Zeal Wealth of South Africa Lies
in Agriculture Rather Than 7lines
r Faculty Members to
t in Program; Special
Session for Ladies
The 46th annual meeting of the
lchigan State Horticultural society,
hich will be held in Grand Rapids,
ec. 5, 6 and 7, in the coliseum, will
e one of the largest the society has
rer had. There will be a fine dis-
lay of horticultural machinery, spray
aterial and othe' accessories.
Many prominent speakers will take
art in the meetings. Several of them
.e Prof. Aubrey Tealdi, "Landscape
ardening for Rural Homes"; Prof. H.
Eustace, of M. A. C., "The Apple
rchard Situation in Michigan", and
Horticulture in Other States"; B. J.
assett, former secretary of the soci-.
.y, connected with the department of
arketing, Washington, D. C., "Some
ethods of Marketing", illustrated
ith 2,500 feet of moving picture film
om the department at Washington,
d "Other Marketing Problems";
rof. R. H. Pettit, of M. A. C., "In-
irious Insects, Old and New", and J.
. Carmody, of M. A. C., "Recent De-
elopments in Spraying."
A special session will be held by the
dies of the society. Mrs. Alta L.
udwick and- Miss Letitia Foster, of
loverdale, will give their experiences
the fruit business.
"Your American universities are
uch more practical than the English
es, but I do not quite think that
ey are fulfilling the function of high-
education," said Sir Rabindranath
igore in stating his opinion. of
"Everywhere in this country, and
is is true of your universities also,
u emphasize the practical things to.
e exclusion of the cultural ideas. "
ere must be both, but so far you
ye failed to acquire it. You hurry
rough your university, snatching a
of culture here and a bit there,
t mainly you are devoted to the
"Yes, I believe in co-education, but
find that girls are much more ex-'
nsive than boys," he said with a
file. "But I think the boys do bet-
when they are thrown into con-
ct with girls."
Mr. Tagore also expressed himself
a believer in athletics, and said,k
n my school I am trying to work
t the ideal of the perfect mental,
>ral and physical man, but I have
en sadly, handicapped by lack of1
nds thus far."t
H. J. Marais,0 '18D, of Robertson,
South Africa, contributes the seventh
article of"a series of eight on South
Although the mineral output of
South Africa has been, and still is,
very extensive, men who are acquaint-
ed with the country maitain that the
real wealth lies rather in its agricul-
When we take into account the small
white population of the country and
bear in mind the different wars and
internal troubles, all of which tend toj
impoverish a nation's resources, we
cannot help seeing the rapid strides
South Africa has made in various
branches of farming.
Each of the four provinces of the
Union contributes its own particular
kind of products in accordance with
the climate, fertility of the soil, and
facilities for transporting these pro-
ducts. Railroads are not as extensive
as they are in the United States and
Cape Colony is chiefly noted for its
wool, ostrich feathers, fine horses,
grain, wines, and raisins. The west-
ern part is best suited for grain grow-
ing and so produces most of the cer-
eals. In the southwestern part the
vineyards, set out by the early Hugue-
not settlers, form the basis of the wine
and raisin industries. Horse raising
is not very extensive as yet, for the
policy of "quality rather than quanity"
is followed. Ostrich feathers to the
value of $15,000,000 were exported
yearly, but owing to the war the vol-
um of this industry has fallen off
The Transvaal a Orange Free
States provinces produce wool, mo-
hair, hides, and corn. As South Africa
suffers from droughts, corn growing
depends largely upon irrigation. The
government is studying irrigation pro-
blems on that account.
Sheep farming is important, the
wool of 50,000,000 sheep being export-
ed annually. Cattle raising is exten-
sive but suffers from many prevalent
and mysterious diseases. Bacteriolog-
ists are engaged in studying these dis-
eases at the model laboratory near
Pretoria. Last year for the first time,
10,000 steers were exported and proved
highly satisfactory on the European
markets. There is a wonderful future
in stock farming in South Africa, es-
pecially as the United States is pro-
ducing less beef for outside trade each
In Natal sugar, tea, coffee, and wat-
tle bark are the chief products. The
sugar is of a fine quality and the in-
dustry is a growing one. Up to the
beginning of the war, wattle bark
was shipped largely to Germany for
tanning purposes, but the supply has
now been shipped to other centers and
there has been no decrease in ex-
South Africa grows enormous
quanities of fruit and the supplying of
the European winter market has be-
It may be of interest to Americans
to know that the director of agricul-
ture in South Africa is Dr. MacDonald,
an American and a graduate of Iowa
State University. The government
controls splendid experimental farms
and by means of scholarships has
sent many students to the agricultural
colleges of Iowa; Illinois and Minneso-
ta, thus utilizing the experience and
ability of the American farmer.
FMOUS OPERAU COMPANY
TO APPEAR I1 ETROIT
Inter-State Organization to Present
Plays in Four Eastern and
Four cities of the east and middle
west are to have the opportunity of
hearing the remarkable Wagnerian
program which Is being presented this
season by the Inter-State Opera com-
pany. They are Pittsburg, Detroit,
Cleveland, and Cincinnati. The music
dramas to be given are "Lohengrin",
"Tristan and Isolde", "SIegfried" and
possibly "Die Walkuro."
The organizer of the movement to
present these works of Richard is Cora
Stetson Butler. Miss Butler has se-
cured the services of Herr Knoch, an
eminent-Wagner devotee, as conductor
and a brilliant constellation of artists
has been secured to interpret the var-
ious roles. All have won enviable fame
in this country and abroad.
Among the singers who will be
heard are Margaret Matzenaer,, le-
onora de Gisneros, Augusta Lenaka,
Rachel Frease Green, Bettina Free-
man, Jeanne Marbourg, Henri Scott,
Allen Hinckley, Karl Jorn, Mischa
Leon, Franz Egenieff, Henry Weldon,
Graham Marr, and Alfred Kaufman.
The leading principle that guides these
artists is the presentation of Wagner-
ian works and it is the desire of the
founder of the organization to avoid
undue prominence of any member.
The repertoire of the company is an
extensive one embracing not only Ger-
man music dramas but the beat loved
operas of the French and Italian com-
posers, each of which is sung in its
native language. Afternoon and even-
ing performances are given with a
complete change of operas and bal-
lets on each of the six visits constitut-
ing the six weeks' season in each city.
ORCHESTRA PLAYS WEDNESDAY
University Organization to Appear for
First Time This Year
The University Symphony orchestra
will make its initial appearance of the
season at 4:15 o'clock Wednesday aft-
ernoon in Hill auditorium.
A light program has been chosen for
the opening concert. It includes a
symphony by Gade, the charming
"Dance of the Sylphs" from Berlioz's
"Damnation of Faust", and the "G
Major Piano Concerto", of Beethoven,
in which Harrison Albert Stevens
will be the soloist.
The orchestra is under the direction
of Samuel P. Lockwood, of the School
of Music. This Is the tenth seasox
and the increasing interest in the or-
ganization indicates that this will be
another successful year.
PLAN REORGANIZATION OF
WESTERN MARYLAND BAILOAJ
ANARCHIST TO LECTURE
ON RUSSIAN LITERATURE
Miss Emma Goldman of New York
City to Speak in Amu Arbor
Miss Emma Goldman of New York
City, anarchist and literary critic, will
deliver a course of six lectures on
Russian literature at Woodman's hall,
corner of Main and Washington streets,
ox Dec. 4, 5, 6, and 7.
The first lecture of the series at
4:15 o'clock Monday afternoon will be
on the "Life and Struggle of Russian
Literature," by Leo Tolstoy. Follow-
ing this Miss Goldman will lecture on
some representative work of Fyodor
Dostoyevsky, Anton Tchekhov. Maxim
Gorky, Leonid Andreyev, and Michael
Last year Miss Goldman spoke on
"Nietzche, the Intellectual Storm Cen-
ter of the World," and on "Birth Con-
trol-Why and How Small Families
Read a full account of the game,
play by play, in the Green Pennsy Ex
tra, on the streets immediately after
Every Day from Detroit to
Beginning December 9th, 1916
Leave Detroit 10:45 p.m. daily
Arrive Cincinnati 7:40 a.m.
Arrive Chattanooga 6:00 p.m.
Arrive Jacksonville 8:50 a.m. ( )
in connection with
Big Four'Route-Queen & Crecce; Rzoutc and
Souithern Railway-"The Scenic Line"
Tickets at low Winter Tourist Fares on sale daily until April 30,
1917, to poits in Alabama, Cuba, Florida, corfi Louisiana,
Mississippi, New Providence, New Mexico, !\urth Carolina,
South Carolina and Texas.
Return limit to reach original starting point not later than May 31.1917
For particulars consult
T Michigan Central
UNIVERSITY WILL SEND
OUT FRESHMAN1 REPORTS
New System Adopted to Take Care of
First Year Delinquent
** * s , , * , , 9 ,
AT THE THEATERS
Orpheum-Wm. S. Hart in "The
Patriot." Also Triangle com-
Arcade-Kathleen Williams in
"The Ne'er Do-Well."
Mid-semester report cards for all
freshmen will be sent out from the
University offices within the next few
weeks, according to a statement issued
yesterday by Dean John R. Effinger.
These reports are sent to all those
students enrolled for the first year,
who are delinquent or failing in any
subjects for the first part of the fall'
Heretofore the reports have been
merely sent out from the office leav-
ing the deduction of consequences to
the individual student, but according
to a new plan, inaugurated this term,
letters will be mailed to all freshman
instructors previous to the mid-semes-
ter reports, and these will advise the
professors to get in touch with all
those whose work is doubtful. The.
* * * * * * * * * * * *
Lorain, 0., Nov. 17.-When Theodore delinquent students will then be as-
Jurtis rested from his labors today, signed a certain hour to meet with the
he twenty-fifth anniversary of his en- freshman advisory committee, con-
rance into the barber's trade-he sisting of Prof. Morris Tilley, and Prof.
ooked down the vista of a carter of C. 0. Davis.
L century and saw a quarter of a mil- These notices will be considered of-
ion sets of whiskers that had fallen ficial 'from the office and all students
eneath his trusty blade. Not exactly neglecting to answer them will be sub-
) quarter, either, 243,000, to be exact. ject to summons by the attendance
urtis' tabulations show that he has committee. It is expected that the new
haved men that many times. plan will obviate much of the confu-
Some distinguished men amongst sion and subsequent failure of first
hem, too. "Well. how does the old year students, who are unable because
:nife work today?" is a question he of the changed conditions in Univer-
as put to Presidents McKinley, Roose- sity work, to grasp completely the sit-
elt and Taft, Senators Matt Quay, Al- uation during the first semester.
ert Beveridge and Ben Tillman and
he untitled Doctor Cook, Buffalo Bill, ORGANIZE NEW HEALTH SOCIETY
ess Willard, Tod Slogan and Harry'
haw. Faculty Encourages Plan of Student
AST HYGIENE. LECTURE MONDAY s
A new organization is being formed
r. A. S. Warthin to Deliver Final on the campus, known as the Health
Address for FreslumenRepresentatives, with the encourage-
ment of the University health service.
Dr. A. S. Warthin will deliver the John W.tHelfrich, '18, is president of
st of the series of three lectures on the organization, which is made up of
x hygiene next Monday night in the one representative from each sorority
est medical amphitheater. About 150 or fraternity or from any house where
cket for the Dnal lecture are left there are three or more students.
. the "Y" office and first year male| These representatives are to meet
udents can obtain these by calling twice a month on Tuesday evening in
t the association before noon today the auditorium of the natural science
any time Monday. building where they will listen to a
Tae amphitheater was filled for both course of lectures by Dr. V. C.
the first two lectures, showing that Vaughan, Dr. U. T. Wile, Dr. A. S.
e addresses are increasing in their Warthin, Dr. R. Peterson, Prof. W. C.
>pularity among the freshmen. In Hoad, of the medical and sanitary en-
AT THE MAJESTIC.
The management of the Majestic
theater announces a special matinee
this morning, starting at 10:30 o'clock.
The doors will open at 10 o'clock and
the performance will be over at noon,
allowing those who plan to attend the
game plenty of time for lunch and to
get to Ferry field In time for the com-
bat between Pennsy and Michigan.
The attraction will be "The Four
Husbands." There will be no after-
noon performance, but the regular
shows at 7:30 and 9 o'clock at night
will be given.
AT THE WHITNEY.
Three nusical successes of the high-
est caliber in three successive seasons
is the remarkable achievement of a
trio of New York collaborators, who
seem to have discovered the "rabbit
foot," or whatever it is that supplies
the charm necessary to spell fame and
fortune in the realm theatrical.
The trio who have scored so de-
cisively are Otto Hauerbach, Rudolf
Friml and Arthur Hammerstein, and
their three amazing productions are:
"The Firefly," "High Jinks," 'and
"Katinka," the third and most suc-
cessful of which will be presented
Tuesday, Nov. 21, at the Whitney the-
It Is Otto Hauerbach who supplies
the literary third of the productions.
He is responsible for the plot, lines
and lyrics of "Katinka." To Rudolf
Friml falls the composition of the mu-
sic. Finally, the genius of Arthur Ham-
merstein in casting and staging the
production, supplies its full third of
the pleasure the eye and ear receive
during the course of an evening's en-
New York, Nov. 18.-Directors of the
Western Maryland railway will today
submit to the stockholders a plan of
reorganization of the property neces-
sitated by a topheavy funded debt
coupled with a period of unsatisfactory
It is planned to organize a new com-
pany to take over the present, to elim-
inate $18,000,000 of the funded debt
and to segregate the company's coal
properties. The shareholders will be
asked to authorize a new first and re-
funding mortgage for $150,000,000,
first preferred seven per cent stock to
the amount of $18,000,000, second pr.-
ferred non-cumulative four per cant
stock amounting to $10,000000 and
$30,000,000 in common stock.
Get a Green Pennsy Extra.
Alarmclocks, $1.00 et p.t in"a
Jeweler. 113 South Main 3t. tuos-ed
All Matro Features Have First Run at The Arcade Theatre,
Bonbons, Creams, Marshmallows, Wafers,
Bitter Sweets, Caramels, and all the good
kinds of confectionery, when furnished
by US, are always sure to be fresh, tempting,
delicious and refreshing. We take great pride
in our confections and expend our best skill in
selecting and insuring a quality that cannot be
we have a large assortment of Morse's, Booth's, and
Davidson's Box Goods candies.
e the Monday night lecture will not
ommodate all of the freshmen de-
us of attending, an effort will be
le to arrange for an extra meet-
gineering faculties. The members are
expected to deliver a report on these
lectures to the others in the house and
in this way it is expected that nearly
all the students on the campus can
Stop and see our window display.
The Fountain of Youth
a t c h for the
EEN PENNSY EXTRA
See the Electric Oscillating Vaccum
Washer demonstration at Ernest Elec-
tric Shop, 335 So. Main. 17-18
Delicious Hot Drinks
Corner Liberty and State