Page 2-The Michigan Daily-Thursday, February 7, 1991
Continued from page 1
pensions on campus, the United
(UCAR) issued 12 demands to
the University administration
during the 1987 winter semester.
The demands includedan in-
crease in minority student recruit-
ment and retention, the establish-
ment of an Office of Minority Af-
fairs, the cancellation of classes
and the closing of University of-
fices on Martin Luther King Day,
and the conduction of public
investigations into incidents of
racial harassment or discrim-
After sit-ins, protests, and
teach-ins, some of the 1987 de-
mands were met or were partially
to preserve Soviet Union
Calvin and Hobbes
by Bill Watterson
UNfzqj *IRt N ~1TIS YI N4 Of WING.
"Dooder State College
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SEEZ , THE STUDENT
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WAbNT THE STUDENT
SNOT WtILE. THE CAM'PUJS
OFFICER ATTEMIPTED TO
LOAD HIS G~U?
, , .7,
By Alan Landau
Yo'RE SGRE WEO
MOSCOW (AP) - Mikhail
Gorbachev made a surprise televi-
sion appearance last night to ex-
press his determination to hold the
country together and urge full par-
ticipation in the Kremlin's referen-
dum on the union.
"All my convictions are based
on preservation of the union," the
Soviet president said, sitting at a
desk to deliver a 15-minute ad-
dress at the beginning of the
"The Soviet Union is a super-
power," he said. "Huge efforts
were made to make it so powerful,
and we could lose it very quickly."
It was Gorbachev's clearest
declaration to date that he will not
let any of the 15 republics secede.
While acknowledging that areas
were brought into the union by
force, he said the fate of all now
depends on remaining in a com-
mon economic system.
"Everybody should understand
that we are deciding the destiny of
our state," he said. "The U.S.S.R.
Supreme Soviet (legislature)
should make sure every citizen
expresses his opinion."
Gorbachev said the March 17
referendum "is the first in the
country and itself is a great ac-
complishment. Everybody should
At least five republics -
Lithuania, Estonia, Latvia, Geor-
gia and Armenia - have scoffed
The Soviet Union is a superpower. Huge
efforts were made to make it so powerful,
and we could lose it very quickly.'
- Mikhail Gorbachev
at the referendum and reject So-
viet law in their territory.
Lithuania, Estonia and Georgia
have scheduled alternative votes,
of which Gorbachev said: "It's
completely clear that such at-
tempts are legally invalid." He did
not say whether authorities would
try to block the votes.
All 15 Soviet republics have
proclaimed greater control if their
own affairs and many have de-
manded recognition by the Krem-
lin before they sign Gorbachev's
proposed Union Treaty.
"Separatism will doom people
and destroy their lifestyles," Gor-
bachev said. "Those who secede
will doom themselves to failure."
The president said the country
faces huge problems, but blamed
most of them on fractious republics
that have begun dealing directly
with each other and ignoring the
Some republics have tried to
turn their ethnic minorities into
'second-class citizens,' he said,
Gorbachev said some parts of
In apparent response to those
concerns, Gorbachev said: "The
main thing in the concept of the
renewal of the union is, above all,
sovereignty of the republics,
(which are) subjects of a federa-
tion that ensures the right of each
ethnic group to self-determination
He also said, however, that se-
cession would be disastrous for any
the Soviet Union were "taken as a
result of conquering missions, as
happened everywhere on all conti-
nents, and some peoples joined the
Soviet Union voluntarily seekip4
defense from aggression."
The Russian empire seized
much of present-day Central Asia
and the Soviet Union under Josef
Stalin, who annexed the Baltic
states in 1940.
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LANSING (AP) - An envi-
ronmental group warned lawmak-
ers yesterday that a new federal
policy could allow low-level radio-
active waste to be treated like or-
Michigan Environmental De-
fense said it sent letters to all 148
lawmakers alerting them to a re-
cent Nuclear Regulatory Commis-
sion rule change that could allow
up to 40 percent of low-level waste
to be dumped in landfills, burned,
or recycled into consumer prod-
"The utilities are definitely
looking t this to get rid of some
waste," s i Ellen Beal, legisla-
tive affairs director for MED.
"We're looking at this
(announcement) as a peremptory
The group is asking the Legisla-
ture to block any producer of such
waste from using the new policy. It
Continued from page 1
publication of the Education Com-
mittee of SAUSI, says "People of
color are forced into an unequal
bargaining position, rendering the
contracts governing our enlistment
into the voluntary armed forces
"People of color are subject to
harassment and racism in the mili-
tary," Muiruri added.
SAUSI member Tom O'Donnell
reasserted SAUSI's platform call-
ing for immediate withdrawal of
Continued from page 1
televised speech to his people.
"Fire rains down upon Iraq from
airplanes, from battleships, from
submarines, from rockets destroy-
ing mosques, churches, schools,
museums, hospitals, powdered-
milk factories, Bedouin tents,
electric-generating stations and
said four other states have banned
the disposal of low-level waste in
Michigan has been chosen to
provide the first regional low-level
radioactive waste dump to serve
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Mis-
souri, Ohio, Indiana, and Michi-
gan. However, its search for a suit-
able site has dragged, leading to
lawsuits and criticism from other
states over its slowness.
Last June, the nuclear Regula-
tory Commission approved a new
policy to let extremely low-level
waste to be designated as "below
regulatory concern" and exempt it
from requirements to be disposed
of at special facilities.
The new policy has had no im-
pact yet on the low-level waste
controversy, as generators would
have to go through an approval
process to be allowed to dispose of
the waste in that way.
U.S. troops from the Gulf and no
permanent U.S. bases in the Mid-
SOS member Reg Goeke said,
"We were invited on Monday,
which still wouldn't have given us
enough time to prepare. Also, with
SAUSI on one side and SOS on
the other, people will see them as
anti-war and SOS as being pro-war
which is not what SOS is.
"Since we don't take a political
stand on the war, we felt it better
not to be associated with the pro-
war stance," Goeke added.
Goeke and about three other
But Beal said opponents
wanted to head off any use of the
new policy in Michigan.
She said some key Legislators
have indicated they will work on
legislation to prevent use of the
new policy in Michigan.:0
"Clearly public opinion is on
our side," she said. "We expect it
to get throggh the legislature with-
out any problem."
Sen. John Cherry (D-Clio), and
sponsor of several laws governing
low-level waste in Michigan, said
the laws should block use of the
new federal rule.
"We've always recognized it
was a potential issue," he said.@
"Under Michigan law, we at-
tempted to lock in the previous
definition" of waste.
"As far as state government is
concerned ... that change would
not be effective," he said. "We've
at least got a foothold."
members of SOS did attend the fo-
rum, but they stayed out of the.
SAUSI member Geoffrey
Schmalz said, "When the idea
was first formulated for this, we
wanted to have an open panel dis-
cussion between us and SOS.
"SOS declined our invitation
for understandable reasons 0
they're not a political group,"
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