Tonight: Partly cloudy, low
Tomorrow: Mostly sunny,
high around 55.
One hundredfve years ofedftorialfreedom
October 25, 1995
By Anupama Reddy
Daily Staff Reporter
To honor the 50th anniversary of the ratification of the U.N.
Charter, a small group of Ann Arbor citizens gathered at noon
yesterday in City Council chambers at City Hall.
They commemorated the occasion with thoughts on the
goals and efforts of the United Nations and ended the
celebration by raising the U.N. flag outside City Hall.
"Even though we are one small room in one small town, the
idea of some other city holding a similar event right at this
very time gives me hope that
we humans will realize just
. - how interconnected we are,"
O . 2"4-0 IS said Rob Carpenter, a staff
member for Ann Arbor's In-
celebrated as terfaith Council for Peace and
, Justice and the main speaker
for the event.
I orld W eek Carpenter criticized the
United States for not paying
ff the $1.3 billion it owes the
United Nations and for failing
to ratify U.N. documents such
as the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights, the Rights of Women and the Rights of the
"We have, in a sense, lost our moral leadership in the
international arena. We should take some responsibility for
our high-minded ideas," he said.
University Prof. Emeritus Cecil Nesbitt introduced
Mayor Ingrid Sheldon declared the week of Oct. 24-30 as
"World Week of Peace" in Ann Arbor, reciting the proclamation
adopted by the U.N. General Assembly on July12.
"We should support the sentiments of the proclamation
willingly," Sheldon said.
"The design for world peace progresses from the self to the
home to communities - then moves to local, state and national
governments, and finally nations coming together," said Alice
Steinbach, president of Huron Valley United Nations Associa-
tion-USA, who welcomed the crowd.
The event was sponsored by the HVUNA-USA, the Ann
Arbor chapters of the League of Women Voters, Zonta
International and the Women's International League for
Peace and Freedom.
By Heather Miller ence was the meet
Daily Staff Reporter and participants
Expressing the overall idea of the cially appointed d
"world as one," five local participants Marcia Federbu
of last month's women's conferences Michigan Women
in China gathered last night to discuss veled at seeing
their experience. Serbian and Mush
The five participants attended the ging each other.
Non-Governmental Organizations Fo- "I was left with
rum in Huairou, 35 miles from Beijing. of the power of w
Only one member of the panel attended audience of Uni
the U.N. conference. The U.N. confer- members at a dis
U.S., ma ma
The Washington Post
NEW YORK - President Clinton
met with Chinese President Jiang Zemin
yesterday for a summit that U.S. offi-
cials said afterward showed relations
between the two nations are beginning
to thaw after months of bitter estrange-
Winston Lord, Clinton's assistant
secretary of state for East Asian affairs,
said the two hours of talks between the
two leaders was a "significant step for-
ward" toward the "stable and healthy
relationship" that the administration is
seeking. But he and other administra-
tion officials said no concrete agree-
ments emerged from the session, and
acknowledged disagreements remain
over Beijing's human rights record and
Washington's relationship with Taiwan.
It was the second day in a row the
administration declared forward move-
ment in a touchy relationship while
providing few details. After meeting
Monday with Russian President Boris
Yeltsin, Clinton reported "some
progress" on disagreements over
Bosnia, but declined to elaborate.
The administration's approval of a
visa last June to Taiwanese President
Lee Teng-hui enraged China and led to
the most serious rupture in years with
the United States. And, earlier yester-
day, Jiang highlighted the differences
over human rights with a speech to the
United Nations in which he protested
"certain big powers" were meddling
inappropriately in Chinese affairs "un-
der the cover of 'freedom,' 'democ-
racy' and 'human rights."'
Lord said Clinton raisedhuman rights
with Jiang in their meeting - in par-
ticular the issue of political prisoners
- but said the Chinese leader politely
reiterated his country's traditional po-
sition: that China has its own cultural
history and economic problems that
require it to "determine its own path"
on human rights.
Against these obvious differences,
Clinton was determined to put a hap-
pier face on the relationship. "These are
two great countries that have a real
interest in maintaining a constructive
dialogue with each other and, wherever
possible, a partnership," Clinton told
reporters before his session with Jiang.
After the meeting, the Chinese simi-
larly put a soft edge on the differences.
Chen Jian, a foreign ministry spokes-
man, said Clinton and Jiang agreed "to
avoid confrontation ... and act on the
basis of equality and cooperative spirit."
The spokesman said Clinton assured
Jiang that "Taiwan is part of China"
under the U.S. "One China" policy,
which recognizes Beijing while main-
taining informal relations with the is-
land-nation of Taiwan.
Referring to the Lee visit, in which
the Taiwanese president entered the
United States to attend his college re-
union at Cornell University in Ithaca,
N.Y., the spokesman said, "China
wishes for no more such incidents."
But Lord said the United States would
not make any such pledges. Clinton, he
said, told Jiang that future visits of
Taiwanese officials "would be consid-
ered on a case-by-case basis. They'd be
unofficial, private and rare."
Despite such episodes of tension, at
the end of the day the Clinton adminis-
tration has chosen to pursue concilia-
tion, just as it has in the past. As a
presidential candidate, Clinton criti-
cized President George Bush for not
taking a harder line on China's human
rights record. But as President, con-
fronting China's large andgrowing eco-
nomic importance, Clinton decided af-
ter a season of equivocation to continue
most-favored-nation trading status.
Still, the relationship has stayed
prickly, a fact that was highlighted in
almost-comic fashion during the wran-
gling leading up to yesterday's meet-
ing. The Chinese initially wanted a full-
fledged Washington summit, but
Clinton refused. Clinton proposed lunch
instead, but the Chinese, their feelings
apparently hurt, said no to that.
Then the location of yesterday's
afternoon meeting was abruptly
changed after the Chinese learned the
New York Public Library, the origi-
nal location, was showing an exhibit
titled "What Price Freedom," with
unflattering references to China's
bloody confrontation with pro-democ-
racy protestors in 1989 at Beijing's
The site was moved at the last minute
to Lincoln Center, the performing arts
complex on Manhattan's Upper West
Dick Brown, a nuclear physicist and a member of the United Nations Organization for Peace, raises the
flag at city hall yesterday afternoon.
ing of governments,
were typically offi-
sh, a member of the
's Hall of Fame, mar-
im women all hug-
the incredible sense
Nomen," she told an
cussion last night in
the Michigan Union.
"The diversity of people were defi-
nitely seen at (the NGO forum)," said
Prof. Deborah Oakly. "You had the
opportunity to meet together with people
from other cultures."
Peace activist Odile Hugonot-Haber
"It was not unusual to see an Indian
woman sitting next to a Yugoslavian
woman, next to an African woman,
next to an American woman," she said.
Michigan Public Radio journalist
Rachel Solom said women need to be
incorporated into the process of making
a better world.
Activist Alan Haber agreed, saying
that patfiarchy is the center of the prob-
lems that need to be solved.
Hugonot-Haber gave the example of
rape in war-torn countries.
"Rape is used as a weapon (in war),"
she said. Soldiers would take a woman
See CONFERENCE, Page 8
- ----- ----------------------------------
By Marisa Ma
Daily Staff Reporter
Along with exams and paI
incompatible roommate can
Some of these students ch
conflicts by living in a subs
Nursing sophomore Rach
ing that her roommates will
"I don't drink and I don't sm
quieter and I don't really lik
LSA first-year student M
would live in a substance-fr
cerns about coming to the U.
In 1989, the University b
substance-free in response ti
would have mandated soir
made available in all public
The bill failed, but the Un
to provide substance-free l
universities across the natio
"We are one of the very fi
it in a serious fashion," said
spokesman. He said that tod
the whole country."
Substance-free living spa
1989 to 2,600 this year and,
by someone who signed for
Levy said anyone can chi
room, unlike other institut
which provides substance-f
covering from drug abuse.
The rules for substance-fr
and illicit drug use. Enfor
residence hall, but repeated
tion of the lease.
Levy said compliance is n
ts cite a
of substance-free living
pers, many students find that an U iniversities 1iratch
be one more source of stress.
oose to reduce the potential for rooebates y interest
el Malone said she likes know- By Marisa Ma
share some of her preferences. Daily Staff Reporter
noke," she said. "It is generally Many universities do not stop at substance-free hous-
ke drunk neighbors." ing preferences when they match roommates -they also
ikerra Bostic said knowing she ;look'into hobbies, interests and personalities.
ee environment eased her con- Institutions. like the University of West Virginia,
Jniversity. Dartmouth College and St. Louis University match room-
egan to designate some rooms mates using more complicated processes, such as psy-
o proposed state legislation that chological inventories or thorough questionnaires.
ie substance-free housing be At the University of West Virginia, students fill out
institutions. forms, answering lifestyle questions about habits ranging
iversity continued with its plan from smoking and sleeping to qualities like neatness and
iving for students. Now many music preferences.
n have followed suit. Elaine Wolfe, a room assignments assistant at the
rst in the large institutions to do University of West Virginia, said that smoking is the
Alan Levy, University Housing most important criterion in deciding a match, while the
day it is "the largest program in othersanswers can help reduce conflict between room-
ce has grown from 500 rooms in But Wolfe said she recognizes the limited effective-
Levy said, "Every one is filled ness of these questions.
Sit." ."Literally speaking, this (questionnaire) is, somewhat
oose to live in a substance-free in my mind, superficial," Wolfe said. But more useful
ions like Rutgers University, questions like how well students are able to cope and get
ree living only for students re- along are not asked, she said.
"A lot of people will take offense with questioning
ee living ban smoking, alcoholR
cement is localized within the - See ROOMMATES, Page 8
offenses may lead to termina-
not a major problem. "There are said that people who smoke do so outside out of respect for
Miriam Galtz tells her story ti the men and women who attended "speak out" in the union ballroom last night.
Survivors 'Speak t about sexual aSsault
By Laurie Mayk
Daily Staff Reporter
Some clutched the hand of a friend
and some defensively clutched them-
selves; some cried and others shouted
in frustration. The painful sobs, angry
words and even the awkward silences
in the Union Ballroom last night were
all part of what survivors called "the
The Sexual Assault Prevention and
The speakers, ranging from first-year
students to Law School graduates,
recalled stories of rape, incest and
Part of the program's focus was to
assure survivors that although their sto-
ries and reactions differ, they are not
alone in their pain or their confusion.
Although many of the survivors
spoke. of the empowerment of sharing
experiences and sending a message to
attnA,-nrc nt.nfAnani n nrrnatrntrrc
media" microphone would not be pub-
"When I hear people say, 'This is my
second or third or fourth Speak-Out,' it
reminds me of how important it was,"
While personal healing in a transi-
tion from "victim" to "survivor" was a
main goal for the evening, a broader
purpose of community and education
also was present.