8- The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 7, 1995
GOP to'watch step'on
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON -- Republican
members of the House came back to
work yesterday instructed by their con-
stituents to "keep it up," but "watch
your step" on popular programs like
The contradictory-sounding mes-
sages from a month of town meetings
and home-district conversations are not
enough to reverse the budget-cutting
agenda of the new Republican majority
but may make members take a second
look at major changes planned for the
big health-care program for the elderly,
several members said.
"I think it may take longer than we
have anticipated to get the Medicare
reforms our leadership has talked
about," said Rep. Jack Quinn (R-N.Y.)
a second-termer from Buffalo.
Rep. George Nethercutt (R-Wash.)
the freshman who defeated Dem.
Speaker Tom Foley, last November,
summed up the "yes, but" reaction to
the drive for a balanced budget that
began with the GOP takeover in Janu-
"A lot of people said, 'Keep going.
Don't lose yourbackbone oryour will.'
But at the same time, they were saying,
'Don't just look at the bottom line.
Show(some compassion in how you get
He said that in areas like education
and Medicare and welfare reform, "we
need to be careful that we don't just cut,
but that we have a program that helps
the people who need help."
A number of members of both par-
ties said their constituents told them
to focus on eliminating fraud and
waste from the Medicare program
before considering changes in ben-
efits or structure of the senior-citizen
From the Philadelphia suburbs rep-
resented by freshman Rep. Jon Fox (R-
Pa.) to the Bay Area district of Rep.
Anna Eshoo (D-Calif.) Medicare was
Republicans hope to achieve $270
billion in Medicare savings over the
next seven years, in part by persuading
seniors they can get a better deal by
shifting from fee-for-service medicine,
with unlimited choice of doctors, to
managed-care plans from companies
that contract with doctors and hospitals
those patients must use.
"Managed care does not go over
well," Fox said. "The great majority
Senate votes to
expand funds for
Plan stops short of complete
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (right) huddles with (from second from right) House
Majority Leader Dick Armey and Whip Trent Lott, during a news conference with
Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole yesterday on Capitol Hill.
prefer the system they have. They'd
like to see the fraud and waste and
abuse reduced before we start cutting
"Seniors want a guarantee ofa choice
of physicians," Eshoo agreed.
Rep. Matt Salmon (R-Ariz.) another
freshman, said, "Whenever we
brought up managed care as an op-
tion, people flinched. Obviously those
in managed care need to do a little
Rep. Peter G. Torkildsen (R-Mass.) a
second-termer, said managed-care is
familiarto many in the Bay State but the
town meetings "just reinforced my be-
lief that this has to be a major education
campaign on our part" before seniors
are comfortable with getting their care
go* % vernent'
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Opening a sea-
son of political maneuvering over the
federal budget, President Clinton and
Vice President Gore yesterday put the
onus on Congress to produce agree-
ments to keep the government running
and began making the case that the
"right" way to a balanced budget is not
the "extreme" way the GOP proposes.
Gore, in an interview, said his third
annual status report on "reinventing
government," which projects $70 bil-
lion in new savings, shows how gov-
ernment can be trimmed without
The vice president said the projected
savings "from improved efficiency and
from reinvention" roughly equal "the
cuts others are proposing" in the
administration's education, student loan
and national service volunteer pro-
"So you can take your pick. You can
cripple America's ability to compete in
the future ... or you can create a govern-
ment that works better and costs less
and get the savings through reinven-
tion," he said.
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON-The Senate voted
yesterday to expand and accelerate plans
for anational system ofdefenses against
ballistic missile attack as part of a mili-
tary spending package for next year
that would force the Clinton adminis-
tration to buy more weapons than it
But the legislation, scaled
back to avoid Democratic
delaying tactics, stops short
oforiginal Republican plans
to commit the United States
to deploy a missile-defense
system in seven years. The
administration said that
would have broken the 1972
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
and stalled arms-reduction Clinton
Instead, the legislation requires only
that a missile-defense system be de-
veloped by 2003, with Congress hav-
ing to vote again before it could be
Even with the bipartisan compro-
mise on missile defense, Minority
Leader Thomas A. Daschle (D-S.D.)
said the legislation is still too weapons-
heavy and faces a presidential veto that
Congress would be hard-pressed to
override. The legislation, Daschle said,
is "not anywhere near enactment."
The missile-defense accord -
brokered by Republicans John W.
Warner of Virginia, William S. Cohen
of Maine, and Democrats Sam Nunn or
Georgia and Carl Levin of Michigan
before Congress' August recess--was
approved, 85 to 13. The only opposi-
tion came from Democrats opposed to
the program itself.
Nunn said Defense Secretary Will-
iam J. Perry regarded the compromise
as a "dramatic improvement" over the
original version of the missile-defense
plan, although the administration still
has a number of problems with the
Not going as far as President Reagan's
ambitious "Star Wars" system of space-
based defenses against a massive attack
from the former Soviet Union, the bill
commits the Pentagon to develop a less-
extensive, multi-site anti-missile sys-
tem to protect the U.S. from accidental
launches or attacks by renegade coun-
Before the recess, the Senate voted
51 to 49 to require deployment of the
system by 2003, triggering threats of
both delays by Democrats and a veto by
Clinton that prompted the bipartisan
negotiations on a compro-
In addition to deferring a
A " decision on deployment, the
compromise calls for nego.
. tiations with Russia to modify
the ABM treaty. The pactrlim.
its the Cold War superpow-
ers to one missile-defense site
each. The Senate would like
to provide for limited national
missile-defense systems with
more than one site.
If negotiations fail, the compromise
urges that the administration, in consul-
tation with the Senate, consider with-
drawing from the ABM treaty under
procedures set out in the treaty itself.
The bills before the Senate were the
defense-authorization bill for fiscal
1996, which sets policy and outlines
programs, and a $243 billion appro-
priations bill to finance them.
After voting on the missile-defense
compromise, the Senate approved the
authorization bill, 64 to 34. The appro-
priations bill was approved Tuesday
night by a vote of 62 to 35.
The appropriations measure adds
more than $6 billion to Clinton's re-
quest for military spending next year,
most of it aimed at developing and
procuring more weapons, including jet
fighters, warships and missile defenses.
It provides $770 million more than the
$3 billion that Clinton requested for all
kinds of missile defenses, including
$300 million more than the $371 mil-
lion that he had earmarked for work on
a national system.
But the bill includes no new funds to
build more B-2 stealth bombers, as the
House has provided in its version ofthe
defense-spending bill, which is await-
ing final action. On the other hand, the
House did not provide for a third
Seawolf submarine, which the Senate
proposed to fund.
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