See Page 2
Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVH, No. 19S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1957
Senate Gives Up j
On Civil Rights
Vote on Controversial Measure
May Be Scheduled Early Next Week
WASHINGTON (P)--Senate supporters of the civil rights bill yes-
terday abandoned their efforts to find compromise language for Sec-
tion 3, the most controversial part of the measure.
Sen. Knowland (R-Calif.), leader of the bipartisan coalition
backing the bill, announced he was prepared to allow the Senate to
accept the section as it~stands or reject it altogether.
There may be a vote on the issue early next week.
Section 3, would empower the attorney general to seek federal
court injunctions against violations or threatened violations of civil
rights of all kinds. Persons disobeying the injunctions could be charged
DR. TOYAI SHIMIZU
.. . need engineers
Balance Annual Budget
Se re ation
* Rests Case
.KNOXVILLE, Tenn. () - Th
defense, in a sudden surprise move
rested in the 10-day-old Clinton
segregation trial Friday with it
lawyers contending the govern
ment "has not made any case a
United States District Judg
Robert L. Taylor announced each
side will be -allowed four hours fo
final arguments Monday.
Then on Tuesday, he said, h
will charge the jury.
"We're quite happy over the way
things have worked out," said de
fense lawyer William Shaw, assist
ant attorney general of Louisiana
Another defense a tt o r n e y
Thomas P. Gore of Nashville, told
newsmen: "We say the governmen
has not made out any case at al
and there is no reason to deny o
dispute immaterial or irrelevan
"Therefore, we see no need to
call-Pur 40 or 50 more witnesses."
The dramatic finale came after
defense lawyers huddled in private
for nearly an hour, delaying the
"opening of the day's session, while
they threshed out their strategy.
The majority decided to pursue
the line which the defense has fol-
lowed from the outset -that the
government lacked evidence to
prove the defendants engaged in
a conspiracy to violate a federal
Only six defense witnesses took
On trial before an all-white jury
are 10 of the original "Clinton 15"
and John Kasper, 27, of Washing-
ton, D. C., New Jersey-born White
Citizens Council leader.
1-DAY REIGN :
LONG BEACH, Calif. (3)-"We
desperately needed money .. . we
hoped to get recognition . . . get
Thus, haltingly, a beautiful girl
on the verge of tears explained at
1 dramatic press conference Fri-
day why she undertook a Cinder-
ella vasquerade that came within
hours of carrying her into the
finals of the Miss Universe con-
Contest officials who Wednesday
night showered Leona Gage with
prizes and praise when she was
named Miss United States over 44
other lovelies, Friday capped 12
hours of confusing developments
by ousting her for being married.
Leona came here as Miss Mary-
land and swore she was single.
Actually, she is married ta, an Air
' Force sergeant by whom she has
This year, for the first time, a
rule requires all entrants to be
single. If her mother-in-law had
kept still, Leona. might have had
a chance to go all the way.
In twd of the five previous con-
tests, Miss United States has be-
come Miss Universe.
Her mother-in-law, Mrs. Clar-
ence Long 'of Crisfield, Md., told
- with contempt of court and tried
without a jury.
Southern Democrats fighting the
legislation have directed their
heaviest fire against this section.
They contend it would give the
attorney general Ceasar-like pow-
ers and enable him to force racial
integration of the South's public
Republicans and Northern Dem-
ocrats "supporting the bill have
e been inclined to soften the terms
, of Section 3 but have been unable
n to agree on how far to go.
s / Knowland said he had decided
- not to offer a modifying amend-
t ment he has been working on.
Earlier in the day he had told
e newsmen it would be introduced
h with or without bipartisan spon-
r sorship. (
He said tonight he had come to
e the conclusion that a substitute
could not be worked out "to meet
the situation and the desires of the
y various people with whom we have
- been discussing it."
It was understood the Knowland
. amendment would have changed
, Section 3 so that the attorney gen-
d eral could intervene in civil rights
t cases, other than those involving
l voting rights, only at the request
r of local authorities.
°uHof fa ins
Verdict May Rocket.
Teamster to Top Post
WASHINGTON () - James R.
Hoffa, No. 2 man in the Team-
sters Union, won an acquittal yes-
terday on charges that he con-
spired and bribed to plant a spy
within thie Senate Rackets Com-
The verdict may, rocket Hoffa
into the union's presidency, a post
being vacated by Dave Beck, who
is retiring under charges from the
same Senate committee that he
misappropriated large sums from
A federal court jury of seven
women and five men deliberated
urnly about 3/ hours in reaching
its verdict exonerating Hoffa, 44.
Conviction upon the charges he
faced could havecarried a penal-
ty up to 13 years in prison and
$21,000 in fines.
As his wife and daughter Bar-
bara, 19, stood weeping with joy
in the courtroom, Hoffa let it be
known he would make an early
decision on whether to seek Bek's
position. He told newsmen he
would "make it my business with-
in the next six days to call a
meeting in Chicago of my friends
in the international union and de-
cide what my future activities will
be in the union."
Hoffa, a short, bouncy man with
slicked-down black hair, thanked
United States District Judge Bur-
nita S. Matthews, the jury and his
attorney, Williams. Then, when
the judge left the courtroom, he
told reporters: "It proves once
again that if you are honest and
tell the truth you have nothing to
Body in River '
Washtenaw County Sheriff's of-
ficers recovered the body of Jo-
seph T. Stevens, 23 years old, of
Inkster, from the Huron River at
8:10 a.m. yesterday morning.
Stevens, a counsellor at Michi-
gan Children's Institute, had
drowned early Wednesday even-
By ERNEST ZAPLITNY
"We must send many more of
our students and scholars to study
in America," said Dr. Toyai Shi-
mizu, president of Okoyama Uni-
versity, Japan, here last night.
Dr. Shimizu is on a three-week
tour of the United States. He con-
ferred with University officials on
his two-day visit here regarding
the need for more University-
trained Japanese students for a
projected engineering department
at Okayama University.
While here, he interviewed Prof.
Frank L. Huntley, English depart-
ment, who will join his faculty
staff in September. There are two
Americans from University of
California at. Okayama now, Dr.
"We would welcome more Amer-
ican tteachers," he said, "but our
budget is very low, and we must
depend on grants to support Am-
erican teachers." (Prof. Huntley
is on grant from the Asia Foun-
Okayama; University gets a
yearly grant of about $2,000,000
from the Japanese government,
Dr. Shimizu said. The only other
revenue it has comes from tuition
and subsistence fees of about $16
monthly from 3,500 students.
The university, a field center of
the University has departments in
science, education, literature and
medicine, with an engineering de-
partment to be added in Septem-
ber. The school year is of the
familiar two-semester structure.
Four years are required for gradu-
ation, except that six are neces-
sary in medicine.
Dr. Shimizu reported that the
average age of'Okayama freshmen
is between 19 and 21. Fifteen per-
cent of the student body are wo-
men, mostly in the educational
field. About 800 new students are
enrolled each year.
Students elect a council, %Dr.
Shimizu said, which participates
in monthly meetings with the fac-
ulty and administrative staff.
Problems bearing on student wel-
fare, social activities and educa-
tional methods are freely dis-
cussed, he said.;
The university president is
elected by the faculty for a four-
year term. He may succeed him-
self for two-year terms.
Dr. Shimizu did undergraduate
work at Kyoto University, being
graduated in 1917. He subsequent-
ly studied at University of Frei-i
burg in Germany, returning to
Okayama University to teach bio-
chemistry in 1924, and has taught
there since. He was elected presi-
dent in 1951.
Dr. Shimizu left today for Jap-i
Second in Row
WASHINGTON (M)-The gov-
ernment Friday announced its
second balanced budget in a row,
showing a $1,645,000,000 surplus
for the 1957 fiscal year which
ended June 30.
However, the Treasury report
chilled- hopes for an early tax cut.
Officials have stated -that any
significant tax relief must await
a surplus twice that size, or larger.
The fiscal accounting, released
with a brief statement by Secre-
tary of the Treasury Humphrey
and Budget Director Percival F.
Brundage, reported receipts at an
all-time record .of $70,989,000,000
and spending at a peacetime re-,
cord of, $69,344,000,000.
The surplus was 83 million dol-
lars smaller than President Eisen-
hower estimated in his budget
message six months ago. But it
was slightly larger than the
$1,626,000,000 surplus of a year
Not since 1947-48 has the gov-
ernment had two successive bal-
anced budgets. Eisenhower's pro-
posed budget for the present fiscal
year, a controversial $71,800,000,-
000 document now being pruned
by Congress, calls for a third sur-
plus, amounting to $1,813,000,000.
Both spending and income in,
the year just closed were above
the President's January forecasts
and far above his estimates when
he originally presented tfhe fiscal
1957 budget to Congress in Janu-
The Japanese wood block tech-
nique of print-making will be
demonstrated at 8 p.m., Monday,
July 22, in the Rackham Amphi-
theater as part of the Summer
Session program, "Asian Cultures
and the Modern American."
The speakers will be Mrs. Fujio
Yoshida, her son Hodaka, and his
wife, Chizuko, all from Tokyo.
Mrs. Yoshida is the widow of Hi-
roshi Yoshida, a promoter of the
revival of the wood block print in
Mrs. Yoshida has previousiy giv-
en the demonstration at the uni-
versities of Hawaii and Oregon,
and also in Dallas and New York.
She will show how a design is cut
on wood, and then/make a print
from the wood block.
More Ike Plans
WASHINGTON (P)-The House
Friday night passed a $3,116,833,-
000 foreign aid authorization bill,
cut $727,800,000 below President
Passage was by a 254-154 roll-
The vote climaxed a week of hot
debate over the overseas aid pro-
gram in which the House also
voted down major Eisenhower pro-
posals to put the aid program on
a long-term basis.
Goes to Conference
The bill now goes to the Senate-
House conference for compromise
with a Senate-passed bill much
closer to Eisenhower's' original re-
quest. The Senate cut only 375
million dollars from the adminis-
tration bill and it approved some
long-term aid authority
Eisenhower and Secretary of
State Dulles were counting on the
Senate-House Compromise Com-
mittee to rescue some foreign aid
projects severely trimmed in a
final hectic day of House voting.
Specially hard hit in the long
session that ran into the evening
hours were Eisenhower programs
for a new development loan fund
and for economic aid to support
defense programs of U.S. allies.
Defense Support Cut
Instead of the 900 million dol-
lars Eisenhower wanted for de-
fense support in athe Domifig 12-
month perior, the House voted
155-74 for only 600 millions. The
Senate bill provides 800 million
It limited Eisenhower's proposed
new development loan fund to one
year, instead of the requested three
years and set a 500-million dollar
ceiling for the program.
The President had sought 500
million dollars for the first year
and 750 millions for each of the
following two years. He said this
would put the foreign aid program
on a sounder, long-range planning
basis. The Senate went along with
the President's request.
The bill sets terms and ceilings
for the future aid program, but
does not supply the money. The
actual cash must be voted in a
later appropriations bill, which in
turn seems headed for stiff going
in the House.
DESPERATE MEN-Glen Phillips (left), Joseph Ombry (center) and David Swartz will appear
in "The Desperate Hours" opening Monday at Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Here July 231
Lynn Bartlett, newly installed
state superintendent of public in-
struction, will be the speaker at a
dinner sponsored by Phi Delta
Kappa t6 be held Tuesday night,
6:30 p.m., at the Michigan Union.
Bartlett, who is a member of
the local chapter of Phi Delta
Kappa, will speak on long range
goals of the Office of State Super-
intendent of Public Instruction. A
question and answer period is
Members of Phi Delta Kappa in
town, both members of the local
chapter and members from other
chapters who are summer school
students, will be guests at the
Wives of members are also in-
vited, as are faculty members of
the School of Education summer
session and their wives.
Special guests will be Dean
Harold Olsen of the School of
Education and Mrs. Olsen, and
University Vice-President Wilbur
Pierpont and Mrs. Pierpont.
Guests who wish to attend
should make reservations by Mon-
day noon at the School of Educa-
tion office. Cost will be $2.75 per
Tense 'Desperate Hours'
Next on Summer Playbill
"The Desperate Hours," the Broadway suspense drama, opens
Monday gt Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
Prof. Jack E. Bender of the speech department directs four nightly
performances of this third presentation of the Summer Playbill.
"The Desperate Hours" opened on Broadway in February, 1955,
winning the Antoinette Perry Award as best play of the season.
It is a dramatization of Joseph
Hayes' novel of the same name.
Three escaped convicts take
refuge in an Indianapolis home,
with plans to stay there until one
of their confederates sends them
a package of money. Tension
mounts as members of the family
attempt to warn the police while
the mother is singled out as a
hostage to prevent their capture.
Members of the cast are: LaMar
Miller, Grad.; Donald Shanower,
Grad.; David Lloyd, Grad.; Je-
nette Faber, Grad.; David Swartz
(10-year-old son of Dr. Walter
Swartz, Ann Arbor); Jean White-
hurst, '59; Glen Phillips, '51;
Francis Wilson (Special); Donald
Wood, Grad.; George Bamber,
Grad.; Ronald Black, Grad.; Lloyd
Kaiser, Grad.; Anne Kristelis, '57;
Lewis laconetti (Special); and
Homer Story, Grad.
Scenery is designed by Ralph
Duckwall. Costumes are by Mar-
"The International Geophysical
Year-An Adventure in Interna-
tional Cooperation" will be the
topic of a talk by Prof. Leo Gold-
berg at 8 p.m. tomorrow at the
Prof. Goldberg is chairman of
Astronomy and director of the Ob-
the University's Department of
TEENS GET TIPS ON PUBLICATIONS:
I'Workshop Marks5t Season
"The summer workshop was worked out five years ago to provide
a laboratory in conducting of high school publications," said Prof. John
V. Field, commenting on the aims of this annual Department of Jour-
"It is first an educational adjunct to University journalism stu-
dents," he explained. "But it is equally valuable in giving high school
students ideas for improving their own school publications."
Thirty-one students from high schools in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana
and Illinois are attending the first two-week session which ends Friday.
Two more are scheduled.
Named by Advisors
fi Participants in the workshop are named by local high school
advisers, some under the sponsorship of hometown newspapers. The
students chosen are all staff members of their school newspapers or
those who will be named as editors of the school's yearbook.
The group is divided into two separate sections for instruction
Politics in Philippines
Tuesday Lecture Topic
Robert Aura Smith, editorial writer for The New York Times,
will lecture on "The Political Crisis in the Philippines," at 4:15 p.m.,
Tuesday, in Aud., A, Angell Hall.
Smith, seventh lecturer in the University summer session series,
"Asian Cultures and the Modern American," recently returned
from a trip through the. Far"
His lecture will include observa-
tions of the trip.
Second scheduled Asian Cultures
lecturer of the week, Mohammed
Ali, ambassador from Pakistan,
cancelled his talk due to political
Ali was to lecture Wednesday.
Sixth in the "Glimpses of Asia"
series -Philippines - will be held
at 8 p.m., Tuesday, in Rackham
Free reservations for the pro-
gram of native dances, songs, and
refreshments may be picked up at
the Administration Building from
9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday.
Asian Cultures film showing for
this week is set for Monday night. ROBERT A. SMITH
At 8 p.m. and 9:30 p.m. in Kellogg .. to lecture Tuesday
Auditorium, the following films
will be shown: "Oriental City,
"Conspiracy in Kyoto," "Visit to Panel To Discuss
Cambodia," "Letter .to Indonesia," l . Student
and "Land of Bengal." Superior