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September 15, 1958 - Image 4

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Phoenix Project Harnesses the Atom
(Continued from Page 3) r i dies utilizing tracer doses of ra-
dioiodine indicate that prompt
ive in the area, has helped these dagnosis and adequate treatment
nations develop combined educa- 'aith thyroid pills will prevent ir-
tional and research program. reversible mental and physical re-
Prof. William Kerr of the engi Itardation.
neering school and supervisor of
the ICA project described the Uni-IN A COMPLETELY different
versity as being in a particular- I area of research, the Univer-
ly good position to help these na- sity has emerged as a clearing
tions because the Phoenix Project house for national and interna-
started "from scratch" and the in- '(tiona1 legal problems involving
dividuals connected with it can ef-lt nuclear energy and engineering.
fectively help nations that are -And in still another direction
doing the same. '- ~work continues on the bubble
The research areas attracting chamber which is providing a bet-
other nations varies just as it does c ter understanding of high energy
at the University. Some 146 re- nuclear particles.
search projects have already been The riginail bubble chamber
supported by the Phoenix project, -research began at the University
and use of the reactor is also with a $1,500 Phoenix Project
made available for industrial re- giant and resulted in a major
search. During the past year, 68 breakthrough" in man's efforts to
projects were under way, rang- learn more about the composition
ing from so-called pure research of matter. Research in the field
to the radiation control of food- now reaches the multi-million
borne parasitic diseases, dollar level and is being support-
ed at a number of universities
R A D I 0 A C T I V E tracers and RESEARCH - Technician (left) inserts a meteorite fragment into the pneumatic "rabbitt" system with federal government funds.
short-lived radioisotopes which which enables activation of elements that cannot be detected by conventional methods, while re- But among the unique accom-
can be produced in the reactor searcher (right) prepares an experimental reactorbeam-port plug for a study of intensive radiation's plishments of the Phoenix Project
and utilized in a matter of a few effects in cracking hydrocarbons. has been its ability to pioneer re-
seconds, make possible the study search in a wide variety of areas,
of many fundamental biological radiation. Phoenix-sponsored re- progress in the fight against can- cer, adding to the understanding and aid research abroad on the
phenomena, an understanding of search proved the feasibility of of cell structure and the metab- tionalized cretins with I.Q.'s of impetus provided by private, not
which is imperative for advances the method, which permits hand- olism of cancer tissue. less than sixty who had been born governmental funds.
in medicine, ling in a sealed glass tube, over- Mental problems are also be- either with an underactive thyroid Over 30,000 University students,
Immediate practical uses can be coming some of the difficulties of ing attacked through the facili- or none at all. Comparisons with alumni and friends and 350 com-
seen at the University Hospital, using bone preserved by cold stor- ties of the Phoenix Project. A stu- individuals whose I.Q.'s were al- panies contributed more than $7,-
where the bone bank now con- age, dy, the first recorded in medical most normal in spite of thyroid 500,000 to the fund.
tains bone sterilized by gamma Four investigations have led to literature, was made of institu- underactivity since birth and stu- (concluded on Page 12)

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