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July 18, 1957 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1957-07-18

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A& A**


0 0 E


Years of Editorial Freedom

Ike Hits Forced
Mixed Education
'Common Sense of American People
Will Never Require It,' He Believes
WASHINGTON R) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
rejected any idea of ever using federal troops to enforce school inte-
"I can't imagine any set of circumstances that would ever induce
me to send federal troops into any area to enforce the orders of a
federal court," he said, "because I believe that common sense of
America will never require it."
Southerners fighting the administration's civil rights bill in
the Senate have objected it could mean the use of troops, as in Re-
construction days.
Ike Opens Way

President Eisenhower,
for a possible compromise
Slam It's
Rights Pol
yesterday accused P r e s
Dwight D. Eisenhower of t
hot and cold on the civil rig
as the Senate began its
round of debate on the hot
puted measure.
Several major' changes
legislation were proposed
debate rolled along.
President Eisenhower ap
to have'opened the rdoo
North-South compromise o
of Section Three of the legi
the controversial section
would empower the attorne
eral to enforce civil rights b
ing federal injunctions.
At a news conference, the
ident replied "no" when r

at hi
on th
hts bi
tly di
in th
as th
r to,
n pa]
y gen
y seek
e Pres
he wa

4 asked:
"Are you convinced thati
would be a wise extension of fed
eral power at this stage to per
mit the attorney general to brin
suits on his own motion, to en
force school integration in th
T h e President indicated 'h
would favor such action only upo
"request from local authorities."
The present bill would permi
the attorney general, on his own
motion, to start suits for federa
injunctions to prevent violations o
'civil rights.
Violators - of such injunction
could be punished by federa
judges, without jury trial.,
The President's news conferenc
remarks.moved Sen. Paul Dougla
(D-Ill) to tell the Senate: ,"It'sa
very embarrassing position if the
President has pulled the rug ou
from under us."
Sen. Douglas, who supports the
bill pretty much as it stands, sai
that Tuesday night, Presiden
Eisenhower appeared committed t
hold on to Section Three but that
press reports yesterday indicat
he has changed his position.
The Senate voted 71 to 18 lat
Tuesday to take up the bill for
It had debated the question eight
Majority Leader Lyndon John-
son (D - Tex) announced the
House-approved bill now "is going
to be s4reened sentence by sen-
Total Negro
Boycott Seen
By Hardwick
Gov. Guy Hardwick predicted yes-
terday that Alabama white people
will enforce a total boycott of
Negroes if "this outrageous civil
rights bill" becomes law, and Ne-
groes attempt to avail themselves
of its provisions.
"All white men will, of necessity,
be drawn together by common
bonds of resistance," Hardwick
told a Birmingham civic club.
"And I predict they will refuse
to employ, feed, clothe, or other-
wise aid or assist Negroes, if the
latter insist in disrupting and up-
setting our way of life in Ala-
Italian Critic
Slates Lecture.
Glauco Cambon, Italian author

s news conference, opened the way
e bill. A reporter asked whether he
-believed the attorney general
should be empowered to initiate
injunction suits to enforce school
The President replied "no" -
not without a request from "local
The present bill would permit
the attorney general, on his own
v motion, to ask federal courts to
issue injunctions to prevent viola-
tions or threatened violations of
is a wide range of civil rights.
It Southerners Protest
ig Southerners have protested that
ll under this provision persons vio-
d lating injunctions dealing with
s- school desegregation could be
jailed for contempt without jury
ie trials.
e In response to other questions
President Eisenhower talked
d warmly of his World War II com-
a rade-in-arms, Soviet D e f e n s e
rt Minister Georgi Zhukov, and gave
n, his blessing to the idea of a
h United States visit by Zhukov,
- or a meeting between the Red
- marshal and his American coun-
terpart, Secretary of Defense
- Charles Wilson. t
s Last month's Kremlin upheaval
-which brought Zhukov to a top
it position of leadership - was de-
scribed by President Eisenhower
- as "the result of some fundamen-
g tal pressures" inside Russia.
- As for specific amendments to
e the 'ivil rights bill, the President
said he would not detail his views
e now-"we will see what the Sen-
n ate brings out."
But he did say this: "I person-
it ally believe if, you try to go too
n far too fast in laws in this del.-
d cate field, that has involved the
d emotions of so many millions of
Americans, you are making a mis-
House Group
t Gets Names
e Of Communists
t WASHINGTON (A)-- Two wit-
o nesses yesterday gave a House sub-
t committee on Un-American Activ-
e ities the names of 33 persons they
said they knew as Communists in
e communications work in the late
r 1930s.
On the list was Joseph Selly,
t identified as president now of the
American Communications Asso-
ciation, a labor union.
Others of the 33 were identified
as communications industry work-
ers or connected with the ACA or
the American Radio Telegraphers
Assn., which preceded ACA.
The witnesses were Michael Mig-
non, Brooklyn, N. Y., an inter-
national representative of the
Communications W o r k e r s of
America and Joseph Finsmith,
Searingtown, Long Island, N. Y.,
manager of the Personal Service
Bureau of RCA, Inc.
Both said they had been Com-
munist party members for a few
years prior to 1940.

KNOXVILLE, Teenn. (A) - A
government witness, in a singl
10-minute sweep of testimony
yesterday placed 11 of 14 Clintor
defendants on the scene of racia
disorders at Clinton High Schoo
last fall.
It was the biggest mass link-u
by any witness in the eight-day
old criminal contempt trial ir
United States District Court.
United States District Attorne3
John C. Crawford Jr. announcec
that the government expects t
rest its case this morning.
Police Chief Francis Moore o
Clinton testified he saw all bu
three of the 14 Clinton defendant
keeping a daily vigil near the higL
school a week before the climatic
outbreak of blodshed when Negrc
students returned to the schoo]
Dec. 4.
Moore is a member of the An-
derson County School Board,
which operates the' integrated
He said the 11 defendants kept
watch in their cars or on the
street near the school throughout
that period when the Negro chil-
dren stayed up on the pine-topped
ridge where Clinton's Negro col-
ony lives and did not venture to
attend school.
Moore also testified that one of
the 11 watchers, the Rev. Alonzo
B u 11o c k, a part-time Baptist
preacher and house pain ter told
him: "You want me to leave so
you can bring those colored chil-
dren down here."
Bullock and the others are on
trial with segregation leader John
Kasper, 27, of Washington, D.C.,
on charges of violating a federal
court-ordered integration- of Clin-
ton High.
Before court adjourned, Judge
Taylor indicated - without mak-
ing a final ruling - that he op-
poses the government's move to
introduce an anonymous letter
about "scalawags" as evidence.
Britain Sees
New Hopes
For H-Bans
LONDON (M)--The United Na-
tions disarmament talks took a
more hopeful tone yesterday as
Britain proposed that working
committees be set up in fields
where East and West appear
closest to agreement.
Among the four committees
suggested in the UN Disarmament
subcommittee by Foreign Secre-
tary Selwyn Lloyd was a group to
study how a suspension of hydro-
gen bomb tests might be enforced.
Soviet delegate Valerian Zorin,
who last week declared such a
working group would be "a waste
Of time" at this stage, neither
accepted nor rejected Lloyd's pro-
Zorin said he would reply later.
United States officials said they
attached no major importance to
the fact that Zorin did not im-
mediately say "no" yesterday. But
they added it was only one of
several indications the negotia-
tions had taken a more promising

The fact that Lloyd returned to
the meetings with his new pro-,
posal was taken as another favor-
able sign.
Lloyd had skipped two previous
meetings after attacking Zorin's
attitude as "disappointing."






S ecurity'

Three-Day Sessions Mark Annual Conference

A conference that can be en-
joyed by more than just those for
whom it is originally intended,
began here yesterday and will
continue through tomorrow.
This is the Ninth Annual Na-
tional Band Conductors Confer-
ence, with both collegiate and
high school directors in atten-
dance from 29 different states.
The three-day :neeting is the
brainchild of prof. William D. Re-
velli, and brings the very best in
band music to Ann Arbor every
The opening session provided a



ls P.ropose
Foreig Ai(

varied, interesting program every,
moment of the day, beginning
with a concert by the Chicago
Symphony Brass Ensemble.
The brass group demonstrated
blend of tone and eliminated the
popular misconception of the typi-
cal "brassy sound."
The ensemble included selec-
tions from every period, but im-
pressed the appreciative audience
most with a brass transcription of
Beethoven's fourth movement of
the "Quartet for Strings."
From 2 until 4 p.m. in the
League ballroom, the Summer
Session Band, augmented by some

of the visiting directors, went To conclude yesterday's acti-
through a reading session of liter- vities, the Michigan Woodwind
ature recently made available to Quintet presented a recital in
the public. Rackham Lecture Hall.
Guest conductors taking turns At 9:30 a.m. today, Eugene Car-
in putting the band through its rington, education director of Al-
paces were Harold Bachman, Uni- lied Radio Corporation of Chica-
versity of Florida; Charles Minel- go will give a demonstration in
li, Ohio University; Ronald D. the League Ballroomof interest
Gregory, Indiana University, and to all Hi-Fi fans. His subject will
Robert L. Arthur, University of be "The How and Why of Stereo-
P i t t s b u r g h -- all renowned phonic Sound."
throughout the world of band mu- f
sic. Immediately following this.the
This session will continue today scene will shift to Auditorium A,
at the same time. Angell Hall for a panel discussion
of "Evaluation of Present-Day
Band Contests. Bachman will act
Announced as moderator while the other
three guest conductors discuss the

Eight Conductors, Program

For U' Summer Session Band Concert


List of eight conductors that will
direct tomorrow evening's concert
by the Summer Session Band reads
like a Who's Who of collegiate and
high school band directors.
Program is scheduled for 7:30
p.m. on the "Diag," or a half hour
later in Hill Auditorium if there
is inclement weather.
Htading the group of guest con-
ductors will be Harold B. Bach-
man, directorof bands at the Uni-
versity of Florida.
Other Directors
Others include Robert L. Arthur,
director of bands at the University
of Pittsburgh; Ronald D. Gregory,
co-director of the department of
b a n d s at Indiana University;
Charles Minelli, director of bands
at Ohio University; and Richard
Berg, head of the music depart-
ment for the Yonkers p u b Ii c
schools in Yonkers, N. Y.
Prof. William D. Revelli, director

of University bands will take over
the latter part of the concert.
George R. Cavender, assistant
director of University bands, and
Prof. David Mattern of the Uni-
versity School will also conduct
several numbers.
A noticeable trend of the list
of selections to be played is the
lacic of recognizeable and standard
band favorites. Thist occurs because
most of the numbers have been
recently released or written and
are being played for the benefit
of the many high school directors
in Ann Arbor for the Ninth Annual
Band Conductors Conference.
'Band Boosters'
The Summer Session Band will
begin the concert withthe rousing
new march "Band Boosters" under
Arthur's baton.
Gregory will then be on the
podium for "Symphonic /Scenario"
by Johnson, and the concert march
Three selections, "Toccata for
Band," "On the Boulevard," from
Morton Oould's score for "Ciner-
ama Holiday," and "Summer
Skies" have beesnchosen by Minelli
for his part of the program.
Completing the first half of the
concert, Berg will direct "Reach
for the Sky," and Mattern will
conduct "Proud Heritage."
Wagnerian Selection
A f t e r intermission, Bachman,
famous for "Bachman's Million
Dollar Band," will direct a band
adaptation of Wagner's "Invoca-
tion of Alberich" f r o m "Das
He will conclude with a solo for
tympany, "Tympendium," and fi-
nally, "Ingiesina."


"Tympendium" will feature Prof.
James Salmon of the music school
as tympanist.
Cavender, familiar to Michigan
students as Wolverine Band direc-
tor will direct "Sarabande and
Bouree" by George Frederick Han-
del and the spirited Henry Fill-
more march, "Americans We."
Prof. Revelli will take the baton
for the final three selections,
"Scriabin Etudes," a Bach Prelude,
and Paul Yoder's arrangement o$
"Highlights from Kurt Weill." )

All the latest information on the
preparation of a band for march-
ing will be provided at 4:10 p.m.
in Aud; A under the topic "The
Marching Band a la Moderne."
Prof. Revelli will moderate the
four-way teaching session. .
Arthur will speak on his spe-
cialty, precision drill and maneuv-
Gregory will discuss the various
formations of the band, while Mi-
nelli will reveal new techniques of
Cavender will demonstrate some
of the dance routines that have
been so successful for the Michi-
gan Marching Band.



Witness Says
Union Funds
Falsely Used
estate man told the Senate Rackets
Committee yesterday that the
president and secretary-treasurer
of the United Textile Workers
Union used $57,000 in union funds
to buy themselves costly suburban
The story was told shortly after
the committee disclosed that AFL-
CIO President George Meany wil]
testify Monday about a report that
he caught the two officials in what
it called "their misuse of these
union funds."
Martin J. Quigley, president of
the Mutual Title Co. here, told
the committee he handled the fi-
nancial arrangements involved in
the home purchases by Anthony
Valente, president of the UTW,
and Lloyd Klenert secretary-treas-


Zhukov May Visit with Eisenhower

Institute Talks
On Expansion
Third Annual Institute on Col-
lege Administration presented an
unusual experiment in making
educational administrative deci-
sions yesterday.
Problem of growth was pre-
sented with all its implications by
a collegiate board debating the
issue whether or not hypothetical
"Bayville College" should increase
its enrollment.
Questions were advanced per-
taining to the proposed increased
enrollment. FInancial cost, physi-
cal capacity of the present cam-
pus, and adequacy of the present
program were factors discussed.
The Institute willdcontinue
from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. today in the
General theme will be "Student
Personnel Administration."
Prof. Algo D. Henderson of the
School of Education will speak at
ta iiinhan a,..,. _ -

Army Announces Plan
For Draft Call Cuts
WASHINGTON (-) - The Army announced last night that future
draft calls will be cut.
It did not say how much the reduction would be, saying figures
would be made public later.
The last draft call announced was 11,000 for August.
Besides reducing future calls, the Army also said that 2,000 com-
missioned officers and an unspecified number of enlisted men will
be released.
These moves are in line with the administration decision, made
public Tuesday, to make an overal reduction of 100,000 from the
authorized total of' 2,800,000 men "
and women in uniform.
This decision was attributed to Hoffa
the need for economy. LastCra1
Secretary of Defense Charles .LsL Craci
Wilson said it would save about
$200 million by the end of this At Testunony
calendar year, when the reduc-
tions are scheduled to be com- WASHINGTON (W)-James R.
pleted. Hoffa testified yesterday he never
All told, Wilson said 5,530 offi- knew until after his arrest the
cers must be eliminated from the night of March 13 that John Cye
active duty rolls. Cheasty had a job with the Senate
The Army said that 2,000 com- Rackets Committee.
missioned officers now .on duty This- ended testimony in Hoffa's
will be separated within six bribery-conspiracy trial which be-
months. gan June 28.
It said the balance of the 5,530- Attorneys will make their argu-
man reduction will be handled by ments to the jury of seven women
"not calling to active duty" offi- and five men today.
cers, principally reservists, who With Hoffa's testimony, defense
had been expected to volunteer for attorney Edward BennettWilliams
extended duty tours this fall. rested his case.
Mis hima Will Discuss
Japanese Literature
Yukio Mishima, Japanese play-+
wright, novelist and essayist, will
discuss "The Literary Climate in
Japan Today," at 4;15 p.m., today.
in Auditorium B, Angell Hall.
S::Sixth lecturer in the University
summir session series "Asian Cul-
tures and the Modern American,
Mishima .i known a the vunget

House Votes,
'1 6 t oTo M ake Cut'.
Foils Amendment
Asking Ike To Bar
GI Foreign Trials
WASHINGTON ()-Presideni
Dwight D. Eisenhower said last
night a $400 million cut in foreign
economic aid approved by the
House "can be considered as n
less than a threat to our nation's
security and that of the free
The president spoke out shortly
after the House voted 106 to 100
to slash the defense support of the
mutual security program by that
President Eisenhower asked Con-
gress for $900 million in defense
support economic aid. The Senate
already voted to provide $800
Request Cut
The House Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee cut the administration re-
quest to $700 million, and the
House itself voted. yesterday to
allow only $500 million.
In a statement President Eisen-
hower urged the House to stand by
the $800 million program approved
by the Senate. Yesterday's House
vote is subject to a later roll-call
The House also handed the ad-
ministration a setback when it re-
fused a permanent authorization
for military aid.
Victory Scored
But the administration scored
an important victory when the
House turned down an amend-
ment that would have asked Presi-
dent Eisenhower to bar foreign
trials of GI's.
The move, by Rep. O. Burleson
(D-Tex.), was defeated in an un-
usual 134 to 134 tie on a teller
vote, with the congressmen walk-
ing down the center aisle to be
A majority vote was needed to
make the change in language in
the bill.
It would not have the force of
law, but would have added the
wording that it was "the sense of
Congress" that the President re-
vise "status-of-forces" agreements
to give the United States exclusive
jurisdiction over American service-
men who commit offenses while on
duty overseas.
Controversy Cited
Those agreements now provide
for waiver of United States juris-
diction in some cases.
A widespread controversy fol-
lowed the administration's recent
action. in the case of Army Spe-
cialist William S. Girard, who was
turned over to a Japanese court
for trial in the fatal shooting of a
Japanese woman on a firing range
in Japan.
Only yesterday morning, the
President at his news conference,
defended the status-of-forces
agreements as a vital part of the
nation's mutual security alliance
Rep. Burleson, in his proposal,
also sought to put Congress on
record that, "The rights of -our
own citizens should not be sacri-
ficed while the rights of freedom
and self-government are secured
to the people of other nations."
By a standing vote of 136 to 31
the House refused' to give Presi-
dent Eisenhower any authoriza-
tion for military aid for the fiscal
year 1959, starting next July 1.

subject to reversal by later votes
Dr. Umbreit
IVT*11 T.

WASHINGTON (R) - A visit to
Washington by President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's old friend kSoviet
Defense Minister Georgi Zhukov,
appeared today to be a distinct
President Eisenhower, himself,
said yesterday that talks with
Zhukov might serve a useful pur-
pose in improving Soviet-Ameri-
can relations and easing worldj
The Soviet Embassy reflects in
one comment, at least, a generally
favorable attitude, and several

If Zhukov or his associates in ago that he would like to visit

the ruling group of the Soviet
Communist party indicate an in-
terest in following up the Presi-
dent's friendly attitude toward a'
talk. then events could move fair-
ly fast.
If Moscow seems cool toward
the idea in contacts with United
States diplomats there - or per-
See Related Story on Page 2
haps contacts the State Depart-
ment here - then the whole idea

the United States but had never
been invited.
Khrushchev might want to be
counted in on any mission includ-
ing Zhukov and that presumably
could create complications.
President Eisenhower was asked
several questions about Zhukov
at his news conference yesterday.
He recalled that he had known
the Soviet marshal well when he
and Zhukov were commanders of
the victorious Allied and Soviet

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