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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
)AY, JULY 10, 1957
NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM
hearing on 1
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This action br
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Off duty and
Swift, Considered Verdict
Due in Girard Case
AE COURT has completed its subject to the laws of the country in which he
the issues on both sides in the happened to be.
I case; it now must return a However, there is that far-reaching problem
hat would have Girard tried in of international relations to be considered, too.
military court and not by the For this reason, a speedy verdict by the Supreme
Court has been requested by most concerned
ed of killing a Japanese woman parties throughout the development of the
area he was guarding, is pres- . Girard. case.
to be tried by the Japanese. The The Japanese are going ahead with their
overnment had made the deci- plans to try Girard, as is procedurally natural.
n over to the Japanese for trial. A sudden decision on the part of this country, a
ought some comment across the change of mind, could result in more than
since taken a lesser position to strained relations-indeed, it may soon be too
news developments. The Jap- late to retrieve the American soldier from the
to the possibilities of American Japanese.
al has been nonexistent; that is, Yet fortunately there seems to be little real
n no reports of controversy in excitement in Japan over the Girard case. This,
ng the matter. however, could be suddenly reversed should the
United States change its mind and take Girard
then, two important considera- back to the military for trial.
Girard case. One involves the
oldier while on duty in foreign VHAT IS CALLED for is undoubtedly a very
American la and the other careful handling of the problem by this
iational relations between the country. The Supreme Court should make every
nd Japan. The first is the fun- effort to come to a quick-but considered-deci-
ll-important issue at stake; the sion and the United States should work quickly
problem that could have far- to carry it out.
ts, while serving in the armed But Supreme C should not bypass the
duty in occupied territory, are fundamental issue-that an American soldier,
Lerican soldier. He has the right on duty in American occupied territory, is not
as a consequence of his actions subject to the government of a foreign nation.
off limits, a soldier would be Editor
Piggins and the First Amendment
DETROIT POLICE Commissioner Edward S.
Piggins is an outspoken man who is doing his
This has been in evidence on several occa-.
sions during recent months.
The title bout in the Piggins Arena (Detroit)
concerned the widely publicized match of Pig-
gins vs. Naughty Literature. In this clash we
saw loyal, protective American citizen-bfficer
Piggins lash out against so-called obscene and
indecent literature. Piggins sharply criticized
authors, publishers, distributors, aild salesmen
of: the dangerous-to-our-youth literature.
But before the count reached 10, Naughty
Literature was on its feet swinging hard at
Piggins' statements, knocking. his rhetorical
claims, penetrating his guard of ridiculous log-
ic intended to stir the emotion of American
In Piggins v. Naughty Literature we witnessed
the Detroit Police Commissioner's actions as he
talked down the First Amendment to the fed-
eral Constitution and its reference to Freedom
of the Press. His latest action was to slam its
provisions for Freedom of Speech and Assembly.
SUNDAY NIGHT in Detroit, a Negro orator
stepped atop a soap-box at the corner of
Hastings and Livingston. He proceeded to at-
tack prejudice and intolerance, discrimination
and unfair labor practices.
The unidentified orator's words were timely
when thought of in conjunction with last'week's
convention of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People. His words were
not illegal. He did not incite the crowd of 200
persons who gathered there to violence. And, no
doubt, his words expressed many of the funda-
mental principles of the American society-
equal rights for all persons.
But Piggins' police troops broke up the crowd.
Piggins decided American citizens do not have
the right to assemble and discuss their plight,
Piggins, who in the past assumed the role of
censor of all literature entering the City of
Detroit, assumed a role like that of police
Naturally incensed, the crowd opposed the
police. It didn't appreciate Piggins and Piggins'
orders. Justifiably, the people resisted attempts
by the police to break up their assemblage. But
Piggins' corps fought back and consequently 10
persons, including six police officers, were in-
jured and eight of the crowd arrested.
IT IS NOT unreasonable to assume that no
violence would have occurred had not Piggins
commandeered his officers into action. The
orator was speaking, crying out against the ills
of discrimination and its effects on Detroit's
He did not wish violence. If he did, he cer-
tainly wouldn't have chosen a street corner as
the place to assert himself. But Piggins does
not appear to respect a man's right to publicly.
voice his beliefs.
Piggins said "We should all be interested in
eliminating prejudices and itolerance, but it
should be done in the intelligent American
way." What more "'intelligent American way" of
ferreting out prejudice and intolerance is there
than bringing the facts of these wrongs in the
open? Is there anything more basic in America's
historical struggle to be a free nation than an
We wonder just how interested Piggins is
"in eliminating prejudices and intolerance."
PIGGINS, in decrying the Sunday assembly in
Detroit, said "It is time that the responsible
leaders of our community speak openly and in
unison against this type of conduct." If Piggins
considers himself a "responsible" leader, we, for
one, consider ourselves indeed fortunate not to
be living in Detroit.
Detroit lacks a police commissioner who un-
derstands American concepts of liberty, free
speech, press and assembly.
Detroit needs a new police commissioner.
By WALTER LIPPMANN
T HE PURGE of Molotov and the
five other high Soviet officials
has been made public in two
stages. In the first, there was an
official communique which charged
them with opposing the reforms
which have been adopted since the
death and degradation of Stalin.
In the second, they are being
charged with offenses that are
capital crimes, and could make
them liable to trial and execution.
Apparently, The Soviet Union
has not as yet reached the point
n its political developmet wher
it can adopt a new policy without
destroying the mcn who stood for
the old policy That point had not
been reached among the great
pcwtrs of Western Europe until
about the end of the sevent.mth
There is much 'which suggests
that the Soviet Union, which be-
longs to the twentieth century in
its technological development, is
in its constitutional practice back-
ward by about 300 years.
The official explanation of the
purge is plausible enough if we
read it within the framework of
the primitive political theory that
a disagreement on important mat-
ters can be solved only when the
losing faction has been destroyed.
It is a recent and very advanced
idea that there can be, indeed that
there ought to be, such a thing as
a loyal opposition.
AT THE LEVEL of policy,
Khrushchev's complaint against
Molotov is that he has become a
narrow-minded and cantankerous
old fogey. As such, he has n.ade
himself the leader' of a faction in
a state where factionalism is a
crime, is treason against the sa-
cred deposit of Leninism and the
laws of the revolution.
Molotov has, says the communi-
que, been "at variance with the
party line," which means not
merely that he has voted against
it but that he has been conspiring
against the party.
He has "failed to see the new
conditions, the new situation"
which has existed since the death
of Stalin. He has taken "a con-
servative attitude," clinging to
"obsolete forms and methods of
work that are no longer in keep-
ing with the interests of the ad-
vance toward Communism."
Thus in domestic affairs Molo-
toy has opposed the policy of ap-
peasing the national feelings of
the constituent republics g
In foreign policy, Molotov
"showed narrow-mindedness and
hampered in every way" measures
"to erase international tensions."
He opposed the Austrian Treaty.
He opposed the "normalization" of
relations with Japan. He opposed
improved relations with Tito He
opposed the good will missions
which Bulganin and Khrushchev
have been making to foreign
* * *
WHILE THE size and fury of
the purge indicate that the Sta-
linists' opposition to Khruschchev
has been formidable, we can be
reasonably certain that for some
time to come Khrushchev's new
policies will prevail.
He will attempt to govern the
Soviet Union not, of course, with
the active consent of all its peo-
ples but, with sufficient leniency
and favor to win their passive as-
He x elieves he can do this as
re said on SaI.urda in a speech
at Leningrad, by "catching up
with the United States of Ameri-
ca.-not in its constitutional de-
velopment but - "in industrial
production per capita of popula-
tion" and "in the production of
meat, milk and butter."
He will attempt also to consoli-
date what he calls the Commu-
nist camp-the collection of coun-
tries which extends from North
Korea and China and North Viet
Nam on the "acific to East Ger-
many and the line of the Iron
There, he will turn away from
Stalinism, which regards this vast
territory as an empire with its
capital in Moscow; he will turn
toward the kind of federated asso-
ciation of national communist
states, with the Soviet Union as
the senior partner.
WHEN WE ask ourselves what
this is likely to mean in our rela-
tions with Russia, we shall do best,
I think, to regard the Khrushchev
reforms as aimed at stabilization-
within the Soviet Union and with-
in tie Communist orbit.
Khrushchev's efforts are an at-
tempt to save Communism from
this disaster, and to provide it
with a basis in nationalist and
popular feeling on which it can
maintain itself and endure.
This may well prove to be " an
historic change. But we must be
careful not to confuse a change of
policy within the Soviet Union
with the hope that Khrushchev is
now going to agree with us about
Germ an a 1:rP e vaa nFmos
AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
"Well, That's The Way The Ax Bounces"
C- _ _ _ _
95- ' rtlE t.,.As$#Aft6ro,. P's to. NOW*
School for Wives' Unmissable
MOLIERE, for the past two
years, has been enjoying a
greater audience and popularity
in Ann Arbor than any other play-
wright, living or dead, could pos-
During that period the Dramat-
ic Arts Center performed a high-
ly successful "Physician in Spite
of Himself", the speech depart-
ment made an attempt at doing
"The Misanthrope" and Le Cercle
Francais dutifully presented two
M o li e r e works in the native
Last night the speech depart-
ment made a second attempt at
Moliere, bringing the total of his
works performed locally to five
and leaving the community with
three more days of thoroughly
* * * .
"SCHOOL for Wives" is typi-
cally Moliere. It has all the satire,
the hypocrisy, the overconcern for
cuckoldry, the near-slapstick and
the final, inevitable deus ev ma-
china to pull the hidden family re-
lationships out of the nonexistent
hat and send everyone off happi-
ly - or at least verbally happy.
The story concerns Arnolphe, a
rich old man who plans to marry
his youthful ward Agnes - a ty-
pical beginning for a seventeenth
century plot. Agnes, of course,
loves the youthful Horace, who
knows Arnolphe under a different
The three acts of "School for
Wives" merely concern Arnolphe's
attempts to both marry his ward
and keep the fact from Horace,
who is the son 3f an old friend.
Arnolphe's attitude toward wo-
men furnish the overworked
theme for the play and the signi-
ficance of the title. He teaches
his ward the rules for a good mar-
riage-which she answers with a
naivete representative of the at-
titude of the times.
Indeed, the constant emphasis
on women and cuckoldry provide
the only tiring moments in an
otherwise perfect evening -- yet
even they must be accepted in the
spirit of the classical comedy.
ARTHUR BEER, Jr., never re-
laxes for a moment in his. de-
manding role of Arnolphe. Contin-
ually on stage, he is completely
convincing - even sympathetic -
as the tormented guardian.
A thoroughly comic role, his
calls for an able dexterity that
seems to be there every time. He
approaches the audience to lec-
ture, slinks in a doorway, and
feigns sickness, all in a moment's
change of pace and with classic
Agnes is capably portrayed by
Rosalie Levine, who just has to sit
and smirk naively most of the
time. Horace, with Harold Chas-
tain in the role, is' just as capably
done - although the age of the
voice does not agree with Horace's
* * *
BUT THE brightest roles of all
belong to two rotund sisters, He-
lene and Georgette, who keep
house for Arnolphe and keep the
audience in laughter.
The housekeepers look like fe-
male Tweedledums and Tweedle-
dees born 200 years before their
time; they sound and act like
English-womenualthough they are
Marjorie Eubank is fine as
Georgette. Her precision acting is
well in keeping with the tone of
the comedy and carefully timed
to match that of her twin.
Valerie Schor, however, is su-
perb. Her matronly exhuberance
has long been missed on stage at
Lydia Mendelssohn, where her
portrayals of Mrs. Antrobus, a
tomato, and several character
parts have added only brightness
to the local theatre.r
As Helene, Miss Schor has a
role as bustling as any she has
ever done here, and she does it
justice. The dashing back and
forth, up and down stairs, the
sewing and the stick-handling, are
all clever yet subtle effects that
bring a sort of glee to "School for
Homer Story plays Chrysalde,
an old hyprocrite who manages to
get in the last word. The acting is
SWilliam Moore and Donald Wood
come on at the. very end, as En-
rique and Oronte, to explain away
nonexistent complications and
send everyone home. Both seemed
to have mastered their short but
wordy parts and in effect played
them with eagerness.
* * *
A GOOD PORTION of the eve-
ning's success must definitely be
laid to Ralph, Duckwall's scenic
design. The revolving platform,
which turned the front of the
house around to the inside and
vice-versa, worked superbly last
night and was perfectly in keeping
with the classic tone of Moliete.
The performers, with no break
in continuity that wouldn't exist
with ordinary scene changes, were
able to scurry around, or ride, the
platform into the new scene.
Marjorie Smith's costumes add-
ed greatly to the cause. Arnolphe's
pirate-like guise was striking and
the housewomen's matching uni-
forms were priceless.
Indeed, Prof. William Halstead
has put together a very enjoyable
show that should both please Mo-
liere and fill Lydia Mendelssohn
for the rest of the week.
S tea mer
THE STANLEY QUARTET is
perhaps at its best under a full
head of steam and the outside
movements of the concluding
work on last night's program were
a perfect vehicle for them. The
two allegros of Brahms's Quartet
in C minor are fine examples of
the composer's lush quasi-sym-
phonic style. Plenty of vigor is
called for and was adequately
The two middle movements are
slow, but still lush,'were played
with an unusually fine mellow
tone, which appeared in large part
due to the visiting 'cello of Robert
Swenson, heard as part of the
Walden Quartet of Illinois for the
last 25 years.
We hope that, during his sum-
mer's stay, Mr. Swenson will play
some works in which the 'cello is
given more prominence. Perform-
ance-wise, the Brahms was the
high point of the evening.
*s * *
MUSICALLY, Webern's difficult
Five Movements for String Quar-
tet was the most interesting work.
Such music is difficult to assess at
one hearing, and I was not fami-
liar with it before last evening,
Probably the definitive reading
of this music has not been given
and when it is, probably no one
will recognize it as such. It is hard
to evaluate a performance of such
obscure stuff; all I can saw is that
it sounded perfectly all right.
The music is quite different from
the composer's orchestral com-
position, in which he makes use
of divers tone colors in one melo-
dic line. With the restricted tonal
palate of the quartet Webern has
produced music which seemed
superficially simpler than much
of his later work.
The first ; movement displayed
much melody and harmony in
some places almost "standard." It
worked to quite a climax with only
the mildest of dissonances.
The second movement was slow
and simple, played with particu-
larly fine clear tone. The third
movement was so short and fast
that I almost didn't hear it.
The last two movements were
slow, with the last one longer than
usual for Webern. To us the musi
was interesting but not beautiful
though, to judge from the few
things of his we have heard sev-
eral times, this impression would
likely change on further hearings.
* * *
THE PROGRAM opened with
the Haydn Quartet in Bb from
Opus 64. This was a standard per-
formance of a standard type work,
marred only by a few moments of
less than perfect tone.
Musically, as often with Haydn,
the first movement was the most
interesting. A few pleasant tunes
were subjected to development.
More emphasis than usual seemed
to be placed on the coda, which,
indeed, displayed several harmonic
progressions almost worthy of
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WEDNESDAY, JULY 10, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 11
(Continued on Page 4)
Summer TV-Renewal, Replacement, Rerun
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
The Prop aganda FIght
By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PHE DISARMAMENT stalemate in London,
now being attributed to Soviet stiffening,
also a result of American stiffening.
Two months ago the United States was
oundering around , in an effort to keep the
:rld from thinking the Soviet Union, was the
ly one interested in stopping atom bomb tests
id in disarmament in general.
When Soviet delegate Zorin put on a "reason-
ale" front, the zeal of the Eisenhower ad-
inistration was redoubled, although it was
>ticeable that Secretary Dulles was more
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
HN HILLYER..........................Sports Editor
NE GNAM.............,............Night Editor
T . 7*.
cautious about "cautious optimism" than were
Harold Stassen, the American representative in
London, and the President.
Since then the President seems to have
cooled some, too.
Outside White House circles, and particularly
at the Pentagon, there was a growing feeling
that if the administration didn't watch its step
it would begin to want agreement for agree-
ment's sake. Many felt this involved risking
At that time the American approach to the
problem was vague.
Stassen got into trouble by trying to act as
a one-man band, running back and forth be-
tween the Russians and America's Allies to see
what common ground could be established.'
The Allies were afraid the United States
might do something to lessen the deterrent
effect of its nuclear weapons and so place NATO
in an exposed position.
The United States is not going to give up her
deterrent. Its value has become increasingly
obvious with evidence that Russia's leaders are
By WILLIAM HAWES
Daily Television Writer
FOR NINE MONTHS TV spon-
sors do all they can to promote
public buying of their products.
Then summer comes, and TV per-
sonnel go to Europe. Meanwhile,
back at the home TV set, the
faithful viewer is waiting t0 be
entertained. What's his entertain-
ment? Renewals, replacements,
By renewals I mean continua-
tion of the "old favorites," which
I often feel are merely "old."
Arthuf Godfrey, for instance. He
had a, vacation already this year
from which he gave us an animal
by animal description of his Afrci-
can safari. Or there's "The Ed
Sullivan Show" I wonder what
kind of a program could replace
Sullivan's vaudeville? He no doubt
isn't going to give us a chalice to
Ly replacements, on the other
hand, I refer to all those sponsors
who continued to buy the same
spot but filled it with a famous
new face. For example, Julius La
"The Best of Groucho," "Play-
house 90," "Panic."
Then, too, the TV viewer can
always resee one of those old, old
movies which has been on longer
than Ed Sullivan. How many times
has "Magnificent Doll" or "How
Green Was My Valley" appeared?
I don't object to the films as much
as I do to the frequency. It's a
poor reward to the TV viewer to
have to see "Footlight Fever" every
IRONICALLY, though, in this
age of color and wide screen, poll-
sters claim TV viewers still watch
old, black and white films on a
screen the size of an air mail
stamp. I'll bet pollsters are wrong.
I'll bet a lot of them aren't watch-
ing. I'll bet they go to jbed.
Apparently TV advertisers who
have been running around for ever
so long a time trying to unravel
the mystery of what TV audience
wants have given up this summer.
In short, they have settled for re-
showing the TV viewer what he
seemed to like last fall. A cowardly
wav nout .irndeed. Besides. sevea
it, the TV audience knows what it
wants. Sodoes the movie audience,
so does the theater audience. An
audience wants worthwhile enter-
tainment. It wants to feel that
what it sees is worth the time it
spends seeing it.
An audience doesn't mind being
thrust into controversy as long as
the controversy is resolved in a
way which the character of the
people consider just. For example,
who of us doesn't get into embar-
rassing situations involving reli-
gion, politics, or other generally
taboo TV subjects? Who doesn't
enjoy solving them? But solving
them fairly-there's the difficulty.
There's the conflict too. And
there's the play. Correction, there
should be the play!
Nothing very controversial is
handled on TV because sponsors
are afraid someone will be offend-
ed. This opinion overlooks the
fact that all the viewer asks is a
No wonder playwrights are un-
successful in TV today. They
mumble indistinctly about some
grnerality ani then never et
less, experimentation must con-
Showing last season's films is
definitely an insult to the public
who has so generously allowed
sponsors to use public airways to
sell their goods. Some sponsors
from time to time have tried to
offer cultural dramas on TV, .like
Shakespeare, or Moliere. Unfortu-
nately these plays were ofttimes
failures. Well, they should fail.
Usually the star, oblivious to
communicating an idea, waltzed
around the setting exercising his
It's certainly easier to enjoy a
bad production of "The Life of
Riley," which is usually pretty bad,
than it is to see a bad production
of Shakespeare. This is simply be-
cause no matter what happens to
Riley he's still a donkey, but
Shakespeare is painful.
* * *
WHY SPONSORS do not pro-
gram as carefully in the summer-
time I'll never understand. So what
if a man gets a, couple weeks vaca-
tion in the summer-does that
mean ha die? T nroanhbi means