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July 18, 1959 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1959-07-18

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4

.I

"Goodness, She's Practically Showing Her Limbs"

lug Biigau it"
Sixty-Ninth Year
~ ~ EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
en Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL'OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
'ruth win Prevai" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. A ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This msust be noted in all reprints.
RDAY, JULY 18, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: SELMA SAWAYA

s
M 6
-.,r .
,n;

PRACTICE DENIED:
'Featherbedding'
Chrg'e Mars Tals
NEW YORK (J)-A major stumbling block in the steel negotiations is
the industry's demands for greater leeway under its labor contracts
in promoting more economical operations.
The charge of featherbedding, raised in steel negotiations, is one
heard more and more frequently these days as employers seek to keep
down production costs and encourage operating efficiency.
David J. McDonald, head of the Steelworkers Union, says the steel
companies featherbedding charges are "as phony as a $7 bill." He flatly
denies that present contracts sanction job loafing or block realization

1 .

Steel Strike Presents
Nation with Great Danger

THEN A half-million workers walked off
their jobs at 12:01 a.m. Wednesday, they
rted one of the worst steel strikes in the
tory of the country, and the sixth major
el dispute since World War I.
vot counting the number of people working
ectly in the steel plants who were idled by
strike, there are still another 30,000 work-
in various. allied or dependent industries
o have been forced to idleness because of
strike. The major eastern railroads laid
huge numbers of men the first day of the
ke, while some of the smaller roads started
ing off their workers yesterday.
The trucking industry, barge lines, ore and
d carriers were likewise affected the first
r of the strike, while the more western rail-
ds will begin to feel the effects of the strike,
a little later date, when the strike begins
cut deeply into the production of finished.
>ds. Of course, during the strike, layoffs
1 continue to mount, the total number de-
iding on its length although it is estimated
t the total will reach 75,000 in two weeks.
1oming at the period in .America's history
en the country is just beginning, to emerge'
m a near-fatal recession, this strike cannot
p but have detrimental effects on the na-
n's economy, as well as on the steel industry
,lf.. Both sides adredetermined to stick it
until their demands are recognized and
isfied, and neither seems willing to budge
inch from their pre-strike positions.
OW THAT the weekend is upon them, how-
ever, negotiators from industry and union,
well as the federal mediator, are taking a
i-day cooling-off break, and everyone, in-
ding President Eisenhower, hopes that they
1 come to some sort of compromise soon.
er the weekend.
3it4 the basic issues still remain to plague
negotiators, and even if they are settled
s time, they are bound to pop up again
rier or later. The. union's demands for , 15
.t per hour pay raise runs counter to the
ustry's theory that a pay raise now will
.r inflation. Industry also is asking for more
way in adjusting work practices and alter-

ing job duties to realize economies and ob-
tain maximum efficiency. They claim that
loafing and overtime practices result in an
undue cost burden, and that in cases of dis-
pute over such labor practices the. umpires
must decide the case on the basis of what has
been past practice, rather than what is
equitable.,
The union's demands, even in this period
of mild inflation, seem a little exorbitant. The
average steelworker' is now making $3.10 per
hour, and although a 15-cent per hour raise
does not seem like much when compared to
the already-existing wage, it is a little over $25
per month and $300 per year in wages. A $300
per year raise for every steelworker on strike
would cost the industry $150,000,000 in a year.
And while this may seem like "peanuts" to the
union as far as industry is concerned, when
added to the losses - 300,000 steel ingot tonsf
daily - which the industry is suffering be-
cause of the strike, it can amount to a fairly
big chunk of money..
AlD, OF COURSE, while they are bargain-
ing, the workers, are losing an estimated 70
million dollars each week in wages, and the
public officials in the states where the steel
plants are located are bracing themselves for
the onslaught of welfare applications.
President Eisenhower is reportedly toying
with the idea of calling in a fact-finding board
which, under the Taft-Hartley Act, would re-
port its findings to him and which would allow
him to request the attorney general to obtain
a court injunction orderinghe workers back to
the plants for at most an 80-day period,.during
which the negotiations would continue..
Considering the huge losses to industry and
national economy suffered every day of the
strike, and the obstinacy of the union nego-
tiators and the reluctance of the industry
negotiators to give in to union demands, it
would almost be incumbent on the President
to act immediately in this situation, for only by
quick resumption of work in the mills will the
impending severe economic blow to this coun-
try be foreshortened and another possible
tragedy be averted.
-SELMA SAWAYA

.1P ssCO r

of economies when production pro-
cesses are improved.
BUT THE industry insists that
wasteful 'work practices do exist
and they are without recourse
under existing labor contracts. The
companies say that remedial lan-
guage must be negotiated as a
necessary ingredient of any labor
settlement.
McDonald, in refusing to give
ground on this issue, has indicated
something of the nature of what
the industry is talking about in the
negotiations, in a letter he wrote
the companies and later made
public.
"The existing agreements, we
believe," McDonald said in the
letter, "do not prevent or inter-
fere with the introduction of tech-
nological changes, automation,
changes in methods of production
mechanical improvements in the
interest of improved methods of
products, changes in equipment,
manufacturing processes or meth-
ods, materials processed, or quality
of manufacturing standards,.or the,
introduction of, incentives.
"The existing language rebuts
'the notion that featherbedding has
been protected orb that manage-
ment has been obstructed in Im-
proving productivity or efficiency.
"THIS LANGUAGE likewise
makes it clear that in the ,absence
of changes. of the'kind referred to,
above, conditions such as overtime
distribution systems, relief periods,.
spell . arrangements, washup ar-
rangements, safety precautions,
.,lunch periods, crew size and similar
items are protected from unilateral
change.
"As You know, the union does
not oppose technological change
or the automation of equipment.
we oppose only the automation of
the individual steel worker."
The industry, dissatisfied with
McDonald's assurances, makes it
clear it wants more speciflc latitude
to change work schedules. to meet
changing requirements and to shift
workers from job to job as-produc-.
tion requirements vary.
McDonald has offered to put the
whole problem up to a joint in-
dustry-union group for study and
future recommendations.
But the industry insists on an,
immediate solution.

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
city of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, JULY 18, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 19-S
General Notices
Seniors: College of L. S. & A. and
Schools of Education, Music, Public
Health, and Business Administration:
Tentative lists of seniors for August
graduation have been posted on the
bulletin board in the first floor lobby,
Admin. Bldg. Any Changes therefrom
should be requested of the Recoider
at Office of Registration and Records,
Window No. A, 1513 Admin. Bldg.
Classical Studies Coffee Hour: Tues.
4 p.m., E. Conf. Rm,, Rackham Bldg.
Prof. Hopkins, "Etruscan Cauldron
Griffins and their Origins."
Lecturesr
Forum Lecture, auspices of Linguli-
tics Institute. "Partitive Apposition."
Prof. E. Adelaide Hahu, 'Hunter. Tues.,
July 21, 7:30 p.m., Rackham Amphi-
theater.
Concerts
The University of Michigan Wood-
wind Quintet, Rackham Lecture Hall,
8:30_ p.m., Mon.,;July 20.
S t u dent Recital: Violette Nada
Krstich, oboist, Sun., July 19, 4:15 p.m.
Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Music Education Lecture-Demonstra-
tion: Assoc. Prof, Maynard Klein. Mon.
July 20, at 4:00 p.m. Aud D, Angeli
Hall. j,
Band Conductors' Conference: For-
ums, clinics, demonstrations; exhibits,
recitals, rehearsals. 9:00 to 5:00 pm.
Michigan Union Ballroom.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Do on a l d
Bruce Haines, Social Psychology; the-
sis: "Cooperative. Versus Competitive
Discussion Methods in Teaching Intro-
diuctory Psychology," Tu s.{' July 21,
7611 Haven. Hall, 10:00 a.m. Chairmaan,
w. J. MdKeachie.
Placement Notices
The following schools have listed
(Continued on Page 3)

.

i
rf

I'

CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
The Brave Mr. Humphrey
J y WILLIAM S. WHITE

i

TODAY AND TOMORROW:,
g t
DeAaling with Mr.K.
By. WALTER 'LIPMANN1

YOU MAY fairly charge this or
that real shortcoming to most
any politician, but if he is a gen-
uine big-timer you have got to give
him two things.
He is capable of total self-can-
dor. And when it becomes abso-
lutely necessary he will look at
reality head-on and with the air
of a man ready, if he must, to spit
in the eye of fate.
His. may not be the kind of
courage that wins. battle medals.
But it is a sort of courage all the
same, the valor of a fellow who
certainly is not looking for a fight
but nevertheless doesn't go around
telling himself when he is in
trouble that he really isn't in
trouble at all.
*C *
TO GET TO the top in his pro-
fession, in short, often requires al-
most the exact reverse of those
mealy - mouthed qualities which
safer men tend to associate auto-
matically with the very word "poli-
tician."
The latest example to prove this
unwritten law of. public life is
Senator Hubert Horatio Humphrey
of Minnesota. Humphrey, one of
the Senate's Democratic Presiden-
tial "possibilities," has coolly reas-
sessed his situation and found it
far from reassuring.
His close political associate, Gov-
ernor Orville Freeman of Minne-
sota, has been running into pain-
ful difficulties. These are diffi-
culties of the kind that beset many
very liberal politicians when they
find that even 'liberal programs
have got to be paid'for. At this
point some of their most madly

"liberal" followers, who loved them
when they were dishing out the
public money, turn a bit cool when
these leaders begin by necessity
to scoop some of it back into the
public till.
* * *
PUBLIC opinion polls of proved
past, reliability, conducted by the
Minneapolis Tribune, have indi-
cated that "Ole Hubert" may be
going down a little, rather than up,
in the affections even of his home
state. "Ole Hubert" and his peo-
ple know, moreover, and do not,
deny, that perhaps his principal
Presidential rival, Senator John F.
Kennedy of Massachusetts, is get-
ting a long lead and showing few
signs of weakening.
There are three things a politi-
cian can do in such an unhappy
state of affairs: I) Just give up;
2) Say it isn't so; 3) Resolve not
to run from the storm but to turn
around and head right into it.
Humphrey has taken course No.
3. He has suddenly become the
only flatly announcedDemocratic
Presidential candidate. He has
done this. by "authorizing" his
Midwestern associates to throw his
modishly eastern-styled hat into
that well-known ring.
* * ,
HUMPHREW does, after all and
understandably, hope to keep his
present place in the Senate if the
big place turns out to be absolutely
unattainable. And even the most
candid of men will not go so far
as entirely to throw away an exist-
ing Job while out looking for an-
other. So he has allowed himself
this small hedge: he has retained

freedom to withdraw from the big.
race and concentrate on reelection
to the Senate next year if, after a
great deal of campaign work now
ahead, he finds he simply can't
"go" for the top nomination. Not
even total honesty requires a work-
er voluntarily to join the totally
unemployed.
And, having taken his basic deci-
sion, Humphrey has taken still 'an-
other. On the very day after his
announcement he went to'New
'York to proclaim himself the one
true candidate of the ultra-liberals,
particularly those on civil rights.
(It was also the very day after
local electionsin Virginia had 're-
sulted in general victory for moder-
ates who wish to bring about a
common sense solution of the
school integration issue,)
THIS HUMPHREY step was
risky, indeed. For what he is really
saying is that he has gone all the
way over to those immoderates who
will never accept any civil rights
settlement on anything but their
own immoderate, tee-total, terms.
The Senate, at least, is not a tee-
total place. Humphrey thus has
cast to the winds the last, small
chance he ever had for any con-
vention support from the moder-
ates, let alone the conservatives.
But he has also done this, at any
rate: he has stood up to be counted.
This is not to say he ought to be
either nominated or elected. It' is
to say, however, that he has, in-
deed, turned his face straight into
the storm.
(Copyright 1959; by United
Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

E#

{

IN OUR DEALINGS. with Mr. Khrushchev
the best rule to bear in mind is that in action,
he is a hard-boiled and calculating realist play.
ng without sentimentality the game of power
politics. By tradition and conviction he is, of,
,ourse, a Leninist. But he is of another genera-
ion, and where 'Lenin taught that the Com-
nunist revolution would triumph only after a
ataclysm of world war, Mr. K. believes that it
vill triumph eventually not by war but by the
xample and impact of the growth of Com-
nunist states.
The aim of his foreign policy is, therefore, to
vdid war, which would arrest the growth of the
'ommunist states, and to promote the influence
if the Soviet Union by a foreign policy based on
neasures short of war. The calculation of these
neasures is done in terms,, not of ideology, but
f the balances of power politics.
FOR THIS REASON the Western statesman
who is most likely to impress Mr. K. and
ven to do business with himis one who is
ompetent and willing to talk to him in terms
f the balance of power. If, therefore, the Presi-
ent when he sees Mr. K. talks about our moral
nd religious ideals, he will get nowhere. In
act, he will probably rekindle the suspicions
f Mr. K. who is quite incapable of believing
hat great states ever act on anything but their
nterests, as rightly or wrongly they conceive
heir interests, and within the limits of their
ower.
If, on the other hand, the President talks to
Ir. K. as an old soldier who knows what the
ast war was, who realizes what a next war
rould be like, there is a g6od chance that they
rould have a meeting of minds. There is no
elling how far they could go towards agree-
ient. For there has never been enough realistic
alk between men in both countries who are
t. the top and who actually know the facts
bout the situation of military and economic
ower.
Y THE SAME token, visits like -that of Mr.
Mikoyan and Mr. Kozlov, though of some
clue, are not of any decisive importance. In
lese visits there is plenty of hustle and bustle
rd almost no real talking. The same could be
'ue of the forthcoming visit of the Vice-Presi-
ent to Moscow. It will not be important if, as

on his other voyages abroad, Mr. Nixon .,acts'
as it he could build up the influence of' the
United States abroad by behaving as if he were
. running for office at home.
'Mr. Nixon's visit will be taken in Moscow as
a recognition that we regard the U.S.S.R. as an
equal power. But whether it will mean more,
than that will depend on whether Mr. Nixon
and Mr. Eisenhower can find in their own
private talks with Mr. K. a basis for useful
talks later on by the President himself.
4UCH HAS BEEN SAID in connection with
the Berlin affair about the need to con-
vince Mr. K. that the Allies are united and are
not bluffing. This is, certainly desirable: In-
deed, it is imperative. But if it is to be done, it
must be done in language, that Mr. K. under-
stands.
The language he understands is the language
of the measure and calculation of military and
economic power. In these"terms, he almost
surely believes us when we say that we will
fight back if he allows West Berlin to be block-
aded. The West is capable of fighting back and,
though it would hate to have to do it, it is
irretrievably committed. On the other hand,
when Dr. Adenauer says, as he did until re-
cently, that we cannot allow East German
officials to operate the control points on the
access routes, Mr. K. knows that the West will
never go to war about that. Nor will it go to'war.
if he makes a separate peace treaty with East
Germany. Nor will it go to war about measures
which are short of war. To talk as if the West
would go to war under these conditions is in
fact to be bluffing.
THE MORAL of this is, I believe, that we shall
do better the more concrete and specific and
candid we are about what we will and can
sinsist upon and about what we are willing to
compromise. In Allied quarters there is con-
siderable grumbling about the concessions
which we have already made. We have made
concessions. But we have conceded nothing that
the West has ever been prepared to go to war
about. What has been happening is that our
original position is being whittled down to the
hard core which the reality of power will sup-
port. What they will not support, will be re-
garded as bluff no matter how vehemently we
assert it.
The Western tactic in Geneva could, but for'
Konrad Adenauer, have been reversed. We
might have started out with a plan for the
provisional status of West Berlin, which in-
cluded the concessions we have made, and was

ON GOING ABROAD:
Tip To Tavelers
Cover Man' aFierhs
C aner M a n 13y ARTHUR ED SON
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
THIS IS THE YEAR when everybody who is anybody seems to be
going abroad.
Secretary of State Christian A. Herter already is in Geneva. No
postal cards have arrived from Chris yet, but the impression is that he
isn't having the time of his life.
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon will spend a few days in Russia,
wandering unobtrusively about, accompanied by 80 or. so United
States newsmen and assorted off i-
ciaIs.
I * * *

,'

u'
f

TARGET DATE 1962-63:

American Man-ar-Space Program Outlined

A .AMOGORDO, N.M. (MP)-The
Alamogordo Daily News has
published a detailed breakdown of
the means and timing the United
States will use to put man into'
space and on the moon.
The News, in a copyrighted
story by 'reporter Hal Wills, out-
lined the United States space pro-
gram. The next step, the paper
said, will be the firing of one or
more chimpanzees into orbit this
fall.
The program as outlined by the
,paper called for the firing of the
first moon rocket, the Saturn, in
1962 or 1963.
If that firing is successful, the
United States in 1965 or 1966will
fire the Nova-a seven-stage space
ship designed to land on the moon.
for surface exploration, and re-
turn.
* S *
THE NEWS story, attributed to
unnaiped missile sources, said:
The first true step toward
placing man on another planet,
will be the huge and dramatic
Vega rocket, America's maiden
man-carrying space vehicle.
"The Vega, scheduled to be
ready for use in September, 1960,
and to be launched into space
carrying an American space pio-
neer in 1961, will weigh 148 tons,
and is America's first vehicle de-

"Pre-space flights at sub-orbital
altitudes will constitute part of the
training to be given America's.
present seven space candidates,
who will initiate partial space ex-
ploration.
On these sub-orbital flights,
the candidates. will be' -fired on
short missions aboard a modified
Redstone rocket. These preliminary
flights, at altitudes of 20 to 25
miles, will depart from 'Cape .Ca-
naveral, and will be around 100
miles in length... .
"On the scientists' drawing'
boards, and scheduled to be flown
some time in 1962 is the Centaur.
. . .The Centaur is the first
planned space vehicle to use new,
high-energy fuels, now in the de-
velopment stages.. .
"CENTAUR, to weigh in excess
of 300 tons and standing several
hundred feet tall, will be able to
carry 2,500 pounds of equipment
or a crew of men to a point 22,000
miles from earth. . .
"Successor to the Centaur is the.
most powerful spaceship now
planned of those using present
missiles, and is the last of the
present series of "conventional"
rockets.
"To be fired in-late 1962 or early
1963, the gigantic Saturn will
utilize eight Jupiter rockets as its

moon, or on other planets, and
the vehicle which is the ultimate,
aim of the present man-in-space
program, will be the Nova.....
"The Nova, not to be ready for
firing until 1965 or early 1966, is
the biggest space vehicle envi-
sioned thus far.
"Early plans call for the Nova.
to consist of seven stages, similar
to those comprising the Saturn,.
but at the present time existing
only in the planners' dreams;
practicable but still on the drawing
boards.
"NOVA will develop 6 to 10 mil-

lion pounds thrust, utilizing rockets
which each will develop 1 Y2 million'
pounds. Four years may, be re-
quired just to develop the rockets
required to power Nova.
"Nova will stand. as tall as a city
skyscraper, towering, lean and
will be only a trifle short of,1,000
tons.
"Nova will be the ultimate space-
craft-at least, at present.
."Aim of the development of Nova'
is to land on the surface of the:
moon, allow exploration in a,
limited area around the touchdown"
point, and then to return these.
lunar pioneers safely to earth..'.."'

ZUT IT'S the more ordinary
citizen, who is -making the. greatest
slash. By the end of the long
summer 699,998 tourists will have
visited one or more foreign coupi-
tries. Withso many of us in flight,
it's appropriate that a satchel full
of travel hints should have arrived
from the American Automobile
Association,
The AAA wastes no time getting
down to business. One of its first
admonitions is:
"Don't tell foreigners how to rin
their governments." The travel
boys are right, of course. If you
know how to run a government,
don't waste your knowledge on for-
eigners. We can use you, boy, in
.Washington.
But the most prevalent interna-
tional question today doesn't per-
tain to the cold war. No, it's "How
much should I tip?"
* * *
THE AAA devotes a third of a
45-page booklet exclusively to
tipping. The problem is too com-
plex to go into here, but this will
show the traveler what he's up
against:
A'. washroom attendant will be
happy with 50 to 100 lire in Italy,
5 francs in Luxembourg, 50 ore in
Norway and 1 sucre in Ecuador.
NOW FOR A few random ob-
servations:
Don't dress' too informally in
Germany. "The sight of a shirt
hanging outside the pants looks,
peculiar to a German."
"A ses rnf ' Imr s 'nnt nnP4

SSE

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