Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 25, 1991
Calvin and Hobbes
by Bill Watterson 'U' Profs. debate censorship
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by Lari Barager
Daily Staff Reporter
While media scholars across
the country weigh American citi-
zens' right to know against the
need for military security, two
University professors are voicing
their opinions on wartime
Prof. Charles Eisendrath,
Michigan Journalism Fellow, sup-
ports the Pentagon's censorship of
American journalists' reports of the
Gulf war, because he believes
Americans are not missing any
pertinent facts about the war due
"I think Americans are getting
the basic story. I don't think un-
censored reports would lead to a
great deal of difference. Those re-
ports only lack immediacy and de-
tail," Eisendrath said. "If I thought
that censored reports were with-
holding a great deal of sensitive
detail, I wouldn't feel that way."
Eisendrath added, "The mate-
rial that the military is holding is
information which would endanger
our troops. Most journalists think
they should have the right to judge
what is sensitive militarily, but I
don't think we have the ability to
Eisendrath said he believes that
if reporters discovered a military
cover-up, they would be able to
write the story regardless of the
"In a story of enormous propor-
tion, there is nothings in the Pen-
tagon rules to prevent them from
writing," Eisendrath said.
Eisendrath explained that the
stiffest penalty a journalist could
receive would be to lose access to
Communications Prof. Jonathon
Friendly, disagrees that possible
leakage of troop movements justi-
fies censorship of the press.
"I think it unlikely that re-
porters will give away secrets. If
the Pentagon made clear its rules
as it did in Vietnam, no troop
movements or campaigns would be
printed. When there is reasonable
potential for assisting the enemy,
you don't print that," Friendly said.
Friendly also noted that if our
military is as technologically supe-
rior as it claims, there is little risk
that even an inadvertant leak of in-
formation could assist the Iraqi
"I'm pro-information," Friendly
said. "I think the press has to be
the independent witness - at least
you have to have the people with-
out an ax to grind there to see the
Vi ' w
Continued from page 1
Moreover, the candidates will
be judged on the basis of a strong
commitment to academic values,
the inclusion of women and mem-
bers of underrepresented groups in
the faculty, students, and staff, and
leadership and fundraising skills.
"We hope to have a dean in
place by the end of the semester,"
said George Seidel, Search Advi-
sory Committee Chair and profes-
sor of Business Law. "The finalist
will come back to meet with the
regents and the regents have to
approve the selection."
"The new candidate would
have to meet the selection criteria.
Essentially we'd like to be posi-
tioned as the best business school
in the country. We want to in-
crease the quality of curriculum
and research," Seidel added.
Business Week magazine re-
cently ranked the University's
business school in the middle of its
Continued from page 1
sualties. Although the "smart
weapons" (such as the Tomahawk
and Patriot missiles) have been
widely applauded, some experts
have already raised questions
about their efficiency.
The Tomahawk cruise missile
has been used extensively against
military targets in Baghdad, and
the Pentagonreports that 90 per-
cent have hit within 25 feet of
their intended targets. But in an
Oct. 1990 article in The Bulletin of
the Atomic Scientist, Dr. Eric Ar-
nett, an expert on sea-launched
cruise missiles, raised serious
doubts about the Tomahawk.
"The Tomahawk's small war-
head would do little damage to
most military targets even if it
managed to find them," wrote Ar-
nett. "Specially protected targets
such as underground nuclear, bio-
logical, and chemical research ac-
tivities would emerge from Toma-
hawk attacks unscathed."
Anthony Cordesman, a de-
fense analyst currently in resi-
dence on ABC News, also ex-
pressed wariness about sophisti-
cated weapons in a Sept. 12 semi-
nar at the Brookings Institute.
Cordesman commented that
even if the U.S. targeted Iraq's mil-.
itary installations alone, the strikes
could only be considered surgical
in the sense that "using an electric
chainsaw" for amputation is
surgery. Cordesman also said that
there would be "massive" casual-
ties on both sides.
It now appears that last week's
optimism was unwarranted, and
the media have been blamed for
the euphoric tone of their initial
reports. But reporters were only in-
. u- .A.R..
terpreting the information the Pen-
tagon was feeding them.
While the U.S. military esti-
mates that there have been 150
Iraqi casualties, the British Broad-
casting Corporation has reported
upwards of 10,000 Iraqi civilians °
When U.S. jets bombed a fac-
tory in Baghdad on Tuesday, Iraq
claimed that the factory had been
an infant milk powder plant, but
Gen. Colin Powell, chair of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, claimed that'
it was a biological weapons plant.
CNN reporter Peter Arnett was not
able to discern who was telling the
"CNN tries very hard to view
itself as a global network," said
Kolodzy. "We are in over 100 -
countries, and we try to think of'
how information relates to the rest
of the world rather than the United
American students and other stu-
dents who are speaking out against
the military intervention.
"I support my country. The im
portant thing is to be behind the',
President. Supporting troops is
secondary," he said.
"The anti-war protesters had
five months between Iraq's inva-
sion of Kuwait and the start of the *
war. They didn't do anything. Now
that their families may get hit,
they care about stopping the war."
Sophomore Trace Farnum
agreed with Cole, saying, "The
people out there complaining are
professional protesters. They don't
PA ..AIt r
"O AKA UEL
Hours: Sunday 1-6 pm
Monday - Thursday 7-10 pm
Continued from Page 1
"This campus has always been
harmonious. I haven't witnessed
any discrimination. I've always felt
very comfortable here," she said.
Jeremy Margolis, a senior psy-
chology major said, "The amount
of tension will increase if the war
drags on - which it will."
The students and faculty at the
Dearborn campus hold widely dif-
fering opinions about the morality
and necessity of American military
involvement in the Persian Gulf.
"I'm anti-war in this situation
because the only reason we are
there is to fight for oil. It's not
worth getting killed. There was a
Continued from Page 1
U.S. submarines, operating from
the depths of the Mediterranean
and Red seas, are continuing to
fire Tomahawk cruise missiles at
targets inside Iraq.
Gen. Colin Powell, chair of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, said
Wednesday in Washington that air
attacks would intensify along sup-
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
AMERICAN BAPTIST CAMPUS CENTER
502 E. Huron
SUN.: Worship-9:55 a.m.
WED.: Supper & Fellowship-5:30 p.m.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN CHURCH, EiCA
801 South Forest (at Hill Street), 668-7622
SUNDAY: Worship-10 a.m.
WEDNESDAY: Worship-7:30 p.m.
Campus Pastor John Rollefson
ST. MARY'S STUDENT PARISH
(A Romah' Catholic Parish at u-M)
chance for peace which George
Bush, imperialist that he is, didn't
go for," said Margolis.
"I was disappointed that we
went to war because we didn't
give the alternative solutions to
the problem a chance to work. I
hope for a victory and a speedy
victory," said political science
professor Bernie Klein. "Now that
we are in the war, we have to sup-
Dzovigian added "I'm against
the war but I'm not against our
troops who are there. We have to
support our troops."
Lynne Cole, vice president of
the student government and a se-
nior studying international studies,
Spanish, and French disagreed
with the others. He supports the
war and is critical of the Arab
ply routes and lines of communica-
tions around the Iraqi city of
Basra, near the Persian Gulf and
Kuwaiti border, in an attempt to
strangle the Iraqi army in Kuwait.
Despite the allied air assault,
Saddam Hussein reportedly visited
his troops on the front lines in
southern Iraq and Kuwait on
The official Iraqi News Agency
said Saddam's commanders dis-
cussed the latest developments in
the war with their commander-in-
chief. "The enemy tried to avoid
establishing any serious con-
tact...and preoccupied itself with
bombing from high altitudes." the
news agency said.
The news agency said that as of
Tuesday, 90 Iraqi troops had been
killed by the allied bombing of
Iraq and Kuwait. The allies have;
not released casualty figures from
the aerial bombardment.
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