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January 23, 1991 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1991-01-23

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Page 2- The Michigan Daily -Wednesday, January 23,1991

Continued from page 1
ful, more sophisticated models
will be considered."
DRDA Director Alan Steiss
last night admitted the project
should have been more carefully
reviewed. "His (Kauffman's) re-
search should have been more
carefully scrutinized given the
nature of his background and
previous research," said Steiss,
adding that it was unfair to as-
sume that all of Kauffman's re-
search had military applications.
Steiss maintained that the Uni-
versity would continue to pro-
duce research in areas in which
professors were particularly qual-
An Aug. 9 DRDA memo to
the Office of the Vice-President
for Research stated: "Dr. Kauff-
man and his staff are interna-
tionally known for their work in
the area of explosives."
The general purpose of the
Army project was to develop
SFAEs for mine-clearing pur-
poses. The subcontract assigned
to the University, titled
"Detonation Enhancement by a
Solid Propellant or Explosive
Dust Layer," was specifically to
increase the enhance the explo-
sive power of the SFAEs. The
project was completed last
Fuel-air explosives (see dia-
gram) work by distributing a
cloud of fuel vapor, and then ig-
niting that cloud, producing a
massive explosion. The research
at the University is designed to
help produce a new generation
of FAEs, using a solid explosive
to increase the explosive yield
of the weapon. A layer of explo-
sive dust such as aluminum ox-
ide powder is spread over the in-



tended target area, and the fuel-
air explosive is detonated over-
head. The shock wave of the
detonation whips the powder into
a turbulent cloud over the
ground, and the fuel explosion

Democracy, a book on U.S.
weapon systems, "The only way
to understand the force (such a
weapon) brings to bear on a hu-
man body is to picture a man be-
ing hit by a baseball bat at full

The weaponl
Sichel helped to
next generationt
Gervassi describes

Kauffman and
develop is the
of the weapon

'The force of the FAE explosion detonates the
dust explosive, increasing the destructive
power... This is in general a way to increase
the explosive power of the FAEs. The more
sophisticated models may in future be used to
kill human beings.'
- Matt Green
Physics graduate student

"The force of the FAE explo-
sion detonates the dust explo-
sive, increasing the destructive
power," Green said yesterday.
"This is in general a way to in-
crease the explosive power of
the FAEs. The more sophisti-
cated models may in future be
used to kill human beings."
Prof. Martin Sichel said last
night that he knew the project
was being indirectly funded by
the Army. "It certainly had mili-
tary applications. We were con-
cerned with the scientific as-
pect," he said. Sichel said he
doubted the weapon would be
used on humans. Kauffman could
not be reached for comment.

then detonates the explosive
dust cloud.
According to former Army of-
ficer John Gervassi's Arsenal of

length, and then to imagine him
hit by that kind of force at every
exposed portion of his body si-

Unidentified University students peer out of the ISR director's office. About
35 students participated in the sit-in.



Calvin and Hobbes

by Bill Watterson GULF



O 4
r c S,


-o C

Continued from page 1
were identified as U.S. Air Force
Maj. Jeffrey Scott Tice and Capt.
Henry Michael Roberts.
Such propoganda use of cap-
tured fliers violates the Geneva
Convention on treatment of war
prisoners. The Iraqi government
has also announced it is sending

prisoners to potential targets as
"human shields" against attack..
The Bush administration has de-
nounced such actions as "war
crimes" and vowed to hold the
Iraqi leadership responsible.
The U.S. military yesterday also
reported action at sea: Navy
planes sank an Iraqi minelayer and
another vessel in the northern Per-

sian Gulf on Monday.
The respected liberal London
newspaper The Guardian quoted an
Iraqi opposition leader as saying
seven men were shot and killed in
Baghdad last sweek in a foiled bid
to broadcast a TV message urging:
Saddam Hussein's ouster.

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Continued from page 1
but I feel for the Iraqi citizens. I'm
an American at peacetime and I'm
an American at war," said LSA
senior Mohamed Khalil, who is a
There exists a fear of reprisals
and violence against those of
Arab-American descent now living
in the United States. Reports of
bomb threats, racial slurs, and
physical violence against citizens
in the Detroit area have height-
ened tensions among all.
"I saw a sign in Dearborn that
said 'The only good Arab is a dead
Arab,"' said Khalil.
LSA senior Timothy White,

who is not an Arab-American,
lives in a predominantly Arab-
American neighborhood in Detroit.
"Some Arabs were pulled over in
Detroit just because they were
Arab and were suspected of trying
to poison the water supply. Ameri-
cans have the idea that this
(terrorism) will never happen to
me. People are kind of worried."
Shiva, an Iranian-American and
Middle East scholar, said, "I think
that a lot of the conflicts of the
Persian Gulf are being played out

right here. We're in the unique po-
sition of living among Arab-Amer-
icans, not relying on the media for
images of 'the enemy.' I think we
should try to see the situation of
the Arab-Americans from their
point of view, and not label then
with the demonic image seen in
the media."
"One thing that I think is a key'
element is... the American public
needs to understand that this group
(Arab-Americans) has assimilated
into American society while still
retaining their culture and her-
itage," said Farah. "They're not.
practicing the philosophy of their
government, but of their culture."




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Continued from page 1
also opposed to the war," as he
left his office.
University Public Safety offi-
cers arrived shortly thereafter and
guarded doors to the office. The
officers did not allow more than
three members of the media in
the office at once.
Walter Harrison, executive di-
rector of University Relations,
said the anti-war group's protest
of the University's military re-
search results from a feeling of
"Students are justifiably con-
cerned about the war and frus-

trated because they do not have a
way to influence American pol-
icy," Harrison said.
In response to the accusations
made by SAUSI, Harrison added,
"The University does not do any
direct weapons research. We do
not do what they ,say we are do-
The protesters were allowed to
stay after the building was locked
at 5:30 p.m. yesterday afternoon
and planned to remain in the of-
fice until noon today.
Opinions varied among the
group on what action to take next.
Kohns said the possibility of fu-
ture sit-ins would depend on the
University's response to the occu-
pation and how the war pro-

Continued from page 1
a roll-call vote.
LSA senior Reg Goeke, a con-
stituent to the assembly, con-
demned the members for disputing
"little" words, saying interpre-

tations can be biased either way
"If you are going to say if you:
support the soldiers means you:
support the war, could I then infer
that if you protest the war you are
also protesting the soldiers?",
Goeke asked.

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.eE t 'U 1


Toniriht.Wednesdav. Januiarv 23

v owR 46y !w VN vfa%. J %0%.45 %

and Bursley

7:00 pm at S. Quad, W. Quad, E. Quad,
8:00 pm at Markley, Mojo, Alice Lloyd,
and Couzens



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