Sixty-Six. Years of Editorial Freedom
See page 2
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 6, 1957
vis Fied INTEREST BOOSTED:
50, Given Governmenl
SMonths FHA Paym
Math Instructor WASHINGTON (A)-In twin moves to s
s 'Stiff' Sentence lower and middle income families, the gov
almost in half the minimum down paymentf
VERNON NAHRGANQ and boosted the interest rate on FHA loans
Daily Editor one-fourth per cent.
lhandler Davis, former And new strict controls were clamped on ti
ity mathematics instructor or premi m-which may be charged borrow
guilty of contempt of Con- insured by the Federal Housing Administr
was fined $250 and sen- Administration.
to six, months in jail New Price Schedule Annou
-y . At the same time, the Federal Nationa
anding down what Davis announced anew schedule of pries at which
the "stiff jail sentence, a c a n cor . w
tCourt 'Judge ,W Walface inkortagesH
according to Davis, ap- trator, said
to the fact that I am a lations are
!cording to Davis, by saying £..>..* ys naetnci
endant "would attempt to nancg
Lnate his students in a......... r° pressures
which we would consider The hig
were he not- given a jail -
see "V. 4 scheduleg
onemnation Sought loan appl
who plans to appeal his today. Th
hopes of a "more sweeping rate is eff
natio'n" of Congressional
bversive investigations, was The ne
n personal bond yesterday r.expected
his appeal. /tincrease i
'onviction on 26 counts of on conve
pt of Congress came June loans; no
re than three years after half per c
Sked the First Amendment tutions ar
nony before the House Uri- cipating a
an Activities Subcommittee NEIL H. 1cELROY Reducti
s in May, 1954 ... next defense secretary? were authi
' r efusal to cooperate with legisltion
committee, headed by for- Eiseowe
p. Kit Clardy (R-Mich.), erense sit was left
his suspension and subse- them into
Lsmissal from the faculty. The go
Davis Explains "c sS or all the wa
statement to The Daily Howeve
i, Davis explained his hope Ala),. cha
Supreme Court, in spite of InT l ks' the FHA
iuraging recognition in re- been raise
bclsions that Congressional serious qu
bversive investigations may WASHINGTONCa)- Neil H to whethe
ire ihehasnot yet McElroy, Ohio manufacturer who FHA prog
ite seec estigat yens as reported to be under considera
S nosttiona for ahigh government post,
C are yunconstitutional spent two hours .at the Pentagon
my hope that such a ruling yesterday wSith Secretary ofDe- enk
rture in my case or some =e deCal E. Wilson.
ae mayend these investi- There have been reports Mc-
With that in mind, Iam Elroy might succeed Wilson.
~g my covition." McElrOy, wvho is president of .
also said he thought Proctor & Gamble, Co., said Ain
Rent, in his decisin, .was Cincinnati last week "something WASHI
line" with the Supreme is under consideration" for hun in passage l
.recent decisions in the Washington . and that he was President
s and Sweezy cases, coming to the capital today for bill raisin
ighout. his trial and the conferences. the govern
laneuvers in what Davis Aides of the defense secretary, ter or sell
rs his "test case," he has who is known to be taking an ac- pluses in:
ned that the First Amend- tive part in finding a successor The me
"'violated by such hearings when he steps out, said 'that Mc- barter dea
customarily held by the Elroy had lunch with Wilson and made with
Committee on Un-Ameri- remained to confer privately for satellite c
ivities." about two hours. barred fro
The secretary's office declined Poland
to explain the purpose of the con- the first n:
tnei nets ference. can farm
Although McElroy is reported to new powe
"i be high on the list of those under The Se
v Zoni g consideration to succeed Wilson, tive action
some administration officials haveversion of
rbOrland said that the job in mind for the after shor
Cincinnati industrialist is not The Ho
necessarily the defense secretary- Senate act
Arbor City Council last ship. he strug
pproved "C" zoning (localt
s classification) for the
A 30-store Arborland SNACK BAR MONEY:
ur home buying among
vernment yesterday cut
for FHA-insured homes
from five to five and
he amount of discount-
vers on mortgage loans
ation or the Veterans
1 Mortgage Association.
it will buy FHA and VA
s Albert M. Cole, Hous-
Rome Finance Adminis-
id the new housing regu-
aimed at channeling "a
re of available mortgage
nt funds into the fi-
of lower priced homes
in, our economy."#
gher interest rate, new
regulations and FNMA
go into effect on all
ications received after
e lower down payment
w FHA interest rate is
to result in a related
n the open market rate
ntional home mortgage
w around five and one-
ent. Some lending insti-
eady are reported anti-
six per cent rate.
ons in down payments
iorized by Congress in
President Dwight D.
r signed on July 12, but
to FHA whether to put
partial or full effect.
vernment decided to go
r, Rep. Albert Rains, (D-
irman of the Housing
ttee of the House, said
interest rate has now
d so high "there is a
estion in my mind as.
t the whole intent of the
ram is being nullified."
Refutes New Reports
Of Differing Opinion
WASHINGTON (A) - Secretary
of Defense Charles E. Wilson said
yesterday "there is no difference
of opinion whatsoever" between
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
and himself on a proposed new
Published reports based gn a
congressional hearing record re-
leased Sunday said President Ei-
senhower and Wilson did not see
eye to eye on the system, under
which Congress would appropriate
operating funds for government
departments strictly on a year-to-
The reports were based on Wil-
son's recent testimony before a
House Appropriations subcommit-
Wilson appeared at a closed
meeting of the group July 1 and a
transcript of the testimony was
made public by the subcommittee
In a statement issued yesterday,
Wilson said "it should be noted
that Hoover Commission recom-
mendations and legislative pro-
posals to implement them were
not under consideration" by the
subcommittee when he appeared
"The subject matter under dis-
cussi'on at the time was the so-
called partial financing of pro-
curement," Wilson said.
"I made only one passing refer-
ence to the accrued annual ex-
Under this proposal, govern-
ment departments would be given
contract authority only for pro-
jects extending beyond one year.
They now get the actual cash for
such programs, and the appropri-
ations are carried over from year
"The Department of Defense i
making an intensive study of
means by which this method of
b'udgeting accrued annual expen-
ditures might to best advantage
be applied to its complex procure-
ment program," Wilson said.
Determination in Effect
"As a matter of fact, our cur-
rent determination to live within
the 38 billion expenditures esti-
mated in the President's budget
last January is in effect carrying
out a budget system based on ac-
crued annual expenditures.
"There is no difference of opin-
ion whatsoever between the Presi-
dent and myself in regard to this
Kills One Man
LAS VEGAS, N. W. (mP)-A flash
flood roared out of the mountains
northwest of here early yester-
day, taking at least one life and
breaking three small dams In its
The victim, the Rev. Emil La-
Porte, 41 years old, was found
drowned yesterday afternoon a
mile downstream from where his
car was washed off a road into a
SThe Rev. Mr. LaPorte's daugh-
ter, Laura, 10 years old, was travel-
ing with her father and was be-
lieved drowned. Her body had not
Rev. Mr. LaPorte was a minis-
ter at the Southwest Bible Fellow-
ship in Las Vegas, N. M.
He was driving near Sapello, a
small community north of Las
Vegas, when run-off water from
2.79 inches of rain swept his car
from the road.
ohnson Charges Nixon Leade
A gainst Jury Trial Amjendme
BULGANIN OUT ?
R F. GEORGE
ner senator dies
NGTON (A') - Senate
ate yesterday sent to
Dwight D. Eisenhower a
g by one billion dollars
ment's authority to bar-
United States farm sur-
asure also will permit
ils, but not sales, to be
h European Communist
m the program.
is expected to be one of
ations to receive Ameri-
commodities under this
nate completed legisla-
>n on the: compromise
the bill by voice vote
t debate. '
use passed it Jualy 9 but
ion has been delayed by
ale over civil rights.
VIENNA, Ga. 0) - Flags across
the nation and on ships at sea
°luttered at half-staff yesterday
while former Sen. Walter F.
George (D-Ga) was laid to rest
in a sun-dappled cemetery.
Fellow citizens from offices high
and low heard him eulogized -as a,
just man with a heart full of sym-
pathy and humility before God.
Sen. George was an unusual
senator. He could influence votes
by making a speech.
It's surprising, since speeches
seem to roll interminably on, how
few senators would rate this sim-
"His talk changed votes."
Lest you think this a sardonic
view of an ear-weary reporter,
let's rustle up official backing.
A booklet put out by the Senate,
"Our American Government," at-
tempts to answer 291 questions on
how this wonderful contraption
Question No. 140 goes like this:
"Q. Is legislation much influ-
enced by oratory?"
"A. Not much."
Yet Sen. George of Georgia, who
died Sunday at his home in Vien-
na, Ga., six months after winding
up 34 years in the Senate, was the
- Sen. Carl Hayden (D-Ariz) re-
cently was discussing how rarely
oratory influences legislation, and
why he seldom bothers to make
He pointed out that on appro-
priations bills, which he handles,
policies have been set, the com-
mittee has collected the facts and.
he said talk is a waste of time.
All this characterized' Sen.
George's work in Washington
while he strove for peace in a
troubled world as chairman of the
powerful Foreign Relations Com-.
mittee. He favored a strong bi-
partisan foreign policy and was
admired alike by Republicans and
members of his own Democratic
Henry Cabot Lodge, United
States ambassador to the United
Nations, was present as President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's personal
representative, along with 25 sen-
ators and two representatives who
flew down from Washington.
Khrushchev Dropping Civil R itsz
Visiting Team Partner Action Soon
BERLIN P)--A Soviet Embassy explanation failed yesterday to P'a
check a growing crop of rumors that Premier Nikolai A. Bulganin is P iCt Sabstatial
about to be pushed aside in a continuing Kremlin power struggle. Voting for Passage
The embassy spokesman in Communist-ruled East Berlin indicated o; Amended Bill
Bulganin is being left oxt of a Soviet delegation to East Germany this
week because the visit is concerned principally with economic questions. WASHINGTON (A)-Senate Ma-
The spokesman denied the Premier was off the Bulganin-Khrush- joity Leader Lyndon Johnson (D-
chev visitors' team because of ill health. Tex) accused Vice-President Rich-
Composition Disclosed and M. Nixon yesterday of leading.
A Moscow announcement disclosed over the weekend the composi- "a concerted propaganda cam-
tion of the Soviet delegation which is flying here tomorrow. Bulganin, paign against the Senate's. jury
constant traveling companion of " trial amendment to the civil rights
Soviet Communist boss Nikita S. bill.
KhuschVwa na.n.udd.Sen. Johnson said final actioni
Khrushchev, was not included. thebill would coetorr
The next ranking member of the N ay(or Thursday and he predicted:
onTherebill bwoumld corle stmrro
delegation is Anastas I. Mikoyan, "There will be a more substan-
the Kremlin's top economic expert. Econoin ut tial vote for passage than there
The embassy spokesman was was for the jury trial amendment
asked if Mikoyan was substituted " which the vice - president critl-
for Bulganinfor political reasons. cized."
"The main things to be di-aVote 016s
cussed are economic questions, and The vote for the juy iak
therefore Minister Mikoyan has WASHINGTON () - The Navy amendment last Frida42was.51
been included in the delegation," yesterday announced an economy Sen.°Johnsonheldaib ormal
scut of 60 ships from the active news conference to strike back at
About Duties fleet. Vice-President Nixon's statement,
In Moscow, Bulganin went about But, it said, some of the loss issued a f t e r adoption of the
his duties as usual. He met with in fighting strength will be made amendment, that "this was one of
a Tokyo group calling itself the up by new warships now nearing the saddest days in the history of
"Japanese Council for Prohibition completion. the Senate because this was a vote
of Atomic and Hydrogen Weapons" Largest of the warships to be against the right to vote."
and talked'with its six members mothballed is the battleship Iowa. "It is rare when the vice-presi-
for more than two hours about dent 'starts lecturing a majority
the Soviet government position on Twenty-six other combat vessels of the members of the Senate,"
nuclear weapons tests. are included in the number sched- Johnson told reporters. "He was
uled for inactivation, all by De-hee od verlittlo the diec+a-
There has been no suggestion as eefor Verylittle ', the
yet that Bulganin has been pushed cibe.sin of the bll and lie k1nows Y'j
outofth Krmln xiea''cy. The Navy action in withdrw- little about wha was Init.
ot ofteKelnli hdIn hs vessls from the htlani teaotbln a1w
But these developments did little ind these vees fom the Atantic Advance Represented
Sclear up the mystery of his d Pacific fleets follo d earlier "ny objective person, who is
to reea thiorders from the Defense Depart- not playing politics, knows that
present status. ment for the Navy to reduce its this bill represents an advance in
Most Western experts in this di- manpower by 15,000 and to share the field of civil rights."
vided city hold to the view that with the other services a reduc- A high administration source
Khrushchev dropped, the "B" of tion in maintenance and operat- said Sunday President Dwight D
the famed "B and K" traveling ing spending of more than half a Eisenhower would veto the bill -if
team because the Communist boss billion dollars. it reaches him in the form In
is pushing the Premier downward, The Navy is now operating which the Senate is expected to
if not completely out. about 975 vessels of all categories pass it.
and had planned to increase the Before the legislation could go-
size of the active fleet to 983 by to the White House, however, Sen-
June 1958. ate and House versions would havq
Castro Opens During the same period that the to be adjusted. House GOP la
older ships are being laid up, the Joseph Martin of Massachusetts
W ar of Nerves Navy has scheduled the addition has predicted the bill will die in
of 23 new vessels and 10 ships that conference.
are under conversion to operate Trials Provided
In H avana modern weapons and to meet The controversial amendment
modern tests aprovides for jury trials in nearly
HAVANA ()-Rebel leader Fi- The Navy first estimated that all cases of criminal iontempt
del Castro opened a war of nerves the net strength of the active arising from federal court injunc-
yesterday against the government fleet, after 'completion of the 60 tion proceedings.
of President Fulgencio Batista. deactivations and the addition of It was attached to a section of
the bill authorizing the attorney
Apparently beaten in an attempt the new ships, would be about 950. general to seek federal court in-
to topple Batista through a na- junctions against any violations or
tionwide strike, Castro's followers threats of violations of voting
broke in on private telephone con- rights
versations throughout 'Havana, t C r e aled Under present law, when an in-
shouting: ., dividual violates the terms of an
"We have taken the presidential In H ghway 'Vinjunction and is charged with
palace." "Long live Fidel Castro." contempt of court, he would b
Meanwhile, Castro's rebel radio Co1 F' h tried by a federal judgewithout
broadcast appeals for workers to Co rolF gjury.
stay away 'from their jobs and The amendment provides' for
gave them instructions on how to LANSING ()-A truce was call- jury trials not only in voting
make Molotov cocktail bombs. ed until today shortly after the rights cases but in labor disputes
Elsewhere, the rebel supporters city of Lansing and the State and a host of other types of ac-
spread rumors that Batista had Highway Department went to tions.
been ousted. court in a dispute over traffic Negro Rights
But government reports from all control on US16, main Detroit- The jury amendment would also
the provinces on this island repub- Muskegon artery. provide for the right of Negro and
lcsaid everything was normal. At the suggestion of Circuit other affected individuals to erve
Te g veryting was ma.Judge MarvinJ. Salmon, opposing on federal court juries whether or
The gvern ent said there was a counsel agreed to try to compose not they are qualified as jurors
general ckto-work iovement. their differences by negotiation. under their own state laws.
A general strike started in San- Judge Salmon called for a re- The rest of the bill would estab-
ince of Oriente last week where port tomorrow at 9 a.m. in his lish a civil rights division in the
reel sytie lareek numerus Ingham County circuit courtroom. Justice Department and set up a
rebe symathzersarenumeous The city for a week has defied commission with subpoena powers"..
and threatened to spread, an edict by the state agency call- to make a two-year investigation
ing for one way traffic on a por- of civil rights problems.
tion of US16 and M78 in North- If Congress finally agrees 'on a
east Lansing. civil rights bill, it will be the first,
City workers covered one way one passed in 80 years.
/Y bsl directional signs installed by the
'laybill ydal To T al
state and police officers patroled
to guarantee two way use of the aoj
esentation of the speech depart- thoroughfares involved.
for four nightly performances at The state contends that the one- On Consum e
ssohn Theatre. waysystem provides better traffic Os
control and greater safety. The W~i
Hugh Z. Norton of the speech city disputed this, and was backed Econoies
by Prof. Josef Blatt of the School up by merchants concerned about
in two acts and will be a version their business. "Economic Surveys in Britain"
Presumably, Judge Salmon will will be presented by Prof. Harold
he "founder of national Bohemian go ahead with a hearing. Lydall of Oxford University Insti-
come' to be the Czech national tute of Statistics at 4 p.m., to-
A morrow in Rackham Amphi-
ing Center area.
>1ved are 25 acres of land on
enaw Avenue near Chal-,
Drive. The property had
usly been zoned tfor such
ling in money matters, the
il appropriated $25,000 for
ty's share of paving a run-
t City Airport and heard a
from City Administrator
jarcom that he was opening
s improvements on the mu-
1 garage, estimated at a cost
runway cost totals $138,000.
ditionl to the city's share,
ate will pay $45,000 and the
, Civil Aeronautics Authori-
o n g appointments made
3enJamin J. Zahn as Market
r, Dr. Albert J. Logan to the
of Review and Prof. Robert
igell, past director of
CO, as chairman of United
is Day, Oct. 24.
council also passed first
g on an ordinance to raise
nt traders fees from $5 to
this will primarily affect
y salesmen at University
other action, the council
working committee a ques-
rought up by councilwoman
cia Dwyer concerning ade-
of city rules on outdoor rub-
Routine xplanation May
,Reveal: Atom Stockpiles
VASHINGTON (A) - A routine Army explanation of its need for
money to build snack bars and recreational facilities at six bases may
have touched upon the location of secret places where atomic wea-
pons are stockpiled.f
In testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, Brig.
Gen. William R. Shuler, Army construction director, was asked to ex-
plain why the military needed more than a million dollars for off
duty lounging and entertainment facilities at bases operated for
the armed forces special weapons project.
Snack Bars, Facilities Needed
Shuler replied that the ."snack bars and recreational type of
facilities" were needed in these places because men stationed there
are on "24 hour mission . .. and'~
are not allowed passes, in gen- OPERA PRODUCTION
Elsewhere he said that there
was a "necessity" for personnel
at the bases to practice "sti&&~e~ d
security at all times," and this
had prompted the Army to take
measures to discourage men on"
duty to "seek entertainment offh
base in undesirable environ-
The record of his testimony was y
released over, the weekend.'
The general defined the job of k
the special weapons project as the
provision of "technical, logistical
and training services" to the mili- >
bride' To Close Summer P
"The Bartered Bride," final pri
ment Summer Playbill, will open
8 p.m. tomorrow in Lydia Mendell
With stage direction by Prof.
department and musical direction 1
of Music, the opera will be giveni
of the first performance in 1866.
Written by Bedrich Smetana, t
music," "The Bartered Bride" has