IN 20th CENTURY
See Page 2
Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
FAIR, W ARMER
.. LXVIII, No. 12S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 11. 1958
.. . . . . .. . . . . . . .. .. . ... . .. . . - . .. . . . . . . . . .
DOCTORAL AWARD-Mme. Chiang receives the hood signifying
her honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. Prof. Robert Super of the
department puts tIle hood in place before an overflow crowd in
C n~ C
Mne Chian Sees
CrVisis lin tEducation
CITATION: MAYLING SOONG CHIANG
Member of a family celebrated for its extraordInary intellectual
powers and the role It has played in public affairs, Mayling Soong Chiang
has cultivated and refined her many abilities and has skillfully polished
r the various facets of her personality. In the New Life Movement, a pro-
gra*r she directs,, are emphasized the qualities of mind and body that
bring freedom and health to her people. Sensitive to all the needs of
children, both physical and spiritual, she has provided for the Republic
of China a plan of elementary education that has won international
acclaim. Her disciplined mind has mastered what it undertakes, be it a
foreign tongues, the comman4 of an air force, the art of politics or that
of painting. Artist, diplomat, gentlewoman -- The University of Michi-
gan happily confers upon her its highest honor.
Madame Chiang Kai-shek last night pictured a "crisis" in modern
education, and linked to Communism what she called "the gradual
annihilation of intellectual courage."e
Mie. Chiang's speech followed ceremonies in Rackham Audi-
toriumn, during which University President Harlan Hatcher conferred
an honorary Doctor of Laws degree upon "Mayling Soong Chang .. -
Artist, diplomat, stateswoman."
Western education, Mme. Chiang said, is now in danger of suc-
cumbing to the same type of "uniformity," for it is no longer "an
Feels Big; Tremor
JUNEAU, Alaska (^)-A mighty
earthquake, felt throughout all
of southeast Alaska Wednesday
night, has left three known dead
and two missing.
The dead were three picknick-
ers swept into the sea when the
quake sheared off the tip of an
island in Yakutat Bay, some 200
miles northwest of Juneau.
Missing were a man and his
wife whose 44-foot fishing boat
was swept by giant waves toward
the rocky sides of Lituya Bay, on
the coast 125 miles west of this
Witnesses to the island tragedy
said about 500 yards of the south
end of Khantaak Island heaved 20
feet into the air and then fell into
the bay. The island is about a mile
bff shore. Nothing but picnic
plates were found floating in the
water after the severe turbulence
A couple near where the fish-
Ing boat disappeared were flown
to Juneau and hopsitlized yes-
terday. The two said they were
asleep when the quake hit. They
awoke and went to the pilot
house to look around. As they
glanced toward three glaciers at
the head of the bay they could see
ice and debris being sheared off
"like a gravel truck dumping a
"Then a huge wall of water
about 50 feet high came racing
toward us," they said, "caught our
boat, and swept it up to a crest
where we saw the Sunmore. The
last we saw of the fishing boat it
was headed toward a rocky cliff"
The quake caused the worst
cable break in 'the Alaska com-
munications system history.
So severe was the tremor when
it hit that it knocked the needle
off the seismograph at the Uni-
versity of Washington in Seattle
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (M) -
A United States ballistic missile
has been fired at intercontinental
range for the first time, but the
Air Force announced yesterday
efforts to recover the nose cone
and its mouse have been aban-
Air Force officials confirmed
that a mighty Thor-Able rocket
launched Wednesday night landed
in the South Atlantic Ocean near
Ascension Island, 6,000 statute
miles from Cape Canaveral. That
meant United States 'missile men
had passed another milestone in
their bid to conquer space.
As far as it is known, it was
the first time a ballistic weapon
traveled more than 8,000 miles
through outer space and survived
the redhot plunge back into the
Officials said the search for the
top secret nose cone was called
off because of darkness in the
area. They planne to resume the
hunt 'early today.
Two aircraft and two ships
cruising in the impact area spot-
ted the nose cone as it dropped
back from space. Sporadic radio
signals have been picked up from
the cone, but in insufficient
strength to pinpoint the location.
May Be Held
WASHINGTON (A) - House in-
vestigators held a threat of a con-
tempt citation over Bernard Gold
fine -last night as he continued
to insist that details of his com-
panies' transactions are none of
To set the stage for a possible
contempt citation, the investiga-
tors had a signed subpoena ready
to serve on Goldfine when he
shows up for his fifth day of un-
der-oath testimony today.
So far Goldfine has been tes-
tifying as a voluntary witness.
Citation Requires Subpoena,
The subpopa was signed after
some subcommittee legalists con-
tended a contempt citation
against Goldfine would not stand
up if he were not under subpoena
when he declined to answer the
A Goldfine attorney indicated
the Boston industrialist would not
try to dodge the subpoena.
Chairman Oren Harris (D-Ark)
halted hearings and called the
special House investigating com-
mittee into closed-door session to
discuss whether to move imme-
diately against the millionaire
gift-giving friend of Sherman
Decide Action Later
"After the record is complete,"
Harris said, "the committee will
then decide what action it will
take and the procedures as to pos-
The 'abrupt interruption in the
hearings came only a short time
after Goldine had acknowledged
more of the kind of generosities
that have made his friendship
with Adams a national issue -
payment of hotel bills totaling al-
most $1,200 for three Republican
These were Sens. Frederick G.
Payne (Maine), Norris Cotton
(N.H.), and Styles Bridges, (N.H.),
WASHINGTON (A)-The Senate
Finance Committee voted 12-2
yesterday for an extension of the
reciprocal trade program in a
form far different from what
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
In the first place, the proposed
extension is for three years. Presi-
dent Eisenhower asked for five
years, and the House voted five,
The Senate Committee wrote in
an amendment sharply limiting
presidential power to overrule the
Tariff Commission on the question
of higher tariffs. This was a vic-
tory for those who say domestic'
industry needs more protection
from foreign competition. It is ex-
pected to cause a hot fight when
the extension bill comes up in the
'BREEDER OF DISCONTENT':
Plant Attacks Round-Robin Games
MIDLAND, Mich.-Proposals for
"round robin" scheduling oef Big
Ten football games xere sharpl
criticized here yesterday by Prof.
Marcus L. Plant of the law school,
University faculty representative
to the Western Intercollegiate
Prof. Plant described the round
robin as a "trouble maker and a
breeder of discontent." He said its
adoption would lead to "many
trials and tribulations and per-
hIaps ultimate disaster" for the
Plant emphasized that he spoke1
"solely as 8, private indvidu~al"
and that his views did not neces-
sarily reflect official University
The "round robin" proposal calls
for expansion of the Big Ten foot-
'ba schedule to 10 games, nine ofj
which would be playedl annuall,
with other conference members.
If adopted, it would take effect in'
Under present Big Ten rules,
members may schedule up to nine
games each year and are entitledt
to play at least six with other con-
Plant told a Midland "Rotary'
Club luncheon, "The proposed
change is a revolution in the
nature of the conference. It means
that we withdraw into ourselves
and give up our football contacts
with other people in the country,
For us at 'Michigan, such provin-
cialism would be most unfortu-
In addition to difficulties in
scheduling 10 games during the
This proposal dIanother re-
flection, in my judgement, of the
Barnum and Bailey 'philosophy of
college athletics-that universities
exist, in part at least, to entertain
Noting the compulsory nature of
requiring each school to play all
other conference members every
years, Plant continued:
"In any conference, conditions
can develop under which two of
the members may find it wise to
suspend competition temporarily
in a given sport to let the situation
simmer dowen. To compel these in-
stitutions to play each otherunder
any and all circumstances is bad
Plant also criticized two pro-
posed changes in Big Ten recruit-
ing rules. These would 1) permit
coaches to make one visit to the
homes of students on invitation of
their parents and 2) allow mem-
ber schools to pay the expense of
one visit to their campus by a
Both proposals were tentatively
passed by a split vote of the fac-
ulty representatives and have been
sent back to the member school
PROF. MARCUS PLANT
. . . criticizes round-robin
fa se n Plt i. "Ten games
is too heavy alvad to ask the play-
ers to carry. It is educationally
unjustifiable. Opinion on this in
Ann Arbor is as close to unani-f
mous as I think it can ever get
on any subject,
LIEU TENANT TESTIFIES:
TetlarW sT i
GUANTANAMO, Cuba )
Cuban rebels yesterday released
the first of 30 kidnaped United
States Navy men they have been
I Un1derworld Conspiracy
WASHINGTON ()-A police lieutenant testified yesterday that
Abraham Teitelbaum was marked for death in 1954 in an underworld
plot to seize control of Chicago's rich restaurant industry,
The plan, Lt. Joseph Morris of Chicago told the Senate Rackets
'nvestigating Committee, was to push Teitelbaum from the balcony
of his office high up in the Chicago Fine Arts Building and make it
look like suicide, Teitelbauxn's office is on the 10th floor. Teitelbaum,
a lawyer, then was the $125,000-a-'
year labor consultant'for the Chi- e
aagv Ref h-urant Assochition. ThereR e T.
hs b ti estimony that he exer-
t dr n, i; of m , xh~ it
Steps To Be Taket
To Ease Troubles
Between U.S., Cana4
OTITAWA ( P-The Ottawasu
mit conference ended yester
with agreement by Canada and
United States to establish a
Joint Cabinet Committee on C
It ended, too, with assu4x
that President Dwight Eisenho
"believes very much that this 1
a very worthwhile meeting" 1
tween himself and Prime Mini
John G. Diefenbaker.
That was the word relaye4'
newsmen by White House p
secretary James C. Hagerty,
For himself, Diefenbaker t
the Canadian House of Commi
that there has been a spirit of
sideration of each other's pr
lems during the discussions "Ui
bodes well for the future,"
While there were few spent
concrete steps to improve trQlb
relations between the two neil
boring natiops, ,Hagerty said t
topics which have caused conci
and friction "are not just going
be dropped now" and the dis
sions will not be ended just p
cause the prese conference 1
lie added that he thinksI
meetings have led "to a prso
relationship between the Presid
and the Prime Minister that
very good for both our eountril
Purpose of Meetings
That, Hagerty added, is w
the meetings were called for.
He added there were some i
portant agreements which rep:
sented good steps forward. I
gertymentioned the decision to
up the committee on defense, a
other to consult on conflicting la
and policy on exports, partiula
to Red China, and a decision
work on plans for inspection a
control that might prevent a si
prise attack in the arctic.
Today, President and Pri
Minister part compary. Dief&
baker faces a round of questioni
in Commons on the course of 1
conferences of the last three da
President Eisenhower flies
Washington, witih a stop at M
sena, N.Y., to inspect the work
the St. Lawrence Seaway,
Spokesmen said President Eise
hower and Diefenbaker feel tth
discussions have been helpful, Ha
resulted in improved relations a
have opened the way for furt
Besides the agreement on a,
fense committee, the conferen
produced decisions to consult
the trouoiesome problem of tr
with Red China.
Diefenbaker indicated the Uni
States has agreed that Canadi
subsidiaries of United States c,
panies may send nonstrat
goods to China.
By The Associated Press
ST. LOUIS - Appeal from
federal judge's order suspend
integration at Central High Schi
in Little Rock will be heard Aug.
It had been suggested by an a
torney for the National Assn.,f,
the Advancement of Colon
People and agreed to by the Lit
Rock School Board.
By SUSAN UOLTZER
Mrs. Beth Milford yesterday
added a Republican note to a
Democratic controversy by sharp-
ly criticizing the law allowing an
incumbent to place his title be-
fore his name on a ballot,
Mrs. Milford is seeking the GOP
nomination to the State Senate
for the seat currently held by Rep.
Nrwis Christman, her primary
Commenting on the Issue raised
by William Johnson, opposing
Gov. G. Mennen Williams in the
Democratic gubernatorial pri-
mary, Mrs. Milford called the
designation an "unfair advantage"
for the incumbent. Such a privi-
lege, she said, amounts to nothing
more than "free advertising."
Agrees' With Milford
Rep. Christman, too, said "I call
it free advertising," and men-
tioned that "it seems a shame for
a candidate to have to go out and
spend the money,
"I am trying to practice the
same economy here as I try to do
in the Legislature," he explained.
Besides, he added, "I am the
Senator. Why not let people know
Would Use Own Record
Mrs: Milford declared she
"would want to stand on my own
rec'ord. If I were an office-holder,"
she said, "I would want my rec-
ord to be known well enough so
that people would vote for me be-
cause of it."
Candidates who do request their
title be placed on the ballot, she
commented, do so because "they
feel they need it."
Rep. Christman called the
statement "perfectly reasonable,"
but said the privilege is ,a matter'
of law, and "if the Legilature so
decreed, that's their business."
Hinders Future Candidates
4instrumnent whereby man was
brought to know more of himself,"
Rather, she said, modern educa-
tion "has become a frenzied at-
tempt to express itself only in the
physical, chemical, mechanistic
and electronic sense."
Attacks 'Stultifying' Education
Although saying "there is noth-
ing wrong" with encouraging
scientific advancement, Mme.
Chiang asked "must education be
propagandistic, stereotyped, stul-
tifying?" For in the attempt to
keep pace with the scientific war
developments of Russia, she said,
such education may easily lead to
"petrification of the intellect,"
This "imbalance of emphasis,"
by stressing the science of war,
has released another threat, MNme.
Chiang said. "The horrors of
present-day war technology have
become so uppermost to the mind
that freedom and values of human
dignity . . . have begun to be sec-
ondary to biological survival."
In sharp criticism of this idea of
"peace at any price," Mme. Chiang
said such reasoning "is .tanta-,
mount to telling ourselves that...
to exist even on sufferance as
beasts of burden is preferable to
struggling as human beings."
The "basic liberal tradition in
our thinking," she said, gives a
"fatal fascination" to any utopian
system, but said that Communism
is simply masquerading as such..
"What Communism actually does,"
she declared, "is to present its own
brand of rationalization, and it1
precludes rationalism as you and
I understand it."
Mime. Chaing called communist
thinking "barren and uncreative,"
with all ideas made by "the very
top few" Any departure from'
these ideas, she said, is revision-
ism, "equivalent to apostasy.",
Very Big Crop
Well IfUy vTp
Last Big, Crop
holding in mountain hideouts for
nearly two weeks.
Airkr Thmi ' hneaeo
came to settling labor disputes.
Called before the Senate probers
Teitelbauin invoked the protection
of four different constitutionall
rman.. LZma~ R. Msness~ o
Released American Flyers De--
scribe Their Experiences in Ar-
.menia,. See Page Six.
Ames, Iowa, was flown out of the
jungle by helicopter. The bespec-
tacled airman posed reluctantly
for pictures and told newsmen he
felt "pretty good" before intelli-
amendments and refused to say
whether he knew anything about
the murder plot.
"Can't you be helpful to the
committee?" Chairman John L.
McClellan (D-Ark.) asked the big,
sweating, florid -faced witness.,
But Teitelbaum was adamant.
He refused to answer more than
80 quest ions on the grounds that
gence officers whisked him away. answers might tend to degrade or
Mosness was accompanied on the nciimina te him.
flight out by United States Consul Morris testified he received in-
Park Wollam of Santiago who has formation that Louis (Needle
been dickering for release of the No.e L Lr o and James W'en-
30 servicemen and 20 civilians ab- berg, two gangsters who were sub-
ducted by the rebels. Wollam told sequently murdered, were plotting
newsmen tersely, "I am hopeful of to get rid of Teitelbaum.
getting out the rest of the men." The police officer said Tony Ac-
Cuban police reported mean- cardo, swarthy king of Chicago's
while a Cuban named Angel Seco, underworld, appeared to be be-
who runs a string of private ware- hind the move to take over from
houses inside the United States Teitelbauim with Sam "Golf Bag"
Naval Base, was seized by rebels xHunt slated to be boss of the new
during the day, robbed of $200 and asociation.
shot dead outside the city, Four Mors said the scheme failed
civilians were arrested for the kill- mamily because of internal trou-
Students retain as much from a
21-inch television set as from a
teacher, Samuel L. Becker, direc-
tor of the division of television-
radio-film, of the University ofj
Iowa said yesterday.
The findings on student reten-
tion were developed from research
and the university and borne out
by experiments elsewhere, he said.
However, he emphasized, we still
do not know whether students are
able to think, learn, evaluate, or
are motivated more by television
or by the traditional forms of
education. He said that few ex-
periments had been undertaken in
Reaction from the Iowa student
body to television has been con-
sistently favorable, he claimed.
However, he continued, this re-
action varies at other universities.
Television has stimulated studies
in different teaching methods be-
cause educators want to compareE
TV with traditional methods of
teaching, Becker said.
The last day of the two-day
speech program will include Upton
S. Palmer, chairman of the Santa
Barbara College of the University
of California speaking on "The'
Orator as a Conservatve-"
Other speakers will be ,Edward
C. Cole of Yale University speak-
ing on "The Theatre and the
Technological Revolution" and
Elise Hahn of UCLA speaking on
"Speech Training in the Atomic
To Be Taken
Fernando Says Politics Not Most Vital
Bp JUDITH DONER
The sooner we believe that political categories are not primary,
the better for the world, The Rev. Celestine Fernando, visiting coun-
selor to foreign students from the University of Ceylon said yesterday.
Referring to the basis upon which students should judge their'
contemporaries in other countries, Rev. Fernando said that politics
should be sidestepped and human relations should become the im-
The first Visiting Counselor for the Protestant Foundation of
International Students indicated that the very reason for the presence
of foreign students on campus should be to establish these human
'U' Has 'Definite' Responsibility
"The University has a definite responsibility to the foreign stu-
dent," Rev. Fernando insisted. "Most of the students who come here
have come from positions of student leadership in their native
Furthermore, they will return to positions of leadership when they
return, he continued.
WASHINGTON P)- The oo-
ernment said yesterday 1958 crop
production appears likely to equal
--if not ton-the record volImes
SAN FRANCISCO (A') .. ov~.
Mike Stepovich said yesterday he
will set a date before Aug. 1 for
a plebiscite on Alaskan statehood
-with an emphatic "yes" vote in-
He said he had received official
PULA, Yugoslavia - Presid
Tito and Colonel Abdul Ga
Nasser appealed yesterday to
East and West blocs to settle I
Winding up eight days of
cussion, Tito and the vis:
President of the United Arab