THE MICHIGAN DAILY MAGAZINE
SINDAY. TFEBRUARY2 6 1ss
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A Finnish'Colony In
(By W. E. L.)
A lead from the farm press, attrib-
uting a scheme for home industries to
he developed among the Finnish popu-
lation on Lake Superior to Prof' C. O.
Sauer of the University, sent the re-
porter around to the geography offices.
A leading question is half the inter-
view, thought the reporter, and led off
with: What is the connection between
Suomi skis and the subject of geo-
graphy? And this is the story he got:
The notion of Finnish home indus-
tries in northern Michigan developed
from observation of the craft of these
people and the existence of a serious
gap in their economic system. The
Finn has not yet made his way to the
university in any important numbers,
but he is the future heir of the Upper
Peninsla, and he will soon be numer-
ously represented on the campus. Al-
most the entire Finnish population of
the United States is located about Lake
Superior, and in that area they repre-
sent the largest agricultural group
of any nationality. They cane to work
in the mines and the woods, but in-
creasingly they are appropriating the
land. They are rooted in the soil by
the traditions of their race, and the
woods and mine employment is fail-
ing them here and there, so that they
are forced to tecome farmers or to
move. Moostly, however, it is the wish
for a patch of ground of their own
which is taking toee people in an
ever swelling tide to the land of
North Michigan and adjacent states.
They possess an infinite patience at
toil, have peasant standards of living,
and make the most successful settlers
of the northern cut over lands.
It takes time, patience, labor, and
money, all in considerable amounts,
to make a farm out of northern cut
over lands. The Finns commonly pos-
sess all of these abundantly, except
cash. The money is secured by going
back to the lumber camps or to the
mines during the winter season. At
present the mines are shut down large-
ly and the lumber camps as well. Ifi
the Finnish family can employ its
winters profitably in the rural home,
earning even a small amount of cash,
their economice problem is much sim-
plified. The growing season is short,
th unprooultive ses on long. A ur- i
ve cyondouocoted for tho U. S. Dep.r-
met of Agriculture under the direc-
tion of Professor Saoer, showed strik-
ingly the large amount of time thatI
was not put to profitable employment
in many of these families. Until they
have fully developed farms, the entire
family is likely to find long idle periods
when there is no farm lahor. This
loss of working time is a considerable
handicap to their economic develop-
ment. It was under similar climatic
conditions that, they developed in the
Old World an elaborate series of hand-
icrafts, fotlooed in their homes, dur-
ing the long Finnish winter.
With tue older Finnish people of
Lake Superior a knowledge of these
crafts persists. They make many things
well and some with considerable taste.
Strong skis, sturdy rugs woven in na-
tive patterns of curious design, wood
carvings, baskets woven of bark and
withes, home-tanned leather goods,
are a few of the things that one finds
scattered through the Finnish homes
of the north country, and many of
them are of surprising beauty and
craftsmanship. Many of these goods
are of the type that cannot be dupli-
rated by factory products. Here is
a vigorous population, with a large
amount of time not profitably employ-
ed, and still possessed of the knowl-
edge of making beautiful and service-
(Continued on Page 7)
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Un de rga rments for
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Silk POngee Undergarments
For the fastidiously inclined
P ONGEE undergarments-you've never heard of them? Neither had we until these
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Captivating is only a term mildly descriptive of them. And the idea is so sim-
ple that it does seem strange they weren't developed sooner. However, they're certain
to make up for most of their lost time-for popular they will surely be.
ENVELOPE CtEMISES-are tailored simply
or with a very few touches of embroidery and
lace. Many are hemstitched; some have tiny
GOWNS-are also tailored, some In the strap
shoulder style. Blue hemstitching is in evi-
dence here and there. $6.50 and $7.50.
At new low prices
Prices are so modest on silk hose this spring
that their use need not be denied anyone.
HOLEPROOF SILK HOSE-are in black, white,
cordovan, Russia calf, and African brown.
Ribbed lisle tops. $1.705.
A HEAVIER SILK HOSE-(Holeproof) in
black only. $2.25.
CORTICELLI ALL SILK HOSE-are in black
only. Tops are very elastic. $3.75.
LA FRANCE SILK HOSE-are In black, cordo-
van, African brown, and pearl gray. Lisle
PAJA.IAS-are utterly entrancing. Two-piece
mode, tailored. All are hemstitched in blue.
BLOOMERS-are in two styles-regulation and
step-in. The former have elastic knees; the
latter are hemstitched. $3.
Of lustrous silk
A knit weave and a Richelieu ribbed effect-
both of them exceedingly individual--are fea-
tures of Phoenix silk undergarments. And, for
all their charm, they give the wearer the utmost
in service and practicality.
BLOOMERS-are in white, flesh, and black.
VESTS-are displayed in white, lesh tAid or-
chid, priced $2.75 and $3.
UNION SUITS-are in flesh color only, in bod-
ice style with tight knees. $7.25.