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August 08, 1958 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1958-08-08

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Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 8, 1958

FIVE CENTS

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Emergency

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Today

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Mid-East

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Debate

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DEAN STASON NOTES:
Higher Education Growing in Russia

U.S. Wants

e

Al

Development of a Russian "in-
tellectual aristocracy" may help
maintain world peace in years to
came, Dean E. Blythe Stason of
the Law School said recently.
Dean Stason has just returned
from an extensive tour of the
Soviet Union, which he visited
under State Department auspices.
The dean said he found some
evidence that the tremendous
growth of higher education in Rus-
sia is having its effects on Soviet,
government. "Apparently, very few
important decisions . are made
without consulting leaders in sci-
ence and engineering," he declared.

Tribesmen
Battle Army
In Lebanon
BEIRUT (A) - Mountain tribes-
men in the fought-over Bekaa
Valley of northeast Lebanon
c 1 a s h e d with pro-government
forces yesterday.
They thus broke the week-old
truce brought on by the election
of Gen. Fuad Shehab as president.
Ttvelve persons were reported
killed.
In Jordan, more British Tom-
mies trekked, across the desert to
reinforce the guard on the na-
tion's only surface supply line
from the outside world - the road
between Aqaba port and Amman,
the capital.
Sources in Amman said about
500 more British troops landed at
Aqaba at King Hussein's request.
They join 2,500 already in Jordan.
Bekaa Valley in Lebanon has
been a hotbed of f i g h t i n g
throughout the rebellion that
flared last May. The rebellious
tribes of the area overlap into
Syria. Informants said nine loy-
alists and three tribesmen were
killed in the 24-hour battle.
The informants charged that
the rebel tribes were reinforced
from Syria, but this could not be
confirmed independently.
The news of the fighting had
little effect in Beirut. This capital
has been calm since Shehab's
election.
A Cabinet crisis that loomed a
few days ago petered out. The
crisis was threatened when Pre-
mier Sami Solh offered his resig-
nation.
Summit Talks
Still Desired
By Macmillan
LONDON () - Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan told Nikita
Khrushchev yesterday he is still
anxious to take part in a summit
conference to end the East-West
cold war.
In a 350-word note to the Soviet
Premier, Macmillan also left open
the door~ for summit talks with
Russia on the Mideast.
The British leader was replying
to Khrushchev's message Tuesday
rejecting American-British pro-
posals for a summit-level session
of the United Nations Seurity
Council.
Calls Special Meeting
Instead Khrushchev, shifting
his position after a four-day con-
ference in Peiping with Red Chi-
na's Mao Tze-tung, called for a
special meeting of the United Na-
tions General Assembly to tackle
the Middle East crisis.
Macmillan rapped Khrushchev
for turning his back on the.Brit-
ish-American suggestion for a
meeting of government chiefs in
the Security Council.
Expresses Regret
He expressed regret that the So-
viet Premier had acted thus after
notifying Western leaders July 23
lh ...o-- fon V+ f . - -. +..bn -n

These fields, he noted, outrank
all others in stature and impor-
tance in the 'Soviet educational
system. While law is not as popular
a branch of learning, the quality
of Russian instruction in this field
is "good, when measured by Euro-
pean standards," Dean Stason de-
clared.
"The rule of law has been ma-
terially extended in the USSR dur-
ing the past five years. Since
Stalin's death, police boards have
been deprived of their powers to
try, convict, and sentence alleged
criminals," he added.
But the Soviet legal system is
not nearly as refined and complex
as .America's, the dean noted. Most
cases are tried in people's courts.
Decisions are made by a trained
judge and two lay citizens-called
assessors-all of whom are popu-I
larly elected and have equal votes.
Either side may make one ap-
peal from their decision. But a
second appeal can be made only
with the approval of the prosecutor
or the judge-a procedure which
leaves defendents in a rather poor
position, Dean Stason observed.
The great majority of civil cases
concern marriage, employment,
and housing disputes,
Unlike the United States, Russia
does not offer its lawyers a great
future, the dean continued. Nearly
all college law graduates work for
the Ministry of Justice, serve as
attorneys for other governmentaly
units, or go into the court systemt
as apprentices. None practice lawe
privately, he noted.
While no good statistics aref
available, Dean Stason estimated
Russia now has about half as many{
lawyers as the United States. r
The Soviet Union is "thoroughly
convinced of the worth of educa-a
tion, and spends freely for it."
The Russian college curriculum-
is far more rigid than that com-s
See DEAN, page 3s

DEAN E. BLYTHE STASON
... discusses Russian trip
IN HOUSE:
College .Aid
Supported.

Miller Wins
Court Case
WASHINGTON W) - Marilyn
Monroe's playwright husband, Ar-
thur Miller, yesterday won a re-
versal of his conviction of a con-
tempt of Congress charge.
By a 9-0 vote, the United States
Circuit Court of Appeals over-
turned the conviction and ordered
a judgment of acquittal entered
in the case. This wiped out a 30-
day suspended jail sentence and a
$500 fine imposed on Miller in
May, 1957.
The case grew out of the play-
wright's refusal to tell the House
Committee on Un-American Activ-
ities in June 1956 the names of
Communist writers with whom he
acknowledged attending meetings
in New York in 1947.
(Miller received his B.A. degree
from the University in 1938.)

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WASHINGTON (M)-The House
yesterday defeated 265-108 an at-
tempt to shelve its billion-dollar,.
education-for-defense bill.
The vote was on a motion to re-
fuse to permit it to come up for
House debate. The House will pro-
ceed today to vote on amend-
ments., '
The bill would authorize a $1,-
070,000,000 four-year program to
provide scholarships, fellowships
and student loan funds, along with
state grants and other efforts to
strengthen education, especially in
science.
It has been pegged to an as-
serted need to match or overcome
Russia's long strides in scientific
and technological advances.
Rep. Harry G. Haskell Jr. (R-
Del.) said in debate yesterday that
"if the United States fails to meet
this competition, 10 years from
now it will be too late to regret
it."
In opposition, Rep. Donald W.
Nicholson (R-Mass.) said the bill
is unnecessary, that anybody who
really wants to go to college finds
a way to do it.
The bill, a subject of urgent dis-
cussion when Congress convened,
reached the House floor for action
yesterday in the session's waning
days.
The Senate was reaqy to fol-
low through later with action on
a - similar but broader and more
expensive measure than the House
version.
Both would authorize college
scholarships, fellowships 'and stu-
dent loan funds for worthy stu-
dents,

On Fundamentals
Unanimous Security Council Acti
To Bring General Assembly Sessi
UNTED NATIONS, N.Y. tU - The United Nations Gen
Assembly was summoned to meet this afternoon in emerg
cy session on the Middle East.
Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold issued the call
night shortly after the Security Council agreed unanimou
in a last-minute compromise to call for a full meeting of
81-nation Assembly.
Favors Broad Issues
He set the opening meeting for 5 p.m. (EDT). It is
pected to be limited to organizational details.
The United States declared it wants the Assembly to d
with broad and fundamental problems of the Middle E
Sir Pierson Dixon of Britain'
suggested that formal debate
on this and other proposals be
delayed until Wednesday in
order to give delegates suffi- W ih D lle
cient time to prepare their
speecheswPlay
The compromise was reached in
a final round of eood-natured
give-and-take by both sides. WASHINGTON ()-Presid
As adopted, the compromise de- Dwight D. Eisenhower met
letes specific reference to the Leb- Secretary of State John FC
anese and Jordanian problems, Dulles yesterday to chart
and simply calls for an emer- strategy for countering expe
gency meeting of the Assembly. Soviet denunciation at an er
ChangeResolution gency United Nations General
sembly meeting.
The resolution, originally spon- Within minutes after Dulles
sored by the United States, was returned from a flying visil
changed to include suggestions of- Brazil, he conferred with Presid
fered by Panama, the Soviet Un- Eisenhower as part of a broad
ion and Britain. view of Middle East policy.
The Soviet Union dropped its ~ The White House gave no de
own resolution calling on the As- about their 30-minute meet
sembly to consider immediate but Press Secretary James
withdrawal of United States Hagerty said it had covered tc
troops from Lebanon and British in addition to Dulles' three-
forces from Jordan. Brazilian visit.
Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Arriving at the airport, D
made clear the United States csed followed by Soiet Pr
wants the Assembly'"to go far be- Khrushchev in first accepi
yond stop-gap measures in order then rejecting a summit conj
to stabilize the Middle East, ence with President Eisenhow
Follows Sobolev '"First he's on again, then
Lodge spoke after Soviet Dele- again Finnegan," Dulles said.
gate Arkady A. Sobolev accused queries about whether hea
the United States and Britain ofquies bnt eher heus
#wrekin a ummt cnfeenc onPresident Eisenhower would
trecking a summit conference on tend the United Nations' meet
the Middle East, and risking a President Eisenhower is repo
war by sending troops to Lebanon seriously considering an app
and Jordan. ance to outline an approaci
Informants have already said easing Mideast tensions.
the United States Is shaping up a
broad political and economic pro-
gram aimed at stabilizing the ws
Middle East. It envisages a key W rd N w
role for the United Nations in such
a program.
Lodge did not give any details, Roundu
but declared: "We blieve that
the General Assembly will want By The Associated Press
to deal constructively with the
fundamental and broad problems CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. -
involved, and not be satisfied with speedy Bomarc air defense inf
mere stopgaps. ceptor missile was launcheds
"The calling of the General As- cessfully by remote control f
sembly by the Security Council as 1,500 miles away yesterday bu
the United States has requested failed to find its target.
will make this possible." ' The Boeing missile, touted

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HEROIC 'OLD YAHOO':
South Marks Long's Birth Today

Today marks the 128th anniver-
sary of the birth of one of the
lesser known heroes of the Con-
federate cause in the Civil War,
Col. Brett C. "Old Yahoo" Long.
He is best remembered for his
heroic acts at First Manassas,
Shiloh and Gettysburg. During the
retreat of the Southern forces aft-
er Gettysburg, Gen. Robert E. Lee
is reputed to have said of him,
"There goes a Confederate sol-
dier."
However, his personal life is a
warm, telling personal document.
Col. Long was of gentle birth.
His mother was a Davis, of the
Georgia (originally Virginia) Da-
vises. His father was a member of
one of the founding families of
South Carolina and a fourth gen-
eration slave owner. Col. Long was
born in 1630 on the Long nanta-

children before her untimely de-
mise at the age of 19 in 1858.
Col. Long's voice rang out in the
South Carolina legislature de-
nouncing the hated Fugitive Slave
Law and extolling the virtues of
John C. Calhoun and chattel slav-
ery.
Not as uncompromising as Cal-
houn, his pithy remark, "36*30' or
fight" led to the settling of the
Missouri Compromise.
Other noteworthy legislative
achievements culminated in a law
stating "any officer negligently
permitting a prisoner to be
lynched forfeits his office and be-
comes ineligible to any office un-
less pardoned," hailed as a signi-
ficant step forward in South Car-
olina jurisprudence.
His correspondence, however,
hnmv i+n t l e hhnrrm A tha mnilf

the nation's most highly deveic
air defense weapon, roared a
on a spectacular launching a
someone pressed a& button
Kingston, N.Y.
MONTREAL - A woman'v
threw an apple core that
Princess Margaret's dress
been ordered held for mental
amination.
NEWPORT, R. I. - Two ta
ers, groping through an e
morning fog, collided and cat
fire yesterday at the mouth
Newport Harbor.
At least 15 lives were lost.
The Coast Guard called off
search in midafternoon figur
all hands had been accounted
* * *
TAIPEI, Formosa - Amid
drumbeat of war warnings, F
mosa authorities announced I
Nationalist planes clashed yes
day with Communist MIGs n
Quemoy Island.
Air Force headquarters s
more than 10 of, the fast.

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