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Michigan Daily, 1958-08-02

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p

C, 4. 3irl4trnu &Dily

en Opinions Are Free
'ruth Will Prevail"

Sixty-Eighth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. *ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

ditorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

LI Can Lick Any Other Pe ace-Lover In The House"
VI
4-

INTERPRETING THE NEWS
Election Sows Lebanon
Tiedof 'Warfare
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THE ELECTION of a nonpolitical military leader as president of Leb-
anon represents the action of a country tired of guerrilla warfare.
Presumably Gen. Fuad Shehab will be able to keep order, even if
it does not return voluntarily, with the army he kept on the sidelines
during the crisis. The army now has the strong advantage of virtual
neutrality during the crisis.
That would mean removal of United States forces and probably
a return to neutralism, but not the end of attempts by the Arab nation-
alists to swing the country completely into their fold.
One of the keys to the immediate future lies in what President
Chamoun will do. His term runs until Sept. 23, but he is under pres-

X, AUGUST 2, 1958

NIGHT EDITOR: EDWARD GERULDSEN

Central Education Agency
A Wise Suggestion

sure to resign now and let
new regime get under way.
* , *

the

r WOULD be anything but surprising if the
latest Russell Report received anything but
iticism from Michigan educators. Its sugges-
ons of a central state agency assigned the task
developing and coordinating higher educa-
on in Michigan almost by definition runs
unter to their way of thinking -- that is, if
ey are good administrators and educators,
yal to their school.
Michigan's higher education system has ex-
Lnded greatly in the last 10 years. It will, if
lough funds can be found, expand even more
iring the next 10 years. But even if there were
equate funds during these coming years,
hich is hardly possible, it is difficult to
iagine why a well coordinated plan for all the.
lieges and universities would not be superior
helter-skelter development by separate
hools.
Admittedly, from the standpoint of the Uni-
rsity, for example, or Michigan State Univer-
y, or Wayne State University, it is more.
ivantageous to have completely autonomous
anning. But is It best from the standpoint of
e entire state? Is it wise for each school to
to the Legislature separately, all using the
me tactics of buttonholing and pressuring
gislators, to get mord and more money each
ar? Is it wise for two or more schools to spend
e state's money working in similar areas? Is
wise to have schools competing with each
her to establish branches in the same or ad-
cent areas. such as the University and MSU
portedly are in Grand Rapids?

World of t

UNIVERSITY Regent Eugene Power has al-
ready taken exception to the Russell report
suggestion, saying voluntary cooperation be-
tween state colleges and universities is the way
to handle planning.
There is much to be said for Regent Power's
observation. But it assumes that all the educa-
tors will fully cooperate in the planning. They
might. But we tend to believe that a given
educator usually would do so only up to the
point where it affected the vital interests of
his institution. To relegate some major plan
for his school to one of another school might
be just a little too big a pill to swallow.
ALREADY there has been some state-wide
planning in Michigan through the board
of college presidents. But this again is on the
voluntary basis and subject to the weakness of
voluntary cooperation.
Perhaps, however, this board could be used
as a base on which a stronger central planning
agency, approaching the Russell suggestion,
could be developed. The state's top educators
are there in the heads of all the schools; and
their best assistants are easily available. Any
such new board could be expanded slightly to
include a. few public figures and private citizens
and given at least some of the powers suggested
in the Russell report,
-DAVID TARR
Co-Editor
heBizarre
ly colored and divided into small sections), and
diverting (coffee lounge and art exhibits)..
The SAB shows a concern for beauty with
fine exterior styling and interior luxury and
utility. These buildings are a success because
they were created with the student in mind.
E UNIVERSITY should consider the stu-
dent element more in its planning. The
"Diagonal" which was built next to Angell
Hall is a prime example.
Despite the stone benches- placed there the
area is rarely used by students for resting,
studying or for anything. A sampling of student
opinion before its construction probably would
have told campu§s planners students would
prefer grass to cement.
Small concessions of this type on the part
of those who control building and planning
would make the campus more pleasant and
more utilitarian, as well as more beautiful.
rPE PERIOD of student orientataed building
was brief and appears gone. Mary Markeley
dormitory, for example, has tiny rooms and
oppressive, monotonous exterior design. Cost
may have been a factor, but student opinion
may have given planners ideas for improve-
ment.
The Law Quadrangle cannot be duplicated on
campus for building beauty or atmosphere, but
modern structures can have similar effects at
reduced prices. Another Administration Build-
ing may lead the University to a record number
of manic-depressives in its student body.
--ROBERT JUNKER'

THIS IS important to the
United States, which would like to
make at least a token withdrawal
of Army and Marine forces before
any summit conference on Middle
Eastern problems.
Such withdrawal would stand as
evidence of sincerity in the initial
intervention and remove much of
the poison from Nikita Khrush-
chev's propaganda campaign call-
ing "for a summit meeting.
In considering withdrawal, the
United States must bear in mind
the position of British troops in
Jordan, where there is no pros-
pect of early withdrawal.
* * *

t

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Chamoun Jittery, Incoherent
By DREW PEARSON

'HE UNIVERSITY, well known for its archi.
tectural mistakes, has produced gleams of
pe in its ever loyal student body by two re-
nt buildings which show some concern for
e aesthetic or the student - the Student Ac-
ities Building and the interior of the Under-
aduate Library.
The Student Activities Buildingdfollowed the
ass construction post war period, whensuch
believably ugly structures as the Adminis-
ation Building, South Quadrangle, and Haven
.d Mason Halls were constructed.
The next period showed more concern with
e looks, as well as the utility, of the cam-
is structures, with the SAB and the Library.
he recent trend has been back to the sublime-
repulsive, with Mary Markely Hall and the
?lace de la cement" where the Romance Lan-
lages Building once stood.
[NIVERSITY construction is important be-
cause many people tend to judge a school
their first impression of it, which is the
ildings. Were concern with looks stressed
ually with utility, no building such as the
[ministration Building would leave the draw-
g boards. There are so few aesthetically pleas-
g buildings om campus that the SAB re-
eshes one, shocks one in fact, by being.
The two primarily student .buildings recent-
constructed show a concern for the student
1 the part of the University which is appre-
ated by many. While the exterior of the
ndergraduate Library reminds one of an elab-
ate bunker, the interior is cool (air condi-
oned for studying comfort), pleasant (com-
rtable furniture), conducive to study (bright-

WASHINGTON - Immediately
after President Eisenhower
made the momentous decision to
land American troops in Lebanon,
several events took place which
led to the present frantic attempts
to reverse his position and evacu-
ate our troops.
One was the jitteriness of Presi-
dent Chamoun of Lebanon. After
asking for American aid, he sub-
sequently demanded that United
States troops keep out of the
trouble zone and fire no shots
against Lebanese rebels. Later,
when United States trouble shooter
ambassador Robert Murphy ar-
rived, he found Chamoun jumpy,
irrational, and at times incoher-
ent.
Murphy reported that Chamoun,
a cardiac patient, had taken up
smoking against the advice of his
doctors. Murphy has urged Cha-
moun to leave Lebanon and take
asylum in the United States.
* * *
ANOTHER discouraging devel-
opment was the refusal of Saudi
Arabia to cooperate with the
United States. When the Ameri-
can ambassador in Riyadh, Don
Heath, asked for permission to
use the big American air base at
Dhahran for United States mili-
tary planes, he just didn't get an
answer. Crown Prince Faisal, now
real ruler of Saudi Arabia, report-
ed that he had tried to secure
landing rights from the Saudi
cabinet, but they had asked too
many questions for him to answer.
Prince Faisal complained that
he had not been given enough
information by the United States
to satisfy the questions of his
ministers.

This was just an Arab stall.
Saudi Arabia isra monarchy where
one man's word is law. Prince
Faisal could have given that word
himself. The Eisenhower Admin-
istration exuded all kinds of fancy
folderol and royal chi-chi to en-
tertain King Saud last year on the
excuse that this was necessary to
renew the Dhahran air base, Ap-
parently that folderol was in vain.
The lease was renewed, but cur-
rently military use denied.
AS THESE developments were
cabled back to President Eisen-
hower in Washington, a highly
important secret meeting took
place in Moscow.
President Nasser of Egypt,
though supposedly en route to
Syria from a conference with Tito
in Yugoslavia, suddenly turned up
in Moscow. Just how he got there
remains a mystery. His yacht was
under observation all the way from
the Adriatic to Syria. and it was
thought he was aboard. But he
was not. Possibly a dummy substi-
tuted for him aboard the yacht. At
any rate his sudden arrival in
Moscow was a complete surprise.
His talks with Khrushchev kept
Washington on tenterhooks. At
first it was thought that Nasser
was getting Russian support for
possible military intervention
against the United States.
Sketchy reports now received in-
dicate that he advised Khrush-
chev just the opposite-namely, to
stay out of the Near East except
as a last report in case of a Brit-
ish-American attack on Iraq.
* * W
MEANWHILE the new Iraqi gov-

ernment was making diplomatic
overtures tonthe West to stave off
any Western plays for attack. It
sent word first through the West
German embassy, later direct
through United States Ambassador
Gallinan' that oil would continue
to flow. Ambassador Gallman re-
ported that the new government
seemed to be popular with the
Iraqi people.
Offsetting this, President Eisen-
hower received vigorous represen-
tations both from the Turks and
King Hussein of Jordan that the
new Iraqi government was prac-
ticing surface appeasement only,
aimed at lulling the West into a
false sense of security.
King Hussein repeatedly asked
for American troops, repeatedly
expressed a desire to take the
offensive against that part of his
kingdom which had deserted -
Iraq.
The Turks also formally and
repeatedly urged the United States
to move. They have pointed out
that they cannot tolerate another
unfriendly government on their
border. One hostile government--
Russia-on the east, with another
-Syria-on the south, is enough.
To have another unfriendly gov-
ernment-Iraq-on the southeast
makes Turkey more vulnerable to
attack than ever.
The Turks assured the United
States that they were ready to
send two divisions into Iraq im-
mediately after the murder of
King Faisal. All they wanted was
air cover from the United States.
It was partly with this strategy
in mind that British troops were
sent to Jordan.
(Copyright 1958 by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

MARINES aboard ship in the
eastern Mediterranean and troops
at the base in Basra, Turkey,
would offer more political support
of Britain and King Hussein in
Jordan, however, than they do oc-
cupied by security affairs In Leb-
anon.
Even a temporary stability in
Lebanon would also whittle down
the urgency with which Khrush-
chev has sought to surround the
proposed summit meeting and al-
low it to be held in a better at-
mosphere.
The conservative statements of
the new government in Iraq have
already done much to relieve the
tension.
A LEBANESE retreat from the
active pro-Westernism of Cha-
moun need not represent a defeat
for American policies in the
Middle East.
Events up to now indicate that
neutrality such as that of Saudi
Arabia produces less tension and
disturbance than the policies for-
merly pursued by Iraq and Leb-
anon.
Ifnthe Middle East does quiet
down now, however, it will be only
a temporary relief.
The surge of Arab nationalism
and of Soviet attempts to exploit
it for subversive purposes will
continue It will cause new out-
breaks unless the West can step
in with a constructive program
which is not yet even in the mak-
ing.
NEW FACES:
Changing
Congress
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - No matter
what happens in the fall elec-
tions, a lot of new faces will be
seen around Congress.
Already six senators and 31 rep-
resentatives have said they have
had it. And more may drop out
voluntarily - or be wipedrout in
the remaining 2 state primaries.
What's the matter, gentlemen,
ladies? Has Congress lost its ap-
peal?
Well, no. As so frequently is
true, the figures are a mite de-
ceiving. Six representatives, for in-
stance, who will not run for re-
election in the House, still hope
to be around Congress next Jan-
uary as senators.
ONE SENATOR, William F.
Knowland (R), wants to stay in
the thick of politics, as governor of
California. It's a historical truth
that a governor has a much better
chance to become president than
a senator has.
One representative, James P.
Devereux (R), hopes to be gover-
nor of Maryland. Another, Pat
Hillings (R), would like to be Cal-
ifornia's attorney general. Still an-
other, Henry J. Latham (R-N.Y.),
may wind up as a federal judge.
But a sizable group simply is
dropping out. Roll Call, a news-
paper published on Capitol Hill,
has made a study of congression-
al casualty lists, and says this is
the largest in recent years.
* * *
CERTAINLY the Senate pre-
sents an unusual and, for the Re-
publicans, bleak picture. All six
who are retiring are Republicans,
each has served at least two terms
and so has worked his way up the
Senate's seniority ladder.
Some of the congressmen who
are dropping out:
Sen.. H. Alexander Smith (R-
N.J.), a senator for 14 years. Only
11 senators have served longer.
Ann rm -nn A" 2Tnl ..e

FOR IKE:
No Nws
Conferences
By ARTHUR EDSON
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON - The worst
thing about presidential news
conferences is that, when the go-
ing gets hot, they tend to evapo-
rate.
President Eisenhower generally
has his conferences on a Wednes-
day morning.
He didn't hold one again this
week, and the reasons given were
an appointment with Italy's Prime
Minister Amintore Fanfani, and
the continuing crisis in the Middle
East.
This makes four weeks since
President Eisenhower has met
with reporters, and in some ways
it's a different world than the one.
under discussion at the last meet-
ing.
TAKE THE DAY of the last con"
ference, July 2.
Bernard Goldfine, the Boston
textile man who likes to give
things to important people, was
just starting his testimony before
a House committee.
Even though Goldfine did a lot
of talking in the witness chair,
and even though his press agents
kept panting, many questions re-
dealings with Sherman Adams,
President Eisenhower's No. 1 White
House assistant.
Since Adams wasn't answering
any questions about the case, the
only recourse was President Eisen-
hower, and he wasn't holding any
news conferences.
YOU MIGHT SAY this problemF
was solved in the same way the
little boy quit fretting about his
sore finger. He forgot all about it
because he had fallen down and
broken aleg.
For look at what has happened
this last eventful month: Iraq.,
Lebanon, the proposal for a sum-
mit conference, the internatioial
pot steadily boiling,
What a passe of questions come
to mind. About getting the troops
out of Lebanon. About the in-
credible muddle the summit con-
ference appears to be in. About
criticism, especially from abroad,
that President Eisenhower isn't
physically fit for a hard and tough
meeting.
Well, it's up to each president
to decide when and whether he
wishes to hold a news conference,
and each appears to have his own
theories on how to proceed.
HARRY TRUMAN enjoyed meet-
ing the press, and Franklin D
Roosevelt not only enjoyed it but
also had the knack of squeezing
the most out of his side of the
story.
Harding, Coolidge and Hoover
wanted the questions written out
in advance. As the depression
deepened, Hoover abandoned con-
ferences altogether.
Wilson, who held the first mod-
ern news conference 45 years ago.
also dropped them after World
War I started, partly because he,
feared he might pull a diplomatic
blooper.
* « s
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER fre-
quently has said he likes news con-
ferences, that they make him
brush up on his homework so that
he'll be sure to know the answers,
that they give him an insight into
what people are thinking. But of
late he seems to have lost some of
his enthusiasm for them.
The July 2nd conference is the
only one he has held this summer.

And he held only one in June and
only two in May.
Strangely, the explanation may
be simple. The room where the
news conferences are held is not
air conditioned, and in hot, muggy
weather, it can be stifling.
It may be the hot weather, as
well as the hot issues, that is
causing the news conferences to
evaporate.
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Before the Summit

By WALTER LIPPMANN

NOT A COMMUNIST:
Sukarno Walking a Narrow Path,

HE IMMEDIATELY critical question for us
'in the give-and-take about a summit meet-
ig is not where it is held, or who is invited, or
nder what rules the meeting is conducted. It
; whether the meeting is postponed until after
rrangements have been made for the with-
rawal of the American troops now in Lebanon.
or unless this can be done, the President could
ardly hope to stand up effectively to Khrush-
hev's attacks.
If it can be done and, if as seems indicated
fter the weekend meeting in London, the new
'aqi government is recognized, the issue at the
ummit will be transformed. The issue will not
e our intervention, or any alleged u'terior
:heme to conquer Iraq, but what can be done
9 the great powers to stabilize the Middle East.
On that question we can, if we collect our
its, talk on equal terms. Nor will it be so
ecessary for the President to protect himself
y putting up a precedural barricade.
N MANY WAYS the most interesting develop-
ment since the crisis began has been the
ridence that in Gaullist France we have an
.ly who is able to contribute what the Western
ations most need: loyalty to their' vital in-
grests which is not satellite-ism or me-tooism
it is independent and constructive, carried on
i the style which is becoming to great powers.
If anybody has read all the notes which have
een exchanged, he must have found, it seems,
me, that the most self-respecting and effec-

For having engaged ourselves under what
seemedhlikendire compulsion in a dead - end
street, what was needed was time and a quieting
down of the crisis in order to extricate ourselves
in an orderly way and without too much loss of
face.
THE ISE of French diplomacy carries with
it the promise that in shaping a Middle
East policy for the West, the European'con-
tinental nations will play an increasing role.
This is most desirable. For while Great Britain
remains our senior ally, an Anglo-American
duet does not bring out the best capacities in
both countries.
To speak frankly, the disparity in wealth
and power is so great that London alone does
not stand up to Washington and is not able to
contribute to the alliance what the alliance
most needs, loyalty with genuine independence
and fearless thinking.
This is not to say that the West does not
need unity. But it is to say that the unity which
the West needs must not rest on conformism,
satellite-ism, me-tooism. The United States
government and the American people, burdened
as they are with world'responsibilities for which
they are unprepared, need above all intelligent
and candid friends to help them find that way.
rHE PRESIDENT has now proposed that the
summit meeting be held in about ten days
M +w --- me . hi Mr. ,ne iht.. h.. m- ov - -t

By JOHN RODERICK
Associated Press Staff writer
jAKARTA-Rebellious army offi-
F cers trained their cannon on
Merdeka Palace where President
Sukarno, a lonely figure, sat quiet-
ly awaiting the next tense move.
"Meet our demands or we will
blast you out," the officers' told
him in effect.
Sukarno's reply was a request
for a conference. The talk lasted
two hours. When the rebels left
the palace, tears were streaming
down their cheeks.
Sukarno not only had won but
he had convinced the rebels their
actions had endangered the young
nation.
* * *
THAT WAS in 1952. Today Su-
karno is handling a new revolt.
Testimony of his powers of persua-
sion is the fact that his righthand
man is Abdul Haris Nasution, one
of the leaders of the '52 uprising.
What kind of man is Sukarno?
How has he been able to stay on
top throughout crisis after crisis?
Is he a dictator? Is he a Commu-
nist?
These are questions which both
friend and foe. have asked for

survive only if it keeps aloof from
the quarrels besetting East and
West.
For defending this policy, he.
has been all but abandoned by the
United States, ardently wooed by
Soviet Russia and Red China and
looleed upon with distrust by his
anti-Communist Asian neighbors.
Sukarno has come under the bit-
terest attack in the West and
among many of his own country-
men for his principle of guided
democracy.
He advanced it, he said, after
becoming disillusioned with the.
political parties which in the years
of independence had failed to con-
front their duties, waxed fat and
rich on corruption and graft.
His original idea was to abolish
the parties, but this ran into such
a storm of opposition he abandon-
ed it.
Then, he proposed guided democ-
racy which would provide for a
cabinet formed proportionately
from all parties.
* C *
CRITICISM of the guided de-
mocracy plan has centered around
the fact that it would permit Com-
munists to enter the cabinet. So

S

4

has no intention of becoming one.
He has demonstrated this in the
past by refusing absolute authority
at a time when the nation would
have welcomed it.
At 57, Sukarno has risen through
a lifetime of revolution to become

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