2- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 25, 1995
Consensus sees need for UN.reforms
The Washington Post
UNITED NATIONS - The United
Nations' 50th anniversary celebration
ended last night amid general agree-
ment that the world body needs re-
forms to adapt it to post-Cold War
realities and cash infusions to avert
There was no doubt about that con-
sensus by the time today's 96 speakers,
addressing increasingly empty seats in
the cavernous General Assembly cham-
ber, ticked down to the final speech by
Roberto Herrera Caceres, secretary gen-
eral of the obscure Central American
But when it came to specifying what
the reforms should be or how the finan-
cial crisis could be solved, the presi-
dents, prime ministers and others who
spoke here over the past three days, in
the largest assemblage of world leaders
ever, offered differing and frequently
contradictory proposals about what the
United Nations must do to survive.
On the financial side, the members,
seemingly without exception, fixed the
principal blame on the United States for
its continuing failure to pay its arrears
of$1.3 billion in budget dues and peace-
keeping assessments. That is more than
a third of the roughly $3 billion owed to
the United Nations.
However, no one had any workable
way to make the United States pay up at
a time when the Republican-controlled
Congress views U.N. appropriations as a
prime target for cost cutting and is in-
creasingly influenced by conservatives
who think the body is the linchpin of a
conspiracytoundermine U.S. sovereignty.
Even President Clinton, whose Sun-
day speech opened the celebration,
could say only that he is "working"
with Congress to seek a solution. That
was widely interpreted here as an em-
barrassed admission that Clinton has
failed to breach congressional hostility
toward the United Nations.
If that situation remains unchanged,
it would be devastating for the U.N.'s
ability to function effectively. But it
also could deal a damaging blow to the
credibility of U.S. claims to leadership
in world affairs.
Clinton's speech contained no grand
vision. Instead he emphasized what
many diplomats here say privately was
a narrow and parochial call for combat-
ing terrorists and drug traffickers such
as the Cali cartel.
The diplomats said he appeared to be
appealing to domestic concerns and try-
ing to avoid too close an identification
with the United Nations at a time when its
reputation has been tarnished by the per-
ception that it bungled its peacekeeping
missions in Somalia and Bosnia.
However, several diplomatic sources,
who asked not to be identified, said that
was a mistake. For all the United Na-
tions' shortcomings, they noted, other
governments want to see the organiza-
tion survive, and they do not believe
that is possible without continued moral
and financial backing from its richest
and most powerful member.
Clinton's ability to make good on
America's U.N. obligations is being
watched by other countries as a test of
whether he can be counted on to deter
the United States from sliding into iso-
lationism and exert strong leadership in
future international crises, the sources
One area where Clinton won support
from leaders of other industrial nations
was in his call for trimming the size of the
U.N. bureaucracy, reducing waste and
adopting a less ambitious list ofpriorities.
But these are not the kind of reforms
envisioned by the poor countries. They
want a greater share of authority within
the system, particularly on the Security
Council, whose five permanent, veto-
wielding members--the United States,
Russia, Britain, France and China -
have the power to control most of the
U.N.'s political decisions.
'There is a general sense that Japan
and Germany, the two biggest U.N.
financial contributors after the United
States, should be given permanent coun-
A NT)NAL REPORT
U.S., Mexico start new anti-drug strategy
MEXICO CITY- U.S. Defense Secretary William J. Perry endedan official visit
to Mexico yesterday, declaring that the two nations have begun a new strategic
relationship likely to produce increased military cooperation in combatting the
multibillion-dollar cross-border narcotics trade, illegal immigration and the effects of
In speeches and informal discussions during the two-day visit, Perry and his aides
described "a new era of friendship" between Mexico's traditionally nationalist and
isolationist armed forces and their powerful neighbor to the north. They cast it as a
natural evolution -the next step after the signing of the North American Free Trade
Agreement in 1993 and the White House summit earlier this month, in which President
Clinton and President Ernesto Zedillo cemented closer economic and political ties.
At the end of the first-ever official trip by a U.S. secretary of defense to Mexico,
which included a private breakfast yesterday between Perry and Zedillo, many U.S.
and Mexican analysts said the emerging strategic ties between two armies long
suspicious of each other border on the revolutionary.
At a cocktail party at the U.S. ambassador's residence Monday night, for example,
uniformed Mexican generals - including military chief Gen. Enrique Cervantes
Aguirre-hobnobbed with their U.S. counterparts during one oftheir firstjoint social
engagements ever held. Several guests called the event "historic."
Congress Vote on loans," said House Democratic Whip
e nDavid Bonior of Michigan.
President Clinton is widely expected
to veto the measure if it reaches his
WASHINGTON -- With the fate of desk, although a follow-up, year-end
their budget-balancing drive at stake, stab at compromise seems likely be-
Reublidca om ngremadss eaderds tween the Democratic chief executive
juggled competing demands yesterday, and the GOP majorities in Congress.
ranging from rural House members
unhappy with cuts proposed for farm Dir torof D'iney
programs to moderate senators demande-tor
ing more money for education. im iS sex offender
Republican lawmakers in both houses
also vied for larger helpings of the LOS ANGELES - The director of
Medicaid pie for their home states as "Powder,"anew Walt Disney filmabout
showdown votes loom tomorrow in the a troubled teen-ager, is a convicted child
House and Friday in the Senate. molester who once videotaped himself
"This is the most important vote that having oral sex with a 12-year-old ac-
we will have cast in Congress in the 23 tor.
years I've been here," said Senate GOP The film's release this Friday in 1,200
Whip Trent Lott ofMississippi. The mea- U.S. theaters has prompted the moles-
sure is designed to balance the budget in tation victim, Nathan Winters, now 20,
seven years. Democrats, not disputingthe to go public with his ordeal to protest
importance ofthe vote, attacked the GOP Disney's employment of filmmaker
measure as unfair. Their opposition was Victor Salva.
expected to be unanimous in the Senate On Monday night, Winters and five
and nearly so in the House. friends picketed outside the industry
"The fact is, if it wasn't for these tax screening of "Powder," handing leaf-
breaks for the wealthy, we wouldn't lets about Salva's conviction to hun-
have to make these cuts in Medicare, dreds of grim-faced Hollywood execu-
Medicaid, school lunches or student tives leaving the theater.
Militia opposes UN.
ceremony i Lansin
LANSING (AP) - Hundreds of flags were waved during the rally. Signs
militia members and United Nations reading such things as: "Disarm the
opponents rallied on the Capitol yes- U.N. not the U.S.," "No new world
terday against a ceremony marking order" and "Live free or die" also were
the world body's 50th anniversary. waved by some in the crowd. A banner
The crowd, estimated as high as pulledby alow-flying airplane declared:
500 by Capitol officials, shouted slo- "Say no to the U.N."
gans against the world body and booed Several speakers told the crowd that
the raising of the U.N. flag at the they arelike the nation's founders who
Lansing City Hall across from the fought for freedom from European
"There is no reason for us to line "Let us hope and pray it does not
ourselves up with an organization that happen the way it did when our forefa-
means nothing," said Maureen Bowyer, thers petitioned that king, because when
a Lansing resident who reacted with he did not respond, it resulted in an
disgust at the raising of the flag. uprising of the people," said Gene
The flag flew under the American Schroder, of Kampo, Colo., just north
flag at city hall for most of the day. of Oklahoma.
Charlie Van Debyl, a Grand Rapids Schroder said people have the right
protester, said the United Nations stands to reform their armies, courts and gov-
for one world government and would ernment. And, he said if government
take away American rights when it takes officials do not start listening to the
over. demands of American people, they will
"We will lose our rights to do what we reform government.
are doing," he said. "Until the American The rally, which included members
people wake up, it's going to continue." of various Michigan militia units, lasted
American flags and defaced U.N. through the morning.
As a University of Michigan employee or
student, have you been the subjectpof
HARASSMENT DISCRIMINATION RETALIATION
because of your race/ethnicity? You are NOT
alone and you do not have to deal with it
alone. Contact PEACE
PEACE (Peace, Equity, Activism, Commitment
and Education) is an organization which has
taken an active role in helping U of M
"workers" not only deal with such actions but
also help fight for justice. Activities have j
included an active role in the Tribunal on
Racism held at the University last March, a
presentation of racism concerns at the U to
the Michigan Legislative Appropriations
Committee and meetings with individuals from
organizations such as the EEOC, OCR, NAACP.
Whether you have been a victim or just want
to get involved: Call 480-8829
Write PEACE P.O. Box 478 Ypsilanti, MI 48197
All replies/inquiries are Confidential.
Unite now with PEACE for peace and "do the
P E A CE
ARE YOU ANXIOUS OR
DEPRESSED AT SCH OOL?
Professional help is available.
Call Counseling Referral Network for a
private, affordable, and confidential consultation.
bill to move embassy
to Jerusalem in '99
WASHINGTON - Congress yes-
terday overwhelmingly approved a bill
aimed at forcing the U.S. to move its
embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to
Jerusalem by mid-1999, affirming sup-
port for the Jewish state and demon-
strating renewed sensitivity to its im-
portance in American politics.
Although the Clinton administration
opposed the legislation as a threattothe
fragile peace process underway in the
Middle East, White House Press Secre-
tary Michael McCurry said President
Clinton will let the bill become law
because he sees no way to get the votes
to sustain a veto.
But McCurry said the President will
take advantage of an escape-hatch in
the bill allowing him to delay the move
on grounds that it would threaten U.S.
security interests by disrupting peace
negotiations between Israel and its Arab
McCurry accused Congress of "a
very unwarranted and unnecessary in-
trusion" into the peace process and
added, "We have a waiver and Presi-
dent Clinton will use it."
Pushing to pass the bill before Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin visits the Capi-
tol today to commemorate the 3,000th
anniversary of King David's entry into
Jerusalem, both houses approved the
bill by margins far in excess of the two-
thirds required to override a presiden-
MONTREAL - Increasingly wor-
ried that Canada faces a break-up, Que-
bec federalist leaders struggled yester-
day to blunt a surge by separatists who
now predict victory in next week's-in-
Infighting has wracked the federalist
side as its leaders argue over whether to
make a last-minute offer to Quebec of
"The wheels have come off the cam-
paign," said Pierre Paradis, the No. 2
federalist leader in the mostly French-
speaking province. He said the separat-
ists will win Monday unless Prime Min-
ister Jean Chretien and premiers of the
nine English-speaking provinces make
a dramatic offer to Quebec of some
special constitutional status.
Chretien, battling to save his coun-
try, prepared to make possibly the most
important speech of his career at a fed-
eralist rally yesterday evening near
- From Daily wire services
$2.99 Cheeseburger & Fries
1/3 lb. of lean ground chuck
Drink Special 9pm-Close
$100 off all English Pints of Beer
The diploma you
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter terms by
students at the University of Michigan. Subscriptions for fall term, starting in September, via U.S. mail are
$85. Winter term (January through April) is $95, year-long (September through April) is $165. On-campus
subscriptions for fall term are $35. Subscriptions must be prepaid.
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and the Associated Collegiate Press.
ADDRESS: The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1327.
PHONE NUMBERS (All area code 313): News 76-DAILY; Arts 763-0379; Sports 747-3336; Opinion 7640552
circulation 764.0558; classified advertising 764-0557; Display advertising 764-0554; Billing 7640550.
E-mail letters to the editor to email@example.com
rwMWAWr A d t-W A rr Criifrv in Ihi®$
*,,wpss.AL SAF MchelRoener. a.orinumT
cut I WINIMS. .71 Mrr If51LLloQGl t\V74 ./G b! .MRavg o Vsa v
NEWS Nate Hurley, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Jonathan Berndt, Lisa Dines, Andrew Taylor. Scot Woods.
STAFF: Stu BerGow, Cathy Boguslaski, Kiran Chaudhri, Jodi Cohen, Sam T. Dudek, Jeff Eldridge. Lenny Feller, Jennifer Fried.
Ronnie Glassberg, Kate Glickman, Jennifer Harvey, Amy Klein. Stephanie Jo Klein. Jeff Lawson. Laurie Mayk. Will McCahill,
Heather Miller, Gail Mongkolpradit, Laura Nelson, Tim O'Connell, Lisa Poris, Zachary M. Raimi, Megan Schimpf, Maureen
Sirhal, Matthew Smart. Michelle Lee Thompson, Katie Wang. Josh White.
CALENDAR: Josh White.
EDITORIAL Julie Becker, James Nash, Editors
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: Adrienne Janney, Joel F. Knutson.
STAFF: Bobby Angel, Patience Atkin, Zach Gelber, Ephtraim R. Gerstein, Keren Kay Hahn, Judlith Kafka. Chris Kaye, Jeff
Keating, Jim Lasser, Ann Markey. Erin Marsh. Brent McIntosh, Scott Pence, David Schultz. Paul Serilla. Ron Steiger, Jean
Twenge, Matt Wimsatt, Adam Yale.
SPORTS Antoine Pitts, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Darren Everson. Brent McIntosh. Banr Sollenberger. Ryan White.
STAFF: Donald Adamek, Paul Barger. Nancy Berger, Scott Burton, Dorothy Chambers, Nicholas J. Cotsonika, Susan Dann, Avi
Ebenstein, Alan Goldenbach, James Goldstein. Chaim Hyman, Andy Knudsen. John Leroi. Marc Lightdale, Chris Murphiy. Monica
Polakov, Jim Rose, Jed Rosenthal. Danielle Rumore, Brian Sklar, Mark Snyder, Dan Stillmnan, Doug Stevens, Dan Van Beek.
ARTS Heather Phares, Alexandra Twin, Editors
EDITORS: Dean Bakopoulos (Books). Melissa Rose Bernardo (Theater), Jennifer Buckley (Weekend, etc.), Brian A. Gnatt
(Music), Kart Jones (Weekend. etc.). Emily Lambert (Fine Arts), Joshua Rich (Film)
STAFF: Matthew Benz, Eugene Bowen, Mark Carlson, Christopher Corbett, David Cook, Thomas Crowley, Ella de Leon, Use
Harwin, Josh Herrington, Kimberley Howitt, Elizabeth Lucas, Jennifer Petlinski, Elan Stauros, Mattiew Steinhauser, Preshant
Tamaskar. Ted Watts, Michael Zilberman.
PHOTO Jonathan Lurle, Editor
ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Mark Friedman.
RE:WARD YOUIR ACl lIzVEM:N I
I I ~ A T-vt f"49wn ma-i .^ lf I A Tr'r' '