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Opinions Are P'rea
th Will Prevail"
orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Y, AUGUST 6, 1958
NIGHT EDITOR: LANE VANDERSLICE
F +JTy x '"'
Locating Art Loft Show
Worth the Trouble
A NEW ART GROUP-The Art Loft, Inc.-is presently holding it
first exhibition (a collection of members' works) at the Art Loft.
To describe where this is located is, to say the least, difficult, a
let's let it go by saying that it is at the end of two alleys-one runnin
east from Maynard, one moving north from William-in back of tU
DKE tempe, and over the Potters Guild. Entry to the loft itself is ofte
obstructed by some vehicle (usually foreign), and there are signs, a
unlikely places that point it out.
Last Friday evening there was also a Hawaiian-type torch to ligt
up the entry as well as the refuse cans and general clutter of debr
that is to be expected in alleys and, often, loft galleries, We wer
reminded of Mehitabel. Anyone haying visited the premises befo2
will not, in all probability, have any qualms at going onl, and even tb
rather indefinite directions avail-
able and the nearly sinister locale
should not put off even a novice4a
to the place. The showing is more y
than worth the trouble of finding
southern Approach to Integration
Necessary to Its Implementation
VO RECENT DECISIONS by American.
courts have brought back to the integration
tion one element it has been lacking since
1954 Supreme Court decision, namely, con-
ration of Southern feelings and problems.
onday a federal district judge, ordered by a
er court to fix a definite date for integra-
of schools in Prince Edward County in
inia's "black-belt' country, set 1965 as a
tative" date. This case has been pending-
e 1954 being one of the priginal five cases
hich the Supreme Court based its "historic'
gregation decision. The recent delay was
ed by Southerners as a victory.
he Little Rock integration dispute is now
g' handled by the United States Eighth
suit Court of Appeals in St. Louis. The city's;
ol board was previously granted a reprieve
1 1961 to integrate its schools, The Court is
reconsidering the controversy about sus-
lion of integration which was begun last
"Its outcome .could affect the pace of
)ol desegregation throughout the South,"
news story said.
IC of these recent integeration questions
show attention has been given the Southern
lem which a court of Northern judges,
ng in a Washington, D.C., marble palace
hardly hlave grasped, especially when the
sion was destined to make this court famous
he South has a large Negro population, in
ir states almpst as large as the white pope-
in. When a practice of 100 years of publicly-
>orted segregated schools is wiped away in
blow by a court, a tradition is killed. A long
i, perhaps the 100 years which saw the rise
hie present system of state education, could,
onably be expected for Implementation of
decision. This has not been the intent of'
the Court, however, and the rapid desegregation
has made many white Southerners adamant in
their fight to delay the inevitable.
The recent primary victory of the segregation
hero of Little Rock, Orval Faubus, shows that
the white citizens uphold his use of troops to
stifle integration. In some Southern states,
Georgia, for example, integration has not taken
place and the winners of state offices are rabid
THE NORTHERN "liberal" mind refuses to
consider that the segregationalists may be
right, or at least strong and vocal enough to
make it appear that they are right on the
integration question. No court can force people
against their firm beliefs on an emotional issue
such as this; it merely makes them more
A Southern solution to a Southern problem is
what should be encouraged, and it is the only
solution which can work. The recent court
decisions delaying integration have tended to
recognize this. A gradual education of white
Southerners, or merely time to approach the
integration question very slowly and accept the
inevitable is the only solution which will work
in the South.
A Little Rock affair every year does no one
any good; it is hard on the children, many of
whom accept integration without battle; it is
hard on national prestige and it accomplishes
nothing, unless a violent show, of ill feelings is
the desired result.
".urry up, please, it's time"-T. S. Eliot's
line from "The Wasteland"-has no place in
the integration question; it is a question of
conscience and time, and it is only regrettable
that any decision of the type is forced upon
citizens against their will.
A s t rrs .stt«1Gro J ¢ c>sr + .."
River Park Bill Dammed Up
By DREW PEARSON
UPSTAIRS (hang on to the rail-
ing, tightly) the Loft presents a
fair sized room not too densely
populated with things and an
exhibit that was quite pleasing to
see. , '
The pieces shown (paintings,
sculptures, drawings, prints) are
vigorous without being wild, ad-
venturous without being fool
hardy, forceful without being over-,
whelming. And if that isn't enough,
they are not facile copies of other,
more notorious or illustrious art
For so young a group (the very
pleasant brochure lists, among
other details, ages for all ex-
hibitors, and they range between
21 and 30) the works display a
sureness and maturity of concept
and manipulation that is gratify-
ing and unusual.
At the same time the pieces,
shown escape the labored or lugu-
brious or worked-over. The Lofters
-in the person of Mrs. Malcom
McMullen, chairman-received us
most hospitably both socially and
in their willingness to share with
+us their work, for which we are'
NONE of the works shown are
what one could term bad (even
though not all might appeal to
everyones personal, tastes) and
several are really tops quality.
Bill Barrett is showing two
welded - metal sculptures, both
rather fine: we particularly like
"Hey There," as jaunty and bright
a bit of sculpttre as we have seen
(and, despite. the sound of it, ex-
We are also impressed with Mary
Ashley's "Teapot With Lemons,"
Sara Symington's "Primary Still
Life," and Liz Krachenberg's
"Ficus Elastica." Robert Kraft has
two oils-"Regatta" and "Talk"-
which may well be tops in the
... Jaunty, bright
U.S. Troop.Withdrawal Needed
"CHEERING" news from Lebanon yes-
rday was that Vaud Shehab, Lebanon's
ent-elect has said that the withdrawal
nerican troops from Lebanon was "fore-
among his national aims."
e statement seemed to be rather vague,
no time limit for the removal of troops.
set by Shehab. Indeed, he quoted the
iese national charter of 1943, which is not
:rt of material designed to inflame'men's-
s to immediate action.
ppearsevident however that United States
:ICHIGAN is attempting to give Itself back
the Indians, it is making a pretty good
th the opening of the new Mackinac
ed with a "c") Bridge, there have been
al recent proposals to change the spelling
.ackinaw (spelled with a "w") City to
inac (spelled with a "c") City. To conform
e spelling on the bridge, you know.
e fact that the word, spelled either way, is
unced as though it ended with ;a"w
not seem to bother anyone. The added fact
here are now three Mackinaws, of various
ngs and importance, is also overlooked.
>bject, it seems, is to make tourists feel as
hh as possible when they mispronounce the
us name of the world's most glorious
>arently, thes possibility of changing the
ng of Mackinac Bridge and Mackinac
: to conform to the city has occurred to
troops will have to be withdrawn within the,
next two or three months. The troops can
truthfully be said to have done their job well.
But prolonging, our soldiers stay in Lebanon
should not add ;much towards advancing our
cause in Lebanon or the Middle East.
BUT IT SHOULD not appear that wishy-
washy comments by Faud Shehab or more
truculent threats by Lebanese rebel leaders
have brought about the withdrawal. Rather, the
credit for the move should be placed .on the
shoulders of Lebanese President Chamoun.
Bringing this state of affairs about may be
easier said than done. As one method of achiev-
ing these ends, we would suggest that the
American troop withdrawals should start early
one morning in the next month or two. About
noon of the same day, President Chamoun
should casually announce that the United States
troops are being withdrawn, as he requested,
and then go back to clearing up his office
preparatory to1leaving the Lebanese presidency.
This would both minirpize the importance of
the withdrawals and emiphasize that Chamoun,
and not the rebels, has control of the situation.
rHEN, whenever.Chamoun is ready, he should
be invitedt to come to the United States after
his term of office is up Sept. 23. We have waited
our lavish welcomes on people much less deserv-
ing. Chamoun has and he should be given the
welcome and the appreciation that he deserves.
Chamoun has done an excellent job in warn-
ing of and acting against the dangers present
in the Middle East. If he sometimes appears,
to be a prophet without honor in his own
country, he should not be in ours.,
WASHINGTON - How a single
member of Congress can
thwart the majority will of the
Senate and House, plus a prom-
inent member of the Supreme
Court, is demonstrated in the cur-
rent holdup of a bill to create a,
national park on the Potomac
River in near-by Maryland.
For more than a year this bill,
already passed by the Senate, has
been -blocked by one lady - Rep.
Gracie Pfost of Idaho, Democrat,
in the House Interior Committee.
Mrs. Pfost is a beautiful and
charming lady who is passionately
devoted to dams in her section of
the country. She is so passionate
about dams that she also wants
dams near Washington.
However, what's good for Idaho
is not always good for Maryland,
Virginia, and the, District of Co-
lumbia..Pespite this, Gracie has
set herself up as the lady dictator
to overrule the Senate, the House,
the Interior Department, wild life
conservators, and millions of
others who want to develop a
national park along the Potomac.
* * *
THE PARK extends along the
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, orig-
inally surveyed by George Wash-
ington and built to carry the early
commerce of the capital up toward
the Ohio River. The canal now
belongs to the government.
And the city of Washington,
bulging with around 1,954,000 peo-
ple in its metropolitan area, needs
a near-by recreation park. The
government already owns the ca-
nal, and the bill already passed by
the Senate would help develop it
for recreation and wild life.
The Gentle Lady from Idaho,
however, wants a high water dam
on the Potomac just as she wants
a high dam, Hells Canyon, on the
So she has suspended hearings
on the C & 0 Canal Park. Wit-
nesses have asked to be heard.
Other members of Congress are
ready to pass the bill, but Gentle
Lady Gracie, as chairman of the .
subcommittee of the House In-
terior Committee, says no. She
won't hold any more hearings.
When ,Republicans were blocking
a vote on Hells Canyon in this"
same committee, a lot of people
came to Gracie's defense. Philip
Randolphofathe Brotherhood of
Sleeping Car Porters and Clarence
Mitchell of the NAACP tried to
persuade Congressman Adam Clay-
ton Powell of Harlem, who held
the key vote, to go back to Wash-
ington and vote. Carmine de Sapio,
head of Tammany, and many
others tried to help the Gentle
Lady from Idaho get her dam.
But now that some other people
want a park near Washington, and
she wants a dam, the Gentle Lady
is just as obstinate and elusive as
Congressman Adam Clayton
Note-The Senate bill providing
for the park contains a concrete
provision that if the Army en-
gineers find Washington needs a
dam, it would have priority.
* * *
LUNCHING at the Turkish em-
bassy the other day, Gen. Nathan
Twining, efficient chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, received
eye-opening facts regarding the
arms Russia has been supplying
her allies in the Near East com-
pared with the American arms ,
supplied our allies.
Gen. Feyzj Menguc, Turkish
chief of staff, told Twining how
Russia had shipped the most mod-
ern weapons in her arsenal to
Syria, on Turkey's southern bord-'
er, also to Egypt, both members of
the United Arab Republic.,
He told how Russian MIG-17s
sent to Syria now fly over Russian
territory, while the Turkish air
force, equipped with slow-flying
American Sabre-Jets, can't reach
Twining listened carefully; prom-
ised to try to send Turkey some-
thing besides out-of-date American
arms. From the Turkish chief of
staff, he received a modest re-
quest for 60,000 Garand lifles.
'Turkish soldiers make about the
best infantrymen in the world.
Naturally General Menguc wanted
modern rifles for them.
GENERAL TWINING promised
to do his best, but found that un-
fortunately the United States does
not have enough Garand rifles on
handto supply Turkey before 1959.
By that time we could supply 40,-
000. The full 60,000 would not be
available until 1960.
The Eisenhower Administration
has now awakened to the import-
ance of Turkey's vital role within
gunshot of Russia's armed might.
For three years Turkey has been
trying to get an 300,000,,000 credit
from the United States, even hired
ex-Gov. Tom Dewey, the man who
made Ike President, as its lawyer
in order to help get the- loan.
However, only a driblet of money
With the Iraqui-Lebanon crisis,
however, the Administration has
awakened to Turkey's importance
and has arranged to extend $334,-
000,000 to Turkey. Part is being
advanced by the United States,
part by the International Monetary
Fund, part by the Organization for
European Economic Coperation.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell syndicate, Inc.)
Particularly notable in almos
all the works are the qualityo
color (well controlled when brlli
ant and, even when muted, clear
and, most important, a high re
gard for the design of the pictur
SEVERAL smaller pieces had t
be hung on the stairway whic
means that one whips by they
with only a brief, too close glanc
or obstructs traffic and bobs bac
and forth across the narrow spat
in an attempt to get far enoug
Despite fire hazard obstructic
is the best profedure, es'pecially fe
Virginia Kneitel's "Back View" an
George Beauchamp's "Autobic
The show will continue throug
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Red 'Volunteers' Risky
WEST COULD LOSE ALLY:
Cyprus Still Top News in Greece
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News, Analyst
[TA KHRUSHCHEV, by saying he doesn't.
rk "volunteer troopsshould be sent to
fiddle East. now, makes an inferential
tof doing so If things don't go to suit him
talin were alive he could tell his successor
course Stalin didn't- worry about the
se "volunteers" in Korea when he made
coed misjudgment of the Allied determi-
i to scotch Communist attempts at expan-
he did worry when the Communists
' C u t'
found themselves unable ,to finish something
they had started, and the Kremlin finally had
to initiate peace negotiations.
THERE are two big differences between now
and the time Stalin unleashed the attack
from North Korea.
He didn't know the Reds would meet Ameri-
can troops. He could use non-Russian Com-
munists, then and later.
Today the United States and Britain demon-
strate firmly that they intend to defend Leb-
anon, Jordan, Iran, Pakistan and Turley. Iraq
shows no sign of welcoming Soviet interven-
tion, and small case can be made for her need
of it. "Volunteers" would have to operate from
Syria, Egypt and some of the Arabian sheik-
doms, and there doesn't seem to be any source
for them except the Soviet Union.
INDEED, the situation in the Middle East at
the moment has simmered down to the point
where there are no reasonable excuses for Soviet
She makes a big play on the danger of Anglo-
American military intervention in Iraq. But
(EDITOR'S NOTE-This is the fifth
in a series of dispatches by Daily
city editor John Weicher who is
touring Europe this summer.)
By JOHN WEICHER
Special to the Daily
A THENS-Not even the Middle
East crisis could push Cyprus
out of the headlines of the Greek
papers. The status of the island is
of far more burning importance
here than any summit conference
.- unless, of course, it includes
Cyprus on the agenda.
The recent wave of arrests by
the British haye caused a storm
of, protest in Greece. The island's
governor, Sir Hugh Fort, has been
accused of "Hitler-like methods."
The Turkish Cypriot leader's quick
trip to Ankara while 2,000 Greeks
were arrested drew all manner of
abuse as has the small number of
Turks arrested lately; and con-
tinued complaints of "Anglo-
Turkish conspiracy" are heard.
Unfortunately, there appears to
be some justice in the last charge.
A number of Britons here acknowl-
PdLY is. d thuat heBitshdli a
calling for enosis, a British resort
to such tactics, plunging the island
into an ever-fiercer civil war, at
one strok'e undoes the material
benefits of British rule and leaves'
Britain with no better claim to be
the champion of law and order
than Greece has.
What is particularly unfortun-
ate, from the American point of
view, is that the continued struggle
with Britain has tended to push
Greece into the "neutralist" camp.
Her antipathy toward Britain
caused her to view the Anglo-
American Middle East intervention
with a comparatively skeptical eye,
accepting only as an excuse the
possibility of Communist trouble-
THE OMINOUS foreign min-
isters' meeting between Greece,
Yugoslavia and the United Arab
Republic should also give pause to
Cyprus has led Greece to listen
closely to Nasser's brand of anti-
colonialism ajnd Tito's claims of
independence from either side.,
garia after World War II.
Recent Communist pleas -for
legaliZations of their party have
fallen on extremely deaf ears inI
both government and opposition.
* * *,
BUT, WHILE the Russians can
gain little directly in Greece from
any defection, they could succeed
in virtually isolating Turkey and
putting a neutral wedge between
NATO and Baghdad Pact mem-
While many Greeks realize that1
Turkey is not primarily to blame'
in Cyprus (one paper here as-
serted that "Britain is using Tur-
key against Greece now as it used
Greece against Turkey in 1919 be-
cause it can only gain from Greco-
Turkish tensions") they do not
particularly favor that nation, for
so long their ruler.
Anti-Communism is their strong
bond, but Cyprus is fast rendering
that an unimportant tie.
* * * I
UNHAPPILY, things probably
can only get worse before they get
better. The British cannot pull
"REGATTA" - This painting, by Robert Kraft, is one of a number
on display at the Art Loft. Show continues through the week.
DAILY OFFiCiAL BULLETIN
The Daily Official }bulletin Is 'an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Micsigan Daily assumes no editor-
lal responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m.; the day preced-
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1958.
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 238
Classical Studies Coffee-Hour: The
faculty, students, and friends of the
Dept. of Classical Studies are cordially
invited to a coffee-hour on Thurs., Aug.
7. 4:00 p.m. in E. Conf. Rmi., Rackham
Bldg. Prof. and Mrs. Harry Levy will
give an illustrated talk on "Life in a
Seminar, Mathematical Statistic%
meet Wed., Aug. 6, 4:00 pm., Rm. X
Angell Hall. Mr. Willia obleski
discuss a paper: "Gh rend Robe
on two-stage procedures for estimati
the difference between means."
School of Business Administratic
Students from other Schools and (
leges intending to apply foradmisi
for the fall semester should securea
plication forms in Rm. 150, school
Bus. Admin. Applications should
completed and returned as soon as p
KRAFT : DAVID TARR
:ER .. .... .......... Night Editor
?ER ................ Night Editor
RSLICE ................ Night Editor
Doctoral Examination for George
ris Langeler, Education; thesis:
nancial Development Programs in
ztitutions of Higher Education:
Special Reference to Selected Coll
wed., Aug. 6, Recreation Rm., Inte