: A unit'ed
independent and autonomous Poland;
freedom of the seas; limitation of
naval and military armament; equality
of rights; denial that right exists te
hand people about from sovreignty t
sovreignty contrary to their political
and religious ideals; so far as is prac-
ticable, freedom of all nations for full
development of resources to direct
outlet to the sea.
Hints at Near East Question.
Although the president did not men-
tion the near east by direct reference.
the statement as to "direct outlet tc
the sea" for all nations, was believed
to refer to the neutralization of Con-
stantinople and the Dardenelles. Tc
back up a peace reached on such basis
the president declared that a greate
force than any nation must be formed,
This would be a league of nations
This government must decide upo
what conditions it would enter such
league.
"Pegoe cannot be had without con-
cessions and sacrifice," the presiden
said, in discussing necessity for limi
tation of armament. "The statesmer
of the world," he added, "must pla
for peace, and nations must adjust an
accommodate their policy to it asthey
,have planned for war and made ready
for pitiless conquest and rivalry."
Lasting Peace Reans Equality.
Explaining his interpretation of th
intimations from statesmen of th
belligerent countries that it must b
peace without victory the presiden
said: "Victory would mean peac
forced upon the loser-victor's term
imposed on the vanquished. It woul
be accepted in humiliatio after dures
as an intolerable sacrifice and woul
leave a sting, a resentment, a bitte
memory upon which terms of peac
would rest, not permanently, but onl
as upon quicksand. Only a peace be
tween equals can last. Only a pead
(Continued on Page Four.)
Germans Repulse Russ in Carpathian
Berlin, Jan. 22.-Successful forefiel
engagements in the eastern Carpathi
ans was reported in today's offici
statement. West of Friedrichstadt th
statement reported that Russian a
tacks by raiding detachments, were re
pulsed. North of Oitoz valley, th
statement reported only isolated clash
es on the Macedonian front, durn
reconnoitering operations.
Bandits Kill Marine in Battle

Washington, Jan. 22.-G. R. Olso:
50th United States marines, was in-
stantly killed and Corporal Georg
Wilson, 52nd company, was slightl
wounded in an engagement Saturda
between marines and Santo Dominga:
bandits in Macoris, according to
navy department message today.
Submarine Sinks Ship Off Queenslan
-Halifax, Jan. 22.-According to
dispatch received here today th
steamship Lilliah H., 375 tons, of th
Fox River, Cumberland and Novi
Scotia line, has been sunk off Queens
land, by a submarine.

WILSON URGES MONROE DOCTRINE AS
MODEL FOR WORLD WIDE PEACE IN
STRONG SPEECH TO US SNAT

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