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August 14, 1957 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-08-14

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Surgery Department Chairman, Retires

"We are way beyond the mech-
anistic view that removal is the
only treatment for cancer," he
said. "Today we are treating many
types of cancer successfully, and
are working closely with other
specialties in a teamwork ap-
proach to this disease."
He met his wife, Jessie, in
Tacoma, Washington. They were
married in 1917 and have two
daughters who have reared seven
grandchildren.
He attended South Dakota State
College, and graduated from Har-
vard Medical School in 1912. In
1920, after service in the Army
Medical Corps, Dr. Coller became
assistant professor of surgery at
the University. He was promoted
to associate professor in 1923, to
full professor in 1925.
He is devoted to the classroom,
and warns of hard work the medi-
cal student must put forth.
"The principle is the samd as in
any other teaching - you can't
'teach' anybody anything; all you
can do is give them an opportunity
to learn. The student then has to
do his own learning.";

Document
Safeguards
Freedoms
(Continued on Page 2)
present and future disputes with
its neighbor to a third party for
arbitration. Pakistan has been
ready to sign a no-war agreement
on that basis.
Believing that it cannot main-
tain its independence by itself,
Pakistan has signed a military
agreement with the United States
and Turkey and joined SEATO
and Baghdad Pact.
Pakistan believes that the Com-
munist threat is not merely mili-
tary but ideological and economic
as well and it strives to raise the
living standards of its, and neigh-
boring, people,
Pakistan became a republic on
March 23, 1956, when her new
Constitution w a s promulgated.
The Constitution safeguards the
life, liberty, religion, culture, and
property of the people.
Laws inconsistent with these
basic rights are void. The constitu-
tion enjoins on the state the duty
to promote the social and eco-
nomic well-being of the people.

Little Known Species of Fly Found;
Called Destroyer of Common Pests

t helps them to Surgery Can be a Strain of Surgeons in 1949. A little known species of fly
lignity of their "Having surgery can be a great Dr. Coller is proud of his organi- called the "ichneumon" is a de-
chart their own strain on the human body," he zation of surgical service to three stroyer of insect pests such as the
e," is his-advice. explains. "It can be as an auto mental hospitals in Michigan and common housefly.
Museum accident. It is vital that the sur- the Southern Michigan Prison. He Dr. Henry K. Townes Jr., re-
great interest geon know the status of the pa- informed that members of the search assistant at the University
and its impor- tient's body and his ability to surgery department staff are doing Museum of Zoology, is currently
have asked Dr. tolerate this trauma." more than 1,000 operations at experimenting with the ichneu-
esponsibility for pr. Coller is much honored in Ypsilanti State Hospital, North- mon under a five-year grant by
establishing a his profession. He said his most ville State Hospital, and the the Dow Chemical Company.
useum here. ,prized salutation was the estab- Prison. The ichneumon that actually
contribution to lishnent in 1947 of the Frederick .Beyond Meehanistic View destroys other insects is the fe-
1 not be halted A. Coller Surgical Society. Each Through this program, Univer- male. She has a long tube ("ovi-
nt. of the more than 150 board-certi- sity Hospital is offering° a vital positer") which she inserts into
internationally fled surgeons received his training service to patients and is gaining the host insect. She then lays her
cian, diagnosti- under Dr. Coller, and number valuable knowledge in its surgery eggs.
and humanitar- among the highest regarded in the training program.,Kalamazoo State When the eggs hatch, the young
greatest single profession. Hospital is now being serviced with ichneumons act as parasites on the
s work in the Among his honorary fellowships a surgical staff as a result of host insect, and kill caterpillars,
body chemical is that in the Royal College of this program, grubs, beetles, and some relatives
ry. In his study Surgeons of Edinburgh, received He is heartened by the growing of the common housefly.
ysiology of the in 1954, and his admission in 1955 public interest in cancer. The mother ichneumon will also
PLOYED IN RESEARCH:
ev,
nt inds Adventure, EXperience on Lake Erie
IORDAN was put into the Lake, and will Water samples are checked for close conjunction with the states
Tom Edsall, remain until ice prohibits furth- gaseous, mineral and chemical of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio,
n the school of er work, probably by next Novem- content. There are other devices and Michigan, all of which border
is having an ber. which measure the depth that on Lake Erie. Canada is brought
lot of good ex- The Cisco carries several types light penetrates into the lake, lake into the picture through the
sing the length of trawls - s p e c i a 1i z e d nets current, and the "drift" of the Great Lakes Fishery Commission,
,ke Erie in a 65- used for catching fish. There are lake. which was established by govern-
d ship three "bathythermographs" which The Fish and Wildlife Service mental treaty.
ed the "Cisco," ,make vertical records of water also has a station at Sandusky, Costs $80,000
vessel for the temperature. Plankton nets are Ohio, which works the year 'round In 1954 and 1955, the Cisco
h and Wildlife used to capture - microscopic or- searching for answers to some of made a similar study (on Lake
se of this sum- ganisms floatin gin the water. these problems. They work in Michigan), which was concerned
c find out what mainly with the conditions of the
tick." fish population after the lamprey
had wiped out the lake trout. At
great Lakes. It W present, the Fish, and Wildlife
ns of fish an- Service is doing research in Lakes
st of the Lakes
lue of the fish Michigan and Superior on meth-
tes o thsh eods of exterminating the lamprey.
sates ports alone Research is also being carried on
)l ~in Green Bay and Saginaw Bay,
major portion ">both of which are very produc-
ue, Yellow, and oive areas.
ell as perch and
Moffet says "We hope to learn.
the abundance, age, composition,
ue. Seen and habits' of commecial species
such as the before they reach a legal size so!
bass, carp, shad that we can prepare fishermen
lot of potential Y in advance for some of the fluc-
but have not { mean poverty or prosperity to
I. Markets can ~ tuations in catch which often
eloped. them.
hie Cisco comes ~
comeC W.o comes "The Cisco is enabling us 'to
Cd States Fish learn the inner workings of the
lakes and their influence in pro-
ducing sudden abundance or scar-
gical entity" as city of fishes. There are countless
delicate balance questions which the vessel will
e~h 4._.in+hehelp us answer."

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1

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"sting" the egg sack of spiders,
and the young will eat the spider
eggs. After ten months in the
Immature stage, the ichneumon
spins a cocoon and then emerges
as an adult with wings,
"One reason people haven't been
concerned with these flies, even'
though they flit around every-
where,' says Dr. Townes, "is be-
cause they are nice little fellows,
who relish attacking certain pests
and then mind their own business."
Dr. Townes has been studying
these flies for almost a quarter of
a century. He has collected, identi-
flied, and classified more than 3,000
of the estimated 7,500 species of
the ichneumon in North America.
Dr. Townes says "Collecting the
ichneumon is not hard, but classi-
fying each new species is time
consuming and difficult because
each one must be checked with
others that share some of its char-
acteristics. Then a detailed de-
scription of its morphology, geo-
graphic distribution and host in-
sects must be written in such a
manner so that it will be useful to
other researchers."
Although at first glance the dif-
ferent species of ichneumon ap-
pear alike, Dr. Towne says there is
as much difference between them
as a Ford and a Buick.
The size of the insect ranges
from that of a gnat to several
inches long. Its wings are trans-
lucent, it is thin-bodied, and col-
lored brown, black, red, or yellow.
SHOPPING:
Centers Seen
As Expanding
Shopping centers comparable to
Northland will spread throughout
Europe, believes Wells Bennett,
retired dean of the College of
Architecture and Design.
Bennett noted that the centers
will spread as middle and lower
classes enjoy greater prosperity.
Writing in the summer issue of
The Michigan Alumnuis Quarterly
Review, Bennett says the Lijnbaan
center in Rotterdam and the Len-
bachplatz center in Munilch "are
in a sense hopeful symbols."
"They represent not only the
determination to rebuild in the
architectural sense, but the will to
have the amenities of life," he
stated.

I

rinsing
makes the
difference

Clothes are never any cleaner than the last rinse water.
That's why our laundry rinses your clothes with four to six
changes of water. To the final rinse, a special rinsing
agent is added. It removes dulling soap film from clothes
just as a lemon juice rinse gives added luster to a shampoo.
I A+ +h;< r\c re-,mniflfAI .ii- vor Iashalesclener.

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I

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