Situation in Germany
Needs President's Attention
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Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVII, No. 22S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 26, 1956
Nixon Made Bad
Poll Shows Vice-President Placed
Last of 8 Possible Running Mates
WASHINGTON () -- Harold Stassen said yesterday vice-Presi-
dent -Richard Nixon made the poorest running mates for President
SDwight D. Eisenhower in a recent confidential sampling of public
Stassen, trying hard to revive his battered "dump Nixon" cam-
paign, discussed an opinion poll which he helped spon or during
the past four weeks.
He told an impromptu news conference that the results support
his contention that Governor Christian Herter of Massachusetts is
the strongest vice-presidential choice the Republicans could make.
Would Scrap Attempt
Stassen said, however, that he "certainly" would immediately
scrap his attempt to boom Herter should President Eisenhower pub-
licly throw unqualified support to Nixon.
The President's 'special assistant for disarmament matters
seemed undaunted by Herter's a
' W4 ASHINGTON (*' - President
Dwight D: Eisenhower made a new
*request yesterday for passage of
the administration's civil rights
bill but Senate Republican Leader
Wiliam Knowland of California
told him this "is not possible" at
this late date.
Een the most active supporters
of the House-passed measure con-
ceded they would be unable to
force Senate action on it in these
closing days of the 1956 session.
Sen. Paul Douglas (D-I11) said
"There is very little we can do."
President Eisenhower asked fa-
vorable ac-tion on, the civil rights
program when he met at the
White House with Republican con-
Senator Knowland later told
newsmen he informed President
Eisenhower that the bill, because
Tof- btiter Southern opposition, is
subject to almost endless delay
and could not be brought to a vote
Senator Douglas and other sup-
porters of the measure have been
stymied in repeated attempts to
present a resolution that would
dislodge the bill from the Judici-
Because the Senate is recessing,
rather than adjourning, from day
to day, a single objection can
block such a maneuver.
Senator Douglas made another
try yesterday but was stymied
if the Senate does adjourn, in-
stead of recess, at the conclusion
hof a day's business, the resolution
to bring up the bill presumably
could be introduced the next day.
The bill would set up a biparti-
san commission to investigate al-
leged infringements of civil rights
establish a civil rights division In
therJustice Department, and make
It easier to bring suits in federal
court forviolation of civil rights.
Air Force Jet
One In jurired
NEW CASTLE, Pa. ()-An Air
1Force jet training plane smashed
into a combination grocery store
and apartment building last night,
setting D the structure on fire.
No one was reported killed.
Only one of the 12 persons who
mlived in the four apartments was
reportedIn the building when the
plane hit, firemen said. She was
? Mrs. Shlvester Bockum and she
suffered only shock.
The two-story brick building
was reduced to a pile of rubble.
Firemen said Tlames shot high into
the air after the plane made a
direct hit in the center of the
Mrs. Allen Shotzbarger, 20, and
her 2dyear-old aughter, Audie,
were just about to enter the stru-
ture when the plane came down.
Both were hospitalized for extreme
shock. Several other persons in
the vicinity also suffered from
Lt. Welling Pulford of the New
Castle Fire Department identified
the airlane's cewmen s .t. W
agreement to personally nominate
4Nixon at the Republican National
Convention. Stassen implied that
GOP National Chairman Leonard'
Hall had begun arranging this
when he learned in advance of
Herter's move creates "some
difficulty psychologically," Stas-.
sen said, but does not rule him
out as a potential successor to
Poll Listed Eight
' Questioned about the opinion
poll Stassen said it listed among
the vice presidential 'possibilities
Nixon, Herter, Stassen himself and
five others. He declined to name
the others but said. the results
probably will be made public by
At a news conference Tuesday,
Stassen kaid he and four or five
other Republicans had financed an
opinion sampling. He refused to
name the others.
In publicly endorsing Herter at
a surprise, news conference Mon-
day, Stassen disclaimed any vice
,presidentail ambitions for him-
self. He said opposition to him
from the party's "right wing"
would make him something less
than an ideal candidate.
Stassen yesterday hinted he
might soon get some encourage-
ment from President Eisenhower
in his pro-Herter campaign. Pres-
ident Eisenhower continued to
keep silent on the matter but Her-
ter said in Boston that Nixon "is
clearly acceptable to the Presi-
Stassen took the position that
a lot can happen between now and
Some other Republicans agreed
with him - but they were think-
ing about the possibility that Stas-
sen himself might be dumped be-
fore then from his cabinet-level
White House assignment.
Some Republican leaders who
'favor Nixon have bitterly de-
nounced Stassen and called for
Answering questions, Stassen re-
ported he tallied twice by tele-
phone with Herter before he made
his Monday announcement.
He said Herter at no time tried
to dissuade him but took the po-
sition that "he will do whatever
the Republican convention and
the President want him to do."
Stassen said he decided some
two weeks ago to endorse Herter
and implied that Hall learned of
this and immediately began work-
ing on Herter to nominate Nixon.
most mothers of three growing
children, Mrs. J. B. Marshall Jr.
has- her problems.
Only she fell for the tempta-
tion. She left her milkman this
"The way we drink milk, we
fell it best for you just to leave
one cow instead of our normal
Yesterday the milkman, with
nary a smile, delivered a Jersey
cow named Cybil's Bossy, a bill
Appended was a note that the
Marshals could return Bossy if
they weren't satisfied. That
seemed the likely course.
JERUSALEM (') - Jordan and
Israel forces exchanged heavy
fire yesterday in the Judean hills
west of Jerusalem.
Six Jordanian soldiers, one ci-
vilian and the Jordan member of
the mixed Jordanian-Israel Ar-
mistice Commission were wounded
In a series of four clashes -in the
Jerusalem area, center of Arab-
Israeli incidents. There were no
reports of Israeli casualties.
A United Nations truce observer,
Swedish Col. Erik Helge Thaalin,
was wounded. He is the third UN
casualty in two days of efforts to
,end shootings along o the tense
frontier that marks a narrow neck
of Israel jutting into Jordan ter-
ritory in Palestine. Jordan reported
its member of the Mixed Armistice
Commission, Capt. Mohammed
Barghouti, also was wounded.
Israel, blaming the Jordanians
for the incidents and for the shot
which struck the UN observer, pro-
teste4 to the commission.
Jordan blames the Israelis for
the outbursts. A Jordanian mili-
tary spokesman reported that Is-
raeli positions opened the fire early
in the morning with small and
medium automatic weapons.
Reports from both sides on the
events of the day:
An Israeli army spokesman said
Jordanians started firing on Is-,
raeli laborers from Arab Legion;
buildings across the border. Is-
raeli frontier police returned the
fire, he said, and there were no
Fire broke out at Beit Surik, a
village six miles west of Jerusa-!
lem. The UN rushed two teams of
observers to investigate. An Israeli
official said Jordanians fired on
the teams, wounding the Swedish
The UN team brought about a
cease-fire after several hours. Thent
a heavy exchange was reported in
the area of Kastel near the Jer-c
usalem highway to Tel Aviv. It isc
in the same general area as Beit
Surik. An Israeli Army spokesmanE
said the incident started when.
"strong fire was opened from Jor-
danian positions on a group of Is-i
PARRIS ISLAND, S.C. (P)-The
possibility S. Sgt. Matthew C. Mc-
Keon was drunk when he marched
his recruits into Ribbon Creek was
raised at his court-martial yes-
terday for the first time.
Six young Marines drowned on
the April 8 death march.j
The startling prosecution evi-
dence, not hitherto r e v e a l e d,
brought Defense Atty. Emile Zola
Berman to his feet, his face pur-
ple with anger. But in the end the
evidence-a blood test for intoxi-
catin-went into the record, but
"The offense of intoxication
creates prejudice," Berman roared.
"It is our contention of overwhelm-
ing predujice by this evidence to
the rights of this defendant."
It was 8 p.m. the night of April
8 that McKeon marched Recruit
Platoon 71 in the dark into Rib-
bon Creek. He is undergoing court-
martial for the death of the six
In another moment of high
drama in this biggest court day
thus far, McKeon's own account
of the death march was read into
the record for the first time. He
made it in a statement April 9 to
a Marine legal investigator.
McKeon in the statement, told of
his difficulties with undisciplined
members of Platoon 71. He con-
"About 1300 (1 p.m.) I got the
idea to take them out into the
swamps that night, thinking I
could teach them some discipline
. All during the afternoon I
had some drinks from a bottle, I
think three of four drinks.
Three-fourths of the platoon
were squared away but the rest
were foul balls."
The drill instructor told of
marching the platoon into Ribbon
Creek and later taking them into
deeper water. He continued:
"I heard some men to my right,
out towards the center of the
stream, yelling for help. I would
say that there were about six or
seven men out there.
"At this point, I told the men
to keep cool and go onto the beach.
I at this point swam out to the
men in the middle of stream. If
grabbed one man and took him to
the beach, to a point where he
could stand up. I asked him if he
could touch ground and stand up.
When he gave me an affirmative
reply I headed back into the
stream to help the others. The re-
mainder of the platoon who had
gone onto the beach were helping
others who had been on the rear
end of the column to get ashore."
The sergeant sat motionless,
eyes closed as the statement was
read by the man who took it from
him, T. Sgt. Samuel L. Cummings,
a beribboned investigator for the!
provost marshal's office.
Bohman Talks to Group
Union Sources Express 'Delight'
At Terms Put Forth by Industry
NEW YORK (R})-An end to the paralyzing national steel strike
appeared yesterday to hinge on only minor technical details of a
new union contract, and formal union approval of the pact.
Approval is expected at a meeting late today of the union's
170-member Wage Policy Committee.
High optimism surrounded both sides in negotiating sessions
yesterday, and union sources unoficially expressed delight at new
terms put forward by the industry.
Give Guarded Comments
Publicly, officials of both parties made only guarded comment
after negotiations recessed yesterday afternoon.
John A. Stephens, United States Steel vice president who heads
the company negotiating team,
SPEECH ASSEMBLY-Prof. George V. Bohman addresses the
Speech Assembly on "Democracy in Colonial American Speaking"
yesterday. Prof. Bohman is chairman of the Department of
Speech at Wayne State University.
Ventriloquist To Stay
On Cross Fifteen Days
REYNOSA, Mexico (AP)-Tagare,
25-year-old ventriloquist who was
voluntarily nailed to a cross in
the bullring here three days ago,
said yesterday he hopes to stay'
on his cross for 15 days.
He's doing it for money, he said,
and will give 10 'per cent to the
Roman Catholic Church.
Tagare, dressed in a white silk
suit, lay on the cross as he talked
with this reporter through an in-
terpreter. The cross was supported
by two carpenter's saw-horses.
Small electric fans stirred the hot
air in the room.
The cross never has been up-
Tagare said the wounds in his
BOSTON () - The Coast
Guard yesterday reported an
Italian luxury liner and Swed-
ish vessel, both carrying pas-
sengers, collided off Nantucket
There were no immediate
reports of casualties.
The Coast Guard identified
the vessels as the Andrea Doria,
out of Italy, and the vessel
Stockholm from Sweden.
Coast Guard vessels were dis-
patched to the scene immedi-
feet and hands hurt, but he gavel
no indication of suffering great
pain. He did not appear to be in a
His hands were still nailed to
the cross. His feet had been re-
moved from the wood, but the
nails were still in them and they
were bandaged on the bottom.
The nails were about six inches
long and slightly larger than a
wooden match in diameter.
The wounds on Tagare's hand
and feet appeared to have been
treated with mercurochrome.
Tagare, whose real name is
Ijenio Garcia Carmona, was nailed
to the cross before a capacity
crowd of about 5,000 in the build-
ing here about 7 p.m. Sunday.
About an hour later, four men
lifted the cross from where it lay
in the bullring and carried it on
their shoulders to a room Tagare
had rented about 2% blocks from
the Reynosa square.
People from Mexico and the
United States visited the room
and paid about 25 cents to see the
actor on the cross.
Father Jose Castillinas, a Rey-
nosa priest, said neither he nor
the church had given permission
for the exhibition and that as far
as he knew the church would not
get any of the money. He said that
local civil officials authorized the
told newsmen only:
"We have not yet reached an
agreement. We are continuing to
David J. McDonald, president of
the United Steelworkers, nodded
Further hopeful signs were seen
with the arrival of all or nearly
all of the presidents of the 12
largest steel firms involved in the
talks, and union calls for meetings
of both its Executive Board and
Wage Policy Committee today.
Key features of the new com-
pany offer were understood to be
a three-year, no-strike agreement
calling for a 50-cents-an-hour
"package" boost over the period,
with no wage reopening possible
in the final two years but provi-
sions for a cost-of-living wage
hike if living costs rise.
The union had sought an un-
specified but "substantial" pay in-
crease, but talked at previous
company offers of lesser "pack-
age" benefits and longer contract
Strike Idles 750,000
The strike began July 1 after a
breakdown in contract talks in
New York. A federal mediator
brought the parties together again
in Pittsburgh, without result.
The 25-day strike not only has
idled some 650,000 steelworkers,
who produce 90 per cent of the
nation's vital steel, but it also has
cost the jobs of more than 10,000
others in industries dependent on
Experts believe it would take at
least two weeks to bring the in-
dustry back to full production.
There were estimates that a
price increase to cover wages and
other benefits granted in the new
contract would be at least $9 or
$10 a ton. This would add about
850 million dollars annually to the
nation's steel bill.
WASHINGTON ()-The White
House announced yesterday that
Harry P. Cain, crusading critic of
the administration's employe se-
curity program, had resigned from
the Subversive Activities Control
Cain said a month ago he would
be delighted to serve another
three-year 'term but that he sus-
pected President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower would not renominate him.
Yesterday the White House said
his resignation had been accepted.
Cain made the resignation effec-
tive on the expiration of his term
Aug. 9 although offering to stay
on beyond that date, until his suc-
cessor is qualified.
In a brief letter, couched in
formal terms of good will, Presi-
dent Eisenhower asked the former
GOP senator from Washington to
stay on until a successor takes of-
Cain's letter of resignation,
dated July 17, called again for
reforms in the government's loy-
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (I)-Orville
E. Hodge, resigned Illinois state
auditor, shouldered full blame for
the embezzlement of more than
half a mililon dollars of state
money, a prosecutor said Tuesday.
State's Atty. George P. Coutra-
kon summarized for newsmen a
176-page typewritten interview
with Hodge, including a statement'
from the former state official that
"I must have been temporarily in-
sane" to arrange the cashing of 46
fake state warrants or checks. The
warrants have been valued at
Additional fictitious warrants
and evidence of $356,000 manipu-
lation of a property trust fund
involving state banks was revealed
after Hodge's statement was made,
raising the total in dissipated
funds to more than a million dol-
Motive in Doubt
Coutrakon could throw little
light on Hodge's motives except to
"He said he needed more money
because he had never gotten any
kickbacks from payrollers."
Coutrakon read the statement
of the once influential Republican
state officer to a Sangamon Coun-
ty grand jury two days ago. The
jury returned 46 indictments
against Hodge, each based on one
of the warrants. Hodge is to
appear today for arraignment on
The prosecutor described Hodge
as vague and contradictory at
times and said he once asked
Hodge during the interview why
he could not tell complete details.
"You had so many warrants you
can't remember them. That's the
situation, isn't it?" Coutrakon in-
"I was very busy trying to do a
good job in the auditor's office and
this particular part has always
been hazy to me. My mind does
not function when it comes to this
angle," Hodge said.
After releasing Hodge's story,
Coutrakon said it "sounded like
Hodge was shielding someone" be-
cause of inconsistencies in the
statement. Coutrakon said the im-
plication of Hodge's statement
was: "I'll take full responsibility."
"He could be shielding Epping.
He could be shielding Hintz. It
could be somebody we don't know
about," Coutralkon told reporters.
Edward A. Hintz recently re-
signed as president of the South-
moor Bank and Trust Co. of Chi-
In accounting for the money,
Hodge, known as a lavish spender,
"Well, I foolishly bought bad in-
vestments and I paid my expenses
which were very high and put,
some. of the money in invest-
HARLEM'S DR. BISHOP:
Segregated, Church Adds to Ignorance
By ADELAIDE WILEY
The church, a regenerative
agent, fails when it no longer is
on the side of the afflicted and
disenfranchised, Dr. Shelton H.
Bishop said yesterday in a speech,
"The Negro and the Christian
Dr. Bishop is rector of St. Phil-
lips Episcopal Church in "the heart
of Harlem." He gave the tenth
lecture in the University summer
series, "Patterns of American Cul-
ture: Contributions of the Negro."
Referring to slavery days, Dr.
TUOnnCOO W orn orrmn -. f
mandatory to integrate Christians:
there must be a spirit of accept-
ance and encouragement, and a
master plan to build it. "Salvation
is not a matter of race," he re-
In the last half of this century,
"integration may be the moral in-
spiration of our national life," Dr.
The church, which had a large
part in the unanimous decisions
of the Supreme Court, must not
let segregation within its walls
"eighty-four years of one dynasty
On the Job
Describing an event in his daily
work, Dr. Bishop said, "One day a
woman called me and said there
were twenty-six people living in
five rooms next to her. There
were seventeen children and no
food or money.
"Within an hour, I was there
with some of my other workers.
We work closely with the Depart-
ment of Welfare, and when some-
thing like this happens, I go to
them to inauire why these neople