See Page 2
Sixty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXVII, No. 15S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1957
Senate To Check
Rackets Investigating Committee
Votes To Launch Public Hearings
WASHINGTON WP) - The Senate Rackets Investigating Commit-
tee voted yesterday to launch public hearings tomorrow on alleged
use of union funds to buy costly homes for two top officers of the
United Textile Workers of America.
The committee announced it will look' into allegations of "mis-
use and misappropriation" of the union's funds by its president, An-
thony Valente, and Secretary Lloyd Klenert.
Chairman John McClellan (D-Ark) said the hearings also will
deal with charges that union funds were used for "the purchase of
clothing," furniture and costly vacations in fashionable resort areas
Y by Klenert."
Robert Kennedy, the committee counsel, said Valente and Kleneit
still occupy the homes in fashionable Kensington, Md. Neither Va-
Slente nor Klenert was available for
By JOHN WOODRUFF
Ann Arbor City Council last
night received a letter urging es-
tablishment of a State Street area
traffic loop and heard a police
report assuring that with some
changes in existing facilities ad-
ditio al traffic from a proposed
Southeast section shopping cen-
ter could be handled.
The Council also approved
$172,663.73 worth of resurfacing
and curb and gutter proposals,
and received - a communication
from the State Highiway Depart-
ment concerning termination of
several Northwest Ann Arbor
Loop proposal, suggested by the
traffic committees of the Ano Ar-
bor Chamber of Commerce and
the Ann Arbor Retail Merchants
Association, would have one-way
State Street traffic North from
"Williams to Liberty, West on Li-
berty, South on Maynard and
East on Williams.
Given a one-day trial Sept. 29,
1948, the plan was abandoned be-
cause of adverse effects upon
pedestrian traffic. The letter from
the two traffic committees pointed
out that traffic lights since in-
stalled might well amend that
The police report dealt with
traffic effects of a propsed pro-
jet east of Stadium Boulevard be-
tween Brockman Boulevard and
Police Chief Casper Enkemann
said that such a center might
necessitate changes in signal
lights and possibly widening of the
roadway to facilitate left turns
into the area.
He also pointed out that the
State is already studying the pos-
sibility of changing the setup of
the Washtenaw Avenue-Stadium
The report had been requested
at last week's meeting by coun-
cilmen F. A. C. Davis and Clan
In another communication, the
department abandoned its juris-
diction over Stadium Boulevard
DETROIT VPi)-A group of legis-
lators and officials of Northville
State Hospital met for two hours
yesterday and stuck to their guns,
each charging the other was re-
sponsible for conditions that led
to a riot Saturday.
Six youthful inmates overpower-
ed' a guard, looted a narcotics
:abinet, and escaped from the in-
stitution Saturday. Four were re-
Captured shortly afterward. The
other two surrendered at the hos-
Dr. Robert R. Yoder, assistant
in charge of the hospital at the
time of the riot, said the outbreak
was "a result of what can happen
when there isn't enough staff."
He blamed legislative cutbacks
for slicing the hospital's man-
comment and union offices here
were closed for the day.
The United Textile V'orkers of
America, a former AFL union, is
a rival of the Textile Workers Un-
ion of America, formerly a CIO
affiliate. Both are now in the
combined AFL-CIO, under which
they have separate charters.
The announcement came after
the committee, at a closed door
meeting, had approved general
outlines for a major widening of
the scope of its inquiries into un-
ion and management practices to
1. Alleged improper activities by
management to prevent union or-
2. The use of boycott practices
in labor disputes.
3. Picketing by unions against
plants where employes are not
covered by union contracts.
4. The use of union funds and
funds from management "for po-
Kennedy also told reporters the
violence-marked and never settled
strike by the United Auto Workers
union against the Kohler Co., of
Kohler, Wis., is under committee
scrutiny and could become the
subject of hearings.
WASHINGTON (AP) -- A cold
north wind began to blow yester-
day against Senate efforts to com-
promise the civil rights bill.
Sen. Patrick McNamara (D-
Mich.) said it is obvious to him
"that the principal motive of the
compromise seekers is to gut this
bill of any effectiveness."
Sen. Charles Potter (R-Mich.)
declraed: "I think the bill is a
good one as it stands," while Sen.
Paul Douglas (D-Ill.) announced
he will resist any efforts to amend
This Northern offensive against
a compromise on the administra-
tion-backed legislation came in
debate on the eve of a Senate vote
that will decide whether the civil
rights bill is to be brought to the
Senate floor for action.
Southern senators fighting the
bill have agreed to a vote today
on a motion to bring the measure
formally before the Senate. They
bank on getting a series of amend-
ments to .soften its terms.
Sen. Richard Russell (D-Ga.),
leader of the Southern opposition,
has conceded he can't prevent the
House-passed bill from being tak-
Sen. Lyndon Johnson(D-Tex.),
the Senate majority leader, has
predicted the vote in favor of Sen-
ate consideration will be about 2-1.
Southern resignation to a full-
dress debate on the bill itself may
have been the signal Northern
supporters were waiting for to be-
gin their drive for passage.
The motion of Sen. William
Knowland of California, the GOP
leader, to take up the bill has been
argued for seven days.
Most of the speeches, however,
have been made by Southerners
bitterly opposed to the legislation.
For the most part, Northerners
have withheld their fire.
Flares on Fiscal Polic
Thnree Girls Claim Idea
,OfWie Youth Council
KNOXVILLE, Tenn. (R) -Three teen-age girls, including a 17-
year-old bride, testified in the Clinton segregation trial yesterday they
thought up the idea of forming a White Youth Council.
Later they told a United States District Court jury, they went to
segregationist John Kasper, 27, of Washington, D. C., for advice on
how to do it.
Asked under cross-examination whether Kasper "influenced" them
in deciding to set up a white youth group. Mrs. John French, 17, a
"'pretty, dark-haired bride of three
weeks, replied crisply:
H eart A ttack "John Kasper didn't have one
thing to do with it."
CeThe testimony was regarded as
Fata~l toa Cimportant because it was the first
At Atime any witness has conceded that
residents of the Clinton area took
the initiative in forming a pro-
segregation group without persua-
Dr. Roscoe W. Cavell, 71, assist- sion from "outside agitators."
ant professor of psychiatry at the All three youthful witnesses
University Medical School, died agreed, however, that once they
Saturday night at his home in decided to organize a white youth
Hamburg Township. movement at Clinton High School,
He had' been ill for several Kasper instructed them how to get
months of a heart condition. a charter from the Tennessee sec-
Prof. Cavell served as advisor retary of state.
in the Armed Forces and later to Such organizations are legal un-
the United States Public Health der Tennessee law.
Department in the psychiatric di- Mrs. French swore the white
vision. He was a past president of youth movement did not advocate
the Michigan Society of Neurology violence or violation of any laws.
and Psychiatry. For several years Kasper and 14 Tennessee de-
preceding his appointment here fendants are on trial on criminal
he conducted private practice in contempt charges.
the Detroit area. They are accused of violating a
He received degrees from Em- federal injunction barring any
manuel Missionary College and interference with court - ordered
the College of Medical Evangelists. integration of white and Negro
His psychiatric training was at students at Clinton's traditionally
Wayne County General Hospital. all-white high school last fall.
President in Senate
WASHINGTON (I) - Stinging
criticism of the fiscal policies of
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
and Secretary of the Treasury
Hubert Humphrey touched off
sharp verbal sparring between
Democrats and Republicans on the
Senate floor yesterday.
Sen. Robert Kerr (D-Okla.) said
that on the subject of fiscal policy
President Eisenhower hasn't any
The senator said fiscal experts
could be paraded for months be-
fore the President and he would
remain just "as uninformed as he
Sen. H. E. Capehart (R-Ind.)
leaped to his feet and said Sen.
Kerr should be ashamed of mak-
ing such a statement "in the
presence of school children in the
He suggested that Sen. Kerr's
reference to the President's brains
be stricken from the record.
"I didn't say the President has
no brains at all," the Oklahoman
said. "He is uninformed about the
fiscal policies of this administra-
At the White House, presiden-
tial Press Secretary James C.
Hagerty was asked whether there
was any comment on Kerr's state-
Much of the debate centered
around President Eisenhower's re-
quest in his January State of the
Union message for a presidential
monetary commission to study the
nation's financial situation.
Some Republicans have charged
the Finance Committee's injuiry
is political and have urged passage
of a bill to set up such a commis-
Sen. Kerr said of the plan for
a presidential commission
"No man can help Eisenhower
study the fiscal policies of this
government, because one can not
do that without brains and he
does not have them.
"I will say to the Senator (Cape-
hart) that if the greatest fiscal
experts this nation ever produced
marched in solid phalanx before
Eisenhower for months and gave
him the benefit of their knowledge
and judgment, he would emerge
from it as uninformed as he is
Prof. William P. Halstead of the
speech department will lecture at
3 p.m. today in the Rackham Am-
Prof. Halstead's subject will be
"Through Europe by Stage."
By ERNEST ZAPLITNY
Three high school teachers
agreed that "Julius Caesar" is the
most suitable play for an intro-
duction to Shakespeare, but that
"Macbeth" is the most popular
The three-member panel mod-
erated by Prof. Arthur J. Carr of
the English department discussed
"Shakespeare in the Classroom"
before a capacity audience of
teachers and students in Audi-
torium C, Angell Hall yesterday.
It was the fourth of the Confer-
ence Series for English Teachers.
"The causes and consequences
of Caesar's death is a central and
unifying theme which holds stu-
dent attention throughout the
play" Gertrude Rhoades of God-
win leights High School, Grand
The popularity of "Julius Caes-
er" on the stage and its faithful
record of a significant historic
event help to stimulate interest,
Mrs. Rhoades observed that
simpler language in the play
makes it understandable without
elaborate explanation and helps
"the genius of Shakespeare to sell
Harriet A. Pitts of Jackson High
School outlined an intensive two-
week program of a Shakespearean
play carried out in her school.
Her entire class participates in
acting out a scene, most often
from "Macbeth," to the extent of
memorizing parts and using
simple costumes. Attention to de-
tail and a student critique follow-
ing the act enriches the benefits
from this method, she reported.
Miss Pitts cited "unimagina-
tive classrooms" and the "threat
of television in the classroom" as
drawbacks to effective communi-
cation of Shakespeare but advised
that any exposure to his works
"will be remembered by someone."
Shakespeare can be avoided in
her school by choice of programs,
"'Macbeth' is one of the most
quoted-from plays," said Neil
Ringle of Handy High School, Bay
TOKYO ()-Japan today join-
ed the parade of United States-
Allied nations easing restrictions
on trade with Communist China.
The government announced it
was dropping 272 strategic items
from the embargo list, which will
permit Japan to trade with Red
China on the same basis as with
the Soviet Union.
The 15-nation embargo was im-
posed during the Korean war. Na-
tions lining up were the members
of NATO - minus Iceland - and
PANELISTS--Harriet A. Pitts, Prof. Arthur J. Carr, Gertrude
Rhoades, and "Neil Ringle discuss adaptations of Shakespeare
'SHAKESPEARE IN THE CLASSROOM':
'Caesar' Is Best High School Play
Making students aware of this
often electrifies interest he main-
tained, and makes traditional
memorization assignments more
A display of pictorial material
coinciding with a particular play
elicited more discussion and live-
liness, Ringle said.
Another successful technique
given by Ringle was comparison of
a Shakespearean character with
SPURRED BY IKE:
Operation Alert Phase
Tackled b CD Chiefs
NEWSPOINT, Operatipn Alert (A) '- Spurred by a personal visit
by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Civil Defense chiefs yesterday
tackled the order-out-of-chaos phase of Operation Alert 1957.
President Eisenhower dropped in on the mountaintop secret re-
location center by helicopter after spending the weekend at his farm
near Gettysburg, Pa.
He made a brief inspection tour and then flew to Washington
D.C., ending his participation in the exercise. -He left Washington
for a secret hideaway just before,
a modern figure in an essay. His
method of assigning parts to the
better readers in a class brought
disagreement from Miss Pitts.
"A play should not be consid-
ered a finished performance," she
argued. "That is better left up to
college speech courses."
Ringle said in defense that
there was indication that a single
voice helps to round out a specific
character and thus hold class in-
Federal Funds Help
To Buy Instruments
WASHINGTON ()-The House
voted for a bigger and better Civil
Defense program yesterday as Rep.
C. Holifield (D-Calif) complained
that "the people are simply case
ualty figures in the Civil Defense
,Rep. Holifield, chairman of a
House subcommittee which is
plugging for an extensive shelter
program, said "the Civil Defense
bureaucrats of the federal govern-
ment live in.a shadow world of un-
"They play games with imag.
inary corpses, stacked high' as
mountains," he told the House.
"They map pictures of destroyed
cities and feed casualty figures
into fancy computing machines."
He called the current operation
Alert 1957 "our yearly exercise in
A short time after Rep. Hol-
field spoke the House passed and
sent to the Senate a bill increasing
federal responsibility for operation
of the Civil Defense program i
shaping it to cope with nuclear-
The bill's immediate e f f e e t
would be ai raise the government's
share of federal-state Civil Defense
costs by $18,850,000 for purchase of
instruments to detect radioactive
fallout, for employment of addi-
tional personnel, and training ex-
Of larger import, it would broad-
en the long standing conceptof
Joint federal-state responsibility by
vesting a bigger share of the re-
sponsibility in the federal partneg.
The bill states it is up to the
federal government to provide the
direction, coordination and neces-
sary assistance to the states in
making Civil Defense work.
To deal with dangers imposed by
"the new dimensions of radio-
active fallout," the bill authorizes
use of federal funds to help the
states buy instruments for a na-
tionwide detecting and reporting
The bill also authorizes finan.
cial contributions to help pay local
personnel and administrative ex
penses to insure'that "at least the
minimum number of people" will
be employed to staff local opera-
"Ladies in Retirement" with Ted
Heusel directing opens at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow for four nightly
performances at Ann Arbor Little
Themystery thriller, written by
Reginald Denham and Edward
Percy, is set in London in the '80s.
In the cast are Mrs. Robert Hall
as Ellen Creed; Gertrude Slack as
Emily; Bette Ellis DeMain as
Louisa; Marian Mercer as Leonora
Fiske; Russel Ainto as Feather;
and Helga Hover as Lucy Gilham.
U Win, Burmese Ambassador to
the United States, will speal on
"Cultural Aspects of Burmese
the capital theoretically was laid
waste by a mock attack supposed
to have dropped 166 H-bombs on
155 American cities.
The attack phase of this drill
ended Sunday night.
Officials totaling up the damage
figured 41 million Americans
evacuated from the target areas,
where populations amounted to 95
That left 54 million unac-
counted for. Presumably they were
dead or huddled in bomb shelters
as long as the radioactive-free
canned food holds out. But offi-
cially there were no "casualty"
In actuality some 80 relocation
centers were set up within 200
miles of Washington so the gov-
ernment could keep operating.
This one is where all public com-
munications about the federal
government are supposed to be
THE HAGUE, Netherlands, (A)
- A Dutch airliner crashed in
flames into the sea off New Gui-
nea today with 68 persons aboard.
KLM airline announced there
were at least 12 survivors.
The known survivors were 11
passengers and a stewardess.
An announcement said nothing
was known yet of the fate of the
other 48 passengers and 8 crew
The plane went down in 600 feet
The plane plowed into the sea
five miles from the airport of
Biak, New Guinea.
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KLINE: 'NO PERFECT CHOIR'
Detroit Teacher Urges Early Training in Instrument Parts
By CHARLOTTE DAVIS
Teaching a student the parts of his instrument is the first step in
music education, Esther Wyman said yesterday.
Miss Wyman, who teaches strings in Detroit public schools, said
students who do well in their academic work and are able to sing
on pitch usually are the best musicians.
t They have learned to work hard, she continued, and when be-
ginning to play an instrument there is no substitute for concentration
There is no such thing as a per-
fect choir,. Prof. Maynard Kline
of the music school said yesterday
in a lecture on choral directing
Prof. Kline, taking time out
from Interlochen National Music
Camp duties to give his lecture
and demonstration on choir direct-