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August 01, 1958 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1958-08-01

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-CED OPINIONS MAY
AID SPENDING DEBATE
See Page 4

Sixty-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

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CLOUDY, WAR3

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LXVI.TNo. 20S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 1, 1958

FIVE CENTS

SIA Pa

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Power Criticizes
Russell Report
ays Planning Coud BestBe Done
ByCooperation Between Colleges
By LANE VANDERSLICE
Planning of higher education in the state could be done best by
voluntary cooperation between state colleges and universities, Regent
Eugene B. Power said yesterday.
He criticized the Russell report proposal which called for a cen-
tral state agency to coordinate the work of Michigan's nine colleges
and universities.
Some steps toward voluntary cooperation have already been
taken, Regent Power said.
"Why another agency?" he asked. He said the proposed board
would be "just one more board on top of the others."
Regent Power also rejected two other Russell proposals - for ap-

pointment instead of election of m
'Ermrked'
School Tax'
Suggested
The University and other state-
supported schools should be aided
by an "ear-marked" tax, Univer-
sity Regent Eugene B. Power said
yesterday.
"Should the Iegislature decide
to establish a state income tax

REGENT EUGENE POWER
... suggests earmarked tax
next year, a portion of this tax
might well be allocated for the
purposes of higher education," he
sad.
Could Plan Ahead
If the University had an assured
source of income, it would be able
to plan ahead more than it has
been able to in recent "feast and
famine" years.
Regent Power said that he nor-
mally did not believe in the ear-
marked tax, but that with ap-
proximately two - thirds of the
states revenue already allocated
every year, higher education has
to bear an unfair burden during
austerity years.
Grew on Allocated Tax
The University grew strong on
an allocated mill tax, he said,
which was discontinued during the
1930's.
While he praised the Legislature
for being "more than generous,"
and said that the University has
grown tremendously since the '30's,
he said there has been "an element
of uncertainty" in University
growth under the present appro-
priations system.
Meany Warns
Against Pacts
WASHINGTON (-) - President
George Meany of the AFL-CIO
yesterday sternly warned affiliat-
ed unions against alliances with
James R. Hoffa's giant Teamsters
Union.
Any such alliance, Meany said,
"gives aid and comfort to those
responsible for the despoilation of
the Teamsters Union" and is det-
rimental in the long run to the
welfare and interests of all unions
affiliated with the AFL-CIO.
Meany said he looks forward to
the day "when members of the
Teamsters Union who have been
victims of shameless exploitation
by some of their leaders will take
the necessary steps within this
union so that it can take its proper
vnln . i rth', AFLrTn. "

embers of state college and univer-
Ssity governing bodies and elim-
ination of university presidents
as chairmen of the governing
bodies.
Both the Regents, as the elected
governing body of the University
and University President Harlan
Hatcher, as chairman of the Re-
gents, would be Affected by such
a move.
Interposes Another Body
Regent Power said that an over-
all planning agency implies con-
trol from the top. It would just
interpose one more body between
the University and the governor,
he said.
The preparation of budgets is a.
responsibility which belongs to
the governor, who delegates it to
the state controller's office, Re-
gent Power said.
Russell had proposed that the
central planning agency furnish
state fiscal authorities and the
legislature with an annual report
on budget needs of the nine insti-
tutions.
Rejects Suggestion
In rejecting Russell's suggestion
that the Board members of all
state institutions be appointed by
the governor instead of elected by
popular vote, Regent Power said
that Regents are "much more
likely" to be responsive to the edu-
cational needs and desires of the
public if elected.
"This is the democratic process
in this country. We elect our
school boards, legislators and
judges, why not our Regents?" he
said.
"There is always the danger
that appointments will be used
to settle political debts."
Election in Spring
The constitution provides for
the election of Regents in the
spring, to escape the heat of the
fall political campaign, Regent
Power said. Historically, Regents
selected have been able and edu-
cated men.
Regent Power saw "no reason"
why President Hatcher should not
continue to serve as chairman of
the Regents. He said that the
president's duties as presiding of-
ficer are provided for in the state
constitution.
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - Soviet scientists
announced last night their Sput-
niks, too, have found a mysterious
halo of radiation circling the
earth.
It apparently is the same band
or cloud of radiation detected by
the United States Explorer III at
heights of 800 miles and above.
Explorer IV is now wheeling
through this radiation with spe-
cially designed instruments to
learn what its nature is.
. . .
WASHINGTON - Congress
sent to the White House yesterday
a bill designed to discourage ar-
bitrary withholding of govern-
ment information that the public
is entitled to know.
The measure, advocated by
spokesmen for newspaper editors
and broadcasters, is popularly
known as "the freedom of infor-
mation bill." Senate passage by
voice vote sent it to the President.
* s *
WASHINGTON - One more
reminder: from now on the cost of
mailing a first class letter is 4
cents an ounce.
Midnight yesterday was the

Alilies Vary
In Summit
Talk Plans
Macmillan, De Gaulle
Split on Time, Place
LONDON, (R) - Britain and
France sent divergent plans for
a Mideast summit meeting to So-
viet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
yesterday, in effect returning the
ball to him.
The two allies disagreed on a,
date and auspices for such a meet-
ing.
The United States held off un-
til today. But Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles indicated Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower fa-
vors the proposal of Britain's
Prime Minister Harold Macmillan.
Wants Special Session
Macmillan wants a special sum-
mit session of the United Nations
Security Council to open Aug. 12
-in New York, Geneva or else-
where. He is asking UN headquar-
ters in New York to act at once
to arrange the meeting and said
he is willing to attend.
Dulles told a Washington news
conference the United States con-
siders Aug. 12 as an agreeable
date for opening a UN summit
session. He said the meeting pre-
sumably could go ahead without
Premier Charles de Gaulle if the
French leader decided to stay
away.
De Gaulle Repeats Objection
De Gaulle proposed that the
conference open in Geneva Aug. 18
He objected again to summit talks
within the UN framework.
Instead, he accepted the original
Soviet proposal for a meeting of
the Big Four powers plus India,
with UN Secretary General Dag
Hammarskjold sitting in.
East.-West
Saf ety'Talks
Suggested
WASHINGTON (Al-The United
States yesterday proposed the first
week of October for the start of
East-West technical talks on what
would be needed to prevent sur-
prise attacks in this nuclear mis-
sile age.
In a note to Moscow, this coun-
try suggested the talks take place
in Geneva, where scientists rep-
resenting the East and West al-
ready are discussing ways of po-
licing a possible future ban on
nuclear tests.
Experts for the proposed Octo-
ber talks on preventing surprise
attacks would be designated by
the United States and Russia, and
possibly by certain other states.
Their assignment, the United
States note said, would be "a study
of the technical aspects of safe-
guards against the possibility of
surprise attack."
The note said they would "con-
centrate on the means and objects
of control and on the results
which could be secured from these
safeguards."
This was taken to mean that
the experts would examine such
specific questions as setting up
aerial and ground inspection teams
which would be on the lookout for
any big-scale military buildups.

Of

Lebanon-;

Cabinet

Split

Ir

Dulles Raps
Subversion
In Mid-East
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles said
yesterday the world faces grave
danger of war unless Russia
agrees the United Nations should
be allowed to act against indirect
aggression in the Middle East.
At the same time, Dulles pledged
the United States would withdraw
its troops from Lebanon whenever+
It Is asked to do so by a duly con-
stituted Lebanese government.
Concentrate on Subversion
At a news conference, Dulles
said any emergency summit talks
between President Dwight D.
Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev. and others should
concentrate on the problem of in-
direct aggression - by which he
meant Communist subversion of
existing regimes.
Dulles said the other chief value
of a summit parley would be to
expose what he_ called the false-
ness of Khrushchev's charge that
United States-British troop land-
ings have imperiled Middle East
peace.
In Grave Danger
It will be impossible, he said, to
restore stability as long as Middle
East rulers live under a threat of
assassination and murder at the
hands of fanatic foes.
"If the practices of indirect ag-
gression as they are being devel-
oped at the present time are al-
lowed to persist in the world"
Dulles said, "and if no way is
found to check that, then I be-
lieve the world is indeed in grave
danger of war.
Suggests UN Moves
"I believe that that can be made
apparent .. . Also I believe that if
the Soviet Union does not want a
war they will almost have to agree
that these- practices should be
brought under some kind of con-
trol by the United Nations."
Dulles suggested two possible
UN moves: 1) keeping a constant
check on inflammatory radio
broadcasts beamed into the area,
calling world attention to any in-
citement to violence, and 2) set-
ting up a UN commission to throw
a mantle of international protec-
tion against any country immi-
nently threatened.
Backs British Proposal
Meeting with newsmen for the
first time in a month, Dulles faced
a barrage of questions mainly
about arrangements for a sum-
mit parley. In his replies Dulles
backed British Prime Minister
Macmillan's proposal that a sum-
mit meeting begin About Aug. 12
within the framework of the 11-
member UN Security Council. He
said President Eisenhower will
send Khrushchev a reply today to
the Russian Premier's latest sum-
mit proposal.

INCLUDES EIGHT 'U' SCIENTISTS:
Research Team Works with Rockets

By MAHENDRA PAREKH
Two truckfuls of electronic
equipment, products of the brain-
work of a team of the University
researchers, will leave Ann Arbor
this weekend to assist in an at-
tack on the secrets of the earth's
upper atmosphere.
The site is Guam; destination
60 miles up in the air; attack, this
fall.
The eight-man team, led by
Harold F. Allen, of the aeronauti-
cal engineering department, will
participate in the firing of eight
rockets, bringing the total num-
ber of rockets sent skyward by the
University researchers to more
than 50.
The rockets to be fired are the
21-foot-long Aerobee 75 and com-
bination Cajun rockets with Nike
boosters.
As Allen puts it, the experiment,
"one of the many to advance the
frontiers of human knowledge," is
a part of the United States pro-
gram for the International Geo-
physical Year (IGY).
Involves Four Universities
The program, involving three
other universities, began in July,
1957, and extends through this
year. It entails launching about
200 rockets carrying a multitude
of instruments to transmit infor-
mation about high-altitude phe-
nomena to ground-based record-
ing devices.
The majority of the experiments
are concerned with aspects of
earth's upper atmosphere includ-
ing 1) its density, temperature,
pressure, winds and humidity; 2)
its solar-related constituents, in-
cluding, for example, ionized par-
ticles and ozone; and 3) various
solar radiations.
10 Aerobees Fired
For the last 10 years, the Uni-
versity's Engineering Research In-
stitute has been conducting a re-
search program to survey aspects
of upper atmosphere, including its
House Votes
Pension Hike
WASHINGTON (Al-The House
voted 375-2 yesterday to boost
Social Security pension benefits by
seven per cent.
This enthusiastic approval car-
ried along an election-year cus-
tom that goes back to 1950-doing
something for the old folks.
Only Rep. Noah Mason (R-Ill.)
and Rep. Bruce Alger (R-Tex.)
voted "no" on the bill, which also
would mean a boost in payroll
taxes.
The next step is up to the Sen-
ate, with not much time remain-
ing before Congress expects to ad-
journ. Similar legislation has been
proposed there; and several sen-
ators have made speeches in sup-
port of it.

Rebels Insist
On Chamouu
Resignaton
Demand Withdrawal
Of American Troops
As Peace Condition
BEIRUT (A")- Gen. Fuad She
hab won Lebanon's presidency a
the 6-to-1 choice of Parliamen
yesterday.
The army commander's victor
as a ccmpromise candidate settled
one immediate crisis of the 83
day-old rebellion. But it seemed
to breed others even as the Leban
ese celebrated with jubilant gun
shots.
A breakup threatened the pro
Western cabinet of Premier Sam
Solh, who has long been a critic o
Shehab.
Could Complicate Matters
That could complicate the ten
ure and assignment of 10,001
United States troops in Lebanoi
and the United States 6th Flee
offshore.
And rebel leader Saeb Salam,
although pleased by the election
of Shehab, sent word to the As
sociated Press from his barricaded
headquarters, that basically noth
ing is changed: "We will continui

Shehab

Wins

-U.S. Army Photograph
UP IT GOES-Leaving a trail of smoke behind it, an Army
Aerobee rocket rises from its launching platform. This is one of
ten such rockets sent aloft by the University research team at
Fort Churchill, Manitoba.

temperature, density and winds.
Earlier firings took place at Fort
Churchill, Manitoba and White
Sands, New Mexico.
At Fort Churchill, during the
period November, 1956, through
January, 1958, 10 Aerobees car-
rying a total of 188 grenades were
fired during summer and winter,
day and night conditions. A total
of 153 measurements of tempera-
ture and winds between 15 and 60
mile altitudes were made.
The tiny Pacific island of Guam
was selected as the site chiefly be-
cause of the cheap power and
transportation available. Allen
said that excellent cooperation
from the native people and the
importance of Army and Navy es-
tablishments there are among the
other factors favoring the selec-
tion of Guam.
A total crew of 20, which in-

cludes scientists from the United
States Army Signal Corps Engi-
neering Laboratories and from the
University Research Institute is
expected to reach Guam by Octo-
ber 4.
The eight-member team from
the Institute includes Elton A.
Wenzel, Allan Rock, Wayne Mil-
lard, Robert Schumacher, Peter
Barhydt, Theodore Pattinson and
Jerry Davenport.
Experiment Explained
The first of the series of firings
is expected to take place in the
first week of October.
The experiment is conducted by
launching a rocket, which ejects,
during its ascent, a series of high
explosive. grenades at regular in-
tervals. Exact timing and the posi-
tion of the burst is determined by
ballistic cameras and the Doppler
See1'U' RESEARCH, page 6

Presidency

PRIMARIES SET FOR TUESDAY:
Candidates for Sheriff Discu

NLRB Claimed To Establish
Standards Without Authority
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is tending to es-
tablish moral standards for collective bargaining without clear con-
gressional sanction to do so, Prof. Nathan P. Feinsinger of the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin law school suggested yesterday.
Prof. Feinsinger addressed a University law school summer in-
stitute on collective bargaining.
He said employers should not be required to prove claims they
cannot afford wage increases, at least if they have bargained in good
"faith on other matters. (In the
Truit Manufacturing case, the
United States Supreme Court up-
held an NLRB ruling that em-
ployers must give unions evidence
sss of their inability to pay wage in-
creases, if this is used as a reason
ourth and fifth in a series of ar- in refusing demands for a pay
ates in Tuesday's primary election.) hike.)
Gives Reasons
Where there is no other evi-
as been an unsuccessful candidate dence a company is bargaining in
will head the list of hopefuls in bad faith, Prof. Feinsinger said, it
that nomination. should not be required toyprove
other candidates will place their claims itcannot afford pay in-
H. Williams, formerly a Detroit creases because:
1 From management's stand-
aomas A. Fitzgerald, currently Ann
ne-time sergeant in the Sheriff's point, this claim is just as com-
hbya pbli accuntntmonplace in collective bargaining
iby, a public accountant. as union charges 'that companies
nt, Oltersdorf said, is in need of are "anti-union" if they oppose a
ion." Along this line he strongly closed shop.
.e system of personnel competition. 2) Ability to pay is an elastic
romotions concept - "an accountant's re-
ring, Oltersdorf also urged the use port is susceptible to debate and
he basis for departmental promo- ... is not conclusive of the issue."
3) If forced to choose between
ul in his attempt to win the Re- giving unions "a look at the
aid that w hilethe .hriff's D-books" or being found guilty of vi-

GEN. FUAD SHEHAB
. new Lebanese president
to fight until our demands are
met."
Chief of these demands is quick
withdrawal of American forces
and immediate resignationrof
President Camille Chamoun.
Will Not Resign
Chamoun announced he has no
intention of resigning. He said he
intends to serve until his term ex-
pires Sept. 23. He gave this word
to newsmen upon emerging from
a conference with Shehab.
And the general said he will not:
resign from the army until Sept.
24, meaning he does not intend
to assume the presidency until
then.
There was no sign of a quick
American withdrawal.
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles told a news conference in
Washington several hours after
the vote here that the United
States would pull out the troops if
asked by a duly constituted Leb-
anese government.
Beirut Celebrates
Those troops landed at the re-
quest of Chamoun after the Iraqi
coup July 14. Shehab has not an-
nounced publicly whether he in-
tends to keep them.
The cabinet rift came out while
guns boomed all over Beirut in
salute to the prospects for peace.
In Salam's own Basta quarter,
musicwas heard. Guards at his
barricades were relaxed and hap-
py. There was a wild celebration
of gun fire, coming from all direc-
tions, apparently from govern-
ment as well as rebel forces.
Plan Secret
F"SrO r 'd h

By SUSAN HOLTZER

Republicans *..
Two candidates in Tuesday's primary election are attempting to
oust incumbent Sheriff Robert E. A. Lillie as the Republican nominee
for that office.
George A. Peterson, former captain in the Sheriff's Department,
and Harry B. Hogan, Ann Arbor private detective, are seeking the
GOP nod in one of the most holtly fought contests the primary
presents.
Commenting on one of the major controversies of the campaign,
Petersen sharply criticized operational changes in the Willow Village
substation, which is now used primarily for drivers' licenses. Lillie
has said the change will increase law protection by 40 per cent.
'Fantastic Error'
The reorganization is "a fantastic error of judgement," Petersen
declared, which "will leave the Ypsilanti township with little police
protection.
"Ypsilanti township and all outlying areas of the county need
greater protection, not less. You cannot supply good police protection
for Ypsilanti from Ann Arbor."

(EDITOR'S NOTE: These are the f
titles outlining the views of candida
Democrats .. .'
Lawrence P. Oltersdorf, who he
for sheriff four consecutive times,
Tuesday's Democratic primary fort
Along with Oltersdorf, threet
names before the voters: Richard
policeman and a deputy sheriff; Th
Arbor municipal court clerk and o
Department; and Leon E. Willough
The entire Sheriff's Departme
"a total and complete reorganizat
urged the adoption of a Civil Servic
Use for Pr
Besides using the system for hi
of Civil Service examinations as t.
tions.
Fitzgerald, who was unsuccessf
,blican sheiff mninatio, in 1954

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