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January 23, 1991 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1991-01-23

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Vol. Cl, No. 80 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, January 23, 1991 TCpyight 19at



The Associated Press
A cornered Iraq lashed out at
enemies south and west yesterday
with terror from the sky, firing mis-
siles at both Saudi Arabia and Is-
rael. One Scud slammed into
homes in Tel Aviv and pushed Is-
rael closer to the Persian Gulf
At least three people died and
70 were wounded in Tel Aviv, Is-
raeli military officials said. The
new U.S. supplied Patriot defense
system failed to stop the incoming
Iraqi missiles, they said.
Israel state radio said only one

Scud had been fired. But military
officials said it was not immedi-
ately clear how many were in-
President Bush met with his
war planners at the White House
shortly after the Scud missile at-
"We condemn this brutal act
of terror against innocent victims,"
White House press secretary Mar-
lin Fitzwater said.
"Israel has shown remarkable
restraint in the face of this aggres-
sion. We continue to consult with
the government of Israel and will

continue doing so as events un
fold," he said.
At thesIsraeli Embassy, Ambas
sador Zalman Shoval declined t
rule out a retaliatory strike but als
said a response from Israel "would
not necessarily have the characte
or retribution." He said "it's no
necessarily eye for eye" but how
best to protect the Israeli people.
After quite a night, air raid
sirens wailed shortly after dawn
today in Dhahran, sending a majo
allied airbase into a chemical at
tack alert and areaaresidents into
basements and bomb shelters.

Although the Patriot intercep-
tor missiles did not stop the mis-
- siles heading toward Israel, they
did succeed against Scuds falling
o on Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
d Early yesterday, at least one
r Iraqi Scud missile was destroyed
t in the sky over Riyadh by a U.S.
v Patriot anti-missile rocket, wit-
nesses said, and two Scuds landed
d in unpopulated desert areas, ac-
n cording to diplomatic sources in.
r the city. No casualties were re-
t- ported.
- pThe U.S. military said aerial
photos showed that the Iraqis blew

up wells and storage tanks at Al-
Wafre, a relatively small oilfield
just across the Saudi border in
Kuwait, and fires also raged in
storage tanks at Shuaiba and Mina
Abdulaah, major refineries nearer
to Kuwait city.
The relentless allied air war
passed a new mark, 10,000 aircraft
"We still have a lot of fire-
power," said a Marine intelligence
officer, Col. Ron Richard."...
This is not an enemy that is going
to go away."
At their daily briefing in

Riyadh, Desert Storm officers re-
ported a British warplane was shot
down early yesterday, raising to 15
the number of allied planes lost in
combat. The U.S. military says 17
Iraqi planes have been destroyed
in dogfights.
The Pentagon lists 13 American
crew members as missing in ac-
Baghdad put to more captured
fliers on television display yester-
day, bringing to nine the number of
allied air force personnel paraded
across the Iraqi airwaves. The two
See GULF, Page 2

Students a
sit-in to
by Marc Ciagne

.g.. ~ DRDA discloses
"4>s ~research tied to,

funded b
by Ronan Lynch
Daily Research Reporter



Thirty-five students began oc-
cupying an office in the Institute
for Social Research (ISR) yester-
day to "expose the University's
efforts to deceive us about its role
in developing genocidal wea-
pons," according to a statement
released by the group.
The occupation, scheduled to
last 24 hours and organized by U
of M Students Against U.S. Inter-
vention in the Middle East
(SAUSI), began at noon when the
protesters entered the Division of
Research Development and Ad-
ministration (DRDA) office on
the second floor of the ISR.
SAUSI informed University
President James Duderstadt and
Ann Arbor Police late Monday
night of their plans, to assure
them of their non-violent inten-
The group did not release the
time and location of the sit-in un-
til Daniel Kohns, publicity chair

Students sit-in in the director's office at the Institute for Social Research yesterday. They plan to leave at noon

University administrators and
professors yesterday defended
military research on campus af-
ter two graduate students dis-
closed the University had con-
ducted research as part of an
Army project to develop solid
fuel-air explosives (SFAEs).
A week ago today, the Daily
reported that University Aero-
space Engineering Profs. Charles
Kauffman and Martin Sichel
worked on an Army contract
which had been subcontracted to
them by the Illinois Institute of
Technology's Research Institute
Interviewed last week, Kauf-
fman denied that he was con-
ducting military research, saying
"All of our research involves
safety in the workplace."
Yesterday morning, as part of
the Students Against U.S. Inter-
vention in the Persian Gulf
(SAUSI) protest at the Division
of Research Development and
Administration (DRDA), two

physics graduate students, Matt
Green and Mike Massey, re-
quested that they be allowed to
review Kauffman and Sichel's
DRDA allowed the two to re-
view the proposal, but not to re-
move it from the building.
They found the title of the
Army project was "Bimodal
mine-clearing munition devel-
opment," and that in Kauffman's
funding proposal to the IITRI, he
referred specifically to muni-
Kauffman wrote in the pro-
posal, "The objective of the pro-
gram is to develop the bimodal
concept into a munition(s)
which can be demonstrated to
reliably disperse both an explo-
sive cloud and a ground layer."
The proposal continued, "It
will be the purpose of the exper-
imental program to illustrate the
mechanism by which a gaseous
detonation of a layer of pow-
dered condensed phase explo-
sive... If the results are success-
See RESEARCH, Page 2

and SAUSI committee member,
revealed the information at a
press conference at the Cube
moments after students entered
the building.
The aims of the sit-in include
the following:
To encourage the Univer-
sity not to aid in the prosecution
of student resisters in the event of
a draft.

To persuade the University
to redirect its resources away
from research and development of
"weapons of mass destruction"
and to increase the accessibility
of higher education to people of
color and the economically disen-
To gain access to informa-
tion regarding the extent of the
University's involvement in mili-

tary research and development.
The students occupying the
building did not encounter any re-
sistance upon entering as they
settled in the spacious office of
Alan Steiss, director of the
DRDA. Protesters said Steiss was
very accommodating.
Several students quoted him as
saying, "Just for the record, I am
See SIT-IN, Page 2

MSA passes soldier
support resolution

by Julie Foster
Daily MSA Reporter
After extensive debate, the Michigan
Student Assembly passed a resolution by a
margin of 20-11 to "Support Our Soldiers
(SOS)" last night.
External Relations Chair and sponsor of
the resolution, Bill Cosnowski, said he did
not write the proposal with the intent of
conveying his political views.
"I went through this resolution and
removed all words that had any anti-war or
pro-war meaning," Cosnowski said.
Many assembly members still felt the
resolution was slanted toward pro-war in its
meaning and said it contradicted the anti-
war resolution the assembly passed last
Student Rights Chair Corey Dolgon said,
"There are clearly things in this (resolution),
that contradict what we passed last week.
When you say you allow our troops to
successfully fulfill their obligations, their
obligations are the war."
LSA Rep. Aberdeen Marsh proposed an
amendment that would strike some of the
words causing controversy, such as the
American people had an "obligation" to

support our soldiers.
"Whatever your beliefs are, no one is
absolutely obligated to support anything,"
she said.
Education Rep. Christa Sinz said, "I also
feel that with the language you are using,
you are putting a political medium into (the
Cosnowski said the assembly was
overreacting to the language and assured he
meant no political bias. "I fixed the words to
make it very general and make it clear that
we simply support our soldiers."
The assembly defeated Marsh's
LSA Rep. Hunter VanValkenburgh
proposed another amendment stating, "Be it
resolved that MSA calls for immediate use
of fuel-air weapons to kill all people within
the Iraqi borders to bring the war to a swift
He said he made the amendment to prove
that language is, in fact, important in
interpretation of the resolution, and that
certain words can convey a political bias.
His amendment was also defeated.
The overall resolution passed 20-11 after
See MSA, Page 2

War causes
fear tension
among Arab
by Matthew Pulliam
As apprehensions mounted last week
because of the escalating war in the Persian
Gulf, few were more frightened than Arab-
Americans, who not only feared for their
families but worried of the discrimination
they might face in the U.S.
"I am purely, completely devastated,"
said LSA senior Farah, an Iraqi-American
who, in concern for her family's safety,
requested that her lastrname not be revealed.
There exists among many Arab-
Americans an intense fear for loved ones who
remain in the Middle East. Many students,
due to the confusion of wartime, have been
unable to contact their families since the first
wave of attacks began last week.
Without information on casualties, the
fear is compounded. There is no way to know
if one's family lies among the dead.
Farah, whose family is in Baghdad, is
terrified for their safety. She said Baghdad
has been deprived of electricity, heat, and
water for six days, and she has not been able
to talk to her relatives to determine if they
are safe.
"I'm really worried about what's
happening. I have my parents there in Riyadh
(Saudi Arabia). I'm against the war. I think
what (Saddam Hussein) did is wrong, and I
condemn the occupation of Kuwait," said
Civil Engineering graduate student Fadi
Many Arab-Americans support the U.S.,

MSA condemns vandals

by Julie Foster
Daily MSA Reporter
A resolution to condemn the actions of
students who maliciously destroyed the anti-
war shanty and the Support Our Soldiers
(SOS) shanty-like structure on the Diag yes-
terday passed the assembly by a unanimous

Students Rights Commission Chair Corey
Dolgon agreed. "We don't have people call-
ing up the Daily saying 'We maliciously de-
stroyed the SOS shanty for definite political
reasons' as we did with the (anti-war

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