THE MICHIGAN DAILY
'rouble Nothing New to Iraq
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Staff writer was a flood like the one dscribed map was drawn. Alas, at about
ASHINGTON-- So there is in Genesis. , the same time some cagey mer-
He in Iraq,and so there a1- The word Iraq, unfortunately, chant invented installment buy-
s in raqi and0 the rey ba- stirs few historical memories. You ing.
has been, all the way back have to go back to the names it Seventeen hundred years before
e, who harkened to .the ser- once was known by: Mesopota- Children Taught Geometry
r here, according to tradition, mia Babylon; Assyria, in the Euclid, youngsters around Bagh-
the Garden of Eden. And north; and Chaldea, in the south. dad were learning about the hy-
h archaeologists haven't unj- History Varied Here potenuse of a right triangle.
ed the garden yet, they have Anyone who has read the Bible Nights. This is the land of Sinbad
i silt layers showing there is familiar with some of Iraq's the Sailor, who had his port on
past. The National Geographic the Persian~ Gulf.
Society has a map, "Lands of the Modern Iraq is bigger than Cal-
A To Show Bible Today," which shows that ifornia, but much of its land is
man got in some of his best, and flinty, scrub desert. Curiously, the
some of his worst, licks in this rich valleys of the Tigris and
I troubled area. Euphrates once supported many
F 'Here Abraham was born. Here more than the five million who
i.om a1 s 111Nebuchadnezzar built one of the live in Iraq now.
seven wonders of the world, the Irrigation System Destroyed
.it of This World," a movie Hanging Gardens, all because his But neglect, warfare and nat-
)well Thomas will be shown bride was homesick for Meia. ural catastrophes combined to de-
>.m. and 9 p.m. Friday in the Here was Nineveh: "Woe to the stroy a complex irrigation system,
tecture Auditorium. bloody city," Nahum said. And and a comparatively well-off peo-
>nsored by the International here Belshazzar got his comeup- ple was reduced to poverty.
nts Association, the movie pance from Cyrus. Although no When Aladdin rubbed his oil
>e accompanied by a docu- one can prove it, it is believed that lamp, he must have wished for
try, "Mahatma Gandhi." Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego more oil. For now 30 million tons
kets may be bought at the got tossed into the fiery furnace of oil are produced each year in
national Center or at the at a spot not too far from the Iraq, good for untold riches in
western border, near what is now this industrial world.
Iran. Good, too, for a source of trou-
T I'Site of Oldest Village ble, especially because of Iraq's
. To H Not too far from modern Mosul position.
are the remains of the world's The United States Marines have
oldest known village. More than landed in tiny Lebanon. And,
?,000 years ago man -- or his fe- though Syria is in between, it is
males - got fed up with hunting only 150 miles to the Iraqi border.
Annual International Stu- and fishing and settled down to Just as close to Iraq, to the north,
Picnic will be held Sunday, agriculture. is .the southern tip of the Soviet'
ding to Puthical Krishna- By 4000 B.C. the Mesopotamians Union.
zy, Grad., International Stu- were building a temple, the old- No wonder President Dwight D.
Association president. est known religious structure. By Eisenhower warned of possible
d, transportation and enter- 3000 B.C. the Sumerians were serious consequences. With all
ent will be provided for all making clay tablets and inventing that oil around, it doesn't take
its who sign up in Rm. 18 of writing. much of a spark to set off a fear-
Iternational Center. By 2500 B.C. the world's first some fire.r
"'Many present policies and
practices for severely retarded
children are socially and economi-
cally unsound," Prof. Warren A.
Ketcham, of the education school
Society has been remarkably ef-
fective in denying retarded chil-
dren opportunities, he said. The
emphasis has been on the pro-
vision of institutional beds and
preparation for dependence, Prof.
Ketcham continued .
The constant increase in indi-
vidual differences has not been
generally recognized among re-
tarded children. As a result, the
brighter children among the re-
tarded have gone unrecognized
because they are viewed as part
of a homogeneous group which
cannot learn," said Ketcham.
The mental ages of 103 retard-
ed children at the Coleman
School in Detroit, studies by Prof.
Ketcham, ranged from one-fourth
to one-half their chronological
ags. "The brightest child has a
mental age of seven and one-half
years at fifteen years of age," he
said. If the child continues to
grow mentally until he is twenty-
two years old, he will have a men-
tal age of eleven , years, Prof.
He won't be a complete adult,
but, all other things equal, he
need not be a completely depend-
ent and socially useless person, he
Studying Forecast: Fair and Warmer
THE PAUSE THAT RELAXES-Summertime, and if the living isn't exactly easy, it's easier than during the regular school year. These
two sudents lay their books aside for a momen's relaxation on what remains of the grass at the University.
f USED BY ELECTRICITY:
Cambridge Scientist R evives Old Theory of Tornadoes
- --- -- - ------
balls of fire, or luminous clouds, or
St. Elmo's fire.
The point is-all saw tremen-
dous electrical activity.
Tornadoes are perhaps terrific
electric winds, created by lightning
and the electricity in thunder-
storms, so that the thunderstorm
becomes a tornado. The electric
heating of the air could produce
the winds whirling at 300 to 500
Vonnegut Revives Theory
This electrical theory of tor-
nadoes-championed more than a
century ago but then abandoned--
is being revived by Bernard Von-
negut, a physicist prominent in
He surveyed many past pub-
lished eyewitness accounts.
Now-to prove or disprove thie
theory-Vonnegut would like to
hear from other witnesses of tor-
nadoes, particularly as to whether;
the saw any signs of electrical ac-
Would Welcome Letters
Being close to a tornado, Dr.
Vonnegut grants, is not conducive
to making careful, scientific obser-
vations, but he'd still welcome
letters about what people see.
Vonnegut is well-known for his
findingr that silver iodide smoke
can be used as seeds in rainmak-
ing experiments. His main research
interest now is meteorology, the
science of weather.
Vonnegut disagrees with theor-
ies that falling raindrops produce
the electricity in clouds and light-
Experiments on Clouds
Instead, he thinks the electricity
well can come first, ar~d probably
even help produce the rain. He's
testing this idea by experiments
ou clouds, and in the laboratory.
Clouds could become electrified,
he explains, because moist, warm
air rises up, and carries along
positive electrical charges that
normally exist near the ground.
The positive charges in the cloud
then attract a current of small
electric charges or ions from the
ionosphere, and these negative
charges attach themselves to par-
ticles of moisture on the outside
of the cloud.
Positive Charges Carried Up
Downdrafts carry the negative
charges to lower levels. More posi-
tive charges are attracted up from
the earth, and are carried to the
top of the cloud.
The difference between electri-
cal fields increases. The strong
electrical field makes cloud drop-
lets coalesce and fall earthward
as rain. If the conviction current-
or up-and-down movement of the
air-continued, the electric field
gets still stronger and produces
Recent radar, balloon and other
measurements indicate that this
could be the read mechanism, for
they slow that electrification be-
gins before there is any detectable
rain in the cloud, Vonnegut says.
Storms Very Powerful
There is no question but that
some electrical storms can produce
.more electrical energy than all the
dynamos in the United States, he
Eyewitnesses right under or
fairly near tornadoes tell-in ad-
dition to electrical action - of
hearing sounds like millions of
bees, or smelling ozone odors like
those from high-voltage wires, of
hearing continuous radio static-
and other signs of electrical ac-
Certainly there has to be some
source of energy capable of cre-
ating the tornadic winds. This en-
ergy could be electrical, like that in
a violent thunderstorm.
Could Cause Whirling
Repeated lighting strokes, sev-
eral a second along the same path,
could heat a cylinder of air enough
to start intense convection or
whirling movement. Or the highly
charged - air might be speeded up
by a strong electrical field, Von-
The lightning could form a
chimney of very hot air within a
cloud. This would rise rapidly,
pulling new air behind it, and
into the chimney so that the air
With this rotation under way,
air outside the vortex could be pre-
vented from entering by the strong
centrifugal force of the rotation.
So air could only be sucked up
through the bottom of the funnel.
The hollow tube could finally grow
until it touched the ground, sweep-
ing along like a giant vacuum-
cleaner hose over everything it
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2) July 17, 303 W. Med. Bldg., 9:00 a.m. ing. Work or interest in biological sci-
Chairman, S. A. Cain. ence is highly desirable, Ability in oral
and written communication. Ability to
of Mrs. Shata Ling, 2304 Vinewood. The Doctoral Examination for Joanne do writing and editorial work. Salary
new initiates of the summer will be the Bennet Veroff, Psychology; thesis: "An open,
guests. Exploratory Study of Parental Motives, S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc., Racine,
Parental Attitudes, and Social Behavior Wisc., has openings for a Development
of Children," Thurs., July 17, 7611 Chemist and a Research Chemist. B.S.
Lectures Haven Hall, 3:00 p.m. Chairman, Fred- or M.S. in Chemistry. Some experience
crick Wyatt, desirable.
Astronomy Department Visitors Night Nashua Corporation, Nashua, N.H.,
Fri., July 18, 8:30 p.m., Rm. 2003 Angell Doctoral Examination for Edward -is looking for a man to work in the
Hall. Dr. Hazel M. Losh will speak on Alexander Spiegel, Astronomy; thesis: Flexible Packing Sales. Recent graduate
"The Summer Sky," After the lecture "The Onset of Thermal Convection in preferably with military service obli-
the Student Observatory on the fifth a Radiating Atmosphere," Fri., Jly 18, gation behind. , him.Alsointerested in
floor of Angell Hall will be open for 22 Observatory, 3:00 p.m. Co-Chairmen, finding a man 30-35, with some indus-
inspection and for telescopic observa- Leo Goldberg and M. S. Uberoi. trial sales experience.
tions of Jupiter and Saturn. Children University of California at Berkeley
welcomed, but must be accompanied by . s announces an opening In its placement
adults.711 m t esservice. The person to be appointed
-----.___ tLLV.tI t flI' would specialize in the placement of
A representative from the Detroit, graduates of the College of Engineer-
Concerts Mich, Public Schools will be at the Bu- ing. He would work with employers re-
reau of Appointments on Wed.. July 23 crusting technical graduates, counsel
On Thurs., July 17, the U. of M. Sum- to interview for the 1958-59 school year. alumni, and work with faculty mem-
mer Session Band under the direction There are openings in all fields except and refer engineering seniors and
of Dr. William D. Revelli and the Lock- Social Studies, Boys Physical Education bers. Must have B.A. in any area. Tech-
port Township Eigh School Band of and Band. For any additional informa- nical training would be an asset and
Lockport, 111. under the direction of tion and appointments contact the a NA would be helpful. Colege place-
Ernest Caneva will present a combined Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin. ment work or industrial personnel exp.
outdoor concert on the Diag near the Bldg., NO 3-1511, Ext. 489. wound be desirable.
Geneal Lbray at7:04p~m TrupetKellogg Company, Battle Creek, has
virtuoso Don Jacoby will be featured Personnel Requests: an opening fora Chemist for routine
with the bands as well as Don Mahler, Jefferson County, Brookville, Pa., has analysis in the testing laboratory, Will
clarinetist and Hosea Taylor, alto saxo- an opening for a Social Service Work-b a worki g with fats an yfibeWrslDe s
phone soloist. Warren Jaworski will be er. Will train .a woman with a B.A. de-. man with B.S. in Chemistry.Wil can-
presented in a selection from '"South gree. Must have someone by July 23, petied all - requiraemets except physca
Pacific" as a vocal soloist with the 1958.pltdalrqieesexpthycl
bands. Nationally famous band con- Kimberly-Clark Corporation, Neenah, chemistry.
ductors and composers such as Lucien Wisc. has an opening for an Export Company in Ann Arbor area are look-
Cailliet, Frank Erickson, Ni1o Hovey, Sales Promotion Assistant. Must be a ing fr an experienced Technical Re-
Merle Evans, and Howard Akers will college graduate or equivalent in exp. cruiter who will ga to clees, techni-
also be featured with the bands, In Should have good knowledge of adver- cal meetings, and cities. Must have a
case of rain, the concert will be held in tising and promotion, foreign trade, man. within next 2 weeks Man with
Hill Aud, and basic economics. Must have fluent B.S. in Engineering orBusiness Ad-
Spanish. Must be under 40, ministration. Must have some exn.
Reynolds Metals Company, Rich- Wo~ild prefer a man with experience in'"
, cademic oVtices mona., has a position available for recruiting Electrical Engineers, Physi-
female Adminitrativ Assisant.Gists for weapon system work.
a~u emal Admnisratie Asistat. Bill Knapp's Restaurant opening soon
Doctoral Examination for Richard ust possess Bachelor'sedegree in Ge- in Ann Arbor, Need Hostesses, Cashiers,
Lee JanesMetallurgical Engineering; ootgy, and should be over thirty, with Waitresses, Bus Boys, and Kitchen Help
theis "AStdyof heInlueceoffive to ten years in related Work. Musttowrfulr part time.
Nitrogen on the Creep-RupturenPro- be able to do cartographic work,
Kemper Insurane. Chicago, Ill, has Fofuteinrmincnatth
perties of a Nickel-Chromium Alloy an oening in the Industrial Hygiene Bureau of Appointments, 3528 Admin.
Hardened with Titanium and Alumin- Division for a Woman Chemist or Bldg., ext. 3371.
um," Thurs., July 17, 4219 E. Eng. Chemical Engineer for work in occu-
Bldg. 2:00 p.m. Chairman, J. W. Free- pational disease and special hazard Summer Placement:
man. control. Duties will include chemical National Music Camp at Interlochen
laboratory analysis, report writing and is looking for a typist to work the re-
Doctoral Examination for Andrew special research projects. Excellent op- mainder of summer.
J. W. Scheffey, Conservation; thesis: portunities for growth and advance- For information on summer work;
"Natural Resources and Government ment. Women interested must have a please contact Ward D. Peterson, 3528
Policy in Coahuila, Mexico," Thurs., B.S. in chemistry or chemical engineer- Admin. Bldg., ext. 3371.
+sa C sid
... trumpet soloist
Don Jacoby, trumpet soloist, will
appear at the second session of
the 10th annual National Band
Bonductors Conference, scheduled
to start at 9 a.m. today in the
Michigan Union Ballroom.
The afternoon session, which
will start at 3:50, will feature the
summer session band. A band con-
cert will also be held at 7 p.m. on
Jacoby will speak on the, teach-
ing of the horn with a demon-
stration in a musical workshop,
ETRI3Sp n Cat
- f.2.8 LENS
$ coupled range finder
* rapid winding lever
* complete range of
1 sec to 1/300 sec.
PERI formerly NO
f28 $49.95 $
.1R ......t.1 ... ....... 1...... ~f ... .... .
as seen on TV pt panty briefs
. ndrslcs,. \
..~. .*.;*,Fit like a second skin for invisible control under
a your most f orm-fitting slacks, shorts, swimsuits,
& Makes you the girl with the slim waist, smooth
hips, flat tummy. This fabulous little Playtex
panty brief goes in and out of the water as gaily
as your bathing suit. Dries in a wink.
9 Ploytex Living Panty Brief. $4.50
Playtex Magic Controller
PANTY BRiEF -with magic "finger" paniels for
extra turmmy control, and waist-whittling non-roll
SXS, S, M, L. White.
T See, too, PLAYTEX MOLD and HOLD Zipper Girdle
, - - 1O-95
PLAYTEX Living Bra . .. 3.95
PLAYTEX Cotton Pretty Bra . .. 2.50