"Happy New Geofiscal Year"
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"When opinions A" Pr*
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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, JULY 6, 1957 NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM
'Clean Bombs' and Atom Secrets
DTIWo DIfferent Matters
IN THE PRESENT controversy concerning week of sharing actual bomb secrets with oth-
the sharing of "clean bomb" information er nations - except for a general remark in
with other nations, there seem to be two phases the same tone as the "atoms for peace" dreart.
to the question, between which scientists and
politicians are not consistently distinguishing. CONGRESS, on the other hand, took a giant
step forward and began discussing and dis-
President Eisenhower, at his news confer- approving any share-the-information plan
ence this week, spoke of inviting any inter- with foreign countries. The tone of the con-
ested nation to measure the fallout following gressmen's talks indicated that they were in-
this country's next "clean bomb" test - if deed concerned, although they appeared to be
there is another. His words were definite: "I drawing unwarrantable conclusions.
am going to invite," he said. But perhaps it was for the better, as the
Then, on the subject of passing along tech- questions will arise in the near future, and the
nical information concerning "clean bombs", better informed the lawmakers are, the more
his words were less definite. He seemed to be they have discussed the problems, the more
in favor of sharing information when the time capably they will be able to deal with the
came - if legislation approved it. question.
Meanwhile, Congress took the opportunity The President's invitation to other nations
to make an issue of the subject, frowning for to measure our fallout can, however, be dis-
the most part on any suggestion that the carded. It is merely a way of exaggerating and
United States share any information with any- showing pride in what the administration be-
one without due consideration - by Congress. lieves to be definite achievement in eliminating
[HERE ARE actually two related issues here, It is very doubtful that the invitation will
the proving of the "cleanliness" of the ever be made use of; radiation fallout can al-
96-per-cent-radiation-free bomb and the shar- ready be measured to some extent without fir-
ing of bomb secrets with foreign powers. ing a rocket in the immediate area.
On the first issue, President Eisenhower is
obviously quite anxious to impress the world BUT THE most important question - wheth-
with the fact that this country does have er to share information on atomic and hy-
"clean" bombs. Moreover, he was more than drogen devices - will be deserving of great
emphatic - he actually stammered - to tell consideration when it comes up for final de-
his press conference that peaceful uses for the bate within the next year or two.
bombs were the major concern of the admin. Then Congress must have assurances of
istration's scientists. good faith from participating nations before
The President's words were meant to be it shares this nation's knowledge. Obviously,
assuring that the United States wants "atoms the key to such assurances lies in the current
for peace" only. disarmament negotiations.
Yet the President was fully aware that his These negotiations and offers from other
words held little actual promise in them. Any nations must be watched carefully --- for
major step in that direction would require an therein will lie the answer to whether this na-
act of Congress, leaving the President's words tion can safely share its weapons secrets.
meaningless but powerful propaganda. --VERNON NAHRGANG
The President, however, said nothing this Editor
West Germany's Decisionl
WEST GERMANY IS in a vise. She wants
s peace. She would like to please the West
and rearm so as to become an active member
of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. But
most of all, she wants reunification.
To Moscow, rearmaments with American
weapons and reunification are irreconcilable.
To Washington, they are not. London will pro-
bably accept the American view. Paris doesn't
know quite what to do.
Reasons behind Moscow's recent note warn-
ing West Germany not to accept American
military aid if shewants reunification are fair-
Russia probably foresees a reunified Ger-
many breaking its bonds with the Union of
Soviet Socialist Republics and standing firmly
with the Western powers. This Russia doesn't
want. Russia, too, probably views a reunified,
rearmed Germany as another bulwark against
Moscow also might conceivable be concerned
with the fear that reunification and rearma-
ments of West Germany would buoy the hopes
of her satellite nations, hopes of eventual free-
dom, hopes that could lead to revolts not un-
like the Hungarian riots of last fall. These
fears Moscow rightly has.
WASHINGTON quite naturally wants West
Germany to rearm. United States policy
also urges a reunified Germany, and contrary
to the Russian view, hopes that a reunified,
rearmed Germany will join NATO and 'the
By WALTER LIPPMANN
ALTHOUGH OUR China policy
remains unchanged, there has
been a change of feeling about it.
The number of true believers,
such as Mr. Walter Robertson,
have dwindled, and they are now
able to control the policy only be-
cause no one in a responsible po-
sition has come forward with a
convincing and satisfying alt erna-
That is why there was only a
perfunctory reaction in Washing-
ton to the Formosa riots and to
the British abandonment of the
special trade restrictions.
There is a general feeling that
even if our China policy is still
the best possible policy, it has be-
come a poor and dismal policy
For all our assets are deterior-
ating. Chiang is getting older and
his chance of ever restoring his
power has disappeared. His army,
though large in numbers, is also
growing older, and it cannot re-
cruit from any large mass of Chi-
Red China is still being denied
a place in the United Nations, but
only because our friends, though
they do not agree wtl us, are
willing to defer temporarily to
There is almost certainly an
adequate majority to give Peiping
the China seat in the U.N.
WITHIN Formosa there exists,
as the Formosa riots so surely in-
dicated, a general sense of frus-
The fact of the matter is that
while the Chinese who have fled
to Formosa are protected on their
island, they are also contained in-
side their island. This is a very
unhealthy situation, to be safe, to
be subsidized and to have no
Where can it lead? Where ev-
entually but to the seduction of
island Chinese by the mainland
Chinese, and to a deal - after
Chiang goes-which would put
Formosa under the rule of Pei-
This is the prospect, and only a
counter-revolution on the main-
land, which is highly improbable,
could make the prospect different.
A reappraisal of our China
policy' is, therefore, necessary un-
less we wish to throw up our
hands, confess that we are help-
less, and that we must wait with
resignation for the inevitable de-
terioration to produce a general
Ifthe best that we can hope to
do is to hold fast and to stand
pat with Mr. Robertson, the odds
are very big that there will be a
crash and that our whole posi-
tion in the Far East will be in-
volved in it.
* * *
THE GLARING weakness of
our China policy is that we are
saying one thing about Formosa
and we are doing something very
What we are saying is that
Chiang's government in Formosa
is the legitimate and rightful gov-
ernment of all of China. What
we are doing is to keep Chiang
securely tied down in Formosa?
We won't help his government
to recover the territory over
which it is supposed to be the
legitimate sovereign. We won't
permit it to try to recover its
territory lest by a foolish adven-
ture it would involve us in a war.
Moreover, to speak plainly, we
have not objected to having the
word passed on to Chou En-lai in
Peiping that there will be no mili-
tary invasion of the mainland.
Though officially we do not
recognize the government of Mao
Tse-tung, unofficially we are
compelled to recognize its exist-
ence. For some time we have, in
fact, been conducting diplomatic
negotiations with Red China in
* * *
AND SO while our legal policy
is that there is .ne China with
Chiang the head of its legitimate
government, our real policy is to
have two Chinas, separated by the
Seventh Fleet, one on the main-
land and one in Formosa.
Our real policyis fundament-
ally sound and right. It corres-
ponds to our commitments of
honor, to the political realities in
the Far East, and to our strategic
We should propose, it seems to
me, that under the protection and
guardianship of the United Na-
tions, Formosa be recognized , as
autonomous, demilitarized, and
neutralized Chinese territory with
its own seat in the General As-
If Red China agreed to such set-
tlement, it would become the basis
of a peace treaty.
A settlement of this kind would
legalize, regularize and consoli-
rlaiath rai ifla-n"x hin .n"
to the editor
AT THE STATE-
Joe Butterfly's Wrings Clipped
West. And, America will probably do all she
can, short of force, to see that the objectives
of reunification and rearmament are achieved.
The British, as indicated by past stands re-
garding German reunification, will probably
support the Washington viewpoint. The
French, still concerned about having their
longtime enemy rearmed, are undecided about
German rearmament. But, of course, the
French government, despite the high number
of Communists in its Assembly (25 per cent)
would stand with the United States and Great
Britain, if for no other reason than to oppose
any advance of Russian Communism.
West Germany, squeezed between a favorable
three-nation contingent on the one hand and
domineering Russian dictum on the other, must
select an alternative.
THE ANSWER to West Germany's dilemma is
to go ahead and accept American arms.
West Germany should set aside the Russian
note, reasoning that even if she refused to
accept United States sponsored military aid,
she could not count on Moscow to agree to re-
The Russian note said should West Germany
accept American arms reunification would be
impossible. It did not say, in typical Russian
style, that reunification would be possible and/
or likely .should West Germany turn down
American arms offerings.
jOE BUTTERFLY has set up
'l operations at the State and his
particular brand of humor and
shrewdness can be seen through
Sunday in the picture of the same
Actually the central figure of
the movie is the Army magazine
Yank, but more of that in a mo-
Universal-International h a s
laid the plot of "Joe Butterfly"
around incidents taking place
during the beginning of the occu-
pation of Japan. Strewn might be
a better word to describe the plot,
for the adventures of Private
Woodley (Audie Murphy), Ser-
geant Kennedy (George Nader),
and Colonel Fuller (Fred Clark)
range loosely around the first oc-
cupation edition of Yank.
Joe Butterfly (Burgess Mere-
dith) might also be said to be
working for' the "Yanks," but
Henry Hathaway (Keenan Wynn)
of Trend Magazine definitely has
his own interests to look out for.
HERE, briefly, is what happens.
The surrender of Japanhas just
been signed and the Yank staff is
expectantly waiting its shipping
orders for home.
Colonel Fuller decides, however,
that there should be a first occu-
pation edition of Yank to greet
the newly arriving troops.
The small staff, headed by Ser-
geant Kennedy, have three days
in which to whip this edition to-
gether. This doesn't sound impos-
sible, but add to the picture the
chaos of the first days of the oc-
cupation, several G.I.'s each with
a genius for ,causing complica-
tions, and Henry Hahaway, work-
ing for a rival civilian publica-
ion and wanting to have his publi-
cation be the first to hit the
Keeping this weak cup of tea
well stirred is Joe Butterfly, who
innocently plays both sides of the
fence and sometimes even a third
I SAY "weak cup of tea", for
comparisons between this picture
and the recent "Teahouse of the
August Moon" are inevitable.
Unfortunately, "Joe Butterfly*
makes a pale carbon, although
certainly not an unpleasant one.
This is not as bad as it may
sound, but often keeps the picture
in low gear. U-I often uses the
scenery of the Japanese locations
to advantage, and CinemaScope
is often pleasing to the eye, even
Perhaps the basic weakness
comes from the use of three scen-
arists, a technique Hollywood has
tripped over in the past.
* * *
THE MOVIES accompanying
this single feature are of some
interest, too. The cartoon, if ana-
lyzed, could be construed as an
Insult to the viewer.
Balancing this is a very pleas-
ant short on thge wine industry of
Portugal. The camera work in this
picture gives the fine sensual im-
pression of the grapes, the wine
and the hard manual labor which
goes into the final achievement-
the vintage. All in all, ,these ic-
tures make up a pleasant program
of summer entertainment.
(Editor's Note: The Dailyrmaks
every effort to print signed Letters
to the Editor not exceeding 300 words.
The Daily also reserves the right to
edit or withhold all letters.)
To the Editor:
I WONDER whether a conuut-
er's clearing house has ever
been tried at the University. It
might be something useful. It
might make it easier to organize
motor pools. But beyond that, its
use for emergencies should bedam-
I happen to be one of the stu-
dents, of whom there must be
several, who live in Detroit. Some
of our cars are not the newest. I
am very happy with my vintage
automobile and manage to make
my eight o'clocks, but what would
happen if the car had to go to
the garage for a week, perish the
thought! I would rise mighty ear-
Of course, there are the bulle-
tin boards for the exchange of
information, but large boards have
drawbacks as well as advantages.
A little file, however, can prob-
ably be kept with practically no
administrative effort. Students
from the hinterland might fill out
slips while applying for driver
-John Neufeld, Grad
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan forwhich the Michi-
gan Daily assumes no editorial re-
sponsibility. Notices should be sent
in TYPEWRITTEN form to Room
3519 Administration Building, be-
fore .2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
SATURDAY, JULY 0, 1957
VOL. LXVIII, NO: 9
Ushers are'urgently needed for two
events to be given in Hill Auditor-
ium: the Indian Dance Recital by
Bhaskar and Sasha Fri., July 19, and
the Count Basie Show on Wed., July
24. Any regular season ushers who are
on campus this summer are urgently
requested to help with these two
events. Any other persons enrolled
in Summer School maytusher if they
so desire. Please come to the Bo Of-
fice in Hill Auditorium on Tues.,
July-? rWed, July 10 or Thurs., July
11th, from 4:30 to 0:00 p.m. to sign
up for these two events.
Late Permission: All women students
who attended the play "Chaley's Aunt"
at Lydia Mendelssohn on Tues. night,
July 2, had late permission until 10:45
A Symposium on Stellar Evolution
and Abundance of the Elements, spon-
sored jointly by the Departments of
Physics and Astronomy, will be held
during the week of July -12 in Aud.
A, Angell Hall. The lectures will be
given every day at 9:30 a.m. and 2 p.m,.
Music Education Lecture, auspices
of the School of Music "How I would
Build Tone Quality In High School
Boys' Voices." Philip Duey, professor
of voice. 3:00 p.m., Mon., July 8, Aud.
D, Angell Hall.
Foreign Language Program: Public
Lecture: The second in this series of
lectures will be given Wed., July 10,
at 4:10 p.m. in Room 429, Mason Hall.
Mrs. Angel del Barrio of Cody High
School, Detroit, will talk on: "High
School Language Teaching: Tech-
niques. Frustrations, Rewards." Pub-
Student Recital: Peter van Dyck, or-
ganist, in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bachelor
of Music, at 4:15 p.m. Sun., July 7, In
Hill Auditorium. He Is a pupil of Rob-
ert Noehren. Open to the public.
Faculty Recital: The Stanley Quar-
tet will present the first In a series
of three concerts this summer on Tues.,
July 9, at 8:30 p.m. insRackham Lec-
ture Hall. The members of the Quar-
tet are: Gilbert Ross and Emil Raab,
violins, Robert Courte, viola, and Rob.
ert Swenson, cello.
The program includes: "Quartet in
B-flat major. Op. 64, No. 3", Haydn;
"Five Movements for String Quartet,
Op. 5 (1922)," Webern; and "Quartet in
C minor, Op. 51, No. 1" Brahms. Open
to the public without charge.
Topology Seminar: Organization
meeting and first talk (Frank Ray-
mond: Duality Theory, on Tues., July
9, at 3:00 p.m. in 3010 Angell Hall.
French Table: Every Tuesday noon, in
the South Room of the Michigan Un-
ion Cafeteria, those wishing to speak
French will meet for lunch.
The following vacancies are listed
with the Bureau of Appointments for
the 1957-58 school year. They will not
be here torinterview at this time.
Bound Brook, New Jersey - High
Cleveland 14. Ohio -. (Cuyahoga
County Schools) - Several vacancies
through Kdg. and all Elementary
Groton, Connecticut - Elementary
(1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th); Jr. High Sci-
AT MUSIC CIRCLE:
SOME OF the most entertain-
ing- summer theater entertain-
ment in this area is being pre-,
sented nightly under a big green-
and-white-striped circus tent in
The theatrical enterprise in
question is called Music Circle
and its summer season fare is
musicals-in-the-round. To date,
Music Circle has put on three f a-
miliar Broadway hit musicals-
"Plain and Fancy" "The Pajama
Game," and the show that opened
this week, 'Can-Can."
The first two shows were solid
successes from a critical point of
view. This reviewer attended them
both and was impressed by the
fact that never before in its pre-
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
U.S. Fallout Policy
AT NORTHLAND PLAYHOUSE:
Will Success Spoil Him?
By 3.1. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
YESTERDAY'S big explosion at Yucca Flats
is bound to affect the thinking of those who
have been questioning American efforts to
reach an agreement with Russia for a ban on
atomic bomb testing.
Despite the efforts of the test authorities to
minimize the danger of fallout from this test,
its size, the greatest of any previous test in this
country, is enough to make the average man
itchy, as though he could feel it.
Here is a bomb which, though perhaps not
so powerful as some exploded in the Pacific
tests, nevertheless made its destructiveness felt.
It could set fires over a circle 10 or 12 miles
Its flash was so great that, in a war, it could
start people moving over several thousand
square miles in fear, hysteria, and perhaps in
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
A great many people, among them both mili-
tary and nuclear experts, think President Eis-
enhower has been moving too fast in the ma-
ter of an atom test Pan.
They don't believe in the effectiveness of
agreements with Russia.
They think such a ban,,itied to a stoppage of
nuclear weapons production and dissolution
of stockpiles, will remove the world's chief de-
terrent of war.
They don't think Britain and the United
States can afford to revise their entire defense
programs, now based on decreased manpower
armed with atomic weapons.
They think that elimination of atomic wea-
pons would leave the Communist world free
to make war as soon as its industrial system
is able to support it.
They think the West should maintain and
develop its military ability, keep up political
pressure on the Communists, and allow for
time to prove the weaknesses of the Communist
They do not think Russia would be amenable
to any agreement unless it weakened the West
relative to herself.
The President himself has indicated some
doubt about disarmament possibilities. Some of
WITH the second show of the
summer season, Northland
Playhouse has adopted an ap-
proach to arena staging quite new
to Detroit theater audiences. The
new show is George Axelrod's
"Will Success Spoil Rock Hunt-
er?"; the staging innovation is the
fact that Northland plans hence-
forth to give their performances
under the stars.
Last Saturday, the familiar cir-
cus tent on the grounds of North-
land Shopping Center was exten-
sively ripped by an expiring tor-
nado, and hasn't been raised
Producer Kenneth Schwartz's
policy will be to dispense with the
canvas and play to good weather.
Rain checks are to be issued on
the occasion of inclement outdcor
'Ihe play might have nad some-
ti-ing to do with it, but seeing a
Brcadway rc'w with P:o.c y.wa ,
stars given under the night sky
was a very pleasant experience.
The night was cool and clear; but
also collaborating were playwright
Axelrod (of "Seven Year Itch"
fame), and notably, buxom Marie
Wilson and a familiar Hollywood
Rita is really a decoration on
the plot, but she does have some
good lines; and certainly no male
in the audience would have chal-
lenged her presence in the midst
of the gentle satire on the writing
racket in Hollywood.
Marie Wilson couldn't have been
better as the simple girl uninhib-
ited in discussing matters pertain-
ing to sex, in Axelrod's play which
assumes approximately the same
She won the audience in the
show's opening moments when,
chatty and unaffected, she ap-
peared towel-wrapped on a mas-
seur's table where she was getting
a treatment "to break down the
fatty tissues" (the existence of
which one could honestly doubt).
McMAHON, as an "agent of the
devil", was an effective if some-
what unconventional figure from
Hades. He handled competently
the important business of moti-
vating the whole escapade.
As the soul-vending writer,
Chester Doherty was boyish and
insecure one moment and lecher-
ous the next - as the play de-
vious two years' existence had the
put together a pair of consecu-
tive winners of the like of this
With Cole Porter's "Can-Can",
the Music Circle people have run
their triumphant series to three.
Loaded with some of the most
charming of Cole Porter hits
("C'est Magnifique", "I Love
Paris", "Allez-Vous En") the
show had the potential of an au-
A young, enthusiastic and tal-
ented cast took hold of the situa-
tion from the first scene and did
* * *
THE PLEASANT and even plau-
sible story of "Can-Can" involves
romantically La Mome Pistache,
a dance hall proprietess and pro-
moter of the can-can dance back
around 1893, and Judge Aristide
Forestier; a young and unworldly
started out with the intention of
French magistrate who really
banning the "shocking" exhibition
and closing down Pistache's estab-
Then there's a comical side plot
involving a pert laundress-dancer
and her dependant Bulgarian
sculptor, a cowardly fellow by the
name of Boris Adzinidzinadze.
The four leads are, by them-
selves, good enough to carry the
whole show. But, as in previous
shows, they have been excellent-
ly supported by a handsome and
expert secondary cast, singing en-
semble, and corps de ballet.
Paul Ukene as the Judgewas
vincingly susceptible to the charm
pleasingly masculine and con-
of Pistache, played by Mary Har-
mon who had everything but a
strong and lasting voice to fit
SANDY KENYON played the
comical Bulgarian broadly-very
broadly-and got the laughs his
role called for.
Opposite him in the part of
Claudine is the brightest star to
shine yet at Music Circle: a petite,
vivacious and polished actress and
dancer, Judy Guyll. Miss Guyll
li an to ha csn fn ha h oR.vd