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July 01, 1927 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1927-07-01

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SUBSCRIBE
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DAILY

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MEMBER
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PRESS

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VOU VIII, No. 6 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 1, 1927

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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SHULL PROPOSES NEW Giant Fokker Plane Driven By Three Wright Motors Carries
TCommander Byrd And Three Companions Over Atlantic
IN UNIVERSITY TALK I1

MENTIONS FAMOU STOCKARD1
EXlPERlMENT IN RELATION
TOH EREDITY
GIVES NATURAL SELEGTIOI
Presents theory Of Adaption B
Auhnidal As Substitute For
That Of Environment
Adaption of the animal to its en
vironment came about, not by envir
onniental change upon the anima
but by migration of the animal to a:
environment where it could live, Thi
migration was caused by changes iL
the animal which in turn where caus
ed by factors at work inside of the an
imal. These statements formed th
basis of the lecture delivered yester
day afternoon in the Natural Scienc
auditorium by Dr. A. Franklin Shull
Professor in the Zoology department
In developing his talk, Dr. Shul
stated that the principle barrier tha
faces biologists today in the workin
out of a rational theory to explain the
cause of evolution is the fact t'hat ir
the higher animals the germ cells are
well protected and since all evolu-
itionary changes must be inherited the
tracing of the changes within the an-
imal changes must be inherited the
tracing of the changes within the an-
imal is extremely difficult. One parti-
cular instance of this point is an ex-
periment known as Stockard's in
which a pair of guinia pigs were al-
lowed to inhale alcohol fumes. The
effect upon these animals was only
temporary but the progeny born to
them were affected in some cases with
paralysis, in other cases with loss
of the optic nerves, or with degenra-
tion of the feet. This :proved that the
germ cells had been influenced, prob-
ably through the blood, by the in-
haling while the body cells were but
temporarily changed.
Natural selection was also present-
ed as a plausable explanation of evo-
lution but classified as only a preser-
ver of certain qualities, not as an
originator of them.
In conclusion Dr. Shull stated that
if this theory of adaption by the animal
had been completed earlier the large
number of conflicting theories now in
knowledge would have been avoided
and' the study of evolution would beI
much more simplified than it is at the
present time.
LINDBERGH QUIET
ABOUT HIS PLANS
(By Associated Press)
ST. Louis, June 30.-The veil of
secrecy which has shrouded the fu-
ture plans of Col Charles A. Lindbergh
today remained unpenetrated.
Back home again after a week spent
in the east in conference with men
prominent in commerical aviation cir-
cles, the flying colonel had nothing to
say as to what' he intends to do, other
than that he would fly his Spirit o
St. Louis to Ottawa for the jubilee
celebration of the conferedation of
Canada, on July 2.
"I don't know when I will leave for
Ottawa in the Spirit of St. Louis,"
Col. Lindbergh said, "but it will be
just with time enough to make the
trip."
That probably will mean tonight or
Our Wea' herMan
0s n
Qg

I )
-Regrets to announce that he ex-
pets it to be fair and warmer today.
But he hopes for thunder storm to-
ight.

PLANE AFTER AID IS ASKED
IN FINDING LANDING FIELD
STORM REPORTED FROM PARIS MAY
HAVE CAUSED DISASTER TO
SCIENTIFIC FLIGHT
BULLETIN
(By Associated Press)
,PARIS, June 3o.--3 a. in At dawn the rain was pouring down
with a stiff wind. It was no kind of flying weather even in broad
daylight. There is no sign of Commander Richard E. Byrd and his
three-man crew.
BULLETIN
(By Associated Press)
PARIS, June 30.-Commander Richard E. Byrd and his com
rades in the monoplane America are lost somewhere in France in the
early morning hours. lfears are felt that they have either crashed or
have een orced'dow thru~i lck o flri -) nmj.rtiYf asnt,

Special Run way Built For Take-Off of the Ame rica
E. Byrd's giant Fokker plane, carrying three W right motors like those used by Lind-

Commander Richard

bergh and Chamberlain, which averaged between 90 and 100 miles an ho ur on the flight over the ocean. The
plane had 1,295 gallons of gasoline, enough to keep the motors going for 42 hours. Radio reports from the plane

kept the world informed of its whereabouts and the scientific data which w

i

OUNNAR SOMMERFELOTDaily Office Holds
1111 I []t~f~fl1T fl TCity's Heat Record

ALL rmnnl 1ILIU'i

Y

Pictures Of Mount Etna
Through Great Risk
The Geologist

Obtainied
TFO

EXPLORER IS.DANISH
There will be an illustrated lecture
this afternoon in Natural Science au-
ditorium on the eruption of mount
Etna, given by Gunnar Sommerfeldt,
director of the Danish Geographic
Society, of Copenhagen, Denmark..
The films which are to be used were
obtained by Nor. Sommerfeldt at the
eruption of Etna in 1923. At the time
the eruption started Mr. Sommerfeldt
was in Copenhagen and left immedi-
ately for the mountain by areoplane.
Upon arriving in Italy he was offered
the services of two Italian areoplanes
to aid him in getting the pictures of
the spouting crater. The areoplanes,
however, could not be used at it was
impossible to come within close
enough range of the volcano. Mr.
Sonmerfeldt at the risk of his life andJ
without guides climbed. the mountain
to procure the pictures which he is
now showing. When Mr. Sommer-
feldt came to the University it was
his intention of showing the pictures
to only the staff of the geology depart-
ment. The public is very fprtunate
to be lalowed to see this reproduc-
jtion of a spouting volcano.
Professor Kirtley F. Mather, of the
geology department will introduce the
Danish explored and outline the im-I
portant phases with which the pic-1
Lures deal. Prof. Mather announced'
yesterday that the pictures are views
of Mount Etna when that volcano was
at the heighth of the eruption, and
were taken under almost unbelievable
circumstances.
tomorrow morning.
Asked whether his plans had pro-
gressed far enough to make them pub-
lic, Col Lindbergh replied: "No, I can't
talk about that yet. You understand
I can't answer questions, even though
I would like to."
The transatlantic flier said he did
not know anything about the itinerary
for his tour of the country, under the
auspices of the Daniel Guggenheim
Fund for the Promotion of Aeronau-
tics, adding that the stops were being
arranged by the fund.
Col. Lindbergh plans to spend some
time here revising and correcting
proofs of his book, "We," which he
wrote aboard a ship that brought him
back to this country after his flight
to Paris.
Upon his arrival here last night
from New York, Col. Lindbergh sent
a message of congratulations to the
Army fliers who completed a success-
ful flight across the Pacific Ocean to
Hawaii.4

it

By Metheusalah
All records for warmth are claimed
for The Daily office by those who
spend their time in it. Official esti-
mates placed its temperature at least
ten degrees above that of any other
place in Ann Arbor yesterday. While
out on the campus-
It sizzles!
The brooks have dried, the campus
shaggy dogs come beneath the shears,
students languish and faint in thel
afternoon heat of Angell hall classes.
Carl Gridiron, out for an all-A sum-
mer school record, finds that he can
sweat but not study. Joe Campus
sleeps fitfully all day, and tosses woe-
fully, scantily clad if at all, at night.
What to do? Too hot for canoeing,
too much dust for walking, and no car
to ride in. One compensation there
is: to watch the summer session co-
eds tripping by in their georgette or
what have you-light colors; light
materials, light lines, and looking
fresher the hotter it gets.
Of course there's the boy, too, in

h e nndi hca . f1 UC1 dL >i~llme un requentea
as gathered. spot.
The last authentic report was at r :25 p. tn. when Byrd called the
French station and asked for help in guiding him to a landing field.
TIL EN IS IILLEIEA LI From that time on rumors flew continuously, one so circumstantial
-that the plane had landed at Issy
UMLes Moulineaux-that official quarters '
accepted it; lights at LeBourget field
were darkened and the welcoming
crowd departed.
(ochet And h~ Borotri~i Make Finals An Fixes Time of Arrival
All-French Affair, Downing "Big A message from Commander Byrd W LL coNTEND0MONDAY
13111" And La Coosterelayed by a British station to Le
Bourget Flying Field, Paris, stated SxEnties*lade For Tbird Annual
HELEN WILLS IS WINNER the American aviator expected to -Ra e klionsored At Dearborn
reach his destination by 11 o'clock Detroit Paper
(By Associated Press) last night. This message did notpe
WIMBLEDON, Eng., June 30.- specify whethersthis was Greenwich TROPHY AND CASHOF ER
Smashing victory out of the very jaws of French time. The French Cable Co. RP YA _AS 'FFERED
of defeat, Henri Cochet, one of 'at New York was advised from its (By Associated Press)
France's "three musketeer's of ten- station at Brest that Commander DETROIT, June 30.--Six entries, in-
nis," wrote tennis history today when Byrd has been in communication with cluding that of a balloon from the
Le Bourget Field through an English
he defeated William T. Tilden, the wireless station and that he announc- aeronautical engineering department
American ace, after one of the greatest ed he expected to reach Paris at 10:30 of the University, have been received
uphill battles ever staged on the Wim- p. in., Paris time, (5:30 p. m. eastern for the third annual balloon race for
bledon championship tennis courts. daylight time and 4:30 p. m. Ann Ar- the Detroit News trophy which will
With the scoring of the last point, bor time.) begin at the Ford airport at Dearborn
Intercepted radio messages received d aftrnon
"Big Bill's chances to stage a come- at Torquay, Devonshire, England, ap- at 5 o'clock Monday afternoon.
back on European courts were lost. peared to indicate that Commonder troitThree of the balloons are from De-
Close on the heels of his defeat last Byrd was about 66 miles off the Cor- , and the other two are from Ak-
month by Rene Lacoste in the final nish coast at 5:34 London day-light ron, Ohio.
round of the international hard court time. Radio signals received from the Thetballonsallwill e on the air-
championship at St. Cloud came to- America by tlhe wireless station at flad nday In in-
d a y 's b t g n h e - n s f e h n F a , b ta y ,a d it i o n t o
day's beating in the semi-finals of the Ushant, France, about 6 o'clock yes-

L

the immaculate crash knickers and I men's singles of the Wimbledon cham- terday indicated the American plane
the cool look-but he hasen't been in- lionship in a heartbreaking five-set had deviated from its normal course
side The Daily office. match whose score was 2-6, 4-6, 7-5, 90 miles south of that course leading1
d-4, 6-3. to the belief that it would pass over
!nBut"Big Bill" was not the only fav- i Brest instead of sighting England.
C rite for the singles cahmpionship to The liner France, at 10 a. in., Ann
find himself outside the cahmpionship Arbor time, gave the plane's position
set. R'ene LaCoste, the great Frenchj as west-northwest of Land's End, Eng-
ace, who also had been picked as the land, and southeast of Cobh, formerly
C robable finalist in the men's singles Queenstown, Ireland. The bearing
(went down before his compatriots, given showed that Comander Byrd had
Great Britain Declares It ,Seeks No Jean Barotra, 6-4, 6-3, 1-6, 1-6, 6-2, in a passed below Ireland at that hour and
Supremacy Over United States match that was an anticilmax to the was heading for the coast of France.
In Naval Strength great Tilden-Cocliet struggle.
AGREE ON SHIP SIZES i With Miss Eilzabeth Ryan defeated NINETY STUDENTS
in the semi-finals of the women's sin- TOUR ANN ARBOR
(affy Associated Press) gles by Senorita Elia DeAlverz, the
GENEVA, June 30.-The Tri-partite Spanish cahmpion, 2-6, 6-0, 6-4, it re- Over ninety students of the Univer-
Naval conference moved forward today mained for Helen Wills to keep the sity took part in the tour and excur-
in an atmosphere of mutual confi- stars and stripes flying over the Wim- sion conducted by Carlton Wells, of
dence, which was the immediate out- bledon stadium by reaching the finals the Rhetoric department, to the points
come of Great Britain's spontaneous of the women's singles, eliminating of interest of Ann Arbor and vicinity.
act in proclaiming to the world that Joan Fry of England in straight sets, I The trip which was taken in cars
the British empire seeks no supremacy 6-3, 6-1. furnished by the members of the Ann
over the United States in sea power Then paired with Miss Ryan, Miss Arbor Exchange started at the Libr
and that everything that Great Britain Wills ended the quarter-flinals of the 6y. Theytook the Glen Drive going to
may wish to build to meet national women's doubles by defeating the Barton Hills then along the river and
needs may ,assuredly also be built by i Misses T. Dransfield and H. HogarthartoH thenearoBndhdrive And
the United States. i of England, 6-2, 6-1. The United acros touth edudri. Af-
It was in this atmosphere of confi- States thus held the day with twop
deuce created by the statement that victories and two defeats, while party returnesdpe t nn Aror and mde
W. C. Bridgeman, first lord of the France further strengthened her po- dium. From the stadium they came
British admiralty, gave exclus'vely to sition in the world of tennis by mak- back to the Library and examined it
the Associated Press correspondents ing the men's singles an all-France af- from top to bottom. After going
that naval experts reached an agree- fair. through the Union building the group
ment today that the maximum size j dispersed.
of all naval destroyers in the future HOTTESTWEATHERI Mr. Wells announced that the trip
shall be 10,000 tons and that the maxi- HITS ANN ARBOR was a huge success and that judging
mum size of flotilla leaders shall be from the outcome of this trip the re-
1,850 tons. Reaching a maximum of 91.3 de-; maining excursions would be better.
The experts will endeavor tomor- grees at 2 o'clock yesterday after- } He also expressed his appreciation
row to regulate the question of sub- inoon, the temperature in Ann Arbor and thanks to the Ann Arbor exchange
marines, and later take up the most was at its highest point for this year, for the part they played in making
delicate ,problem of all-that of mu- according to a report from the Univer- the trip a success. The next excur-
tually satisfiying Great Britain and sity observatory last night. Wed- I sion will be on July 6. This trip will
the United States on the question of nesday was the hottest day previous !consist of the inspection of the various
the calibre of guns on cruisers, as to yesterday, the mercury climbing to plants of the Ford Motor company at
well as the size of cruisers themselves. 89.7 degrees. I Detroit.

thq silver News trophy valued at $1,000,
the pilots will compete for $1,500 in
cash prizes. The winner will be the
one whotravels the greatest distance
in a straight line, from the airport
to where he lands.
F'our of the entrants will fly alone,
They are Svend A. U. Rasmussen and
G. W. LaGallee, both of Detroit, who
will pilot the two balloons of the De-
troit Fying Club; - J. A. Boettner and
Walter W. Morton, of Akron, repre-
senting the Goodyear Rubber Co. E.
J. Hill and A. G. Schlosser, of Detroit,
who will fly their own balloons to-
gether. The pilot and aids of the Uni-
versity's balloon have not been select-
ed.
Keen Competition
Two of the pilots, Rasmussen and
Boettner, have been "neck and neck"
in all of the races they have entered.
Rasmussen won the first News race
in 1925 with Boettner a close second.
In 1926 Boettner won it and Rasmus-
sen was only a few miles behind. They
finished close together in the National
race held this summer from Akron.
"This years' News race is going
to be a fight," Rasmussen said today.
"Boettner and I have been running
too close and I am out forh is scalp
this time."
Aside from true competition in a
fair sport the annual race was spon-
sored by The News encourage the
study of aeronautics. The free bal-
loon is the only agency by which 'man
can successfully study the atmos-
phere or weather in the diversified
air strata.
The race is in accordance with the
rules of the National Aeronautic As-
sociation and each pilot will be re-
quired to make note of all observa-
tions on a log sheet which will be
forwarded to the N. A. A. at the com-
pletion of the flight for examination
and study.

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