see ralre 2
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JUNE 30, 1959
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iker Gets Grant
)r Soviet Study
3 ' Teaching Fellow To Continue
tudy on Doctorate in Linguistics
By SELMA SAWAYA
)ert Baker of the Slavic languages department has been
by the Inter-University Committee on Travel Grants to
i the Soviet Union next fall.
ter is the recipient of a stipend which will enable him to
research for his doctorate in Slavic linguistics. He is stillj
whether he will attend the University of Moscow or the
Lty of Leningrad, which are the top two universiaies in the
committee which. picked Baker to receive the grant is
ed of members from various universities who supervise and
HINGTON W-P)-The House
passed yesterday ta com-
bill to keep alive Korean
xes and avert a three bil-
Ilar revenue loss.
bill went to the Senate.
Korean rates on corpora-
come and several 'excise-
-axes expire at midnight
unless the extender bill
s law beforehand.
treasury would be out an
aed $3,138,000,000 a year- if
ere not extended. Even a
elay would be a body blow
hopes still expressed by
enhower Administration of
ng the budget for the year
House approved by voice
compromise between its
d the Senate version of an
administer the official exchange,
program with Russia.
It is not a "student-for-stu-
dent" or "university-for-univer-
sity"' exchange, but "group-for-
group"-the number of students
exchanged is the same, although
they may not' attend the same
universities from which their op-
posite numbers are sent.
Baker, who was a teaching fel-
low in the Slavic languages de-
partment last year, also held a
Rackham scholarship for the past
academic year, and is working this
summer under the auspices of the
United States government - the
National Defense Education Act
has provided for summer insti-
CQVINGTON, La. (/) - Three
doctors made a statement last
night that Gov. Earl Long was a
'ictim of a nervous breakdown,
rather than a mental disease.
The bulletin was signed by Prof.
Robert heath, chairman of the de-
partment of psychiatry and neu-
rology at Tulane University Medi-
cal School; Prof. Charles Watkins,
chairman of the department of
psychiatry and neurology at Loui-
siana State University inedical
school, and Dr. Victor Leif, in-
structor in psychiatry and medi-
cine at Tulane. They reported they
found Gov. Long recently suffered
"a small stroke or strokes."
The three New Orleans doctors
spent an hour and a half with
Gov. Long here last night at the
temporary state capital across
Lake Pontchartrain from New Or-I
The bulletin said an. original
finding by East Baton Rouge
parish coroner, Dr. Chester Wil-
liams, that Gov. Long was suffer-
ing from paranoid schizophrenia-
delusions of persecution-was only
tentative; that the examination
was made under very difficult cir-
cumstances, and that doctors have
now arrived at a more specific,
The stroke or strokes, the medi-
cal bulletin said, produced no
obvious or dramatic effect, and the
doctors could not say just when
"But residual abnormalities are
apparent upon careful neurological
examination," the report said.
,Opens in U.S.
NEW YORK (AP)-The Soviet
Union yesterday opened its first
major cultural and scientific ex-
hibition in this country in 20
It is an exposition of beauty,
taste, confidence and pride.
Not unexpectedly, at the front
of the great main hall of the New
York Coliseum-where it is the
first exhibit to catch the visitor's
eye-is a reminder of Russian ac-
complishments .in outer space-
First Deputy Soviet Premier
Frol R. Kozlov scarcely had landed
in this country Sunday to open
the exhibit when he pointedly
sought the attention of reporters,
telling them of the exhibition:
"You will see a model of our
rocket that was aimed at the sun-
that has now become a satellite of
And there it is, indeed, a shiny
silver replica of what Russia claims
to 'be man's first cosmic satellite.
There alse is a model of the origi-
nal Sputnik I of 1957, and one of
the nose cone that carried a Rus-
sian dog into space in an electrify-
ing demonstration later the same
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
made a whirlwind one-hour tour
of the exhibit during a quick plane
trip to New York and back to
Washington. Kozlov proudly
pinted out to the President his
cherished model of the cosmic
satellite, laughed and talked with
PresidentrEisenhower through an
interpreter and exchangedtoasts
with him in Soviet champagne.
Higher U.S. '
ST. LOUIS (M)-A group of lead-
ing educators yesterday called for
a vastly increased program of fed-
eral aid to education, with no
strings of federal control attached.
The Educational Policies Com-
mission said the American public
must boost its spending on public
school by nearly eight billion dol-
lars a year. Only the federal gov-
ernment, it implied, can raise that
kind of money.
The Commissior is an arm of the.
National 7ducation Association,
and the American Association of
School Administrators. It released
its report on "national policy and
the financing of the public schools"
at the NEA's 97th Aniual Conven-
Can Do More
Some states and communities
can do more than they are now,
the commission said. But, it added,
it was unrealistic to think that
they can carry the full load of
financial responsibility for quality
Virgil M. Hancher, President of
the State University of Iowa and
Chairman of the Commission, em-
phasized to newsmen yesterday the
Commission's conviction that the
problems of education are na-
tional as well as local.
"We need an educated and in-I
formed citizenry," he said. "This
is vital to our prosperity, security
and even the very survival of our
Want No Restrictions
The Commission report said,
"There should be as few restric-
tions as possible on the manner
in which states handle federal edu-
cational funds. Aside from the es-
sential provisions for audit,. and
assurance that funds will be spent
on public schools, no limits should
be placed on state or local initia-
"There should be specific pro-
hibition of interference by federal
The threat, real. or imaginary,
hangs heavily over any NEA con-
vention. The NEA, the world's
largest professional organization,
raningfrom kindergarten teach-
ers to college presidents. The bulk
of them want federal aid without
any form of federal control.
In a convention session yester-
day the question of a national cur-
riculum for public schools was dis-
cussed at great length and with
some heat. Although most of those
taking part in the discussionfelt
that some sort of national schcdol
standards would be a good thing,
they felt that here too was a threat
of federal control.
Martin Essex, superintendent of
schools at Akron, Ohio, said the
proposal for a national curriculum
"has some disturbing implica-
"It could lead to a rigid type
of school program," he said.
"SOFTEN THE AUTERIES"-Leaning forward, Prof. John Kohl tells the audience how the nation's
cities can improve their transportation problems,'using anatomical analogies. Listening fro. left to
right are Otto Nelson, Dean Phillip Youtz, moderator, Prof. John Hyde and Charles Blessing.,
Cities Must Plan for Future,
House Clearing Last
Before Fiscal Year
By THOMAS HAYDEN
Special to The Daily
LANSING - The state's higher
education bill, carrying a three
million dollar budget increase for
the University - and promise of
faculty pay raises, moves to a
final vote in the House of Repre-
sentatives here today,
It is expected to pass nearly un-
altered, enabling state universi-
ties to enter the fiscal year start-
ing Wednesday with fewer finan-
The University's proposed bud-
get for the 1959-60 fiscal year is
$33.4 million, highest in history
but almost six million dollars un-
der the total originally requested.
To Give Pay Hike
The sum is expected to provide
substantial salary adjustments
for members of the faculty.
The bill nearly reached the
House floor last night, but was
blocked by Democrats who wanted
an extra day to prepare questions
and possible amendments.
Whatever Democratic strategy
is used, the University's appropri-
LANSING .(M) - The Senate
was told by one of its members
that the condition of the dead-
lock legislature is a "sad thing"
and that "the people are ready
to get up in arms over its
Sen. Haskell L. Nichols (R-
Jackson),who said he was wor-
ried about the reaction of the
people back home, proposed a
two week "cooling off" period
for lawmakers starting Thurs-
Nobody arose to support the
idea, and Sen. Edward Hutchin-
son (R - Fennville) said he
doubted. Sen. Nichols' resolu-
tion would get very serious con-
sideration in his committee.
'The compromise bill simply con-
tinues for & year the'52 per cent
corporation income tax rate and
certain excise tax rates firot voted
in 1951 to help finance the Korean
War. It is the sixth bill to pro-
vide such extension on corpora-
tion income taxes and excises on
automobiles, auto parts and ac-
cessories, cigarettes, liquor, wine
The bill does provide some re-
ductions effective June 30, 1960,
but Congress' is free in the mean-,
time to cancel these reductions.
They include repeal of the 10 per
cent tax on local telephone calls,
estimated to cost the government
430 million, dollars in revenue.
Free of Libel
WASHINGTON (.) - The Su-
preme Court ruled yesterday that
radio and TV stations may not be
sued for libel for remarks made
by political candidates in broad-
The court held that immunity
was provided when Congress
barred censorship of p o li t i c a l
broadcasts, and required stations
to give equal time on the same
terms to rival candidates for the
Justice Hugo Black delivered
the 5-4 decision. Justice Felix
Frankfurter dissented in an opin-
ion in which.Jistice John Harlan,
Charles Whittaker and Potter
The Supreme Court majority
held that the part of the Federal
Communications Act known as
section 315 superseded state laws
dealing with libel.
Black's opinion s aid that,
"whatever adverse inference may,
be drawn from the failure of Con-
gress to legislate an express im-
munity (from libel) is offset by
its refusal to permit stations to
avoid liability by censoring broad-
The Supreme Court in essesnce
was endorsing the view of the
North Dakota Supreme Court in,
a case that came to it from that
"We cannot believe," the state
court had said, "that itwas the
intent of Congress to compel a
station to broadcast li b e l o u s
statements and at the same time
subject. it to the risk of defending
tutes in iodern languages at sev-
eral universities, and Baker is
teaching Russian in the institute
here at the University.
The recipient of the grant will
do his research is linguistics of
the 14th century, the period when
Moscow was beginning its growth.
as an important center in Russia.
Most of the documents from that
period are housed in Russia's li-
braries and nationial archives, and
that is where he said he expects
to do most of his work.
Baker called the grant "an out-
standing chance to do research
and make contacts" in his field.
He expects to leave in mid-Sep-
tember, arriving in Russia in time
to begin the academic year there.
Approximately 28 students will
be exchanged with Russia, al-
though Lyle M. Nelson, director
of University relations, said he
does not know of any Russian
stutent who will be attending the
Students who are picked to par-
ticipate in the exchange are
judged on the basis of their
fluency in Russian and their re-
search field. a
By KATHLEEN MOORE
The increasing trend to urbani-
zation in America necsesitates
greater city. planning to accom-
modate a predicted shift back
from suburban to city living.
The speakers in the legture
series symposium on the city in
transition yesterday reached this
general consensus, but the views
on what constituted the exact
problem and its remedies varied.
Calling art and architecture the
"vitamin content" of man's exis-
tence, moderator Dean Philip N.
Youtz of the architecture college,
suggested a cabinet Department!
of Cities to guide urban growth,
estimating that of the 15 per cent
of our population living in rural
areas, probably 14 per cent have
an "urban attitude."
Prof. John C. Kohl, director of
The first of the Stanley Quar-
tet's summer concert will be heard
at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow at the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
The string quartet is composed
of Profs. Gilbert Ross and Gustave
Rosseels, violins; Prof. Robert
Courte, viola and Paul Olefsky, ap-
pointed guest professor-of cello and
cellist for the Quartet during the
The program, first of a series of
three, will open with "Quartet in
G major, K. 387" by Wolfgang
Amadeus Mozart with "Quintet
No. 2" for string quartet and double
bass. by Darius Milhaud following.
Milhaud's composition was com-
missioned by the University in 1952
and is dedicated to the Stanley
Quartet. Prof. Clyde Thompson,
double bass, will join the group for
Completing the evening's pro-i
gram of chamber music will be
"Quartet in D minor (Death and
the Maiden)" by Franz Schubert.
Prof. Olefsky, replacing regular
cellist Prof. Oliver Edel for the
summer, is currently solo cellist of
the Detroit Orchestra. Among his
musical credits are the Naumburg
Award, which he received in 1948,
and the Michaels Award, won in
Prof. William C. Gibson was ap-
pointed acting dean of the public
the Transportation Institute, con-
centrated on cities and their
transportation problems, which he
said have existed, in much the+
same form since ancient Rome.
City planning, he maintained,+
must take into account that the J
automobile is "part of the per-;
sonal equipment of the American1
adult" in order to succeed and
gain popular support.
Otto L. Nelson, vice-president
in charge of housing for the New
York Life Insurance Company,.
voiced dislike for commuting and
predicted a "substantial shift
back to city living" from the
City living provides easy acces-
sibility to one's job and a cultural
diversity unknown to suburban
areas, he asserted. City planning,
Nelson suggested, should focus on
the goal of bringing ba'ck "all the
comforts people went to the sub-
urbs to get."
Business must cooperate with
the government to further urban.
renewal using the same ingenuity
it recently revealed in expansion]
through subdivision developments,
he said. Indefinite expansion be-
yond city limits, Nelson added, is
impossible ..and "we have no
choice except to renew what we
One current problem in city
planning, according to Prof. John
Hyde of the architecture college,
is the lack of adequate recogni-
tion of and compensation for the
Wants Urban Renewal
Advocating urban renewal, he
promoted the idea of instituting
new political and economic sys-
tems to anticipate and regulate
the increasing complexities found
in city life and put to use the
"fantastic amount of waste space
within the urban riggings of our
Detroit has been working on a
comprehensive renewal and ex-
pansion plan since 1940, described
and illustrated for the audience
by Charles Blessing, director of
the Detroit Planning Commission.
Showing slides 'of architect's
models for the city's downtown
area, Blessing said any planning,
must be made with a "dedication
to the city as a labor of love" to
produce a personality for the city
to compare with the enduring
beauty of famous cities of the
world, from ancient Rome to
'Ju e Rules
By The Associated Press
Federal Judge Thomas -P.
Thornton ruled in Detroit yester-
day the City Council of Ann Ar-
bor acted "arbitrarily and capri-
ciously" last year in rezoning
most of a 14-acre tract which had
been purchased for a shopping
The land involved is in East
Ann Arbor and is bounded by E.
Stadium Blvd. and Winchell Rd.
It was purchased in 1954 by the
N o r t h w e s t Park Construction
Corp., which planned to build a
large five-store shopping center.
Residents objected to the area'
being used for commercial use
and a circuit court suit and other
legal maneuvers developed.
Queen Greets' Thousands
TORONTO ()-A hot sun beat
down on Queen Elizabeth during
a gruelling 12-hour day of touring
this Lake Ontario port city where
thousands turned out for a big
For the first time on their 12-
day-old Canadian tour, the ' 33-
year-old Queen and her handsome
husband, Prince Philip, split up to
go to separate functions.
During the day, in which the
temperatures boiled up into the
90's with high humidity, they both
made speeches dwelling on what
Philip termed "the dazzling
achievement of the St. Lawrence
Seaway and its prospects for the
future of Canada."
The heat did not dim the turn-
National Roundup [
By The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL - Two United States intermediate range
ballistic missiles-a Thor and a Polarisr-registered successful test
The Thor roared aloft last night on a 300-mile flexibility flight.
The Air Force announced later the missile achieved most of its test
objectives and the nose cone landed in the planned impact area in the
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court yesterday permitted the
reopening of a 1930 decree which regulated the amount of water,
taken by Chicago from Lake Michigan.
Yesterday's action was taken on a request by six states that
Chicago be ditected in an amendment of the decree to return to
Lake Michigan water which is taken for domestic use.
The water so used is now discharged into the Illinois waterway
and finds its way into the Mississippi River Basin.
ation should pass unchanged, Rep.
George Wahr Sallade (R-Ann Ar-
"The bill will move out today
to avoid any payless paydays" in
the coming fiscal year, Sallade
. constitutional time ruling,
which delays action on a measure
for five days after passing one
house, will be suspended to con-
sider the bill, Sallade said,
The entire appropriations bill,
reported out of the House Ways
ands Means committee late last
week, earmarks $101.4 million for
education, $200,000 more than the
Senate approved last Tuesday.
The bulk of the increase is for
community and junior colleges.
Included in the University's ap-
propriation are funds to operate
the Ann Arbor, Flint, and newly-
opening Dearobrn Center cam-
puses, in addition to $500,000 for
an Institute of Science and Tech-
The House convenes at 11 a.m.
today, and has mental health and
public health budget appropria-
tions to consider in addition to
the higher education bill.
If all three are passed, they will
go to Gov. G. Mennen Williams
for final approval tonight.
Fined for Riot
EAST LANSING (P)--One stu-
dent was acquitted yesterday and
another convicted of disorderly
conduct charges growing out of
disorderly demonstrations on the
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