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December 02, 1916 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1916-12-02

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I HL I I1I I l VAIN LVtiL Y

STATES PROBLEMS
FAINGCHEMISTS
Director R. F. Bacon of the Mellon
Institute, Pittsburg, Gives
Views at Meeting
URGES NEED OF CO-OPERATION
New York, Dec. 1.-Some of the more
important of the large number of re-
search problems to be solved in the
fields of metallurgical, industrial in-
organic, and industrial organic chem-
istry, including new forms of dye and
gasoline productions, were discussed
in a paper read recently by Director
Raymond F. Bacon of the Mellon In-
stitute, Pittsburg, at the meeting of
the New York section of the Society
#f Chemical Industry. Dr. Bacon sug-
gested that work on the most press-
ing of these problems should be un-
dertaken in the laboratories of the
universities under some form of co-
operation. by which the universities
and industrialists might be mutually
benefitted.
"The recent impetus imparted to the
investigational activity in American
chemical manufacturing has material-
ly altered the traditional policy of se-
crecy," said Dr. Bacon. "This change
in attitude, the direct product of the
appreciation of urgent action in in-
dustrial research, has been long
sired by our universities, and it will
undoubtedly result in the extension of.
the practice of referring certain of the
problems of ind'ustry to university lab-
oratories for study.
Wants Central Organization.
"Many of the numerous problems of
chemical manufacturing could be ad-
vantageously attacked outside of the
plants, but some central organization,
similar to the committee on research
in educational institutions of the na-
tional research council, is needed for
securing and properly distributing
these problems whbh.are pressing."
Referring to the establishment of a
system of mutual benefits between the
university laboratories and the indus-
trial plants, Dr. Bacon said:
"This co-operation can, therefore, be
most satisfactorily promoted by active-
ly demonstrating the advantages of the
exchange or interchange of subjects
for research, which primarily presup-
poses a reasonable freedom from the
concealment of knowledge which
tenaciously adheres to all industrial
research."
Industrial roblems Pressing.
In a summa y of the pressing indus-
rial problems of the greatest value Dr.,
Bacon mentioned the field of research
in the brown ores of Virginia, Tennes-]
see, Kentucky, Georgia, Alabama, and
Texas, and referred to the need ofI
some method of increasing the basicity
of the slag without increasing its tem-
>erature in blast-furnace practice.l
V'ery little information is available re-k
garding the amount of sulphur, which
can be expelled with the top gases,t
said he, and the control of manganesel
is comparatively incomplete. Con-r
;lnuing, he said:
"The acidity of the gases from cop-1
per and lead smelting works presentsl
%, problem which still awaits solution.1
t is, of course, possible at present toI
separate from certain fumes thousandst
>f tons of arsenic annually and itc
would probably be feasible to separate
an amount of sulphur which would run
nto hundreds of thousands of tons an-'
aually, were there markets for suchr
quantities of these by-products. Thet
>roblem, therefore, resolves itself intoI

he establishment of new tonnage uses
for arsenic and surphur."
Need Research In Coal.
In the industrial inorganic chemical
feld Dr. Bacon said there was need
f extensive experimentalrresearch on
the chemical character of coal.
"The knowledge regarding the com-
bustion and distillation of coal is prin-
cipally empirical, and will, of course,
remain so until a clearer insight is had
of the actual nature of the complex
compounds contained in the coal sub-
stance and of the mechanics of their
'lecomposition by heat," said Dr. Ba-
con. "The very important problems
in the preparation of coal for market
have to do with 'wastes'; the produc-
tion of an absolutely smokeless fuel
in the manufacture of briquets from
anthracite culm.
To Advance Uses of Gypsum.
"New uses are desired for tripoll.
The Gypsum Industries association is
engaged in furthering the development
and advancement of the uses of gyp-
sum, the employment of slate in the
mnanufacture of blackboards and school
slates having so decreased that new
4. G. Andres for shoe repairing. 222
S. State. 'Phone 1718-J. tuoes-eod
THREE DAYS UNTIL
UICHIGANENSIAN SUBSCRIPTION
CAMPAIGN. SAVE 50 CENTS

Canada and United States Have
Common Interest in Athletics
J. H. Smith, 'iS, writes on "Canadi- tat are gaining favor among the
an Sports" in the filfth article of a youn; Canadians.
series of eight about that country. Tobogganing is considered to be
- such a healthy sport by the authorities
Canada and the United States have o e different municipalities that in
mtall of the cities there are mun-
ticialy owned toboggan slides, where
count of the climatical cnditions they old and young may enjoy themselves.
are more diversified in the States than Nothing is more picturesque than to
in the Dominion. In the United State e the variegated costume of the
we h ve a climate that varies from tobaggoners as they shoot down the
extreme cold of the northern part I 5l:dCs on a bright 'winter day, or at
th s night when the moon adds color to
Cie tropica odto:' th siw e
the i'eene-.
The w eather in thes'e latitudes has a j f the small boy, perhaps, nothing
direct bearing on the di~crent 5)Or't5 is n:ore enjoyable than to get his
as it also has in Canada. "bunch" together with their bob-sled,
Situated to the no.th and having a and to make their own "slide" down
long spell of winter wesiher, winter the side of some favorite hill.
sports are popnlar. 'erhaps no Som of you have felt the thrill of
where in the world are they more 'aiiing a boat on water, but there is
popular than in Canada. hockey is nothig more exciting than to con-
the national gmne oI the Borninion. It struct a boat on runners and to "turn
rivals the game of footbail i its pop- 'or loose" to the wind on a large froz-
ularity with the Canadian people. en bay or river, and obtaining a
From the uddle of November to the speed of 60 miles an hour.
middle of March there is a continuous In the summer time we have the
carnival of hockey throughout the same sl)orts in Canada that are popu-
provinces'. Each town boasts of its lar in the United States: tennis, golf,
team, and the tean; are divided off into basebel1, and track. The most dis-
leagues, in such a manner that th ie sport of Canada is lacross. It

annual amateur championsip title of
the world is competed for by the win-
ners of the various sections. Immense

was originated by the Indians and is
very exciting from the spectators'
ktandpoint. There are two teams of

indoor arenas, capable of seat g 10,- 11 men to the side. The objective is
000 people have been consiructed i a goal at either end of a field the
various parts of Canada to accommo- nie of a football field. A. ball the
date the fans. sof a baseball is put into play and
1 and in hand with hockey is t e is haniled with a stick which has a
purely rcreative sport 0 skatinr. net on it. The skill with which the
Every little creek, river or by. is the players handle the sticks and the ball

scene of skating parties in Canada
during the cold weatchr. When the
weather will not permit o outdoor
exercise, skating is done i the indoor
rinks.
Switzerland has baen the foorite re-
sort for those who care for the winter
sports. But why go to Europe when
one can find the same sport with
many varations here at home? Ski-
ing has developed hi Inhpolarity to
such an extent that in some places it
rivals the older sport of skaing.
Cross country ski-ing and snow-shoe-
ing are healthy forms of recreation

is marvellous.
She American game of football is
played in Canada in the fall of the
year but is a much more open game.
It is a Varsity game in all the big
colleacs and is very popular. The
football championship of Canada is
annually competed for.
Many of the popular sports of Cana-
da are beig introduced into the states
or at least are gaining in popularity
45 is evidenced by the greater en-
ihusiam over skating and hockey
throughout the northern states last
ye ar Than in previous years.

SEES PEACE ONLY
AFTEREXHASTION
David Starr Jordan Says War Cannot
End in Victory on Either
Side
REAL TRAGEDY COMES LATER
Los Angeles, Dec. 1.-"The Eu-
ropean war cannot end by one nation
wearing down another. The only only
hope for the end of the struggle is
the day when the beligerent kingdoms
have completely exhausted them-
selves."
Eo said David Starr Jordan, noted
pacifist and chancellor of Leland Stan-
ford University, before a meeting of
the Women's Peace Party recently.
Dr. Jordan has been in Europe since
the opening of the war and is the
greatest American authority on the
present political turmoil. He has been
in every ┬░one of the warring countries,
except Russia, and has been the guest
of nobility, legislators, and scholars
from the largest continental univer-
sities.
Loss of Men Greatest.
"The loss of India by England is a
small item compared to the loss of
men that she is suffering," said Dr.
Jordan. "The picked half million of
young Englishmen are in the trenches,
the scholars from Cambridge and Ox-
ford. At home in London in the slums
are 150,000 men unfit for war, the re-
sults of other wars. To these diseased,
drunken, and poverty stricken citi-
zens is left the task of building up
the English nation, of producing the
children that are to rule England, to
carry her industries and her com-
merce.
Tragedy in the Future.
"The tragedy of the war is not the
loss of life at present, but the status
of Great Britain in 20 years when the
children of the dregs of the London
slums and of the ruined and nerve
wrecked soldiers grow to manhood and
try to do the work of the present gen-
eration. It will be a century before
England can duplicate the picked half
million of her best blood that are now
dead or hopelessly ruined on the bat-
tlefield.
"The soldiers who come home from
the front are ruined men. Their
nerve fiber is wrecked by the shock of
the constant roar of the guns. They
are a hopeless drag on society."
Here are a few more of Dr. Jo-
dan's statements:
"There is no great Japanese ques-
tion for the United States. The 'yel-
low peril' is a chimerical product of
yellow newspapers.
"When the personality of men is
forgotten, the work of William Jen-
nings Bryan in forming the 'cooling
off' treaties and his work formulating
the plans for an international body
to investigate the cause of every war
before it can take place, will be con-
sidered a great achievement in Aperi-
can history.
"The new Central Organization for
Durable Peace," to which Jane Addams
is a delegate, has five planks in its
platform; no recognition of the right
of conquest; equality for all races be-
fore the law; open sea for any mer-
chant vessel; the abolition of all secret
treaties, and an international police
system."
Use the advertising columns of the
Michigan Daily in order to reach the
best of Ann Arbor's buyers.
Use The Michigan Daily Want Ads
for results.

Anarchist Talks
About Bomb Plots
Miss Emma Goldman In passing
through Ann Arbor this week to join
the Workers' Relief mass meeting in
New York, left a statement with a
Daily reporter concerning the bomb
plot proceedings in San Francisco. It
deals primarily with the evidence em-
ployed to convict the suspects and tells
of the strong predjudice prevailing in
that city against the laboring classes.
Relative to the witnesses of the ex-
plosion the statement reads: "L. M.
Prendergast, a veteran of the Spanish-
American war, present at the scene of
tragedy for the purpose of marching
in the parade, who saw the bomb plac-
ed and accurately describes the plac-
er, was bodily thrown out of the offices
of the district attorney as soon as his
description of the dynamiter was not-
ed not to be in accord with the theory
of Martin Swanson, the representative
of the utility corporations in the labor
contests.
"William E. Taylor saw and spoke
to the man who adjusted the suitcase-
bomb on the sidewalk before its ex-
plosion. Taylor was refused the right
of hearing and was taken by the police
down to a steam boat and sent out of
the city. When he returned he was
sent away again.
"Wilmer Kimberlin was so near the
explosion that he' was badly injured.
His description agrees with the two
witnesses named above. This descrip-
tion was concealed by the prosecution
until after the trial of Warren Bil-
lings.
"John McDonald, an associate of the
lowest stratum of the water-front drug
users, said he saw Billings and Mooney
on the corner where the tragedy oc-
cured. He boasted to four men, who
so testified in epurt, that he was prom-
ised a large money reward for so tes-
tifying.
"Crowley, who contradicted McDon-
ald, in so vital a matter as time and
place, was out on probation at the time
he testified. Estelle Smith, dental as-
sistant, who has been in jail in Los
Angeles on a charge of murder, testi-
fied she saw/ Billings at the dental of-
fice, about a mile away, at the same
time the other witnesses saw him at
two other places."
Miss Goldman further stated in her
report that the reason there were so
many bad characters testifying against
the suspects was due to th'e fact that
a reward of $17,000 stood for the con-
viction of anyone for the bomb crime.
An additional reward of $5,000 stands
for the conviction of anyone for the
blowing-up of the United Railroad
Power towers a short time ago. Ac-
cording to Miss Goldman, there are
enough criminals in any city willing
to perjure themselves under these cir-
cumstances, provided the police power
is of the kind to co-operate with them.

OCHBOOSE PEACE CONTEST

i

Select Five from 19 Men Stillin Race
for Places
Final eliminations for the annual
peace contest will be made today, five
men being chosen from the 19 speak-
ing in room 302 Mason hall.
Those speaking at 10 o'clock are: E.
F. Gasar, '18, M. F. Peters, '17, J. R.
Simpson, '18, D. A. Hertz, '19, and J.
W. Planck, '18.
At 4 o'clock: L. E. Luebbers, '17, M.
M. Frocht, '19, C. F. Wilner, '19, 11. B.
Teegarden, '17, James B. Cashin, '19L,
James Schermerhorn, Jr., '18, and
Herbert Parzen, '19.
At 7 o'clock: J. C. Stern, '17, T. A.
hart, '19, Lois May, '18, S. Katsuizumi,
'17, Colonel Brown, '19, C. H. Schulte,
'17, and V. H. Simmons, '18.
Each oration must be given in less
than 16 minutes and must deal with
some phase of international peace. The
university contest will be held Dec 14
in University Hall.
c
Great Stats
~Arne wer
bigger, Iette
productions

C

applications are wanted to replace this
loss of market.
"The problems of t clnical phyto-
chemistry are of considerable econo-
mic importance. Many of our plants
are wasted either because of a lack of
knowledge regarding their possibilities
or because of a defliciency of interest
in their industrial development. The
processes for obtaining rubber from
gnayule sap are unperfected and the
production of a satisfactory butter-
substitute from soy-bea i il is yet to
be found. .
iii INot Make Casoliie.
Dr. Bacon said that while it ap-
peared a practical possibility to make
gasoline from coal gas, little com-
mercial importance was attached to
this, and little or no experiments were
being made along tls line here,
mainly because of our natural sources
of gasoline from the petroleum fields,
but in Europe experinicts were being
pushed actively. Speaking of the pa-
per scarcity, Dr. Bacon said of the
product from the fiber of the osage
tree and other w oods from the roots
of the osage tree and the palmetto:
"The nuestion of substitutes for
wood in the manufacture of paper pulp
is a pressing one, and any source of
relief is gratifying. Perhaps the manu-
facture of fannie acid extract from
palu 'tto roots and other sources might
be miade profitable by the production
of paper pulp from the fiber residue."

F HINS 'WILL IMIT
RATIONS OF POTATOES
M R u Food Limits Despite Big Grain
Crop Gains of 5,000,000
Tons
I rlin, Nov. 29 (Delayed).-The Geri
maus will go through the winter with-
oat change in their present rations of
import ant foodstuffs, except a reduc-
tiun in the potato ration, according to
authoritative information on the food
situation by the war nutrition bureau.
This shows that while supplies at
irous times would in themselves per-
haps justify an increase, it has been
determined to adhere to the present al-
lowance of 250 grammes of bread
':,2 250 grammes of meat and 90
grammes of fat weekly, and 750
grainmes of sugar monthly and use
ay surplun, either accumulation or,
rsrve, for the hard laboring classes,
such as miners and foundry men.
The grain harvest shows an excess
S000 tons over last year, but two
y ars' experience has proved that the
present ration is adequate and that it
willtherefore, be unnecessary to in-
crease it.

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* * * * * * * * * * *
AT THE THEATERS
TODAY
Majestic-Vaudeville.
Orpheum - Louise Glaum in
"The Wolf Woman." Also

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Triangle
Swain in
Rise."

Comedy,
"Ambrose's

R

*
*Arcade-Nell
* Duncan
* Wall."
*

Shipman and
in "Through

Rack *
tapid *
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Wm. *
the *
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at the lest
playhouseS

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Alarm clocks, $1.00 up.
Jeweler, 113 South Main St.

Chapman,
tues-sod

Try a Michigan Daily Want Ad.

I-

ry E ,-UT OF THE GIRLS
AS

-pus

ENTERTAINERS

I

Yu _ wilb ivcn your first opportunity to see a real

production in

which men d NOT take part.
fun filled with surprises at the

Two hours of entertainment and.

Girls' Glee Club and Masques Entertainment

All Metro Features Have First

I- WS wn
STY -41 Nii J

AUDITORIUM

Tisu i'say, December 7.

25 cents

Run at The Arcade

1

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