AT GREAT BRIT
E R S
213 E. LIBERTY
AT PUBLIC SCHOOL
TREATY SIGNED IN 1905 MADE
PUBLIC BY LEON
Petrograd, March 29.-Leon Trotzky
has just made public the text of a
secret treaty signed, in 1905, by the
German emperor, William. and Czar
Nicholas, of Russia. The kaiser's pur-
pose, it is alleged, was to bring about
an alliance of Germany, Russia, and
France against Great Britain.
This treaty was signed by the two
emperors on board Emperor Nicholas'
yacht, the Polar Star, off the island of
Bjorke, on the Swedish coast, in Aug-
ust, 1905. It bears the date of August
25. The instrument has been desig-
nated as the "Bjorke treaty," and was
so referred to by Enperor William.,
Peace Confernee in Session
It was signed while the peace con-
ference which terminated the Russo-
Japanese war was in session at Ports-
mouth, New Hampshire, and provided
for a "Defensive Union" between Ger-
many and Russia, under which either
should come to the aid of the other if
attacked by a third European power.
France, then in friendly relations
with Great Britain, was to be invited
to join this Russo-Germanic alliance
after Russia and Japan had signed a
peace treaty. It appears, however,
that knowledge of the signing of this
paper by the two emperors was with-
held' from France, at, the request of
Text of Treaty
The text of the Borke treaty, as
translated and divulged by the Smolny
"Polyarnaya Zvezda (Polar Star)
"Bjorke, 24 August, 1905.
"Their imperial majesties, the em-
peror of "all Russia on the one hand,
and the emperor of Germany on the
other, with a view of insuring the
peace of Europe, have agreed to the
following points of a treaty regarding
a defensive union:
"Point 1-Should either of these em-
pires be attacked by any other Euro-
pean power, the ally shall come to its
aid in Europe with all its land and
"Pont 2-The contracting parties
obligate themselves not to make a
separate peace with the common ene-
"Point 2-The present agreement
shall come into force at the signing of
a peace between Russia and Japan,
and shall remain in force until a pe-
riod, the date of which shall be fixed
upon a year in advance.
"Point 4-The emperor of all Rus-
sia, on the coming into force of above
treaty, shall take the necessary steps
to inform France of said treaty and
shall propose that France should join
the same as an ally.
(Countersigned) "Von Tschir-
sky and Benkendorff,
(Countersigned) "A. Birileff."
$5,000 SALE RESULTS FROM
LOCAL THRIFT STAMP DRIVE
Postmaster Horatio J. Abbott said
yesterday that the sales of thrift
stamps in the late drive would prob-
ably amount to $5,000. Some of the
solicitors are still canvassing various
sections of the city, and, in addition
to this, many orders for stamps are
coming in to Mr. Abbott.
Most of the sales were for small
amounts, but there have been numer-
ous instances of large sales to in-:
dividuals. The results have been very
gratifying, for, according to the men
at the head of the drive, the first'-
stamp purchase is usually followed
by a series of others.
The thrift stamp drive in Ypsilanti'
has also proved very successful, and
it has been reported to the local war
preparedness committee that the sales
have amounted to nearly $2,000.
English Floating Debt Reduced
London, March 29.-The chancellor
of the exchequer has announced that
since January the floating debt had
been. reduced by about 38,000,000
pounds, largely out of the proceeds
of the national war bonds.
Make up classes will be held from
9 to 11 o'clock this morning in Wat-
A hike will be given to the cadets
from 1 to 5 o'clock this afternoon. The
cadets will fall in in front of Barbour
gymnasium in company formation. The
time consumed in the march will
count for an equal period of make-
up work. The military authorities
have not given out any information
where the cadets will be taken.
Extensive plans for inter-company
"rabbit" and. baseball teams are be-
ing formulated by Dr. George A. May.
A schedule will probably be drawn up
during the Easter holidays. The play-
ing program arranged for the differ-
ent teams may become effective after
the vacation period. Active' practice
in hand grenade throwing will also
be given after the holidays.
Charles F. Lambert, '19, acting ad-
jutant, of the First regiment, will re-
turn from Detroit this afternoon.
Lambert accompanied two groups of
students Ato Detroit to take the phy-
sical examinations for the United
States naval reserve. He will leave
the University to report for duty at
Detroit Monday morning. Twenty
students, who have passed the physic-
al examinations for the naval reserve,
but have not as yet been chosen by
the patrol commander, will also re-
port for active duty April 1.
Howard D. Grant, ex-'19E, is visit-
ing in Ann Arbor while on furlough
from tee Great Lakes training station.
Grant will leave the city Thursday.
London, March 29.-Robinson Smith,
one of "Hoover's boys" on the- Ameri-
can committee for relief in Belgiu n,
has compiled under the title of "Les-
sons in Kultur" a pamphlet for dis-
tribution in English-speaking coun
tries. The pamphlet exposes German
intrigue and terrorism in th language
of the Germans themselves, and ams
to be a ready reference to German ut-
terances and activities.
Mr. Smith's pamphlet, which has
been turned over to the British and
American propaganda departments,
contains about 250 quotations in all,
alphabetically and chronologically ar-
ranged so as to enable one to put his
finger at once on any particular case
Mr. Smith, in his foreword, suggests
that it shows "the line of lies which,
the German government hoped, would
justify, them in a criminal act, wheth-
er that act be the violation of a guar-
anteed neutrality, the extermination
of African tribes. the sinking of hos-
pital ships, or a general tyranny, ter-
rorism, and intrigue throughout the
Airplane Story Is Lie
"One lie," Mr. Smith points out,
"was the affair of the French air-
planes over Nuremburg railway lines.
The Ems telegram forgery precipi-
tated war between Germany and
France, in 1870; the lie regarding the
airplanes was one of the reasons giv-
en by Germany for declaring war on
France in 1914. The German ambas-
sador at Paris so declared to M. Viv-
iani, then French premier, on Aug. 3;
von Jagow gave the same reason to
the French ambassador at Berlin. Yet
the Cologne Zeitung published, on
Aug. 3, a telegram, from its' corres-
pondent at Munich stating that the
lfavarian minister of war 'is doubtful
as to the exactness of the news'; and
finally the German Medical Review of
May 18, 1916, published a letter from
the mayor of Nuremberg, stating as to
the airplanes: 'All the allegations of
this kind and all the reports of the
journals have been recognized to be
Miss Mable Rowe. Shampooing,
Manicuring, Massage and Chiropody.
Open evenings by appointment. S6i
N. 6th Ave., Cor. Detroit St. Phone
Dancing Friday and Saturday nights
at the Armory.-Adv.
A pretty plant, a box of choice cut flowers or a dainty
would be the most lovely gift for Easter.
Leave your order with us and receive the best.
Cousins & Hall UNIa
Member of the Florists' Telegraph Delivery Assoc
Big Shipment Canvas Covered
Early Spring Show
Society Brand a
Also just received a line of Spring fHat
Between the Theatres
GEO. J. MOE
titions are being circulated
hout the state for the passage
amendment to the state consti-
requiring all children of stu-
ge to attend the public schools.
Leasure is directed against pri-
nd denominational schools.
proposed amendment provides
1 persons between the ages of
16 years shall attend the pub-
o1 in the district in which they
atil they have graduated from
htl grade. Provisions are made'
e ducation of defective chil-
ndment is passed it will
rochial and denomina-
s to close their doors.
FLOWERS FOR EASTER
in one of Ann Arbor's
best commercial locations
S. B. NICKELS
3 3 Maynard St.
SAMIIIES ABROAD MUST MAKE
REQUISITION 'FOR SHIPMENTS
K LAWS TO ADVERTISE
HIRD LIBERTY LOAN DRIVE
Is were raised at a meeting of
eshman law class yesterday to
dvertise the Third Liberty Loan.
her classes of the Law school
take similar action next week,
ill use the money to buy adver-
D. " Campbell, vice-president of
-shman law class, conducted the
g in the absence of the presi-
Raymond K. St. Clair, who is
n the service. John D. Watts,
3ry of the class, has also been
to the colors. Nominations
made to fikl these offices when
.ss meets again, on the first Fri-
ter spring vacation.
the Daily classified columns.
spring suits and
more snappy tha
spring; the kind o
blooded young r
wearing. They ha
ed in them all the
cies that will be l
We have bought
a consequence off
of a stock unequa
ness of choice ai
, shops. You wi
clothes as good as
in any city, and
U. of M. Hall Wednesday
all pair of Cameo pins.
I by chain. Reward. Mrs.
S S. University Ave.
We Represent the
Steinway, Knabe, Vose & Sons, Sohmer, Grinnell Bros.,
Sterling, Shominger, and many other makes.
The world's famous Pianola Player , Pianos, Victor
Victrolas. SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
Washington, March 29.-In the fu-
ture, shipments of any articles to
members of the American expedition-
ary forces abroad will be limited to A
those articles which have been re- E
quested by the individual to whom ing
they are to be sent, such request hav- A.p
Ing been approved by his regimental
or higher commander. ot
Parcel post shipments will be ac- fit
cepted by postal authorities and other
express or freight companies only on
presentation of approved request in
each individual case.
The purpose of this drastic order is T
heated flat, 5
er St. Phone
, 116 S. Main St.