EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
'en Oplnlorw Aro Free
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
DAY, JULY 16, 1957
NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM
State Hospital Incident
Should Waken Legislators
AST WEEKEND'S incident at Northville
State Hospital, where six inmate youths at-
cked a guard and escaped, has resulted in a
ries of charges and counter-charges that give
n even stronger underlining to the conditions
our state hospitals.
Hospital officials have claimed appropria-
ons cutbacks in their budget have necessi-
,ted cutting their staffs to below the "safe"
Republican Legislators, in turn, have charged
.ismanagement at Northville and have vowed
investigate the matter. Democrats in the
egislature have so far sided with Northville
licials and laid the blame to the Republican
The result: A political entanglement that
.ay result in investigation but will never ac-
)mplish the needed searching into the deplor-
ble conditions of our state hospitals.
CTUALLY, the searching has already been
done. Legislators have been made aware of
iese conditions-the crowdedness, the under-
affing, the lack of needed funds-but the
wmakers have done little to correct them.
Newspapers throughout the state have "re-
ealed" the present situation of the state hos-
itals. Several noteworthy series of articles
vae appeared, describing and documenting the
eplorable way in which the mentally ill or re-
arded are taken care of in the State of Michi-
At the same time, these conditions have been
generally recognized by state officials and by
Where, then, is the help the hospitals need?
It certainly has not come from the Legisla-
ture, which apparently finds many other under-
takings more deserving of financial aid than
the mental hospitals.
Instead, as one Northville official has charg-
ed, the Legislature has forced the hospital to
cut back still further. The hospital, the official
said, has had to discharge part of its staff, leav-
ing an insufficient number of attendants on
At the same time, crusading Republican Sen-
ator Elmer Porter (of Blissfield) has said he
will order a "full dress" investigation of the
management of Northville State Hospital.
WHETHER or not Porter will discover some-
thing remains to be seen. We can only hope
his "investigation" gives him an insight into
the actual needs of the hospital and, in effect,
goes beyond the usual political bickering.
But there have been enough investigations
into the state hospitals. What is needed now is
action on the part of the Legislature toward
increasing aid to these institutions, action that
shouldbe beyond political considerations.
Health and Habit
SOMi three centuries ago an English gentle-,
man came to American shores in search- of
realms and riches. He gave the redskins some
beads and bits of shiny glass. They gave him
an aromatic herb and showed him what to do
The gentleman learned to use it so well that
his servant one day doused him with a bucket
of water, thinking Master was on fire.
Perhaps a billion souls puff on Raleigh's weed
today. We're one of them, incidentally.
It's time something positive and binding
were done to examine and attack the tobacco
habit. There is evidence enough of its danger
and the problem has become vital enough for
concern. The now-famous medical report of
last year was sufficiently scary to cause a
ripple in cigarette sales. But manufacturers
soon restored normalcy with twenty thousand
tiny filters and undisclosed millions of big
dollars in it's-nothing-to-worry-about adver-
Conclusions from the cancer society's four-
year non-medical survey on smoking should
make us all start chewing gum instead. Our
only rather pitiful rationalization of the thfeat
is that the evidence is "statistical"-a fact that
hucksters were quick to point out.
THERE is an executive department with
cabinet ranking called Health, Education
and Welfare (the one which fuddled the Salk
program a few years back). This agency is
admirably suited for taking up an investigation
of smoking on our health and social welfare.
It shouldn't be one of those spinejess and
hedge-ridden surveys Washington is so fond of
making, but a comprehensive, hard-hitting
inquiry with recommendations for legislation
or executive action as a minimum objective.
It could, for instance, recommend that funds
be provided to a separate agency 'for further
study. The University's Survey Research Cen-
terd would be a likely and commendable choice.
A de-tobaccoed society is, of course, an ap-
palling thought. But government has a moral
duty here. If it isproved conclusively-and how
conclusive must we insist the matter be?-
that smoking is harmful, an obvious measure
becomes necessary: tobacco must get the same
illegal treatment as the opium poppy.
Pays Off After All
IT APPEARS that Postmaster General Arthur
Summerfield's four years in the Post Office
are beginning to pay off in more ways than
just simple service.
A report released last weekend reveals that
olive drab Post Office trucks have to date been
involved in 849 accidents, while the new Sum-
merfield red, white and blue lorries have had
only 622 mishaps.
Such foresight on the part of our postmaster
general must be recognized. It has saved the
taxpayers from bearing the undoubtedly high
cost of 227 motor accidents.
Besides, we knew all the time there was some
reason for painting all those trucks red, white
IT IS DIFFICULT to determine
just where the fault lay -
whether with the sultry atmos-
phere of stuffy Rackham, the
quality of the music, or the per-
formance-but the Baroque Trio
failed to achieve their usual high
charm Sunday night.
But even when not at their best,
the trio are still very accom-
plished musicians. Nelson Hauen-
stein showed great ability with the
Vinci Sonata for Flute, with low
and middle registers being dis-
played in all their warmth and
mellowness, amid nimble leaps
Florian Mueller, oboist, did his
best with the Fischer Suite in G,
but the music often seemed medi-
ocre. However, as is expected, his
tone is superb, and especially en-
joyable were the four short minu-
ets, typical of the periwig era for
which they were composed.
* * *
THE UNSUNG HEROINE of the
Baroque, Trio, Marilyn Mason,
seems doomed to an accompanist's
role at the harpsichord. She per-
forms the important bass continuo
function, with added harmony, but
sometimes this is not sufficient to
clarify her part. It is unfortunate
that most trio sonatas of this
period relegate the keyboard to a
minor role in the polyphonic struc-
ture, since Miss Mason's technique
finds poor grounds for display.
Still this is her virtue as an en-
A Trio Sonata by Loeillet, and
the Graun Trio Sonata inD com-
pleted the first half of the pro-
gram. Both were typical Baroque
works, and offered not too much
in the way of "aesthetic thrills."
THE LATTER section of the
program was devoted to an ex-
tended work, the eleven-piece
Suite I in C, from Marais' Pieces
en Trio. This relatively unknown
composer, a contemporary of Lully
at the French court, was quite a
figure in his day, his books for
viola di gamba being considered
among the highlights of the
French literature for strings.
The Suite itself, this being its
premiere in America, consisted of
short sections in many dance
styles. The closing was a chaconne,
with variations on the ground
bass. However, the work fails to
impress, due perhaps to the nas-
cient condition of French Trio
Sonatas at the time this was writ-
ten in 1692.
The Baroque Trio is a wonderful
group; their playing is intimate,
cooperative, subordinated to the
needs of the music. Their tech-
niqtle, tonal ability, and interpre-
tative insights are of a high char-
acter. Unfortunately, last night
something went awry, and al-
though we had a competent, enjoy-
able evening, it was not the occa-
By WARREN ROGERS JR.
COLOGNE, Germany (W) - The
building crane has become the
symbol of postwar Germany.
Wherever you go in West Ger-
many, the building crane is never
far from sight.
It is the symbol of the digging
out of destruction. It tidies and re-
moves mountains of rubble, helps
erect schools and hotels and apart-
ment houses and parking lots and
even American-type skyscrapers.
The, skyscrapers themselves are
a symbol, perhaps, of German
faith and hope that the bombs
will never fall again.
They tell a story in Frankfurt
about the man who came back
after the war to his once lucrative
hotel, the Savoy, just near the
He found only a heap of rubble.
He , gathered together what
scrap there was and, with his own
hands, he built a one-room apart-
ment and rented it out. With the
money and his hands again he
built another room and rented it
out. And so on.
When the currency reform and
American dollar aid came in 1949,
the bankers were happy to lend
money to so good a risk. He re-
built the Savoy and it thrives.
THIS REPORTER, in Germany
on a tour of North Atlantic Treaty
country newspapermen, extended
his stay to talk here with the re-
Eduard Pecks, a courteous and
precise man, is in charge. One of
his top aides is an English-speak-
ing redhead, Kurt Jatho, an engi-
neer who does the planning for
the heart of Cologne.
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON - The leader-
ship of three Congressmen is
going to cost the taxpayers about
two billion dollars extra for the
new Federal Highway Program.
This will be the approximate
amount to be paid to the gas, elec-
tric, telephone, and water com-
panies for moving their )poles,
pipes and conduits when the high-
ways are widened.
In the past this has been paid
by the utilities themsees. BuL
the utilities are now telling state
legislatures that Uncle Sam will
pay 90 per cent of the bill, so the
states might as well let the Fed-
eral government pay for moving
poles, pipes and conduits.
The three Congressmen who
paved the way for this juicy hike
in the Federal Highway Bill are;
ex-Congressman George Dondero
of Royal Oak, Mich.; Gordon
Scherer of Cincinnati, Ohio; and
Harry McGregor of West Lafay-
ette, Ohio, all Republicans.
Three other Congressmen
warned their colleagues what
would happen: Jack Dempsey of
New Mexico, Robert Jones of Ala-
bama, and Brady Gentry of Texas,
However, Congress ignored their
advice and decided to let each
state decide whether to make the
* * *
C ?r9S - A S L..IA44i46r opa.4
AT THE CAMPUS:
'Snow' Dirty, as Sartre's 'Hands'
THOSE WHO have read Jean-
Paul Sartre's "Les Mains Sales"
or, even better, seen the film ver-
sion of the same name shown here
as "Dirty Hands," will recognize
the same theme of a Frenchman's
trying to justify his existence in
Georges Simenon's "The Snow Was
Black" now at the Campus The-
To aid in viewer recognition,
actor Daniel Gelin has convenient-
ly played both parts.
In "Les Mains Sales" he search-
ed for political existence in a war-
torn world of negotiations among
classes and parties. His was the
existentialist philosophy of Sartre.
In "The Snow Was Black," he
searches for an existence in the
face of his upbringing in a house
of ill repute and the knowledge
gained as a child of, his mother's
Both films are set in the second
world war and concern black mar-
keteering, patriotism, agitation
and cowardice. Undoubtedly be-
cause of Gelin's being in both
roles, the viewer is twice faced
with the incomprehensible unwil-
lingness to act on the young man's
Yet "The Snow Was Black" is
not just a carbon of "Les Mains
Sales." The current film presents
a young man affected mentally as
a child, a man with parental com-
THOSE WHO have not become
familiar with "Les Mains Sales"
will enjoy "The Snow Was Black"
if they like the "action-packed"
type film with psychology and
prostitution added as preserva-
Detective fans will recognize au-
thor Simenon as the parent of the
voluminous Inspector Maigret se-
ries. General readers may recog-
nize the name which has appeared
on an equal number of other
works. Simenon probably writes
more novels a year than any oth-
er living writer. Yet many of them
are quality novels.
The current film is an adapta-
tion of one of his "in-between"
Gelin splays Frank Friedmaier,
the young man who doesn't know
what to do with himself and con-
sequently does little-except kill
and steal to earn his spending
Gelin is perhaps the most ex-
pressionless or "deadpan" actor
in French films. He has been seen
in "Adorable Creatures" and Hol-
lywood's "The Man Who Knew
Too Much" (James Stewart-June
Allyson), in addition to those
mentioned, and in all four the
viewer wonders what is going on
behind that grim face!
In "The Snow Was Black,"
Frank flouts danger with the occu-
pation government, finally is pick-
ed up by the Nazis and jailed. His
mother takes time off from her
"work" to tell him again she loves
him, but it doesn't impress him
this time, either.
His mother, Mme. Irma (Valen-
tine Tessier) is not the lovable
sort at all.
Frank is influenced only by his
neighbor, Suzy Holtz (Marie Man-
sart), who loves him as much as
he loves her-but she admits' her
love and he holds out. The end
for Frank is inevitable from the
* * *
ALL IN ALL, the sort of life
led in "The Snow Was Black" is
a fairly dreary life - but it is
plausible enough to be authentic.
The grimness and corruption of
France's occupation years is ob-
trusive and compelling. The risque
"house" theme is used for all its
worth and often becomes distaste-
In spite of its "thriller" charac-
ter, the film is interesting for the
problem it poses-the same as in
"Les Mains Sales"-but which it
never comes as near answering.
AT THE MICHIGAN:
Friendships Never Die
TIHE STATE is now playing host
to Mr. Pat Boone and com-
pany. The picture is "Bernardine"
and is Pat's first. Needless to say,
part of his screen debut includes
some singing, but the picture is
not a musical in the sense that
"Carousel" is a musical, but more
of that in a moment.
The plot line is roughly boy
meets girl and loses her; and the
most important people concerned
with the development of this line
are members of the "Misunder-
stood Generation." Specifically
focus is on Sanford Wilson (Rich-
ard Sargent), who is trying not
to flunk out of high school and
is trying to develop technique with
Involved in his adventures are
his pals, who form a close knit
group, led by Beau (Pat Boone).
Numerous other people get in-
volved in the tangle of which the
principal ones are Jean (Terry
Moore), Mrs. Wilson (Janet Gay-
nor), and J. Fullerton Weldy
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Inflation and the West
. By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
INFLATION, which so far has aroused little
more than academic debate in the United
States, is 'becoming an increasing problem
throughout the Western community of nations.
The debate in Great Britain follows lines
close to those in the United States.
Will tight money, and a voluntary lessening
of labor union pressure for higher wages, be
sufficient to halt the trend?
Those are the two points about which most
British comments revolve.
They make the point made by President
Eisenhower, that there is too much pressure
for wage increases which are not based on in-
creased productivity. But labor is caught in the
The chronic inflation in most Latin-Ameri-
can countries has now broken into a gallop.
France is under tensions which have not yet
come to a head, but which constantly threaten
her with devaluation.
She has continued a good many wartime con-
trols. Right now she is faced with two prob-
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
She is increasing her reliance 'on import
quotas in an effort to stop the outflow of for-
eign exchange, while trying to increase exports.
This concern with exports in turn has its effect
on domestic inflation.
France has price controls with which she
seeks to prevent the automatic wage increases
which accompany rising living costs there.
She is even making what is for France a
rather revolutionary effort 'to collect taxes.
But since World War II she has had heavy
military expenses in Indochina and Africa, and
the pace is telling.
Italy has tried to stiffen her money and hold
price lines. One result has been to increase un-
employment, already a serious political and
economic problem, without reducing pressure
for increased wages.
The stability of all these countries is vital
to the United States, as hers is to them.
All are running into trouble during a period
of relative prosperity. Britain's economy has
been going through one crisis after another
ever since the war.
One of the basic reasons why Britain's anti-
inflation measures have not worked is that in-
creasing industrialization around the world
constantly weakens her place as artisan of its
raw materials and banker for its development.
Congress is trying to find out why there
should be inflation in the United States in a
period when there is a relatively good balance
between supply and demand.
T" .n . n-ho n- -vn- +'a Amai -
AT THE STATE:
Fine A cting, Fine Film
The gang manages to get Wil-j
son through his final exams, but
he is on his own as far as girls
are concerned. Beau's brother
'steals Jean and so Wilson goes
into the Army and grows up all
in motion. Thi doesn't sound like
much of a plot and it isn't.
* ! *
THE MAJOR concern of the
movie seems to be showing that
Pat Boone can sing, that teen-
agers are incredibly brilliant in
managing their lives and that
their parents are abysmally stu-
The moyies concerning the
"Misunderstood Generation" have
come to have stock parts like the
western has developed. These
movies usually have a tightly knit
gang, stupid parents, hot rods, and
bongos. Sometimes these elements
can be turned into an effective
picture, such as in "Rebel With-
out a Cause."
But in "Bernardine" there is no
development of reasons for such
incidents as the misunderstanding
between Mrs. Wilson and her son.
Another explanation for the
lack of plot might have been that
the picture was a musical. Pat
Boone does sing "Bernardine,"
"Love Letters in the Sand" and
"Technique" and there is one
pretty good bongo number, but
this hardly constitutes a musical.
A third explanation for the pic-
ture might have been that Holly-
wood just needed something in
which to present Pat Boone.
Although Pat sings very well,
his acting leaves much to be de-
sired. His is the kind of casualness
that sets your nerves on edge and
you begin to wish that he would
say just one loud word to break
THE OTHER actors didn't have
much to get their teeth into, but
do the best that they can which
isn't too bad. Janet Gaynor re-
turns to the screen with a poor
part, but she manages to make
the character of Mrs. Wilson sym-
Richard Sargent, as her son,
IT WAS A golden opportunity
for companies like AT&T, which
promptly unleashed its lobbyists
in the various state legislatures.
Now the Bureau of Public Roads
reports that in 38 legislatures
laws have been either introduced
or passed to pay the utilities for
moving their facilities as old high-
ways are widened into modern-
The utilties get valuable access
rights along public roads without
paying a cent for the privilege,
also frequently write off moving
costs against taxes. Hence most
states in the past have required
them to move at their own ex-
Rep. Gentry has retired from
Congress, but Dempsey and Jones
are backing a new laW that would
prohibit any further handouts to.
the utilities, also bar them from
receiving free access rights along
new Federal-aid highways.
THIS COLUMN recently told
the inside story of how Capt. Rob-
ert Moore, skipper of the USS
Saratoga, spent $65,Q0 toredec-
orate it for Eisenhower's overnight
Members of the Saratoga's crew
mimeographed a thousand copies
of the column for distribution
aboard ship. When Captain Moore
got wind of it, however, the mime-
ograhed- copies were confiscated.
/ Captain Moore strides the
bridge with a long cigarette hold-
er clamped between his teeth, is
as sharp a ship handler as the
navy has. But here are some oth-
er incidents taking place aboard
the "Sara," our biggest carrier,
which create a morale problem
the Navy might well investigate.
Efficient Captain Moore once
sent two bedspreads to the ship's
laundry. One came back more
shrunken and faded than the oth-
Irked, Moore claimed he had
sent matching bedspreads to the
laundry and confined the whole
laundry crew to riuarters for two
days until his wife discovered he
had send the wrong bedspread to
Moore tried to take a shower in
his cabin and found no hot water.
He summoned the chief engi-
neer and ordered him to shut off
the fresh water to theengineering
gang's quarters. For four days,
some 700 men couldn't take a
Moore carefully preserves pic-
tures and clippings about himself
in fancy photo albums. Once, a,
ship's photographer took a bad
picture of a cake-cutting cere-
mony. Moore transferred the pho-
These are a few of the incidents
which explain why morale is bad
on the Navy's biggest carrier.
(Copyright 1957 by Bell Syndicate Inc.)
BURT Lancaster and Tony Cur-
tis turn in perhaps their best
screen performances to date in a
reniarkable movie now playing at
the Michigan, "Sweet Smell of
Success." Developing the idea of
the great-man expose, and ex-
panding beyond it, this film takes
in the entire world of a big time
gossip columnist, breaks it into
pieces and lets us watch its tiny
inhabitants writhe. The experi-
ence is a gripping and painful one.
New York, the city of the kow-
tow and the scandal, the city of
the night club brawl and the dirty
rumor is both the location and the
subject of this story. The people
involved, - a guitar player, a
press agent, a journalist, and a
girl, - seem somehow to be only
the different facets of the city's
nersnnalitv fnCa-ht in their en_
rison). People jump and dance at
his command, but his weakness,
not his strength, dominates the
film. Curtis, a slimy and unprin-
cipled publicity agent who pro-
vides the columnist with his daily
dirt and squirms every time the
pressure is put on; fits his role un-
believably well and acts with un-
expected skill and finesse.
Dramatically, the film is intense
and fast moving. Curtis is sent to
break up Miss Harrison's romance
with a clean cut guitar player and
succeeds. in creating nastiness al-
most everywhere he goes. The web
of lies that he and his associates
spin around themselves in their
quest for some unattainable mea-
sure of success seems to bind the
audience and the actors together
in a hideous sort of fascination.
Each character is given a chance
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore- 2 p.m the. day preceding
publication Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.ms Friday.
TUEnAY .hT.Y 16 .1957