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/CE T Sl '
Frances Greer Matchless
In Sumuter Concert
A WARM RECEPTION greeted Frances Greer as she appeared in True-
blood Auditorium last night for her summer recital. She amply re-
paid her audience with a program of fine songs performed with beauty
Opening her program, Miss Greer sang three Italian arias, all of
which showed to advantage her charming, light voice and her excellent
The last of these was the well-known aria, "Batti. batti, o bel
Masetto," from Mozart's Don Giovanni. Miss Greer performed this
RDAY, JUNE 28, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDER SLICE
Solution in Lebanon:
Shut the Gates
ATTEMPTING to solve the puzzle of what
o do about the civil war in Lebanon, Amer-
n diplomats are faced with a number of
ernatives, none of which seems to offer a
)ne course of action, the one which United
tions Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold
ims to fear most for its possible conse-
ences, is armed"intervention from the West.
second alternative, one proposed by Lebanese
emier Sami Solh at the close of Hammar-
old's seven-day visit to the Middle East, is
e creation of an armed United Nations se-
:ity force to seal off the Lebanese-Syrian
:der, to prevent the flow of arms and rein-
'cements from the United Arab Republic, and
ow the situation to work itself out as a
ictly internal affair.
Yet a third "solution" is to continue the
esent course of action, which is to do essen-
Mly nothing except provide moral support
the Chamoun government, let the United
,tions observors continue to observe, and
it hope for the best.
'HE PROBLEM is vastly complicated by a
thoroughly confused situation. In the first
ace, in Lebanon there is no strictly "good"
d "bad" side, as there was in Korea. Presi-
Lt Chamoun's government is pro-Western,
t the rebels are not Communists, nor do they
,ve any direct support from the Soviet Union,
assian opposition to any form of Western in-
:vention most likely stems from a desire to
acourage any sort of situation which would.
nd to. weaken Western influence in the area.,
There is, in the second place, no way of
towing for sure whether or not survival of
e Chamoun government would actually
aintain U.S. influence in Lebanon. Opposi-
P litieal Expedien
T IS NOW becoming fashionable to call for
the speedy resignation of the Assistant Cru.
der, Cleaner of the Royal Hound's Tooth,
nd Inspector of the Clean Plate Club, Sher-
It would seem, to an unskilled observer, that
ae allegations against Adams, even if wholly
ue, hardly disqualify him for his task. It
ems instead remarkable that, with so many
>portunities for making mistakes, Adams has
.ade so few.
JNFORTUNATELY, Adams iade, early in
his political life, the tragic mistake of
lopting a very high moral tone, and this
zmply will not do. For, once Adams became
nforcement officer for the Code of Official
thics, he began accumulating political ene-
zies who would be eager to pounce on the
erest suspicion of an Adams mistake.
That mistake has been, made at last. With
n unexplainable lack of attention to his own
thical requirements, Adams obtained some
legal information for one of his friends.
Adams, as boss of the so-called Executive
)ffice of the President has been an extreme-
y controversial figure, exercising great power,
end according to some, usurping much of the
uthority of the President. He has become in-
ispensable by the President's own admission.
1hus, if one can believe the President, and
tion to Chamoun extends far beyond that from
UAR President Nasser and his agents and
symphathizers. The rebels are Lebanese, and no
small minority. They include religious groups,
personal political rivals, and factions with a
variety of reasons for wanting Chamoun out
of power. Just how many Lebanese actively
support Chamoun is unclear, but one indica-
tion of a possibly general attitude may be the
remarkable reluctance of his army to fight.
IF THE CHAMOUN government is actually
unpopular with the people, it would seem to
the American best advantage to allow the
crisis to settle itself internally. This would in-
volve taking steps only to insure against for-
eign intervention, preferably without the use
of arms. The mechanics of the "insurance
policy" should he worked out within the United
Nations, as an extensior and modification of
One possible arrangement of this sort might
include an augmented UN observation team to
detect and discourage foreign meddling, either
from the UAR, which Chamoun charges with
reinforcing the rebels, or from Jordan, Iraq
and Turkey, which the rebels claim have in-
tervened directly for the government, or from
the greater powers (which would mean an end
to U.S. arms shipments). It might also include
provisions for an armed UN border guard, if
necessary to enforce the embargo.
Such a solution, if it actually is a solution,
would involve a certain risk, in view of the
increasingly strong possibility of rebel victory,
of having to deal later with a less cooperative
or even a hostile, rebel government, but it is a
risk which appears the lesser of several evils,
and-one which cannot be avoided.
cy in Adams se
there seems no reason to doubt him, those who
insist upon Adams' resignation would imperil
the Executive office for purely political mo-
PERIODICALLY, some Congressional figure
introduces a bill which would require Con-
gressmen and high government officials to
file annual reportes of sources of income, or
in some other way indicate whether they are
adhering to any ethical standards of conduct.
These measures are invariably defeated. But
after observing the horror and dismay with~
which certain members of Congress greet each"
new revelation of Sherman Adams' indiscre-
tions, it will be interesting to see how quickly
a bill recently introduced by Senator Richard
Neuberger (D-Oregon) is passed.
Sen. Neuberger claims that Congressmen
should be obliged to observe some of the same
restraints currently applicable to members of
executive agencies who are carefully super-
vised in so-called "conflict of interest" situaw
But whatever the outcome of Neuberger's ill-
fated proposals, and whatever the outcome of
the Case of the Unhorsed Crusader, it should
be remembered hereafter that it is dangerous
to set one's ethical standards too far out of
with everything one could desire-
style, splendidinterpretation, and
beauty of tone.
If all this had the quality of
introductory material, it could be
explained by the fact that many
were waiting for the Debussy cycle
which was to follow. This group of
three songs entitled "Trois chan-
sons de Bilitis" was performed by
this artist inher recital last fall.
For those who heard it then, it
was a most welcome repeat.
Too often, singers capture the
delicacy of Debussy's music, but
never seem to grasp the idea that
this delicacy must be supported by
intensity and quiet strength. It is
delicate, but not fragile. Miss
Greer has worked with this music
for some time and it is obvious
that she knows its every hidden
Last fall she sang this group
beautifully. It was even better this
TO CLOSE the first half of the
program, the artist sang three
other French songs in which she
displayed strong top tones and
some very lovely soft singing.
After the intermission, Miss
Greer returned to perform a group
of folk songs from various coun-
tries. All of these songs were ar-
ranged for performance by various,
composers, but only the Niles ar-
rangement of "10,000 Miles" re-
tained the folk quality through-
If there is any fault in Miss
Greer's performance, it might be
found in these folk songs. A born
interpreter who never misses an
emotion or idea in her music, she
at times over - interprets these
pieces. Folk songs are simple, the
emotions contained in them are
simple. They really should not be
The final group on the program
was a cycle by Ginastera, "Cinco
canciones populares Argentinas,"
also featured at her last recital.
Miss Greer never stops working on
her music and it was obvious that
this group had become even more
a part of her than it had been.
The second song "Triste" with
its wailing sorrow was beautifully
contrasted with the third "Zamba"
which wept its sadness.
Miss Greer was assisted at the
piano by Eugene Bossart. As he
has demonstrated in every one of
his many appearances here, this
splendid pianist is an accompanist
of the highest quality. It was a
real experience to hear the match-
less union of singer, pianist, and
Israel Calle Last Outpost
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - "Lightning and will have to make peace with
Joe" Collins, the combat general the Algerian nationalists. If he
who took Cherbourg with such doesn't he'll have a guerrilla war
speed during the Normandy Inva- on his hands for years.
sion and who later became Army "You and I know," General Col-
Chief of Staff, believes the United lins reminded his Army buddies,
States will lose the entire Near "what it means to fight a guerilla
East - except for Israel. war. You just can't win."
General Collins was talking to a The White House used to be
group of his Army-Navy cronies much more careful about receiv-
at the Army and Navy Club al- ing gifts - at least, certain kinds
most simultaneous with John Fos- of gifts. When Professor Alexand-
ter Dulles' worries over sending er Mac Beath of Dublin Univer-
Marines into Lebanon to rescue sity wrote a treatise on "Plea for
that country from pro-Nasser, Heretics" it was pri n t ed in
pro-Soviet Arabs. pamphlet form by John G. Moore
Collins expressed the belief that of Pasadena, Calif., and sent to
the United States could not block leaders of American public opin-
the tide of Arab nationalism and ion, and among others to Presi-
that in war we could not use Near dent Eisenhower.
East oil anyway. The waterways The pamphlet was returned by
through the Red Sea and Suez the White House, together with a
are too narrow, can be too easily note which read: "The White
bombed or patrolled by sub- House regretfully returns this as
marines. Furthermore, the Rus- we can accept no gifts." Signed
sians have airfields only 400 miles "Sherman Adams."
away and could bomb oil installa-
tions in a few minutes.
By using oil from Canada, ON THE SAME day Jim Hager-
Venezuela and the United States, ty admitted President Eisenhower
opined General Collins, the West had received vicuna cloth from
could get along without Arabian Bernard Goldfine but claimed he
oil anyway. had given it away to an_ unre-
In time of peace the Arabs want membered friend, an interesting
to sell their oil to the West just package appeared at the Wash-
as much as Western Europe wants ington Airport to be put aboard
to buy it. an Airlines flight to New York.
* # The package was marked "From
"THE ISRAELI army is one of the White House" and addressed
the toughest and most modern in to "Mollie Parnis, 530 Seventh
the world," said one of the tough- Avenue, New York." The package
est combat commanders of World was taken to the plane by a spe-
War II. "As long as they are cial airport official and handed
helped by American Jewry, Israel to the captain with the instruc-
can survive as the one friendly tion, "This is a very valuable coat
outpost in the Near East." from the White House."
General Collins thinls General "A vicuna coat?" cracked the
Charles do Gaulle will be able to captain.
save Algerian oil for France if "Could be," replied the airline
he plays it smart. He will have to official. "There'll be a messenger
keep out American oil companies waiting for it in New York," he
added. "Be sure that it's delivered
only to him."
The flight arrived promptly at
12:43 at La Guardia airport and
a messenger was waiting for the
coat - or package - or whatever
Mollie Parnis is a well-known
dress designer. When this writer
queried her about receipt of the
package she said: "I don't know
anything about it. We didn't re-
ceive a package from the White
House on Tuesday, June 17." She
did admit that she handled Mrs.
Eisenhower's clothes from time to
The airlines confirmed the fact
that the package was put aboard
the flight which left Washington
at 11:25. They did not know what
was in the package. Jim Hagerty's
'statement that the President re-
ceived some vicuna cloth from
Bernard Goldfine was made at
about 9:30 a.m. the same day.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
By GEORGE W. CORNELL
Associated Press Religion Writer
S OLEMN and reverent tones fill
the churches today, but outside
flow the voices of the skeptics.
Both environments are, to an
extent, absorbed in themselves,
But should they be? Should a $s
servant of the Lord listen to the
believers or to the scoffers?
Unusual as it may seem, one
of America's foremost ministers
makes a point of keeping his ears
inclined toward the conversations
of doubt, the sounds of the bitter,
the cynical, the angry and the
"For the church to reach people,
it has to meet them at the place
where they've got the questions,"
said the Very Rev. James A. Pike,
clean of New York's Cathedral of
St. John the Divine.
Dean Pike, an uncommonly ver-
satile Christian leader with a flair
for jolting consciences, is moving
West to become bishop of Califor-
nia, and he is bothered not at all
by the state's high ratio of non-
"To me, it's good," he said in an
In fact, he added, the Judeo-
Christian message can strike keen-
er fire among those outside the
church than among the nominal
members who accept it casually,
For the unchurched, he said, the
message "is news. It's nearer the
definition of the Gospel. The oth-
ers say, 'Sure we know all that.
We'll be around next Easter."' The
dean shook his head ruefully, add-
ing: "A little Christianity is like
a vacination-it inoculates them
against the real thing."
Although the oft-declared
church tendency is to concentrate
on its own words and deeds, Dean
Pike's special forte has been to
keep in touch with the other side,
-to catch the accents of dissent,
uncertainty and denial.
"You can't give a man a sensible
answer unless you pay attention to
the questions he's now asking," he
In a sense, the 45-year-old dean
comes naturally by his rugged
candor, his inclination to recog-
nize and give a hearing to the
qualms, anxieties and antagonisms
that beset men about religion and
A onetime agnostic himself, his
driving passion now is to translate
Christianity into terms to meet
the scorners head on, to deal
squarely with the hard realities of
modern thought and conduct.
The Daily Official BulletinU isft
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m., the day preced-
SATURDAY, JUNE 28, 195
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 5-S
Parking Permits for the fiscal year
1958-59 will be required on the cars of
all eligible staff members using Uni-
versity parking lots on July 1, 1958. Ap-
plication for permits can be made at
the Information Desk, second floor Ad-
ministration Bldg. and at the Cashiers
Office, first floor of the Univ. Hospital,
Annual staff permits costing 25 may
be obtained by payment of $5 for the
intil eioume ssion n
Initial period -lmmersession and
signing payroll deduction authoriza-
tions for the balance. The deductions
will be made in the pay period ending
closest to Sept. 30 and Feb. 28. Staff
permits for the summer session only
are also available at a cost of $5.00
These permits expire Sept. 10. Permits
for metered lots for the year and for
the summer session are also available
at no cost.
Classical Studies Coffee Hour: The
faculty, students, and friends of the
Department of Classical Studies are
cordially invited to a coffee-hour on
Tues.. July 1, 4:15 p.m., in the E. Conf.
Rm., Rackham Bldg.
University Lectures in Journalism:
William Costello, foreign correspondent,
and commentator for the Mutual
Broadcasting System will speak in the
Rackham Amphitheatre at 3:00 p.m.,
.Mon., June 30. His speech title will be
"The Challenge of Co-existence." Pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Panel Discussion for English Teach-
ers: "Preparation for College Composi-
tion" - with Ruth M. Barns, Cooley
H.S., Detroit; Robert F. Beauchamp,
Pontiac H.S.; Marinus Pott, Holland
Christian HS.; Prof. Arthur J. Carr,
(Chairman), on Mon., June 30, 4:00
nm. Aud C. Angell Hall.
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Civil Rights Guidance
IUDG E LEMLEY'S order, which grants the
plea of the Little Rock School Board for a
ostponement of integration, has now raised
he question which would otherwise have faced
he country when school opens at the end of
aeptember. The question is whether the Presi--
lent is once again to send troops to the Cen-
ral High School, whether in fact that parti-
ular school in Little Rock is to be under mili-
ry guard for the indefinite future.
A year's experience has shown that in the
nsion, the unrest, and the distraction "the
derly administration of the school was prac-
cally disrupted." There is every reason to be-
Leve that if the miltary occupation has to be
enewed in September, the situation will be at
east as bad, and probably worse.
The Administration, and the country along
rith it, are in a squeeze where, as things stand,
ve are damned if we do, and we are damned if
ve don't. If the Administration does not sup-
ort vigorously and effectively the appeal from
udge Lemley's order, it will mean that Gov.
laubus has succeeded, at least for as long as
e is likely to be in office, in nullifying the law
,s laid down by the courts. The precedent will
lave been established that nullification is tol-
On the other hand, if on appeal Judge Lem-
ley's order is reversed, the Federal government
will have won a technical victory which in
fact condemns it to use troops to compel inte-
gration. That is the last thing that the Admin-
istration wants to do, and it is the last thing
that the wiser friends of civil rights can want
the Administration to do.
The case for accepting the delay would, I
think, be compelling provided there were a
guarantee that the time gained will be used
constructively and not lazily squandered. Un-
fortunately there is no guarantee that any-
thing useful will be done. For the President
has never accepted the idea that when the.
Supreme Court handed down its big and revo-
lutionary decision, it became the duty of the
national government to see that plans were
worked out to carry out the decision.
AS A RESULT, a social revolution in an im-
portant section of the country has been en-
couraged from Washington but it has never
been guided, It has been allowed to proceed in
an anarchy of sporadic law suits.
In this grave matter which involves the
Federal power, it has been and it is the duty
of the President to bring about a continuing
consultation among the leaders of opinion and
the officials and the professional educators on
such questions as to where, when, how to be-
gin integration in this locality and in that one.
I cannot believe, for example, that the con-
NO EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES:
College Rowdys worse in.
Reds Expected at Geneva
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE SOVIET UNION'S last-minute threat to boycott the Geneva bomb
test conference doesn't make sense within the normal context of her
This, plus the announcement that a Romanian delegate has been
named, has led to speculation in Washington that the Reds will answer
the roll call Tuesday despite Foreign Minister Gromyko's latest state-
ments. Gromyko said there was no point in sending delegates unless the
United States would agree the conference should provide for a testing
The West's announced objective is to see if a system of checks
could be established to make a ban workable.
The hairline difference seems to be that the Soviet Union wants
advance agreement on a ban if a checking system is found, while the
West would merely make it a basis
for further negotiation, there be-
ing political as well as technical
M d l A g s There are several theories of
speculation in Washington as to
the students lon to crown the One is that he merely wanted to
te studethslonfaconwnte dramatize Russia's long propa-
vintner with his own flagon, wIne gad capig against atom
and all. ganda campaign agaisao
bomb making and testing.
Townspeople, annoyed at this Another is that he wants to lay
obvious breach of tavern etiquette, the groundwork for a later breakup'
took to shooting arrows at stray of the conference before the Soviet
students. The students fought back Union can be pushed into accept-
and several were killed. The sur- ance of any system of inspection.
vivors fled. The latter would be in line with
* * * traditional Soviet tactics.
THE TOWN of Oxford spent 470 A boycott, however, would run
years doing penance for its rash against her usual desire for talk,
act. Each anniversary of the riot, talk, talk in any meeting which
townspeople paid about 60 pence offers a propaganda forum.
in token atonement. The practice It would also deviate from her,
wasn't dropped until 1825. usual effort to place the West in
There was little or no organized the position of breaking off, in,.
extra-curricular activity at medi- stead of herself.
eval Universities- Most schools * *
By The Associated Press
A COUPLE of decades ago they
gulped goldfish and sat on flag-
poles. Then they embraced the
panty raid with considerable en-
Now, the college youths seem to
have taken to throwing things at
the boss, as witness the Cornell
students who recently egg -bomb-
ed the university president for
lowering the boom on off-campus
All of which might seem to indi-
cate that collegians are going from
bad to worse. But don't bet on it.
If they've changed at all in the
past several hundred years, it's
been for the better.
Students, pupils, clerks, what-
ever name they have gone by, have
tried to live up to rowdy reputa-
tions ever since the first crib notes
were scribbled on the hem of a
And the rowdiest, most playful
lot were those who attended the
great universities of Europe during
the supposedly drab and studious
"Is my resolution,
"Let wine to my lips be nigh
"At life's dissolution."
About the same time, the Uni-
versity of Leipzig found it neces-
sary to caution its playful students
against "interfering with the
hangman in the execution of his
A despairing Paris clergyman
wrote: "A student's heart is in the
mire, fixed on prebends (allow-
ances) and things temporal and
how to satisfy his desires. They are
so litigious and quarrelsome that
there is no peace with them."
The town of Oxford, England,
complained officially: "They (the
students) sleep all day and at
night roam about taverns and
houses of ill-fame for opportunity
of robbery and homicide."
THE "TOWN and gown" dis-
putes that pit Harvard against
Cambridge, Mass., and Yale
against New Haven, Conn., are
nothing compared with Oxford-
Oxford relations of the Middle
fl.f^ A i n-c nc n -lnn .r m t .a
followed the example of King's
College, Cambridge, which banned
"dice, hazard, ball and all noxious,
inordinate, unlawful and unhonest
About all that was left to the
fun-loving students was good hon-
est drinking and fighting. That
The folks back at the castle took
the same dim view of such carry-
incr r.qnn . Arn mn rAan nva.nt+c! A
THE WESTERN decision to go
ahead with a meeting turns the
tables on Gromyko in this respect
and therefore could produce a
change of mind.
Whether there is any connection
between the Gromyko attitude now
and the Western attitude toward a
summit conference is not discern-
The West has always said there
iq no hvai. for nmmit nnfer-