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January 29, 1991 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1991-01-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Wie kiuua ail
Vol. CI, No. 84 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, January 29, 1991 Toprih 991
Th Mcigan aiy

Bush to
*postpone
Moscow
summit
WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi-
dent Bush, troubled about a long
*trip to Moscow in the midst of the
Persian Gulf war as well as
bogged-down talks over a strategic
arms reduction treaty, decided yes-
terday to put off his scheduled Feb.
1.1-13 summit with Mikhail Gor-
bachev.
The decision was "by mutual
agreement" with the Kremlin, and
the summit will be rescheduled in
Moscow at "a later date in the first
half of this year," according to a
joint statement by Secretary of
State James Baker and Soviet
Foreign Minister Alexander Bess-
mertnykh.
Bush met with Bessmertnykh
just prior to the announcement. It
was the first time that a scheduled
U.S.-Soviet summit had been put
off since the late Soviet leader
Nikita Khrushchev canceled Presi-
dent Dwight Eisenhower's 1959
visit to Moscow in furious objec-
tion to U.S. spy flights over Soviet
territory.
But the postponement of the
. See U.S.-SOVIET, Page 2

Iraqi pilots
quit air force,
flee to Iran
Planes will stay until war's end;
U.S. bombs source of oil slick

DHAHRAN, Saudi Arabia (AP)
- More than 60 fighter-bombers
from Iraq's hide-and-seek air force
have slipped out the back door to
refuge next door in Iran, the U.S.
military said yesterday, to the de-
light of American strategists.
Over the weekend, the Iranian
news media reported Iraqi fighters
and other aircraft had begun land-
ing at airfields in neutral Iran. By
Monday, the Pentagon said, more
than 60 fighter-bombers and more
than 20 transports, both military
and civilian, had found refuge in
Iran.
The aircraft leaving Iraq in-
cluded some of its most advanced
fighters, Soviet-built MiG-29s, the
reports said.
The U.S. military said more and
more Iraqi pilots were flying to
Iran.

The Iraqi pilots' motives could
not be immediately determined.
"We ... don't know if this is a spon-
taneous act on the part of Iraqi pi-
lots just trying to get out of the war
or it's something the Iraqi regime
is supporting," Pentagon opera-
tions chief Lt. Gen. Thomas Kelly
said in Washington.
U.S. Command spokesperson
Brig. Gen. Pat Stevens told re-
porters in Saudi Arabia, "We are
delighted to see (it) because every
one of those aircraft that leaves
Iraq is one less that we will have
to engage in combat."
In Washington, White House
spokesperson Marlin Fitzwater
s Iran has repeatedly assured
thW United States that it would im-
pound the Iraqi planes until the
end of hostilities.
See GULF, Page 2

Book finder
Kate Musgrave, a Rackham graduate student, searches for a book in the stacks of the Graduate library.

'U'

remains committed

to affirmative action

by Sarah Schweitzer
Daily Staff Reporter
Last week University President
James Duderstadt announced his plan
to broaden the scope of affirmative
action policies at the University
with the implementation of the sec-
ond phase of the Michigan Mandate
- Duderstadt's plan to transform the
University into a diverse and multi-
cultural University.
This "second phase" involves the
creation of a Council on a Multicul-
tural University which will super-
vise and aid affirmative action and
other programs designed to achieve

the goals of the Michigan Mandate.
Yet across the country, affirma-
tive action is coming under fire and
some believe its existence is being
threatened.
On the national level, many ex-
perts speculate the appointment of
Justice David Souter to the U.S.
Supreme Court will result in the
continuation of a series of court de-
cisions limiting the realm of affir-
mative action.
Funding for affirmative action
programs at the university level is
being threatened by mounting state
budget deficits.
Additionally, some scholars have
attacked the very basis of affirmative
action and question its actual
benefits.
Prof. Shelby Steele of San Jose
State University, an African-Ameri-
can, argued recently in a New York

Times Magazine article that affirma-
tive action programs are demoraliz-
ing for minority students because
they imply that minorities are infe-
rior and need preferential treatment.
Despite this growing criticism
from around the country, the Univer-
sity remains firmly committed to us-
ing affirmative action programs to
attain its goal of a diverse, multicul-
tural institution, several University
officials said.
However, these same officials
admitted there exists a latent resent-
ment among white students' atti-
tudes toward affirmative action pro-
grams even though there is little or-
ganized opposition on campus.
Counselors reported they contin-
ually receive calls from students
blaming friends' or siblings' rejec-
tion on a minority student's accep-
tance. In addition, some white stu-

dents believe minority students have
lower test scores and grades. Many
callers attack what they perceive to
be a strict quota system in under-
graduate admissions, said one under-
graduate admissions counselor who
wished to remain anonymous.
In actuality, there is no existing
quota system within the admissions
process, said Sue Rasmussen, an af-
firmative action planning officer.
Undergraduate admissions offi-
cers, Rasmussen said, aim to pro-
duce a diverse class but do not have
any set numbers which dictate how
many Black, Hispanic, Asian, or Na-
tive American students should be
accepted.
Only Black, Hispanic and Native
American students are considered un-
der-represented and thereby eligible
for affirmative action.
"If admissions were done on a

strict numbers game, the entire class
would be from New York," Ras-
mussen said, alluding to the fact that
student applicants from the North-
east often have many of the highest
grades and SAT scores.
When applications are considered,
Rasmussen said, there are about 20
subjective factors which are consid-
ered in addition to grades and SAT
scores. Race and ethnicity are two of
those factors.
Some students feel the University
is admitting unqualified students by
diminishing the importance of tradi-
tional acceptance standards, such as
SAT scores and grades, said Rick
Shaw, director of Undergraduate
Admissions.
"It is an assumption on the part
of majority students that minority
students aren't qualified," Shaw said.
"After many years of working here,

War supporters dispute
comparison to Vietnam

I

I'm here to tell you that the minority
students are qualified. They (majority
students) are just buying into a racist
attitude."
"Students who feel they've been
wronged by affirmative action should
try to figure out why affirmative ac-
tion is so important. It is a way of
planning for the future," Shaw added.
By creating a diverse campus,
Shaw believes the University is bet-
ter preparing its students for the in-
creasingly diverse work force they
will encounter after graduation.
Like many affirmative action
proponents, Shaw sees it as a way to
redress for the discrimination im-
posed on underrepresented minorities
in the past.
Shaw said by increasing minority
representation on campus to a level
equal to that found in society at
See AFF. ACTION, Page 2
Coalition
refuses to
discuss
nominees
from staff reports
Members of the Conservation
Coalition (CC) met last night at
the Michigan League to select a
presidential candidate to run in
April's Michigan Student Assem-
bly elections.
Coalition members refused to
disclose who had been chosen to
run on the party's ticket, although
some party members speculated
earlier that James Green, an LSA
junior; Bill Cosnowski, an engi-
neering sophomore; and Aaron
Williams, a former engineering
student and MSA president, are
possible candidates.
"There was some talk of Aaron
Williams running again,"Engi-
neering Rep. Brian Johnson said
after the meeting.
Williams was removed from
last fall's ballot because he was
not a registered student. The Daily
was unable to determine if
Williams has returned to student

by Laura DePompolo
Many people, in discussing the
war in the Gulf, are prone to draw
a comparison to Vietnam.
During the Vietnam War pro-
longed fighting and confusion re-
sulting from the lack of a main
military objective brought about
strong anti-war protests.
Fear that the Gulf War will be
another Vietnam dominates the
feelings of thousands of anti-war
protesters who have attracted
much attention since war broke out
in the Persian Gulf.
However, many students at the
University in support of U.S. inter-
vention in the Gulf contend that
the Middle East situation is en-
tirely different.
James Green, an LSA junior
and Michigan Student Assembly
representative, said the Gulf War
is not Vietnam and it is not WWII.
"We must realize the unique-

ness of each event," he said.
"Operation Desert Storm is an
operation under one unified com-
mand with a central theater of op-
erations and commanded by one
individual," said Aaron Stanek, an
LSA sophomore.
He said for these reasons the
Gulf War cannot be compared to
either Vietnam or WWII. In Viet-
nam we lacked objective and in
WWII there were multiple the-
aters, he said.
Stanek believes the war will be
over quickly. He said the United
Nations is highly motivated to end
the war quickly using only its best
resources.
Anti-war protesters need to un-
derstand the difference between
the Gulf War and Vietnam, Stanek
said. The Vietnam generation must
understand that if today's genera-
tion believes war is the only an-
swer, then they must let them

fight, he added.
People have a right to voice
their opinion, but he added, "Do
you really know why you're there
(protesting) or are you just doing it
to protest?"
While anti-war demonstrators
fear the Gulf War may be another
Vietnam, a different fear domi-
nates the feelings of those who
support the war effort.
"Oil is power, if we give an-
other individual that power we're
putting the world in danger," said
Bill Cosnowski, a junior engineer-
ing student and MSA
representative.
Many students who support U.S.
intervention in the Middle East
feel that there is no other means of
action. They believe that if Sad-
dam Hussein's advances in Kuwait
are left unattended he will pursue
further aggression similar to Adolf
See PRO-WAR, Page 2

Supporting families
LSA senior Inger Lovett campaigns with the Force for Black Women in
support of the families of soldiers stationed in the Persian Gulf.

Bush may ask banks to bail out $4 billion FDIC deficit

WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Bush administration projects that

lion deficit in the Federal Deposit
Insurance Corp.'s bank fund, which
etnteh itiA V7 7't.rilion in tAts

and nearly doubles last year's 12-
cent premium.

President Bush likely will men-
tion efforts to strengthen the fund
in hic, t~t - f the Tlninn gnteph

of the S&L industry.

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