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July 03, 1919 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Wolverine, 1919-07-03

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

1 1. 1 ' L~j ..'J.V L 1\ 1 IN

tucators In Convention
7th Problems of Teaching

e - Following is the
f extracts from ad-
d before the National
lation, now in conven-

will follow'as a matter of course. Who
can question that the colleges, en-
couraged by what has already been ac-
complished, will measure up to their
enlarged opportunity'?"

rar has opened up a larger
education," said A. A. Pot-
of engineering, State Agri-
college, Manhattan, Kans.,
.ng on "The Effect of War
thods of Teachinig." "Many
icators took an active part in
,nd this has resulted in stim-
nd in broadening their life
)ok. Teachers who were en-
war work in the military and
n-military branches of our
nt were forced into doing
.tirely unorthodox and un-
, and this will certainly have
eneficial effect upon the cur-
d methodsof teaching in our
colleges, and universities."'
tter went on to explain the
effects which the war would
chool organizations, teaching
and teachers, declaring:
tional institutions are becom-
ested in the intelligence or
ical tests of the Army. Such
irefully handled, should prove
erable value in guiding stu-
[ore attention should also be
rating students on certain
traits as well as academic
atensive courses which were
he training of about one hun-
usand vocational specialists
J. S. Army indicate that too
ention is often paid in higher
al institutions to prerequi-
connection with technical
* * * .
;ood teacher lives up to the
cs of a professional man, does
contrdcts which he does not
keep, and has such human
as enable him to keep the
f his students, his colleagues,
he people in his community."
iparison of business and col-
loses the fact that although
ose of the business house is
r profit while that of the col-
he training of men, it is not
to observe a close parallel re-
the business methods which
perly applicable to both in
neral administration," stated
V. Hilton, chief of settlement
war department, Washing-
C., in his speech on "Modi-
of Business Methods for Our
nal Institutions."

Lucius L. Gould, professor of geog-
raphy, State Normal school, Milwau-
kee, spoke on "The Necessity of Sharp
Differentiation Between the True
Function of the Teacher and the
Actual Function of the Administra-
tion." He said:
"Teachers as a class should under-
take the following constructive meas-
"A careful study of the details of the
administrative system in order that
these changes in the system may be
gradually effected.
"(1) The change from a military au-
tocratic form of school government to
some form in which co-operation rath-
er than dominance shall be the key-
note. Provision must be made for a
mutual criticism among the parts of
the whole.
"(2) A change to a system in which
the teacher is assured of a very defi-
nite area in which she functions as
"(3) A change which shall eliminate
the isolation of the teacher and which
shall substitute direct contact between
her and the people whom she gladly
serves, to whom she is really respon-
"School libraries are potentially as
important in present day education as
has been the part played by books in
the progress of civilization," said 0. S.
Rice, president library department,
Madison, Wis.
"Germany, in comparison with the
care she exercised over other matters
in education, paid little or no atten-
tion to school libraries. School libra-
ries are a liberalizing agency in edu-
cation. Hence, they did not fall in
with the narrow and selfish plans of
"The past called the mighty force of
books and libraries into existence, the
present must train the rising genera-
tion to use that force for the greatest
good to the greatest number - for the
success of democracy."

henceforth mobilize the entire youth, we in America are no longer isolated,
not a selected portion of it, for the he must study the makings of the
service of democracy in peace. It Europe of today. Unless our high
must take every boy and girl from 13 schools insist upon these studies as a
to 18, discover his aptitudes, his abil- minimum for all, we shall not equip
ity by a system of intelligence tests, our boys and girls for service in a
and give him a training which shall democracy.
so enlist his'.interest that he shall * * *
develop a habit of success, not failure. "Democracy demands equality of
The supreme task of the high school opportunity, not equality of achieve-
is to abolish the long established, ment. Education for the service of de-
cheerfully accepted habit of failure. mocracy demands that the 10 talent
"Boys and girls alike have one vo- man as well as the one talent man
cation in common, that of citizens in a shall have opportunity to realize his
democracy-soldiers of the common utmost self. The high school in the
good. During the past months we have service of democracy must individual-
learned as never before that the su- ize its pupils. Though there be 5,000
preme good is a good government. In of them, it must know the problem of
America we have assumed good gov- each. This is the supreme problem of
ernment to be a free good, obtained the principal. With a proper delega-
without effort, without sacrifice. We tion of duties, he may still be a Mark
now realize that good government is Hopkins to the Garfield. In the years
the product of good citizens and good immediately before us, the most vital
citizens are produced only by good I educational work lies with the expand-
training. Whatever else it may do, the ing high school. No matter what the
American high school must give every form of organization, the program of
one of its students a definite training work, it will fail in its mission unless
for the duties of the citizen. He must it can enlist in its service men and
study the operations of government, , women of broad training, human
local,,state and national; the economic ; sympathies, social ideals, who believe
forces which dominate our industrial j in our American way of life. Such
life to which the actions of government ren and women we are now losing
are but the reaction; he must study rather than gaining. To again enroll
the events, movements, measures and such men and women in the great
men which have made America what army of education cannot be an im-
it is today; and in the realization that possible task for a democracy which

really believes that in its schools lies
the future of the nation."
The chief of police has received
blanks whereby anyone dsirous of
securing a motor operator's license
may comply with the recent state.
legislature act that requires persons,
other than chauffeurs, to secure such
licenses if they wish to drive auto-
mobiles atter Aug. 14, 1919.

All applicants must be at least 16
years old and must be able to satisfy
their chief of police that they can
operate an automobile in a capable
manner. Any person violating the act
requiring the procuring of a license
will be subject by the provisions of
the act to a fine not exceeding $100 or
to imprisonment not to exceed three
months, or both.
A fee of 50 cents is charged for
each license.
Patronize our advertisers.





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go& 10
X40W sivowiftst-

ial resources and good will.
ial for both, the latter of
nportance for the college.
record of college men has
i to silence criticism and
the feeling of good will
colleges have generally en-
re still remain certain valid
of their business methods on
)d will is largely depend-
of concentration shown un-
has been -lacking under nor-
ting systems appear to be
,nting or inadequate in nine
ut of 10.
to fulfill assurances has
jury to unsophistigated stu-
ance of intercollegiate ath-
been overestimated.
of selecting trustees hash
been faulty.
al equipment has not been
s have been insufficient. Re-
riences of college teachers
s serve to emphasize rela-
nure for teachers is not
s disadvantage. -
.g competition between state
s and privately endowed col-
t be appreciated and met.
:ation of the above business
will serve to establish the
iore firmly than at any pre-
in the good will of the pub-
necessary financial support'

"There are now upwards of 300,-
000 teachers in the United States that
have had no training beyond the high
school; there are 100,000 that are less
than 20 years of age; there are more
than 30,000 that have had no train-
ing beyond the eighth grade," stated
Miss Margaret S. McNaught, commis-
sioner of elementary education, Sacra-
mento, Calif., in her address on
"Better Teaching in Elementary
"To raise the professional standard
of the school teacher there must be
then: increase of remuneration, im-
provement of conditions of school
work, fuller freedom from control by
politics or, by favoritism and higher
John L. Tildsley, associate superin-
tendent school, New York City, spoke
on "The Reorganization of the High
Schools for the Service of Democ-
racy," declaring:
"Notwithstanding the marvelous
grdwth of high schools during the past
two decades, the high school has had
but a faint vision of its rightful place
in a democratic state. It has been
content to see millions of children pass
by its doors, other millions enter, re-
main but a brief time, and go forth
with a possibiliy not a probability of
realizing the chance that was theirs.
With this record of service not ren-
dered, it has prided itself on training
the leaders in our American democ-
"The lessons taught by. the War
must not be lost with the coming of
peace. American industry has justly
prided itself on its scrap pile. The
American Army has abolished the hu-
man scrap pile. The American high
school has heretofore scrapped its
aims, its methods, its organization.
"The American high school must

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