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August 16, 1919 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Wolverine, 1919-08-16

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w LA - .
RAIN
TODAY

R

LY

riu rt t e

AT YOUR DOG

THREE TIRES
A WEEK

X. No. 23.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, Saturday August 16, 1919

PRICE THREE CEN'

25 REPUBLICANS
TO FIGHT CHANGES

MUNZ TAKES TITLE
IN SINGLES FINAL

I

N TREATY TEXT,

G. 0. P. SOLONS OPPOSED
ICAL RESERVATIONS,
HITCHCOCK
JOIN DEMOCRATS

TO RAD-
SAYS

TO

SECURE RATIFICATION
Stenographie Report to Be Taken of
Wilson-Lodge Parley Next
Tuesday

Lewis E. Munz, of Detroit, defeated
Robert C. Angell, of Detroit, 3-6, 8-6,
6-4, 6-1, for the campus singles cham-
pionship on Ferry Field yesterday.
Munz' playing throughout the tour-
nament has been of a high class, and
he will make a valuable addition to
the Varsity tennis team next spring.
Munz met a worthy opponent in An-
gell, in the singles final yesterday, both
anen playing fine tennis throughout the
match.
Angell took the first set rather eas-
ily and forced Munz into a deuce set to
take the second. After that however,j
the winner's placement shots proved
too much for Angell, the last two sets
going to Munz 6-4 and 6-1.
Angell had won his way into the fi-
nals by defeating Merry, Cobane and
Breakey. Munz beat Kyser, Theumis-
sen, Moulthrop, Bowers and Worth in
his preliminary round.matches.
As a result of his victory in both sin-
gles and doubles, Munz will be given
one dozen tennis balls, a racquet cover
and press. Merkel draws a racquet
cover and press for his share in the
doubles victory.'
Angell will receive a racquet cover
and press as runner up in the singles.
REISHAO EXPLEAINS
FISH' SENSE THEORY

R.O.T. C UNITS TO BE ESTABLISHED
NEXT FAL IN, EN6IEERING COLLEGE

Washington, Aug. 15.-Twenty-five
Republican senators will join with 45
Democrats in opposition to textural
amendments or radical reservations
that would split the treaty of Ver-
sailles "wide open,' or send it back
to the peace conference, Senator
Hitchcock, ranking Democrat of the
senate foreign relations committee,
told President Wilson at the White
House this, afternoon.
Mr. Hitchcock called at the White
House following a conference with
Senator McNary, Oregon, leader of
the group of "mild reservationists."
Senator.Hitchcock, after seeing the
president, said that he was confident
all proposed textural amendments to
the treaty would be voted down.
Textural amendments to the treaty
were proposed by Senator Fall, Re-
publican, New Mexico, at today's ex-
ecutive session of the senate foreign
relations committee.
No action was taken on the amend-
ments. They were for the purpose
of preventing participation by the
United States in the 18 or 20 minor
commissions created under the League
of Nations and other provisions of the
treaty.
Washington, Aug. 15.-More than 20
Republican senators are ready to
stand for quick ratification of the
peace treaty with reservations, Dem-
ocratic leaders in the senate were
informed today by leaders of the Re-
publican group of reservation advo-
cates.
Republicans favoring reservations
said a poll disclosed that upwards of
'30 senators of their party would sup-
port reservations along the general
lines laid down by the seven Repub-
licans, if the treaty could be brought
promptly out of committee *and rati-e
fied, on that basis.
Although /Senator Hitchcock still
disclaimed any part in the negotia-
tions for a settlement, it was appar-
ent the move had reached propor-
tions which might threaten the plans
of the committee for calling addi-
tional witnesses and prolonging con-
sideration of the treaty.
Stenographic records will be made
of the conference between President
Wilson and the senate foreign rela-
tions committee at the White House
Tuesday for discussion of the, peace
treaty. Chairman Lodge was so in-
formed in a letter from the presi-
dent made public today.
The president said he would have a
stenographer present in order that
the committee might have " a full
and trustworthy record of what is
said,' 'and suggested that the com-
mittee also have a stenographer pres-
ent. It was understood the official
,transcript would be made public.
Exam Schedules

e
II
11

R.O. T.
ed at thet

C. units will be re-establ4sh- men then taking courses at these in-
University of Michigan and stitutions would have been necessary

at other ftiversities and college<
throughout the country next fall, un-
der an act of Congress of June 3, 1916,
revised to suit present conditions. The
training here will be under the super-
vision of Lt.-Col. John P. Lucas, pro-
fessor of military science and tactics.
Under the new plan no military drill
will be given on the campus, but stu-
dents joining the corps will be requir-
ed to attend three summer camps,
each, of six weeks duration. This
means that the work at the University
will be confined to preparatory train-
ing for technical branches of the ser-
vice, and will appeal principally to
students enrolled in the engineering
college.,
Units of the signal corps, the engin-
eering corps, the ordnance corps, and
the coast artillery corps will oe es-
tablished. Those who enroll for the
work will not be required to decide
which branch they desire to enter until
the second year, as all men will follow
the same course during .the first year.
Alowances from Government
Each year members of the corps will
receive $18.32 for uniform and during
their junior and senior years 40 cents
per day for rations. In addition all ex-
penses of the summer camps will be
defrayed by the government.
The government will also supply the
unit with such technical equipment
and supplies as will be, necessary for
instruction of the students.
The status of a member of the new
R. O. T. C. will be that of a citizen, as
he will not wear the army uniform or
be subject in any way to military law.
The following letter from Lieutenant
Colonel Lucas explains in detail the
plan of the new system:

I

s!
i,
e
r
'
.,

as officers in France had the war con-
tinued a few months longer. As a
matter of fact, I have heard the opin-
ion advanced by officers who , are
much better informed than I am on
that phase of the situation, that, had
not the Germans thrown up the sponge
when they did, our advance would have
been stopped in a very short time due
to shortage of officers. I know, per-,
sonally, that it was often difficult to
get men in the ranks, who were officer
material, to consent to take the course
at a training camp, because a very
short period of service at the front
showed them the immense responsi-
bility that went with a commission
and the difficult and really terrible
position in which the inadequately
trained officer was placed. This was
due not to incompetence on the part of
the officer, but to the fact that it was
impossible to teach him all that he had
to know in a few short months inten-
sive training.

7,500 STUDENTS
EXP1 CTED IN FALL

ICommenting yesterday upon the
prospects for a 'record enrollment
next fall, Registrar Arthur G. Hall
said, "I expect that 7,500 students
will register in September, and of
the 2,000 atteknding the Summer ses-
sion, 1,000 wild probably not be back
for the fall term. This will make
the total enrollment for the year of
1919-1920 8,500, the largest enroll4
ment in the history of the University
and one which will place this Uni-
versity among the largest Universi-
ties in the country.
The greatest number of students
at the University was in 1916-1917
when 7,517 were registered, but it
is thought that next year 'this mark
will be passed by 1,000. This last
year, although more than 9,000 were
registered, only about 7,300 of these
could be considered real students, as
approximately 2,500 were taking only
engineering mechanics in Section B
of the S. A. T. C.
Despite the severe handicaps of.
the last year. Registrar Hall stated
that Michigan could be pasily placed
among the first six universities of the
country having the greatest enroll-
ments, and that Michigan undoubted-
ly had the largest S. A. T. C. unit in
the country. This was in spite of the
fact that the University did not lower
its requirements and admit students
who were not high school graduates,
as did many of the larger universities.
COPY FOR FALL ANNOUNCEMENT
TAKEN TO PRINTER FRIDAY

UNDERWATER CREATURES FEEL,
SEE, HEAR, AND
LEARN
Explanation of the development of
the scientific theory that fishes have
senses of touch, smell, sight, and hear-
ing the same as humans, com-
prised the substance of the lecture
"How Fishes See, Hear, and Learn"
given Friday evening by Prof. J. E.
Reighard, head of the zoology depart-
ment.
Professor Reighard stated that there
were something like 12,000 species of
fish, and that as these experiments
had been conducted with only two or,
three dozen of then, scientists assume
that the results would be substanital-
ly the same for all varieties.
He explained that fish avoided strik-
ing obstacles in the water by-means of
the sense of touch. This sense is de-
veloped in all parts of the body, al-
though it is particularly sharp in the
fins and nose. He also stated that
fish have'a sixth sense, which enables,
them to detect slight changes in cur-
rent and temperature of the water,
permitting them to stvim up streams
and find quiet pools free from all
dangers.
Salmon find their way up stream, af-
ter their growth in the ocean, by tak-
ing the tributaries of the streams
which are the coldest. The spawning
places of the salmon are generally at.
the foot of glaciers, said Professor
Reighard.
He exploded the theory that talk of
the fishermen disturbed the fish, for
he said that only when the noise was
communicated to the water could it
be heard. Professor Reighard stated
that the bump of an oar against a
boat would be heard by the fish, and
that it would frighten them away.
Owing to the greater volume of the
water, sounds are more easily heard
in the water, and consequently fish
do not need external ears to detect
sounds, internal organs sufficing.
According to Professor Reighard,
fish have a sense of vision which ex-
tends to all parts of the horizon. The
rays of the suns all penetrate into the
water, bringing with them the images
of the objects around them. The fish
then see all above water in a distort-
ed manner, things being entirely out
of proportion.
Professor Reighard closed his lec-
ture with a short account of how
fishes lean to use these senses.
PRESIDENT AND MRS. HUTCHINS
TO SPEND SUMMER AT COTUIT

l

U. S. AGENTS SEIZE,
9,300,000 EGGS -IN
DETROITFOOD RAID
FOODSTUFFS TAKEN FROM TWO
WAREHOUSES VALUED AT
MORE THAN $350.000
OHIO DEALERS MOVE
MEAT, DESTROY BOOKS
Governor Cox Informs Washington of
Hoarders' Plan to Evade
Federal Penalty

Editor the Wolverine: -
In compliance with your request I
am sending the following information
as to the military work at the Univer-
sity 'this fall.
In the Act of- June 3, 1916, congress
provided for the establishment and
maintenance of the reserve officers'
training corps which should consist of
two divisions, namely: a senior divis-
ion organized at universities and col-
leges requiring four years of colle-
giate study for a degree, including
state universities and land grant insti-
tutions; and a junior division organiz-
ed at all other public or private insti-
tutions.
The object was,-of course, to qualify
a certain number of students at civil-
ian educational institutions to become
reserve officers, this to be accomplish-
ed by establishing a system of training
in the institution which would teach
the rudiments of military science and,
thereby, lay a foundation on which the
trained officer could be built in a
minimum time in case of emergency.
In compliance with this act, units
of the R. O. T. C. were established at
the various universities and other edu-
cational institutions of the country, theT
Universtty of Michigan responding
very patriotically with the largest unit
in the country.
As usual, however, no sooner had we
started a system which would, un-
doubtedly have accomplished the re-
sult desired, namely, an increase in
the military preparedness of the coun-
try, than something happened which
broke it all up. We declared 'war on
Germany.
Four-Year Course
The R. O. T..C. plan called for a
four-year course of instruction. It
very soon became evident that, unless
every nerve and fiber of the resources
of the country were strained to the
utmost to meet the German advance,
the chances were greatly in favor of
our having a 'German-speaking mili-
tary governor in Washington before
four years had passed. Anyone who
was on the British front in the springj
or early summer of 1918, as I was
fortunate enough to be, will realize
that this intolerable situation was not;
beyond the realms of possibility.
This called for an immediate- and
drastic change in the system institut-
ed in the colleges becase the young

Different System
A different system at the educa-
tional institutions was, therefore, nec-
essary and the students' army training
corps, or S. A. T. C., was born.
In order to speed up the work more
time had to be spent on the military
training and, consequently, less on the
sacademic work. This meant govern-
,ment interference with the control of
the institution, which was unfortunate
but necessary in view of the fact that
the war had to be won no matter what
the cost and that these young men
were indispensable if we were to win
it. Then the matter was further com-
plicated by the fact that all of our
officers of experience were either in
France or on such important work
here that they could not be spared
for detail as instructors. I do not
mean that the officers who carried on
this work at the various institutions
did not do remarkably well, because
they did. I simply wish to point out
that most of the mistakes that were
made could be traced to lack of exper-
ience on the part of these officers.
Now, as I stated above, nothing we
attempt to do in the army ever gets a
good start before something comes
along and blows it into a thousand
pieces. The R. 0. T. C. was just
well under way when war was declar-
ed. The S. A. T. C. was just well
under way when the armistice was
signed. In either case the result was
the same and was destructive. Had.
the war gone to its natural conclusion,
or until, say, September, 1919, everyi
one of the men in the S. A. T. C. would
have been leading a platoon in France.
Confronted with New Task
Now we are confronted with the;
task of starting our building again1
where we stopped in April, 1917, and,
unfortunately, we are starting with a
formidable handicap in the fact that
our citizens are, as John Bull would
say, "fed up" with the soldier game
and have found out that there is more
work than romance in a soldier's life
with a consequent loss of enthusiasm
for things military. This is unfortu-<
nate because the same need exists for
reserve officers today that existed in
1914.
This brings us down to our own case
and -an answer to your question as to1
what will be carried on at the Univer-
sity of Michigan this fall.I
The faculty decided against military
drill on the campus. This means that
the units established will'be confined
to those of the technical branches of
the service and will appeal principally
to students enrolled in the College of
Engineering.
We expect to have units of the signal
corps, engineer corps, ordnance corps,
and coast artillery corps, all of which
however will have the same course
(Continued onPage Four) 1
AMrs. Kraus Entertains Women
Members of the Women's league
were entertained at the home of Mrs.
Edward H. Kraus, 722 Church St. last
Thursday afternoon. There was an
informal program to which Marian
Bath, '22, contributed several piano
solos.
This was the last of the Women's
league parties given by faculty women
for Summer school students.

Copy for the fall announcements
was taken to the printer's Friday
by Registrar Arthur G. Hall, and it is
expected that printing of the an-
nouncements will be competed a
week or so before registration. They
are never issued before this time, for
by waiting until a late date, it is
possible to have the hours and places
of class meetings correct.
Catalogues are being published and
will be finished by the end of this
week. They are out later than usual
this year because of the disorganiza-
tion of the University by the S. A. T.
C. In normal years the catalogues
are printed by May.
GRADUATING STUDENTS ASKED
TO SEE COLLEGE :SECRETARY
Students expecting to complete dur-
ng the Summer session the require-
ments for degrees or teachers' diplo-
mas are requested to call at the office
of the secretary of the college or
school in which they are registered to
fill out the necessary blanks, prepara-
tory to paying fees to the treasurer.
Owing to the fact that it is the fac-
ulty of the respective colleges that
passes upon tfie student's qualification
for a degree, students in certain of
the colleges will not receive their de-
grees until October, when the facul-
ties meet again.
KENT ASSOCIATION TO OCCUPY
KELSEY'S HOUSE ON TAPPAN
Kent association, which has occu-
pied the Phi Delta Phi house during
the past year, will be located in Prof.
F. W. Kelsey's house at 826 Tappan
street. It is expected that about 20
girls may be cared for in the new
quarters of the association.
Professor Kelsey will leave the last
of this month for a research expedi-
tion in southern Europe, and has con-
sented to the use of his house during
his year's absence.
CREDIT FOR SUMMER WORK
GIVEN ACCORDING TO CARDS
Credit for work during the Summer
Session in the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts will be recorded
and the credit coupons mailed as us-
ual in accordance with the blanks
in the office of the registrar. All lit-
erary students are urged to make sure
that their cards and addresses there-
on are correct. The office is now open
for the making of changes.
DEAN BATES AND MRS. BATES
LEAVE FOR SUMMER VACATION
Dean Henry Bates of the Law School
and Mrs Bates have left for New
Hampshire where they expect to spend
the remainder of the summer. They
are expected back about the middle of
September.

Cleveland, 0., Aug . 15. - Two
hundred thousand pounds of sugar
held in storage in Canton, 0., were
seized this afternoon on complaint
of federal officials, who have insti-
tuted libel and, condemnation pro-
ceedings to enable the government
to dispose of the supply.
Detroit, Aug. 15.-Seven hundred
and eighty thousand dozens of eggs-
more than 9,300,000-held in cold stor-
age by A. F. Thibodeau company, of
this city, and the Rock Island Butter
company, of Toledo, were seized by
federal agents Friday afternoon at the
cold storage warehouse of the Detroit
Refrigerating company, Howard
street. The value of these eggs at
the present wholesale price of 45
cents a dozen is more than $350,000.
This is the first seizure of food-
stuffs in this city since the cam-
paign to - prevent profiteering and
hoarding was started and follows
closely on similar action in other ci-
ties.
United States District Atorney John
E. Kinnane issued the order for the
seizure, acting under the provisions
of the Lever law, which authorizes
the government to take such food-
stuffs as are believed to be held for
high prices and place them on the
market.
For several weeks, federal agents
under the direction of Arthur L.
Barkey, chief of the Detroit office of
the department of justice, have been
hunting hoarders and food profiteers
and the discovery of the huge stores
of eggs in the Detroit Refrigerating
company plant was made and report-
ed to Mr. Kinnane.
Of the stok seized, 6,000,000 eggs
belong to A. F. Thibodeau company,
Detroit jobbers, the others to the
Rock Island Butter company, of To-
ledo. According to the wholesale
price quoted by A. F. Thibodeau- as
45 cents a dozen, the total value of
the eggs is $351,000. Mr. Kinnane,
in his writ of libel, asks the federal
court to; issue an order placing the
eggs on the market Aug. 25.
Columbus, O., Aug. 15.-Governor
James M. Cox late today wired As-
sistant United States Attorney-Gen-
eral Frank Davis at Washington that
the Sheriff street markethouse 'of
Cleveland, to avoid federal penalty,
is moving its meat products 'to CM-
cago warehouses and that records as
to previous shipments in Cleveland
are being destroyed.
Approximately 40 warrants charg-
ing Ohio food dealers with violations
of the cold storage law, many of
which are against local managers of
the big Chicago packing companies,
were issued by the state of Ohio to-
day and arrests will be made imme-
diately, according to Governor Cox
and Attorney General John G. Price.
In addition, Governor Cox appeal-
ed-to United States Attorney General
Palmer to seize approximately
2,500,000 pounds of meatand poultry
which have been held in cold stor
age houses longer than the period
allowed under the Ohio law.
INTERURBAN FARES TO DETROIT
FROM ANN ARBOR INCREASED
Fares from Ann. Arbor to Detroit
on the Detroit, Jackson, and Chicago
railway were advanced Friday from
59 to 75 cents, but the 15 cent charge
from here to Ypsilanti remained the
same. It now costs 59 instead of
49 cents to go to Dearborn, and the
price to Wayne has been increased
from 30 to 43 cents.
Fares from here to Jackson remain
the same, although betwee here and
such points as Kalamazoo and Bat-

tle Creek the rates have also been
raised.

The examination schedule for both
literary and engineering colleges is
published below. The schedule is the
same for both colleges.
The time for examinations is: 7 o'-
clock classes, Friday, 10 to 12; 8 o'-
clock classes, Thursday, 8 to 10; 9
o'clock classes, Wednesday, 2 to 4; 10
o'clock classes, Thursday, 4 to 6; 11
o'clock classes, Friday, 8 to 10; 1 o'
clock cl sses, Friday, 2 to 4; 2 o'clock
classes, Thursday 2 to 4; 3 o'clock
classes, Wednesday, 4 to 6; 4 o'clock
classes, Thursday, 10 to 12. Examina-
tions for irregular and conflicting
classes will be held Friday from 4 to

President Harry B. Hutchins and
Mrs. Hutchins left recently for Cotuit,
Mass., where they will spend their
summer vacation. They expect to re-
turn about Sept. 15.
Massachusetts' Minister to Speak Here
The Rev. A. W. Littlefield, of Need-
ham, Mass., will speak Sunday morn-
ing in the Unitarian church. His topic
will be "The'Signs of the Times."

[ students desiring credit for work
during the Summer School will
equired to nass examinations ac-

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