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--Iw F a ill!
Partly to mostly
sunny; high 48, low 30
Sunny, though lass
mild; high 46, low 27
Vol. Cl, No. 89 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, February 5, 1991 TepyigtanDai
WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi-
dent Bush sent Congress a $1.45
trillion budget on Monday that pro-
jects a record deficit at a time of
recession while paying for the Per-
sian Gulf War only through March.
The president conceded tough
economic times. "The longest pe-
riod of economic expansion in his-
tory has been temporarily inter-
rupted," Bush wrote in a budget in-
troduction. "We can, we hope, re-
turn to growth soon."
He said he will send Congress a
supplemental request to cover Op-
eration Desert Storm in the coming
Democratic congressional lead-
ers called the fiscal 1992 budget
inadequate, saying it only envi-
sions a short war and proposes no
*programs to counter the recession.
"They basically repeat a list of the
same things that go back to Rea-
gan," said House Budget Commit-
tee Chair Leon Panetta.
In brief, Bush proposed the fol-
A spending increase of 2.6
percent over the current year,
which will not keep pace with
inflation expected to reach 4.3
*percent this year;
p A deficit of $280.9 billion,
simultaneously he admitted this
year's red ink will hit a record of
$318.1 billion, and;
Domestic program cuts,
worth $46.6 billion for five years.
As Bush presented his 2,209-
page document, his top economic
aides suggested that the recession
probably began last August or
"The economy is in a recession.
We expect it will be of short dura-
tion. We want it to get back on a
growth path," said Treasury Secre-
tary Nicholas Brady.
Bush's budget for the bookkeep-
ing year that begins next Oct. 1
See BUDGET, Page 2
by Bethany Robertson
Daily Government Reporter changes would benefit low-income
An increase in the maximum
Pell Grant award is one of the few
"points of light" for higher educa-
tion funding proposed by the Bush
Administration's $1.45 trillion bud-
get package for FY 1992, released
Although some Pell Grant re-
cipients would benefit from the
budget proposal, a lack of in-
creased student aid funding would
force cuts to other aid programs.
One part of the proposal would
increase the maximum Pell Grant
- a need-based program - from
the current year's award of $2,400
to $3,700. In addition, a $170 mil-
lion Presidential Achievement
Scholarship Fund was proposed to
reward Pell Grant recipients ex-
celling in their studies.
Although the recommended
students, the money for the in-
crease would come from cuts in
other financial aid programs.
"We're really happy with the
Pell Grant increase, but they fi-
nanced it by eliminating programs
and by taking away from work
study," said Alicia Ybarra, project
coordinator for the United States
Student Association, a student
lobbying group in Washington,
Although the Pell Grant in-
creases would help poor students,
the increase would not benefit
middle-income students receiving
Pell Grants or other forms of finan-
cial aid, said Tom Butts, execu-
tive director of the University's
Washington D.C. office.
"These changes can't help but
See GRANT, Page 2
Kelly Hense, a financial clerk at the
lunch hour yesterday.
University Risk Management Office, washes her Escort G.T. during her
offer rejected by U.S.
The United States reacted skep-
tically yesterday to Iran's offer to
mediate the Persian Gulf War, and
President Bush declared, "We
have to go forward and prosecute
this to a successful conclusion."
Iran's President Hashemi Raf-
sanjani offered to meet Saddam
Hussein for talks on ending the 19-
day-old war. Rafsanjani also said
he was willing to resume official
contact with Washington in the in-
terests of peace.
"What's to mediate?" State
Department spokesperson Margaret
Tutwiler said. "The only mediation
that would be appropriate would be
for the people who communicate
with Saddam Hussein to convince
him to comply with the 12 United
Nations resolutions" demanding
Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait.
Defense Secretary Dick Cheney
said, "If someone can come up
with diplomatic resolution that
achieves that objective, that would
be fine, but I frankly don't expect
White House press secretary
Marlin Fitzwater said Iran "is not
directly involved in this conflict
and our interest is in getting Iraq
out of Kuwait."
The United States and Iran sev-
ered relations after the 1979
seizure of American hostages at
the American Embassy in Tehran.
Tutwiler renewed Bush's offer two
years ago for direct talks with au-
thorized representatives of the Ira-
Iranian President Hashemi Raf-
sanjani, who has held discussions
with Iraqi and Kuwaiti envoys,
said he was willing to meet with
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
and to resume direct contact with
the United States to try and medi-
ate a peaceful settlement.
The Bush administration dis-
missed the likelihood that diplo-
macy, not war, would drive Iraq
from occupied Kuwait.'
"I think that we're now in a sit-
uation, having embarked on the
course we're on, that we will pur-
sue military action until we have
achieved our objectives," said De-
fense Secretary Dick Cheney.
Meanwhile in the Persian Gulf,
the oil spill continues to spread.
Saudi Arabia will have to ration
drinking water if oil spills into the
water which feeds the world's
largest desalination plant, an engi-
neer said yesterday.
Saudi Arabia gets two-thirds of
its water from its desalination
plants, half of it from the one at
Jubail, a coastal city on the Per-
If the world's largest oil slick
manages to taint the Jubail plant,
it would have to be shut down and
a water shortage would quickly
follow, said Mohammed Sulaiman,
the engineer in charge of defend-
ing the plant.
"We would not have normal
production," he said. "We would
have to ration water.-
Workers are deploying an array
of booms, skimmers, deflectors
and filters at the mouth of the
placid Gulf lagoon to try to prevent
the oil spill from hitting Jubail's
The slick had been lying idle
about 80 miles north of this costal
city, but heavy winds yesterday
were expected to speed its
progress south. The spill is now
expected to reach Jubail this week.
Abdallah bin Faisel al-Sad,
prince of Jubail, said the gulf
should be declared "an interna-
tional disaster area" and appealed
for worldwide aid to help contain
The desalination machinery
stretches two miles down the
coast, sucking water from a lagoon
created' by a semi-circle of stone
breakwalls that branch out into the
Gulf. It is this lagoon that must be
protected against the oil - some-
thing Saudi officials have consis-
tently said they are confident they
will be able to do.
Saudi Arabia has been criti-
cized for confining its efforts to de-
fending the desalination plants in-
stead of attacking the spill off-
by Tami Pollak
Daily Crime Reporter
Following an assault incident in
the Hatcher Graduate library in-
volving a University contracted
State Security Inc. officer, atten-
tion has refocused on a recom-
mendation to reduce the number of
hours contracted security guards
serve on campus.
The original suggestion came
last March from a University Task
force on Campus Safety and
"Maybe library staff could be-
gin doing the security service in
the Grad," said Leo Heatley, Uni-
versity Director of Safety. Refer-
ring to the incident in which a
State Security officer assaulted a
Michigan Video Yearbook camer-
aperson, he said, "It was never
our intention for State Security to
become a bouncer at the library."
Janis Apted, external relations
officer for University libraries, said
that there will be no change in the
security at the library, however.
"I believe that there has been
discussion in the past, but as of
now, nothing is changing. There
certainly has to be security in the
library," Apted said.
The University contracted State
Security Inc. about five years ago,
and the contract is up for renewal
this year. The current contract
stipulates the company provide
about 3,000 hours of patrol per
Robert Patrick, Asst. Director of
Safety, said, "Their real purpose is
fire watch. They are the eyes, ears,
and in case of fire, the nose of
safety at night."
"There's some question about
what the guards' role in the library
is. Are they there enforcing library
rules or should library staff be en-
forcing the rules ... it's still under
discussion," Patrick said.
"We have an employee-em-
ployer relationship with the secu-
rity company supervisors," Heatley
said. "We recommend disciplinary
action to them when there is rea-
son. We can't directly fire a state
security guard, however."
Disciplinary action has been
taken against the State Security
officer involved in the Graduate
assault, he added.
See SECURITY, Page 2
Don't look down
Tony Kilbourne, of Planet Neon Sign
and Co., puts the finishing touches on the new neon sign at the Galleria Mall on South University.
UHS officials: students are not utilizing effective birth control
by Bonnie Bouman
Despite the contraceptive op-
nancy tests made in the Nursing
Clinic come back positive, said
the body than the Pill, more effec-
tive and more convenient than the
insert the device.
Besides actually providing con-
trwn-. .,a Adi-wiPnno en ,.1 an Cc.
people," said Tina Timm, a peer
contraceptive educator. Twice a
"Most people here already have
di-ridp~ t tnrP thePll hl