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August 01, 1957 - Image 2

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1957-08-01

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SSeDaian tly
Sixty-Seventh Year
z - EDIrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
eons Are rres UNDER AUTHORITY OP BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
WW Prevaur STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
rials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in gl reprints.

4 W W. .4

LETTERS
to, the editor

aUST 1, 1957

NIGHT EDITOR: RENE GNAM

Dulles' Diplomatic Role
In Disarmament Talks

[AT John Foster Dulles has joined in
armament talks in London, the West
e agreeing on possible open skies pro-
ng Eisenhower lines to be -put before
her consideration and disapproval.
retary of state's presence at the dis-
ias obviously made some impression
Vestern nations and perhaps speeded
le drawing up of the recently an-
proposals. At the same time, the
has scored a victory for Eisenhower's
s program - in getting the other
follow along with it to some extent
test proposals to be submitted to
enhower's open skies plan calls for
-nothing-at-all treaty wherein all
are open to air inspection.
) has not met Russian approval in
and observers are,saying it will ,not
his time, either. Fortunately, the
izes this and has a secondary plan
r limited inspection over well-defined

areas whose boundaries, at the same time, are
open for negotiation.
All that is presently being achieved at the
disarmament talks is closer working together
and unification among the Western nations,
coupled with some good public relations for the
president and his plans for an atoms-for-peace
future of the world.
YET LITTLE seems to be going on in the way
of negotiating with the Soviet bloc and try-
ing to make the communist nations understand
the good intentions of the West.
Russia has given "past proposals blanket
"no's" with little encouragement or suggestion
for revision in them. At this same time, she
has suggested proposals equally unacceptable
to the West. And neither side has made any
significant gains.
Dulles, now that he is in London, might:
do well to put some effort into international
diplomacy and to place a little less emphasis
on politicking.,
--VERNON NAHRGANG,
Editor

Goodbye To a Twin,

the foot-in-mouth twips is in
ington grapevine is reported to
gnation of Secretary of Defense
Wilson today.
his service marks also the
Lii era that Unay well go down'
ost colorful in the history of the
Wilson and former Secretary of
Douglas McKay provided this
i epoch which will not soon be
hose who need reminding, is the
Dr of Oregon who took office in
t of Interior with the statem'ent,
:ation is in the saddle as repre-
g Business, and we intend to see
ss Interests are protected!'
ast year when President Eisen-
I that he, run for Senator from
g the President's a'rch-foe, Sen.
Apparently the people of Oregon
e saddle also placed upon the
still. represents the state, and

Now we must say goodbye to the "Bird-dog
man" from General Motors. But we doubt that
it will cease to be true as long as President
Eisenhower is in office that "what is good for
General Motors is good for the United States."
PERHAPS it was just a result of the coming
of an administration composed of men long
accustomed to governmental responsibility, or
maybe it was merely unfamiliarity with they
hunger of Washington newsmen, although this
is doubtful in the cases of a former governor
and a former president of General Motors..
Whatever caused the phenomenon of the
foot-in-mouth twins, we suspect that it was
the first time in American history that two
cabinet secretaries serving at the same time.
have provided enough laughs to supply large
portions of the script and score to a Broadway
musical, as these two did for Li'l Abner. Nor
do we expect a repeat of the show in the near
future.
-JOHN WOODRUFF

(Editor's Note: Letters to the Edi-
tor must be signed, in good taste, and
not more than 300 words in length.
The Daily reserves the right to edit
or withhold letters from publication.)
On Television. . .
To the Editor:
THE UNIVERSITY of Detroit
program of credit courses em-
ploying television for lectures and
demonstrations is a complexity of
items. Your recent stories and edi-.
torials on the project efficiently
detailed most of the complexities.
However, there are some items that
didn't quite come through.
Mr. Nahrgang, in his editorial,
is somewhat disturbed by the idea
of "vast numbers of people listen-
ing, unable to question or talk
back, writing and learning the
same thing at the same time."
This, of course, is precisely what
will happen when a U. of D. pro-
fessor steps bfore a TV camera
and calls his lecture class to order.
It is also what happens when a
professor steps into any one of
thousands of large lecture' halls
In the world's universities. Large
numbers listen, strain to hear what
is being said, squint to see what is
being written .. . all learning the
same thing at the same time.
Seldom in the lecture hall does,
anyone talk back, and only a hand-
ful have the chance to ask ques
tions. During most lecture periodcs
there are no questions. Has any
student dared interrupt Prof. G.
B. Harrison's lecture on the grave
digger's scene in "Hamlet"?
The large-class lecture is all that
U. of D. is placing on TV in the
fall. Each course, in addition to
three weekly TV lectures, consists
of a weekly full hour "face-to-
face" session on campus devoted
to quiz, discussion or examination.
We will not employ the TV
system to teach all courses of all
college programs. Most upper class
courses and many freshman and
sophomore courses do not lend
themselves to the three-times-a-
week: lecture-only technique.
Perhaps the balance will be one
TV lecture and three "face to face"'
meetings. Perhaps al classes must
be held on campus. It all depends
on the subject to be taught. . . and
the way the professor teaches it.
Item two: We object to "Re-
porter" Columnist William Har-
lan's ."logic" (as quoted in Mr.
Plafkin's editorial) that "we need
only a few master teachers to
undertake the major portion of
our pedagogic tasks."
But we don't need second rate,
inadequate, uninspiring dullards
. and that's what universities
will. be forced to hire (and some
students might claim that college
administrators are a p p a r e n t y
forced to hire them right now) if'
they attempt to double their staffs.
A final 'dote:
I see no problem in the professor
being unable to "guide, enourage
and enthuse the student" under
the U. of D. plan of combined "face
to face" and TV instruction.
Some.of this guidance must, of
course, be on a personal basis ...
the wonderful' moment in the
classroom when fellow students
rise.enmasse to defeat an object-
ing pupil who thus learns in the
process-or a similar moment of
victory for the lone dissenter.
But also TV has a remarkable
ability to "encourage and enthuse"
Bishop Sheen, Billy Graham,
and, even, the late Senator Mc-
Carthy.,. .enthusers, all of 'em
.and on TV.
The great and good teachers will
get through.
U.,of D. believes that all of its
professors who will appear on TV

are great teachers.
-W. T. Rabe
Public Information Director
University of Detroit

7 '

Review of Russia's Sate11tles

Government Secrecy

n Army security officer confronted
>y, of the local telephone directory.
e his first automatic action? Why,
ip it "Restricted" of course. So it
ularly surprising to see a varieti
rticle┬ž bearing this almost mean-
s. featuring courses in so-called
nce, for instance, it is not at all
find textbooks stamped "Re-'
en though they contain material
>wledge and are given to students
loyalty.
iblication is placed in one of the,
assifcations, there it will remain,
wants to be responsible for de-
it seems.
led "secret" items often appear, on x
to be not so secret after all. For
en a Russian jet plane was cap-9
rea a few years ago, it was sent

across this country under "top secret" wrap-
ping, presumably so the Russians would not
find out what a good plane they had.
Curiously enough, in spite of all this secre-
cy, most of the significant data manages to
find its way out of the country, according to
the latest, spy stories.
ONEBEGINS to wonder whether this great
emphasis on secrecy is of any particular
value. During the war, it was not unusual to
find several research groups working on the
same problems, making the same mistakes,
spending the same money.
Inevitably, scientific investigation is best
carried out with maximum possible exchange.
of information between various research
groups. But the trend to secrecy, once estab-
lished, is difficult to reverse.
-DAVID KESSEL,

WPRETING THE NEWS:'
Ike's Ambassadors

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
CASE' of Maxwell Gluck, new ambassa-
to Ceylon, has now gone beyond mere
eration of his business qualifications and
ility to 'learn the background of the job.
ident Eisenhower appeared quite nettled
day .when asked about Gluck at a news
ence.
k, you will recall, was caught short on
iatic background when the Senate For-
elations Committee questioned him. He
t name ,the Ceylonese prime minister
as hazy about India's Nehru.
t led to published charges that his ap-
tent was due entirely to his large contri-
s to the last Republican presidential
,ign.
>dy will question the .President's red-
assertion that he didn't and wouldn't
t anybody for such a reason. Gluck's
wasn't presented to him from that angle,
Editorial Staff
VERNON NAHRGANG, Editor
ITLLYER...-..-................-Snorts Editor

he said. This attests to the common sense of
the friends who did the recommending.
There is bound to be wonderment, however,
as to whether Eisenhower is as angry with
these advisers as he appeared to be with the
news conference question.
As the President said. Gluck, operator of a
chain of dress shops has porven business ability
and presumably can absorb the State Depart-
ment briefings on Ceylon.
But strongly worded Ceylonese protests are
beginning to come in, and even if he goes
ahead with the assignment his effectiveness
has been damaged. They Ceylonese call the
appointment an insult.
Ceylon is in a transitory stage. Strong leftist
tendencies have appeared. She remains a part
of the Commonwealth, led but not ruled by
Britain.
But she has listened to Communist protests
against the foreign military bases which sur-
round Russia, and is requiring Britain to evac-
uate her famous Trincomolee naval base and
air installations.
It is doubtful if an ambassador who has in
the, past taken little interest in the problem
can make a very great contribution to this
cause.
And in Ceylon, where most of the Western
Entente's business is conducted by Britain, this
is the main part of an American ambassador's

Austrian Gateway
To the Editor:
JUST OUTSIDE Vienna 'lies a
border town which recent his-
tory has made indelibly famous.
This village of but a few hundred
is Klingenback, Austria. The town
lies on the Hungarian border and
abot half of the people in it live
in a no-man's land between Aus-
tria and Hungary.
It was recently reported that
two United States students climb-
ed under a fence to get into Hun-
gary and were immediately seized.
According to the border guard
they passed through the gate as
do many authorized "people who
live in this no-man's land. They
walked from there a few ;hundred
feet, to the Hungarian border
where they were immediately de-
tained. No doubt they were spotted
by the high watchtower placed
along the border as future security
against emmigration from Hun-
'arv.

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