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July 24, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-07-24

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Dulles Wins First Hand
In International Poker Game
(See Page 2)

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Latest Deadline in the State

FAIR

VOL. LXVII, No. 28S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 24, 1956

FOUR PAGES'

FOUR PAGES

TWO APPROACHES:

Egypt's

Tactics

Draw Comment
By MARY ANN THOMAS
Two University professors have viewed consequences of United
States withdrawal of offer of aid to Egypt for construction of the
Aswan Dam from different angles.
Although the issue is not yet settled, Prof. N. Marbury Efimenco
of the political science department believes the withdrawal means
that Gamal Abdul Nasser's attempt to coerce the West into offering
better terms has failed.
Prof. William D. Schorger of the Near Eastern Studies depart-
ment does not believe that the United States gained any advantage
by the maneuver.
Prof. Efimenco said the United States objected to the propaganda
maneuver on Nasser's part bidding for more favorable terms by

4 n ~nr

the Wer1t nf4 rf arainst l

India Rushes
Earthquake

Aid to Anjar
B O M B A Y, India (A)-India
rushed aid yesterday to the earth
quake-stricken Kutch Peninsula
where 109 persons were listed of
ficially as dead and 800 more wer
missing.
More than 12,000 were lef
h~omeless.
Three hundred Indian troop
moved into the devastated north
west coastal town of Anjar. Th
official casualty list said 102 of th
known dead in the Saturday nigh
quake were at Anjar, an import
ant textile town of about 17,000.
The soldiers set up temporary
shQlters for the Anjar homeless.
Doctors were flown from Bom
S bay to Anjar. A section of th
town occupied by makers of Sari
and nutcrackers was destroyed
4 Sections were roped oft wher
houses weakened by the quak
were still collapsing.
Aid operations were hamperec
by fissures and landslides alonE
Anjar's roads.
Anjar took the brunt of th
;quake., But the shocks were felt fo
500 miles from Bombay to the Pak
istan border.
IkCe Confers
With Latin
Presidents
PANAMA (A)-President Dwigh
D. Eisenhower, saying he is feel-
ing "better every day," talked sep-
ierately with 11 presidents or presi-
dents-elect of American republics
yesterday.
It was his busiest round of con-
ferences since his June 9 intesti-
nal operation. .
Beaming and gay, President Ei-
senhower was host to the Latir
American leaders at the United
States Embassy, He met wltA each
for half an hour or less.
President Eisenhower s t a y e d
over for an extra day on his good
will visit to Panama in order to
hold intimate farewell conferences.
He planned to leave by plane
for Washington at 10 p.m.
President Eisenhower told one of
his guests, President-elect Harman
files Zuazo of Bolivia, that "on
this trip I have been improving
every day. I've felt better every
day." The Bolivian asked Presi-
dent Eisenhower, who came here
as a convalescent, about his health
and got that reply.
The President looked fit despite
Sthe' fact he was up late Sunday
at a reception for Panama Presi-
dent Ricardo Arias and his wife.
I' On Saturday he was overheard
to remark: "I haven't much
strength, but I keep going."
The extra day here permitted
President Eisenhower to have per-
sonal talks with all of the 18 other
Sleaders who joined Sunday in sign-
ing the Declaration of Panama af-
friing the Western Hemisphere's
determination to stand firm
against alien totalitarian forces.
President Eisenhower then pro-
posed creation of a commission on
human problems to offer sugges-
tions in economic, financial, social
and technical fielas, including
beneficial use of atomic energy for
industry.
Harpsichordist
To Play Bach

Russia.
Two Major Objections
"Our position," he commented,
"is based on two major objections.
First, we are not willing to en-
dorse a fund of $1.3 billion. So if
Russia is willing to invest that
amount, Egypt will have to make
a deal with Moscow."
"Then if Russia doesn't go
through with its offer and Nasser
turns to the West again," he con-
tinued, "it is pretty clear that any
United States aid will be tied with
political considerations."
"The United States might re-
quire that Egypt drop some of its
trade with the Communist bloc,"
he explained. "The United States
does not like Egypt tied to the
Communist bloc, particularly in
long-term deals."
But it is committments such as
this that Prof. Schorger says Nas-
ser has been trying to avoid.
Different Approach
Approaching the issue from a
different angle, he said, "Of course
the Egyptians were using the Red
offer to gain support from the
United States, and Nasser pre-
ferred American aid to that from
Russia."
"Our policy has been to suggest
aid from time to time," he ex-
plained, "but such suggestions were
rarely followed up without military
committments. Nasser wanted to
jockey the United States into
giving aid without requiring con-
cessions."
Prof. Schorger indicated that
American policy worked in Turkey
but "will not work in the recenti
mandated countries.
Egyptians Afraid
"This is Egypt's first indepen-I
dent government in over 500
years," he said, "and Egyptians are
afraid of something like the con-
trol Great Britain had over themc
in recent years."
When United States policy is
identified with British policy to-t
ward Egypt, he asked, "How canI
Nasser say he is a friend of the
United States? He would be throwni
out of office."1
As to what Egypt will cdo next,
the two men agree that Egypt is
not likely to turn to Russia.)

HOusE
Bill GivenI
Little Hope
In Senate
South Fights Bitterly
To Prevent Passage
WASHINGTON 0(P)-The House
yesterday passed the civil rights
bill and supporters started efforts
to stave off apparently certain
death for the measure in the Sen-
ate.
The.House vote was 279-126.
Sen. Lester Hill (D-Ala) pre-
siding when the bill was brought
over from the House, promptly re-
ferred it without objection to the
Judiciary Committee, whose chair-
man is Sen. James Eastland (D-
Miss) an ardent foe of such leg-
islation.
The bill, which would give the
attorney general more legal weap-
ons to deal with infringement of
voting and other rights, is sup-
ported by most Northern Demo-
crats and Republicans. But the
Southerners have fought it with
every parliamentary maneuver in
the books.
The final attempt of House
Southerners yesterday, a motion by
Rep. R. H. Poff (R-Va) to kill the
bill by recommitting it to commit-
tee, failed 275-131.
Immediately after the House
passed the bill on a roll call vote,
Rep. K. B. Keating (R-NY), one
of its authors, said he was lining
up support for an attempt to pre-
vent adjournment of Congress un-
less the Senate acts on the meas-
ure.
Keating began his efforts among
the 168 Republicans who voted for
passage of the bill. The Republi-
can leadership did not immediate-
ly take any public position.
Twenty-four Republicans voted
against the bill, while the Demo-
crats were nearly evenly divided
-111 for and 102 against.
"Saints' Slated
To Open Run
Tomorrow
"The WaywardS aint," a study
of Irish priests and their relation-
ships with religion and daily life
in Ireland, will be presented as the
third play on the speech depart-
ment's summer playbill.
It begins a four-day run to-
morrow at 8 p.m. at the Lydia
Mendelssohn theater.
Director of the play is Prof.
Jack E. Bender of the speech de-
partment. Scenery is by Edward
Andreasen and costumes by Mar-
jorie Smith.
Cast members include James
Young, Grad., as Canon McCooney,
John Szucs, '57, as Bishop of Oriel,
Martha Wilson, Grad., in the role
of Miss Killicat and Ann Berlin,
'58, playing Maura.
Marvin Diskin, Spec., will be
cast as Peadar the Puck and David
Lloyd, Grad., will play Baron Nich-
ols de Balbus.
Sandra Bader, '58, will play Sa-
bena, and Judith Dingman, '59,
is cast as Serena.

*

*

*

Eisenhower

Disapproves

Bid

to

Nominate

Herter

Two Claim
Sgt. McKeon
Hit Them
PARRIS ISLAND, S. C. t/P --
Two fledgling Marines testified
yesterday S. Sgt. Mathew C.
McKeon slapped them in angry
exasperation just before leading
their platoon on the April 8 death
march.
One of them, Pfc. Gerald C.
Langone Jr. of New Hyde Park,
N. Y. said McKeon also challenged
him to a fistfight but that he did
not accept the dare.
But both the young Marines
said McKeon's slaps were light
and produced no pain. And both
defended him as a top-notch
trainer of recruits at this 5,000-
acre base.
Summoned Before March
Langone, 20 years old, said he
was summoned to McKeon's
room just before the Marine drill
instructor marched 74 members of
Platoon 71 into Ribbon Creek
where 6 of them drowned.
"Sgt. McKeon and I had a little
argument," Langone testified.
"When Sgt. McKeon opened the
door he told me to come in swing-
ing. I said 'No, sir.' Then Sgt.
McKeon pushed me in the face
one time, then gave me a very
light slap the next time."
Earlier, in a day of "goofing off"
by members of Platoon 71, Lan-
gone said McKeon had told him:
"If you don't get squared away
you're liable to go into combat and
come back in a pine coffin. Then
all your friends can mourn over
you."
Langone, as a recruit section
leader in the platoon, was sup-
posed to exercise a program of
discipline as outlined by the drill
insrtuctor.
Private Also Slapped
Earlier, strapping 19-year-old
Pvt. John M. Maloof said he also
was summoned to McKeon's room
and slapped. Maloof displayed no
rancor over the incident.
In terms suggestive of a direct
appeal for forgiveness from his
former sergeant, Maloof testified:
"We all felt we let hifi down.
He did everything for us and he
got a knife in his back."
McKeon is being tried by a
seven - man court - martial on
charges of manslaughter, oppres-
sion of recruits and drinking -
but not drunkenness - on duty.
If convicted, he can be dishonor-
ably discharged and imprisoned
up to six years.
Maloof told the platoon's reac-
tion when ordered to march into
the Ribbon Creek marshes.

'-

ISteel Strike
Discussions
To Resume
N E W Y O R K (A)-President
David McDonald of the United
Steelworkers arrived last night to
start new talks aimed at settling
the' industry's 23-day strike, but
he declined to express optimism.
"Let's put it this way, McDon-
ald told newsmen at LaGuardia
Field. "Please God, that this visit
to New York will be more fruitful
than the last."
McDonald said the discussions
will start at 2:30 p.m. today. Con-
tract talks in Pittsburgh last week
brought no results.
McDonald came here in re-
sponse to a telephone call from
the industry's top negotiator, John
A. Stephen of U.S. Steel.
McDonald said he had no idea
whether the steel companies had
a "new offer" to make to the
union today, and that if there
is a new offer he could not spec-
ulate on what it might be.
The company move for new
talks was said to have taken Mc-
Donald by surprise. There was
speculation in Pittsburgh that the
companies might be prepared
either to revise their basic pro-
posals or to modify it within the
framework of the five-year pact
they say is necessary for industry
"stability."
The union rejected that term as
too long and disputed manage-
ment's claim the proposal would
give workers 1723 cents hourly
gain in the first year; 14 cents
hourly was the union estimate, and
USW leaders said this was "too
little."
Basically, those were the oppos-
ing positions when the old con-
tract expired at midnight June 30,
and 650,000 USW members went
on strike. Spreading effects of the
stoppage have now idled more
than 100,000 other workers in al-
lied industries.
To Discuss
Soviet Policy
Soviet military policy in Europe
and the Near East will be the topic
of the fifth inter-departmental
seminar in Russian studies at 8
p.m. today in West Conference
Room, Rackham Building.
Colonel William R. Kentner,
Chief Army Advisor, Operations
Research Office, Washington, D.
C., will address the round-table
discussion which is open to the
public.

Stassen Asks
Replacement
Of Nixon

OI's

Civil Rights Legislation

*

*

*

Proposal Shakes
Republican Party;
Resignation Asked
"WASHINGTON (A') - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
stripped any White House ap-
proval from a suggestion that
Vice-President Nixon be replaced
as his running mate this fall.
The suggestion was advanced
by the President's special assist-
ant on disarmament, Harold E.
Stassen, who proposed that Gov.
Christian A. Herter of Massachu-
setts be given the vice presidential
nomination in place of Nixon.
Stassen's proposal, which ex-
ploded like a bombshell in the
pre-convention Republican calm
brought a statement from Eisen-
hower's press secretary in Panama
that the President had told Stassen
it was "obvious that he could not
make such a statement as a mem-
ber of the President's official fam-
ily."
Demand Stassen Resignation
It also brought a demand from
a score of Republican Congress
members that Stassen resign his
Cabinet level job.
Stassen said he had "no inten-
tion" of resigning despite a White
- House disclaimer of his move en-
dorsing Gov. Christian Herter of
Massachusetts for vice president.
Stassen viewed the critical com-
ment that he erupted in some
quarters as "a flurry of criticism"
which he expected.
He added however that he was
certain this would die down and
that "the Republican party will
realize I did them a favor" in
openly endorsing Herter as a vice
presidential candidate.

-Daily-Harding Wilson
PROF. IRA DEA. REID-"Slaves laughed, not always because
they were oppressed, but because they needed to keep alive."
Sociologist Reid Discusses
'Negro Festivals, Frolics'
By ADELAIDE WILEY
After graduating from Morehouse College for Negro men with
a degree in English and one in economics, Prof. Ira DeA. Reid, almost
incongruously, went into social work.
He stayed there ten years, through the depression, and "Then
I began asking myself, Is this worthwhile? Is this what I want to
be doing when I'm 50?" he remarked before giving his lecture, eighth
in the Universtiy's series, "Patterns of American Culture: Contribu-
tions of the Negro,"
So, Prof. Reid discussed his questions with his wife, ended up
in Columbia University getting a doctorate in sociology - "I'm not
(with a stress on 'not') interested in social reform," he smiled broadly,

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW () -- Marshal S. I.
Rudenko, Soviet air force chief
of staff, said yesterday the Soviet
air force has been ordered not to
shoot on sight foreign planes in-
truding into Soviet air space.
But he told reporters that the
United States will be responsible
for any future incidents resulting
from flights by American planes
over Soviet territory.
Russia charged July 10 that U.S.
twin-engine, medium bombers
from West Germany haad flown
over Russian territory east of Po-
land on July 4, 5, and 9. The
United States denied the charges.
"Our pilots have instructions
not to shoot, in order to avoid in-
cidents," Rudenko said. "You
know what our present policy is. It
is to avoid heightening interna-
tional tensions."
* * *
BALTIMORE -P} - Dr. Milton
S. Eisenhower, yesterday was
elected eighth president of Johns
Hopkins University.
Carlyle Barton, president of the
Hopkins Board of Trustees, said
Eisenhower's acceptance of the in-
vitation was received following a
special meeting of the trustees

Collegium Musicum Sings Madrigals

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extracting a cigarette from his{
blue coat pocket.
'Benefiting Mankind'
"If some student came in my of-
fice," the Haverford College in-
structor commented, "and said he
wanted to work with people be-
cause he was interested in bene-
fitting mankind, I'd send him over
to religion. Only we don't have a
school for that at Haverford."
He added: "It takes more than
a good heart, to reconstruct a
world, you know. "
Prof. Reid divides his teaching
time with a twelve-year-old
daughter. She will not follow her
father's work "if she can help it.
"he other day she wanted some
black patent leather shoes - with
heels. I told her I'd have to take
it out of her allowance. She gave
it up
Always Speeches'
"You know," he observed, "it's
amazing how much more practice
girls get at being women, than
boys at being men. For instance,
my daughter with these shoes.
And she says she wants to marry
a man who doesn't always go away
to make speeches."
With that, Prof. Reid left the
Union and lemonade for Angell
Hall to give his lecture, "Negro
Festivals and Frolics."
Starting with, "Why are we in-
terested in this sort of subject?"
Prof. Reid explained that al-
though evidence of Negro festivals
is unscientific, unorganized, there
are records in such places as
Brooks County, Ga., specifying
that Negro slaves had two-weeks'
vacations' between Christmas and
New Year's,
Fromethat, Prof. Reid asked,
"Did slaves play?"
He went on to examine "the se-I
,in ^f l c rq -srnf. ofA = _

Monkey business
HAMBURG, Germany ( P)--
Monkeys were all over the place
in Hamburg yesterday.
A zookeeper neglected to lock
a. cage. Forty-five r h e s u s
monkeys romped joyously to
freedom.
One housewife walked into
her dining room and found a
monkey sitting at the table eat-
ing french fried potatoes.
Another woman looked on
mournfully as a m o n k e y
grabbed a favorite pillow,
climbed to the roof and meth-
odically took the pillow apart..
Z o o m a n Emil Roehrmann
said the zoo would pay for the
damages.
Epidemic Hits
38 Students
In Ypsilanti
By The Associated Press
YPSILANTI-Thirty-eight East-
ern Michigan College students
were hospitalized today by high
fevers, diahrrea and vomiting.
Dr. Olga Sirola, chief of the
College Health Service, said: "At
this stage we don't know whether,
the illness is contagious, but we
are taking the necessary precau-
tionary steps. That's all we know
at this time."
Dr. Sirola said the 37 women
and one man stricken were housed
in four dormitories on the campus.
They were taken to YnVilanti'

Speaks As Individual
Stassen emphasized anew he was
speaking "as an individual" and
that it "was my conclusion alone
to say what I said today."
The former Minnesota governor,
however, said, "the public should
await the President's own words"
as to whom his choice for a run-
ning mate is.
The Republican National .Com-
mittee, Stassen asserted, "as far
as I know" has not conducted any
poll of the kind he and his group
sponsored.
"That is part of their responsi-
bility," he said, "rather than try-
ing to foreclose an analysis of the
situation."
Hagerty Comments
President Eisenhower's press sec-
retary, James C. Hagerty, issued
this two sentence statement after
consulting with the President
about the Stassen proposal, made
at a Washington news conference:
"Mr. Stassen did inform the
President on Friday of his decision
to make such a statement and also
to inform the vice president of it
before issuing it.
"The President pointed out to
Mr. Stassen that while he had
every right as an individual to
make any statement he so desired,
it was also equally obvious that
he could not make such a state-
ment as a member of the Presi-
dent's official family."
While Stassen had told the news
conference he was not acting "as
a personal representative" of the
President, he denied he was a
"renegade" from the Eisenhower
team or that his statement would
endanger his job.
He said he intended to work for
Herter's nomination "in loyalty to
President Eisenhower."
After Hagerty's statement, Stas-

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