EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
WANTS TO BE LIKED BY EVERYONE:
Goldfine a Busy Man with a Large Ego
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1958 NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN
Freedom of Information
Lacking in the Military
THE UNITED STATES very soon may be The question has centered instead on wheth-
embroiled in a war in the Middle East. If er nuclear war on a limited scale is possible,
war does come, it will be a tragedy, the more because limited nuclear war does present seri-
so because the United States will be caught ous technical problems.
with its doctrinal pants down, having no clear- In the face of the serious technical prob-
ly articulated strategic doctrine with which lems, the military apparently has done little
to handle the Iraq-Lebanon crisis. to overcome them. Perhaps the most serious
This means - the appearance of omnipo- objection is that the military has failed to
tence the military wishes to give itself not make use of civilian experts, who were the
withstanding - that hasty decisions will be earliest and most vociferous advocates of the
made, and what started out as a comparatively concept, and, in fact, has failed to keep the
American people informed on the developments
small conflict might ,mushroom into a global in the field.
atomic war, or, on the other hand, lead to a The army has a testing ground, scantily pro-
disastrous retreat for fear of a nuclear war. vided for, to be sure, in a western state whei'e
Although the situation in the Middle East problems encountered in fighting modern wars,
is not the fault of the military, the failure to including limited nuclear wars, are worked out
have a clearly spelled out strategic doctrine is, in war games. The public learns only that there
for this not only makes the United States un- is such a place; the civilian experts learn little
sure what it is going to do, but it makes the more.
other countries involved unsure of our inten-
tions. Consequently, both sides may make JT IS DIFFICULT to see any reasons for the
blunders in a situation where just a slip is military not to release more of this type of
enough. information. Certainly we are not far ahead
One of the last official United States doc- of the Russians in technological developments,
trines was massive retaliation, which clearly and given the progress of science, much infor-
depended for its effectiveness on making our mation could be released without advantage to
intent clear to other nations. Although whittled the Russians, and which would enable us to
down and modified from Secretary of State use our independent thinkers.
John Foster Dulles' original pronouncement, This reluctance of the military to release
the doctrine clearly is not applicable in the information is even more difficult to com-
present situation. prehend when it is known that one of the
almost certain pre-requisites for a limited war,
IN THE PAST YEAR or so, there has bean if it is to remain limited, is that the enemy
considerable discussion of the concept of should know fairly well what is going to be
limited war, especially limited nuclear war. done, and how.
Except for a few die-hards, limited nuclear We would like to suggest, as a consequence,
war has been seen to be a superior method of that the military loosen its hold on this type
stopping Soviet aggression, as it doesn't para- of confidential material. It will do little harm,
lyze the will with the certainty of total de- we would predict, and it might very well do
struction for something less than total provo- a great deal of good.
cation. -LANE VANDERSLICE
Report Reassuring but Sinister
THE FINDINGS of the recently released FIFTY-SIX per cent of the people interviewed
Survey Research poll on "Consumer Atti- believe that a depression "like that of the
tudes and Inclinations to Buy" are reassuring thirties" could not occur again. Sixty-nine per
but also rather sinister. People have not lost cent of families with incomes of over $5000
confidence regarding purchases; this is reas- per year believe this. This is a sign of optim-
suring. People are optimistic about the fu- ism, but it also starkly points out modeit
ture of business conditions; the market for America's blind dependence on government.
durable goods and housing is not saturated. Responsibility in any area, especially one as
These, too, are favorable findings . important as the economic area, should not
People, however, have shown naivete in one be given any government without questioning
crucial area, that of the causes of recessions and checking. Only 14 per cent of these people,
and their effects. Despite the recent economic however, had any doubts as to depression re-
setback, which has hit many areas substantial- currence.
ly, a large minority refuse to believe that in- Modern economic policy may well have con-
flation and recession can occur simultaneously. quered severe depression; no test has yet been
This attitude of ignorance, which can be wiped run. Even if policies would not work, a wide-
out if people look at casts and employment spread belief that depression could not recur
conditions, is unfortunate. may be enough to stop one. Yet it is a chronic
Another disturbing factor in the survey was symptom of modern America that people be-
that a large minority of people expect priceu lieve what they would like to believe, not really
to fall in the coming months. Chances of this grasping the significance or problems of is-
are slim, it would appear, from such financially sues. Campaign promises like "Peace, Prosper-
stable factors as labor costs, and while prices ity, Progress" may win elections but they wont
may fall, it will probably be by a small, in fact keep the wolf from the doors (common now in
negligible, amount. most American homes.)
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Soviets See U.S. Strengyth
By SAUL PETT
Associated Press Writer
BOSTON-What kind of a man
is Bernard Goldfine?
He is a big man in textiles, a
fast man with a buck or a name
or a vicuna or case of whiskey.
He is a busy man, always rush-
ing, always late, always in crisis.
Life in the Goldfine bowl is fre-
netic and frequently complicated
by the king fish stumbling over
his own ego.
For example, if you or I wanted
a particular government pamphlet,
we'd get it simply by writing to
the Government Printing Office
and enclosing 25 cents. Not Gold-
He'd call friends, a U.S. senator
or a couple of congressmen. They'd
have a secretary mail it to him
and Goldfine, always grateful, al-
ways generous, would send the
secretary a case of 12-year-old
WHY THE roundabout way?
Because Goldfine needs to be re-
minded he has friends and one
proof of friendship is a favor.
Some men crave money; others,
power; still others, fame. Goldfine
may crave all three but the re-
curring motif in this man, run-
ning through his life in alternately
comic and pathetic tones, is his
need to be liked. Not just liked,
but well liked.
He wants the impossible. He
wants to be liked by everyone-
governors, presidential aides, sen-
ators, congressmen, big and small
people, bank presidents and their
clerks, waiters, bellboys, chamber-
maids. All of them get handsome
gifts or tips. Goldfine's purpose
may or may not be to gain special
influence but it is true that among
people he gives to there are many
who couldn't help him fix a traffic
You get this picture of Gold-
fine's hungering ego by watching
him in action and by talking to.
his family, to his business associ-
ates, vaious lawyers and friends.
"You can't do business casually
with Mr. G," says a Boston lawyer
who likes him. "You must become
his friend. You must have lunch or
dinner or drinks with him. There
must be an exchange of glowing
tributes: you're a great fellow,
he's a great fellow, we're all great
EVER MINDFUL that he was
born poor in Russia, that he be-
longs to a minority group, that his
father was a peddler, that his own
education stopped early in high
school, that he once shined shoes
for a living, Bernard Goldfine will
say to a lawyer whom he is paying
By ROY ESSOYAN
Associated Press Writer
MOSCOW-Religion is still at-
tracting young and old in the
The reason, the Soviet press
says, is that the nation's educa-
tors and propagandists are falling
down on the job of "countering
religious propaganda with anti-
Two leading Moscow news-
papers, Trud and Soviet Russia,
recently assailed religion on the
same day. Both demanded a step-
ped-up, campaign to stop what
Soviet Russia described as "the
insidious spread of religious
propaganda which is drawing
young people into its net and
poisoning their minds with wild
Trud published a letter from an
87-year-old Ukrainian Baptist who
suggested timidly that as a general
rule a believer was more kindly
disposed that a nonbeliever and
after all what harm could he do to
* * *
"THE teachings of Communism
are incompatible with religion,"
Soviet Russia said similar argu-
ments are reported by readers
throughout the country. Religion
it said, will not die out by itself.
It must be rooted out, and the
struggle against it must be waged
Sarcastically, the paper noted
that some propaganda organiza-
tions in the Soviet Union "seem
to think that freedom of con-
science (officially sanctioned by
the Soviet constitution) "means
freedom to believe and spread
"Determined educational work
is needed to free the minds of
the people of old attitudes," Soviet
Russia said. "To disperse the fog
of superstition, to raise the people
to light and knowledge, to arm the
masses with a materialistic out-
look on the world as a noble and
TRUD ridiculed its meek Ukrain
letter writer's suggestion that re-
ligion is harmless. The Bible, it
said, is fullof words like "destroy,"
annihilate," "smash" and "set
a fat fee: "You're a wonderful niiy
and don't think I don't appreciate
an educated man like you taking
so much time with a man like r:e."'
And this is the lawyer's cue to
tell Goldfine what a fine, self-
made man Goldfine is.
Friend and benefactor apparent-
ly by compulsion, the same chem-.
istry makes Goldfine a marathon
handshaker. Coming into a room
full of people he doesn't know or
may never see again, he must
shake each by the hand. Leaving
10 minutes later, he must shake
each hand again. Leaving, he in-
variably notes what "nice fellows
Should he return in only half
an hour. he would again shake all
hands. In 10 minutes of a relation-
ship, he begins to refer to you as
"my friend." He evidently needs
to think so.
* * *
EXCEPT AT HIS morning walks
--and he walks two or three miles
a day at a good clip around a
reservoir near his home-Goldfine
seems always to need people
around him. He can't even enjoy
watching television alone, say his
sons Solomon and Horace Max-
He seems to like people but there
are those who have know him long
who are certain that Bernard
Goldfine trusts no one completely,
that he cannot bring himself to
confide in any one completely.
"He's confidential up to a point,"
says a friend, "and then he seems
to back off, always holding some-
thing in reserve."
At 67, Bernard Goldfine looks
young and healthy-red-cheeked,
verge of some imagined hurt. He is
a man of fascinating contradic-
He dresses conservatively. He
lives quietly in a house of about
10 rooms, big, ivy-colored, com-
fortable-looking. But there are
others in the neighborhood, Chest-
nut Hill, which are bigger and
more pretentious. The Goldfine
staff includes two maids and a
chauffeur who drives the master
in a black, '49 Cadillac.
i# M +
wisps of white on a bald
deep dark eyes that appear or
Keep Your Nose On The Trail, Rover
dead, GOLDFINE, his sons report,
n the frequently like to lecture them on
the need for economy in business.
And in the next breath, he will
pick up the phone and place a
conference call with five people at
five different places around the
country and talk for an hour.
Goldfine's office reports that its
phone bill runs as high as $3.000 a
month most of it run up by the
boss himself and much of it not
exactly essential. His home phone
bill runs to $500 and $600 a month.
If Goldfine has a friend traveling
in Europe, he thinks nothing of
calling him and talking an hour.
Goldfine himself does not travel
except for business. In business, he
is everywhere at once. He hires
the key personnel, arranges finan-
cing, handles his own tabor rela-
tions which are good and still
handles sales to his older eustom-
ers. "Goldfine," said an admirer,
"could go uptown with only a
newspaper under his arm and
come back with a big order for
Nobody has ever seen Goldfine
relax much. He reads little. He
takes no vacations as such. The
last time he took one, his sons re-
port, was 20 years ago. He and
Mrs. Goldfine started out on a
three-week auto trip to Canada.
After three days, he came home,
impatient to get back to business.
SEN. WILEY SAYS:
J. , iILWAVKKE
(Ilerbiock is on Vacation
(Il WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Soviet Timetable on Schedule
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - The Kremlin
timetable for the Near East is
running right on schedule. Last
October, after talks with Arab
leaders, this writer reported Nas-
ser's plan to unite Syria and
Egypt, and Moscow's plan to work
with Nasser in gradually taking
over all the Arab states through
subversion and revolution.
The Kremlin timetable, as then
reported, was three months to
take over the desert kingdom of
Jordan; six months to take Saudi
Arabia; nine months to take Leb-
anon; and 12 months to take Iraq.
The timetable is late in one re-
spect, early in another. Jordan did
not fall in three months. Tough
little King Hussein, backed by
American arms and the British-
trained Bedouins of the Arab Le-
gion, resisted all attempts to un-
dermine his regime.
Instead, the timetable was
speeded up for Iraq. This coun-
try, supposed stronghold of the
West, was scheduled to become
Nasserized in 12 months. Instead,
it fell in nine months.
** * e
HERE IS how both timetable
and the doctrine are working:
Saudi Arabia - King Saud's
glamor visit to the U.S.A. seems
to have been for naught. The old
king is sick, a virtual prisoner in
his own palace, surrounded by
wives, children, and medical pre-
scriptions. His brother, Prince
Faisal, a friend of Nasser's, has
been running the country.
Saud has sent a hurry-up call
to the State Department to send
an American doctor to his desert
capital. After the doctor's arrival,
it's expected Saud will go to
Switzerland for medical treatment
and remain there indefinitely.
There is already unrest in Saudi
Arabia and a definite tie-up with
Egypt is expected shortly after
Faisal assumes the throne.
President Chamoun, a Catholic
surrounded by Moslems, is, bitter
against the United States. For
weeks he has been pressing Sec-
retary Dulles informally for aid
under the Eisenhower Doctrine;
and for an equal number of weeks,
Dulles has been working through
the United States ambassador to
head off any formal request for
Only this week did the desper-
ate Chamoun lay it on the line
with the formal invocation of the
Eisenhower Doctrine. Up until
then, Dulles had pointed out that
the United Nations found no evi-
dence of foreign intervention.
* *. *
IRAQ - Instead of cooperating
with Dag Hammarskjold as prom-
ised, Nasser's agents in Baghdad
dealt the West one of the most
deadly blows so far received in the
Near East. The United States had
not the slightest inkling that re-
volt was coming.
Israel - When I reported the
Kremlin timetable to Premier
Gurion last fall, he kept repeating,
"This is a problem for President
Eisenhower." What he meant was
that the plan to solidify the Arab
states in a Nasserized anti-West
confederation was too big for Is-
rael. He was right.
Since then, Ben-Gurion has
been warning the State Depart-
ment that unless Egyptian-Syrian
intervention was stopped in Leb-
anon, the jig was up for American
influence in the oil-rich Near East.
Dulles, however, refused to listen.
(Copyright 1958 by BML Syndicate, Inc.)
.Needs a PA
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Writer
Wiley (R-Wis) is a persistent man.
Senatorial issues come, go and
are often soon forgotten, but Sen.
Wiley'steadily carries on a cam-
paign almost all his own. He's
dedicated to the proposition that,
after almost 20 years in the Sen-
ate, he's entitled to hear what goes
It seems strange in this elec-
tronic age, when even our least
politicians come equipped with
microphone and loud speaker, that
the Senate resists all attempt at
The House long has been wired
for sound. 'resident Dwight D.
Eisenhower and the reporters
questioning him use a public ad-
dress system at news conferences.
* * *
BUT WHAT'S good enough for
the President of the United States
and the 435 representatives isn't
necessarily good enough for the
Senate, to the continuing disgust
of Sen. Alexander Wiley.
Sen. Wiley now is back with a
plan he hopes will make senators
audible to each other, visitors and
newsmen trying to report what, if
anything, is going on on the Sen-
In effect, under this plan drawn
up by the Capitol architect, sena-
tors would swap their sand shakers
In the days before blotters, each
senator had a sand shaker, and
sprinkled white sand over his
writing to dry surplus ink. Well,
blotters 'came along - heaven
knows how long the sand shaker
bloc fought this modernization.
Senatorial desks have been sand-
less for years.
THE ARCHITECT figures the
plugs could be placed there, and'
that page boys could plug a sen-
ator in whenever he wished to
The installation cost: $25,000.
Annual operating cost, to keep
senatorial volume adjusted, $11,-
A check with the Senate Rules
Committee shows that the Senate
still is fairly evenly divided on
the question to hear or not to
The committee questioned each
senator, and got a surprisingly
large reply. All but 14 responded.
Some of the objections: Don't
want gadgets in the Senate; might
destroy the dignity of the old
place; what if a microphone were
left on and an indiscreet comment
went on the air?
* 6 *
BUT SOME reserved judgment
until they had a chance to look at
a specific plan, so possibly Wiley
may yet hear what's going on
Sen. Wiley, by the way, is not an
offender. His oratorical style might
be called an amiable bellow.
His main difficulty. Sen. Wiley
says, is in hearing Sen. Lyndon
Johnson (D-Tex), who calls the
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
Y FLYING troops into Turkey, the United
States does more than merely set up a re-
serve force to meet possible needs in Lebanon
or elsewhere in the area.
She also establishes a deterrent against So-
viet military reaction in one more area, just as
she has done for 10 years by maintaining the
thin line 4- her troops across the center of
With the British in Jordan ready to move.
into Iraq if that seems required, with the Iran-
ian army on the alert, with a fine and deter-
mined Turkish army reinforced by Americans,
with the nuclear bombers hovering, the Soviet
Union has been sternly informed that she can
have war if she makes a break.
The best judgment in Washington, based on
intelligence estimates, is that she is not likely
to take chances.
HAT IS, of course, the situation President
Eisenhower sought to produce when he alerted
American forces of all types throughout the
world in diplomatic-military support of the
MICHAEL KRAFT DAVID TARR
ROBERT JUNKER.....................Night Editor
EDWARD GERULDSEN............. Night Editor
SUS N HOLTZER ....... ........Night Editor
LANE VANDERSLICE................Night Editor
RICHARD MINTZ............... ,. sports Editor
FRED SHIPPEY................. Chief Photographer
Indeed, it would not be surprising now if ar-
rangements were afoot to make the point in
Iran as well.
The Soviet Union is making military gestures
on the border of Iran, which stands between
the Soviet Union and the trouble centers to the
southwest. A token American force there would
emphasize that the Red troops now maneuver-
ing near Turkey and Iran face not only two
comparatively weak countries, but also the
full strength of the West.
This policy of physical presence to ensure
that the Soviets will.not mistake American in-
tentions goes back to the world catastrophe
which resulted from Hitler's belief that the
West, especially Britain and the United States,
would not fight for central Europe.
INDEED, the only outright war sponsored by
the Soviet Union since World War II may
have resulted at least in part from the failure of
Dean Acheson to include South Korea in a
speech delineating the American defense line
in the Far East.
Russia has a treaty with Iran, many parts
of which have been so breached or strained as
to make it almost inoperative from the Iran-
ian viewpoint, which permits her to enter Iran
if faced by unfriendly forces there.
However, knowing as they must that they
will not be attacked by the United States
without a most outrageous provocation, the
Soviet Union would hardly conceive the game
to be worth the candle.
New Books at the Library
Djilas, Milovan - Land Without Justice;
N.Y., Harcourt, Brace, 1958.
Faison, Negley - The Lost World of the
'ALL ACES' WORTH READING:
latest Mysteries Vary in Quality
THE HUSBAND. By Vera Caspary.
Harper & Brothers.
LIKE MUCH of the fiction being
written today in the mystery
and detective field, The Husband
is not at all a formal problem in
detection nor is it a "whodunit."
There is no murder in Vera Cas-
pary's new book, very little mys-
tery, and less crime.
The book is instead a "novel of
suspense," a narrative that prom-
ises a good deal -of tenseness and
excitement for the reader. When
wealthy Californian Jean McVeigh
takes a husband in England, all
attention is on her promoter-
spouse's million-dollar business
deal with Arabian oil interests and
a Swiss financier.
Many tense hours pass in wait-
ing for this deal to go through,
but the minutes become downright
terrifying when the husband's lust
for money makes him look quite
differently at his suddenly suicidal
That The Husband is well writ-
ten is perhaps the best that can
be said for the novel. The lonely
wife of Jean McVeigh Howell is
one that many people will be able
to sympathize with and appreciate
as Vera Caspary relates it.
In its lack of real mystery and
simpleness of plot, however, The
Husband is, right down to the
macabre surprise ending, like one
of those half-hour dramatic pres-
years in this new novel by Brett
Halliday. For the fast-talking,
fast-working Shayne, the case is
A small town banker is shot
down in the street on the night
before he plans to see Shayne on
business. A note of the appoint-
ment in the dead man's wallet
sends ever-impetuous Peter Paint-
er of homicide after Shayne on
suspicion of almost everything.
Shayne nanages - barely - to
keep a few steps ahead of the
police and, in a whirlwind twenty-
four hours, indulges in a gunfight,
makes the usual passionate love,
consumes the usual amounts of
cognac, and solves a murder.
Much less exciting than most of
his early cases (The Uncomplain-
ing Corpses, Tickets for Death,
Murder is My Business), Murder
and the Wanton Bride is one of
the most straightforward and least
complicated of Shayne's adven-
tures. Unlike those Halliday novels
of theearly 1940's, this one can
be read in one breath.
* * .*
SLOW BURNER. By 0iliam Hag-
gard. Little, Brown & Co.
Slow Burner is the newest de-
velopment in atomic power and is
being used commercially in Eng-
land in a few limited plants -
when instruments suddenly show
that, in one otherwise innocent
to the end of the book-taking
Slow Burner out of the mystery
class and making it rather a novel
of English class society.
Slow Burner's misfortune is that
it tries to study too many charac-
ters at once, all in light of "the
classes," and succeeds with none
of them. The happenings are often
puzzling and not too well pre-
But- Slow Burner does have its
surprises as well as many amusing
moments. The ending is, of course,
ALL ACES: A Negro Wolfe Omni-
bus. By Rex Stout. Viking Press.
ANOTHER in a fast-growing
series of three-novels-in-one
mystery reprints, All Aces includes
ar early Wolfe novel, Some Buried
Caesar; a late novel, Too Many
Women; and an even later collec-
tion of three novelettes, Trouble
The second Wolfe omnibus, All
Aces is perhaps most representa-
tive of the orchid-growing detec-
tive's career. Some Buried Caesar
is one of the best novels about
Wolfe and is certainly typical in
its lack of complications. Too
Many Women is equally uncompli-
cated and just as welcome to the
More honest than the novels,
however, are the novelettes. Rex
Stout's writings seem confined to