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July 24, 1957 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1957-07-24

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Sixty-Seventh Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

hen opiwloms Ane reg
TruthbvwW Preva"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AY, JULY 24, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

American Economy
And Bargain Days

[ODAY AND tomorrow in Ann Arbor - as
if anyone could be so unobservant as to fail
o notice - are those exuberant once-a-year
lays when the local merchants try to snap
ut of the summer sales slump by luring eager
ownspeople into their shops with the aid of
hat universally-attractive attention-getter, the
bargain."
These are the days the merchants clean
iouse, the days they get rid of all the excess
Lock that didn't sell at Christmas or Easter,
he days they make a last attempt at getting
ack some of the money perhaps not too wisely
ivested in a poor hunch.
All this is done on a wide .scale - indeed,
hie whole town is in cahoots to make today
nd tomorrow successful days for the few hun-
red cash registers about the city. All the mer-
hbnts have banded together, the better to
atch the public with.
ND THE public will be caught. The towns-
people, after tomorrow, will have a good
iany new or used items in their homes while
heir pocketbooks will be correspondingly light-
Ann Arborites' homes will be filled with
ooks that will never be read, clothes that will
ever be worn, and all the "gimmick" items
hat no one really wants but which no one can
eally pass up in the face of the "bargain" label.
In addition, other non-bargain items will
ross the counter, too. Many merchants will
ndoubtedly have this closer to the fronts of
heir minds than the unloading of undesirable

Advanced

CAN JOHNNY Read? is fast being replaced by
the question of what our superior Johnnies
should be given to read and which of them are
the brilliants, judging from a recent campus
forum.
Last Monday the English. Conference series
was brightened somewhat by a panel airing of
"Literature for the Superior Student." We got
the impression the problem is bound to grow,
if only controversially.
Ann Arbor High's Jean Reynolds set mini-
mum standards for "superior" student: an I.Q.
of 130, reading speed of 14.5 (which we under-
stand to mean something better than the
average college sophomore). She suggested (the
plan is in effect in her school) that group tests
be given to sift out the superiors; then segrega-
tion of these for exposure to a core of Great
Books which could be expanded at their in-
clination.
John E. Graves of Detroit's Northeastern
High opposed elaborate tests and their implica-
tion of line-drawing. He counselled teachers
instead to be watchful for the "critical faculty"
which he said is unveiled by the character of
a student's "response,"
Graves did not favor segregation and he
would not introduce more literature for recog-
nized superiors. He reasoned that they would
do more reading without being "bludgeoned."
EACH PLAN has merit balanced by a flaw.
Both are deficient in one significant detail.
The deficiency is that neither of the teachers
mentioned any part to be played by the su-
perior's parents. For class segregation at least,
they should definitely be consulted and even be
asked to grant permission. Periodic evaluations
of progress should be furnished with invitation
for comment and further advice.
The group test method does force line-draw-
ing. It leaves nothink to the teacher's judge-
ment and provides little more than a nucleus
for a psuedo-sophisticated reading class. Segre-
gation (with extra credit, as at Ann Arbor
High) sets up just one more class standard,
and we can't see how the element of superiority
can be preserved: is a low-C superior student
better than a B-plus "normal"?

merchandise. For when the customer decides
that the "bargain" items are completely un-
wanted, he usually strays into the other de-
partments and decides that he will acquire
some other more desirable and more costly
merchandise.
YET ALL this is a recognized part of the
American democratic system of free enter-
prise. And; more important, it is an essential
part of this country's economy.
The present and lasting prosperity is due t
a large extent to the extravagance of the
American 'people. It is the buying of things
that. aren't really needed that builds our
economy to the point where everyone prospers.
If Americans didn't buy all the books they
do (instead of reading them at libraries), if
Americans didn't pour money into soft drinks
as they do, if Americans didn't buy all the
clothes they do, then the industries producing
these goods would find themselves making
much less in profits.
The American economy is geared to high-
spending; the Ann Arbor "bargain days" mere-
ly encourage more of it.
Obviously, when one is faced with old clothes,
or the same old books he has seen at every
month's "birthday sales," he should try to re-
member to avoid thinking of "bargain days"
as a part of "commercialism" (nasty word!)
and remember that the whole scheme is a
healthy part of our healthy American economy.
-VERNON NAHRGANG
Editor
Education
Mr. Graves' response-hunt seems a more
judicious method of selection, and is in line
with what Miss Reynolds herself recognized
as the "remarkable obligation" for honest ap-
praisal. Non-segregation (awful words!) con-
serves superiority for the benefit of the less
fortunately endowed. That is, it is more equit-
able.
B T "SUPERIORS" should not be left to their
ends in reading. The teacher's experience
and wisdom (they have it too, to be teachers)
Is shamefully wasted.
Attention (perhaps private) should be given
to draw out interests and instill values. "Bludg-
eoning" is then replaced by the teacher's first
duty-guidance.
-ERNEST ZAPLITNY
Civil Rights
Sponsorship
SOMEWHERE in this current Civil Rights
Senate controversy, the original purpose of
the legislation appears to have been diverted.
It seemed at first that the plan was designed
to eliminate local circumvention of constitu-
tional rights in backward regions of the coun-
try.
Unfortunately, the situation has become a
political issue of the first magnitude; something
not entirely unforeseen by prophets and profi-
teers. After many years of plugging away at
the civil rights theme, a collection of senators
has been dismayed and horrified to suddenly
find the leadership transferred from the ex-
perienced and calloused hands of Morse, Doug-
las and Humphrey, to, the relatively new and
inexperienced hands of Knowland, Nixon and
Eisenhower.
It would be naive to assume that the spon-
sorship of this civil rights bill is a trivial
matter. With elections approaching again, this
issue will be extremely significant. Still, it is
strange to see how many faults many of the
onetime strong supporters of civil rights legis-
lation can find in a Republican-sponsored bill.
-DAVID KESSEL

AT RACKHAM:
Steamer.
Diverse
Program
LAST EVENING the Stanley
Quartet again played one of its
typically diverse programs with a
broad spectrum of music to please
almost everyone, at least in part.
The Haydn quartet in E-flat,
which opened the affair is a rather
gay but otherwise adequate, with
a startling ending, for Haydn. This
was given a suitable performance,
i.e. occasionally dreary but other-
wise adequate.
Next came the Stravinsky "Three
Pieces for String Quartet," which.
dates from 1914 when Stravinsky
was experimenting with an assort-
ment of effects.
The first movement was over so
fast I missed it, but the other two
were very curious indeed, with
many strange tonal; effects, ap-
parently lost upon a straitlaced
audience, and certainly lost on me.
Five pieces from Bartok's "Mik-
rocosmos," a piano suite tran-
scribed for string quartet by Serly,
were very effective in this form.
ESPECIALLY SO was the selec-
tion "From the diary of a fly," a
sort of latter-day flight of the
bumble-bee, which sounds far
more appropriate coming from
strings than from a piano.
Bartok's music is always well
played by the Quartet, and even
these "Mikrokosmos" fragments
were given the high-powered treat-
ment which distinguishes out-
standing pereformances of this
composer's work.
The program concluded with
Brahms Quartet in B-flat major,
Op. 67. This is possibly one of
Brahms' most effective composi-
tions for four strings, with many
hints of his symphonic manner,
especially in the first movement.
In this quartet, as in the Brahms
quartet played at the last concert,
there was heard to good effect the
cello of visitor Robert Swenson
from the University of Illinois.
--David Kessel

ids' n j
\ w~. {4'Y'
&* n1 z . crr4t }rrt6?,,2JIbsr ce.

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
Hours' Mild Success

LETTERS
to the editor

..-. *...-..: r:.: ::. : :::'. .:a.:........:............:
(Editor's Note: Letters to the Edi-
tor must be signed, in good taste, and
not more than 300 words in length.
The Daily reserves the right to edit
or withhold letters from publication.)
Man's Frailties . . *
To the Editor:
THE ARGUMENTS advanced by
Mr. Willie Abraham, from the
University College of Ghana to
"keep women out of the Univer-
sity" and which were reprinted in
the July 18 issue of The Daily, are,
to say the least, unfair and sel-
fish.
Reading through the article, one
is palpably conscious of a young
man who is wildly distracted by
the exterior sensual beauty of
"every passing woman." However,
for reasons best known to him, he!
has failed to fathom the depth of
a woman's heart, though he vaunts
at the same time that he hasI
"developed a radar-like sense of
discernment in all things femi-
nine."
He subtly camouflages all the
selfish frailties of man as "those
important items which all men
cherish." He then strangely blames
the University Education of a
woman for her failure to satisfy
these selfish whims of man.
The selfish nature. of complete
possession of a woman by a man
in every respect-spiritually, emo-
tionally, mentally and bodily-is
deeply ingrained in the author's
mind.
Mr. Abraham, sad to say, knows
very little of "noble friendship."
Matrimonial status does not pre-
clude a wife from either making
new friends or continuing her
"noble friendship" with her friends
-both men and women-of her
youthful days. A woman has much
right to enjoy true friendship as
a man. Theauthor confuses this
true friendship of his wife with
other men with his own selfish
idea of total possession of her.
A woman is entitled as much as
any man to know and enjoy the
world of today. And a University
campus affords the best oppor-
tunity for this purpose, Though a
University Education may be use-
less (a debatable point, though)
to a woman later as a wife, yet
shemhas a right to enjoy it in her
young days.
Though man is still the main
bread-winner, he should not grudge
his wife the "elegant and expen-
sive habits" of smoking and beer-
drinking, if these give her plea-
sure. If a man can acquire these
costly habits on a University cam-
pus and is entitled to enjoy them
later, so a woman too.

PHE THIRD summer production
y of the Department of Speech
opened last night with mild suc-
cess. Neither as energetic as
"Charley's Aunt," nor as generally,
outstanding as the Moliere play,
Joseph Hayes' suspense drama,
"The Desperate Hours" is, never-
theless, well produced and, for
the most part, competently acted.
The story focuses on a few cru-
cial hours in the lives of three
panic-stricken men: a police offi-
cer, an escaped convict, and a
mild mannered executive.
These three, bound to each
other's fortunes by some quirk of
chance, struggle throughout the
play to conquer their own weak-
nesses and to define the nature of
obedience to the established law.
The convict, Glenn Griffin, suf-
fering from some delusions of
criminal honor and driven by the
memory of a policeman's insult,
takes possession of the suburban
home of Dan Hilliard. Using the
place as a temporary sanctuary
from police pursuit, he and his
two companions use two guns, two
women, one small boy, and nuimer-
ous threats to maintain the pro-
tection of anonymity until their
escape can be guaranteed.
* * *
HILLIARD, valuing the lives of
his wife and children, is forced. to
go along with the demands of the
criminals.
After being called a coward by
his 10-year-old son, he attempts
several futile subterfuges, but in

"Just A Little More Watering Down"
--
4 I

.'

the end is physically persuaded to
remain cooperative and helpful.
The nature of his decision is inter-
esting. What is more important to
the average man; honor or safety?
Griffin cannot leave the premises
he has chosen for a refuge until
he obtains money from his girl,
friend through the a mail. His
primary aim in breaking out had
been to kill the man who had
socked him on the jaw after his
previous apprehension.
This man, Bard, the police offi-
cer in charge of the present case,
was the' infernal magnet that
drew Griffin to the area of the
Hilliard's house and made him risk
capture for revenge.
The situation grows increasingly
intense. A rivalry springs up be-
tween the criminals: Griffin's
young brother becomes scared and
sentimental; Robish, the other es-
capee of the party, is jealous of
the leader's power.
It would be unfair to reveal the
ending in any detail, but a satis-
factory resolution does take place
and the curtain aptly falls at the
proper moment of realization.
* * *
THE PLAY itself, although not
unimpressive, is an amorphous
one, depending upon the quality
of its actors for success. The at-
mosphere of tension and conflict,
present in the movie and presum-
ably in the Broadway production,
was noticeably lacking, but this
may undoubtedly be attributed to

the unprofessional nature of the
dramatic group.
The majority of the main char-.
acters were interpreted with ac-
curacy rather than inspiration.
Donald Shanower, as Bard, was
unfortunately mealy-mouthed and
over-histrionic and Lloyd Kaiser,
as another denizen of the law,
sounded too much like the Lone
Ranger for comfort.
Their weaknesses were almost
balanced, however, by a few skill-
ful portrayals among their less
respectable counterparts. Fspeci-
ally notable here is Donald Wood
in the part of the oaf, Robish.
The mechanical side of the pro-
duction was equally satisfying. The
set, built on two levels, success-
fully created an impression of
verisimilitude; its use, if noisy,
prevented annoying scene changes.
The few obvious technical diffi-
culties are not important and
might be smoothea out with little
trouble. The use of offstage sound,
for instance, might be more im-
pressive if the audience could hear
what is being said.
-Jean Willoughby
Financial,
Roundup
NEW YORK (P)- The stock
market slipped further into the
doldrums yesterday with prices
mixed on the lightest turnover
since June 27.

Washington
Merry=
Round
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - In reviewing
the bitterness stirred up at
Clinton, Tenn., it's important to
remember that the confused young
man who stirred it up, John Kas-
per, is a close friend of Ezra
Pound, who broadcast for the Axis
during the war. Pound escaped
trial as a traitor only on the plea
of insanity.
Kasper also was on such in-
timate relations with Negroes that
he attendedbNegro dances in Har-
lem, and brought a Negro girl,
Florette Williams, from New York.
to Washington to visit Ezra Pound
at St. Elizabeth's Hospital for the
insane.
With this background, Kasper,
who has spent most of his life in
the north, went south to organize
White Citizens Councils and to
stir up trouble againstethe race
with which he had been so in-
timate in New York.
. * * *
LAST WEEK the House veterans
committee considered a bill by
which the estates of incompetent
veterans dying in veterans hospi-
talsc would be paid to their wives,
dependent parents and children.
The bill was considered because
some aged veterans, either insane
or incompetent in VA hospitals,
have, been leaving fairly large
estates, and it was proposed that
these estates go to the wife, parents
or children-or in case none of
them was living the money would
go to the United States Treasury.
Congressman Carl Anderson, Re-
publican of Minnesota, proposed an
amendment to include brothers
and sisters in the list of benefi-
ciaries.
Later it developed that Anderson
has a brother who has been in a
VA hospital since World War L
The congressman is the brother's
guardian and handles his estates.
Note-The bill was beaten. The
law now remains as is: the estates
of incompetent veterans go to next
of kin, no matter who.
NINE REPUBLICANS have noti-
fled Senator Knowland they will
not vote to shut off the filibuster.
The list includes Goldwater (Ariz),
Jenner (Ind.), Young (N. D.), Ma-
lone (Neb.), Mundt (S. D.), and
Williams (Del.).
This means that the filibuster
can last interminably unless there's
a compromise. Only 60 votes can
be raised by Republicans and
northern Democrats for cloture--
which is four short of the neces-
sary two-thirds.
Knowland has promised to de-
liver 35 Republican votes against
the jury-trial amendment. He has
told Senator Douglas of Illinois,
the Democratic civil rights leader,
that all he needs to do is to raise
15 votes to defeat the jury-trial
amendment.
Northern Democrats, however,
are having trouble finding even 15
Democratic votes. Such senators
as Jackson and Magnuson
(Wash), Mansfield and Murray
(Mont.), and O'Mal'oney (Wyo.)
have indicated they Wvill vote with
the South for trial by jury.
Vice-President Nixon has been/
using his influence with Repub-
licans to stop talk of compromise.
He is probably the toughest nego-
tiator for a strong civil rights bill.
Southern senators have agreed
to let the debate roll along without,
any undue obstruction for the first
couple of weeks until they see what
kind of compromise they are get-

ting. They are convinced they will
get some important compromises.
* * *
UNITED NATIONS troops in the
Gaza Strip are now so completely
under Egypt's thumb that they
had to smuggle in new furniture
from Israel. They couldn't buy it
openly.
The Egyptians have forced the
UN command to bring all its sup-
plies through Cairo and across the
Sinai Desert instead of the short
route through Israel.
This has run expenses so high
that recently UN headquarters
secretly bought new furniture in
Tel Aviv and smuggled it across
the border into the Gaza Strip.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for w cb the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPE WRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Buiding, be-
fore 2 p.m the day preceding
publication Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1951
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 21
General Notices
Exhibit of Children's Art: Fifty paint-
ings of Paris scenes by French school

I

.4.

lk

SCREEN'S-EYE VIEW :
Confession and Suppression

A'

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Dulles Assuming

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
SECRETARY of State Dulles made a big
assumption when he said the United States
is ready to open up its entire territory to
Russian aerial inspection.
The administration may be ready, but in the
country and in Congress there are still grave
and .widespread doubts.
This extends not only to inspection, but to
the whole\ disarmament offer as it appears
Editorial Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
JOHN HILLYER. ................Sports Editor
RENE GNAM..........................Night Editor
Business Staff
STEPHEN TOPOL, Business Manager

against the background of continued enmity
between Russia and the free wrold.
Dulles was aiming to allay this doubt inyhis
address to the nation Monday night, and
certainly its was one of his better efforts.
The public has been fed American disarma-
ment policy in such piecemeal form that it
was not even understood, much less approved.
Dulles pulledit together so that it could be
seen as a whole.
Dulles has stolen a march on the remainder
of Harold Stassen's report to the London con-
ference, by making public the extent to which
the administration is willing to submit the
North American continent to inspection if
Russia will reciprocate.
Congressional agreemenit may be as hard to
get as Russian.
So far, Russia has suggested inspection for
Siberia and western United States, although
both sides have considered that this could
begin in the arctic and gradually be expanded,
with the development of mutual confidence, to
the rest of the two continents.

By WILLIAM HAWES
Daily Television Writer
HIDE, or not to hide: that
is the question. Whether 'tis
nobler in the mind to tell every-
thing you know on television or
keep your mouth shut. The an-
swer seems to be: tell all, hide
nothing. Psychonanalysis king-
size. Confess all to Mike Wallace
or a raft of story-eager reporters
while the nation eavesdiops on the
conversation.
Two kinds of people are inter-
viewed these days. One is the pub-
lic official. He should be quizzed
about his job and about his per-
sonal life if it influences that job.
ABC-TV's "Press Conference,"
now off the air for the summer, is
excellent'at this.
Recently Senator Bourke Hick-
enlooper was repeatedly grilled by
reporters concerning H-bomb fall-
out. No probing on the part of re-
porters can be too deep or too se-
vere. It's the reporters' joo to ask
questions.
More important though, it's the
Senator's job to know the answers.
* * *
THEN THERE'S the second
kind of interview program. This
program pretends to get at the
truth, too.
Actually, however, it's a game
to determine whether the inter-
viewer can lure the person being
interviewed into making some
near libelous committal, or whe-
ther he can distort or belittle what
the interviewee said. In other
words the program is designed for

bers is Mike Wallace (ABC-TV).
His intention, as near as I can
make out, is to display a person at
his worst. And if his worst isn't
bad enough, then Wallace concen-
trates on the worst of his guest's
good side.
With Steve Allen he probed the
Sullivan-Allen feud. Apparently
Wallace hopes to get his guest to
commit himself to the point of
legal jeopardy. There was a lot of
network ballyhoo about Mickey
Cohen getting to this point.
* * *
AT ANY RATE such publicity
keeps this otherwise shallow pro-
gram before the public. How long
could this show last if notoriety-
hungry celebrities were not willing
to sacrifice their privacy by dis-
cussing their intimate troubles be-
fore a milieu of people equally
hungry to listen?
One of the most recent exhibi-
tionists was prodigal Diana Bar-
rymore who has done about ev-
erything she could to disgrace the
tradition of her family, some of
whom are still acting.
Miss Barrymore actually had
nothing beneficial to tell. Her tes-
timonial is just'another of a long
list of alcoholics whose life stories
seem to be the profitable basis for
much of TV's dramatic literature.
(Helen Morgan and Gene Austin
to mention a couple more.)
Of course, Miss Barrymore
hopes to sell her autobiography,
which promises to be smuttier
than the watered-down interview.
She also hopes to reenter the elite.

"energy" but rather that of hypo-
chondria. Big money and little
minds. The entertaining arts con-
centrate on pumping the harcotic
of self pity into each of us. Psy-
choanalysis and self-examination
has focused the spotlight on the
individual all right and in doing
so minutiae has consumed the at-
tention of man.
* * *
WHILE some people are telling
all they know, others are trying
to hide less agreeable aspects of
their background. I refer to Fos-
ter L. Barnes' complaint that an
attempt is being made by the net-
works to censor Stephen Foster's
songs. (Barnes is superintendent
of Florida's Stephen Foster Mem-
orial).
New words are being substituted
for "darkies" and "Old Black Joe,"
he said. I suppose this is an at-
tempt to erase a stigma of "Ne-
gro inferiority." If so, it's a good
idea; but is this the way to do it?
I got to thinking if "My Old
Kentucky Home" and "Way Down
Upon the Swannee River" are cen-
sored, then what about "Dark-
town Strutters' Ball" or "Basin
Street" - two of my favorites?
The result is they'll never be
played on TV.
And what about minstrels? This
will probably mean no more
blackface comedians. I'm glad now
the wonderful Al 'Jolson has
passed on. What, about Negro
slaves in "Show Boat?" Or the
really slovenly Negro language
used in "Green Pastures," the

I

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