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July 19, 1956 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1956-07-19

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD 1N CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

I Can Do It For You Wholesale"

hen Opinions Are Fre,
Trutb WiD Prevai1

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

CINEMA GUILD:
Alastair and Margaret,
'Highly Amusing'
BY ALL MEANS see "The Happiest Days of Our Lives." even if it
means leaving the children with Clifton Webb, or studying all
weekend. It's a riot.
Not to be confused with "Best Years of Our Lives," this film
deals with more obscure problems. Specifically, problems of Socializa-
tion, creeping or otherwise, brought about by the ill-fated administra-
tion of C. Atlee, in England.
Alastair Sim, an incredibly remarkable Headmaster of Nutbourne
school for boys, and his equally remarkable staff of stuffy young men,
is dismayed to find that Ministry oversight has moved a gifls school,

THURSDAY, JULY 19, 1956

NIGHT EDITOR: MARY ANN THOMAS

Moscow Negotiations Important
To U.S. Far Eastern Policy

THE NAMING of Foreign Minister Mamoru
Shigemitsu of Japan to be chief negotiator
in the Russo-Japanese talks expected to reopen
within the next two weeks indicates that
Japanese government is being heavily pressed
to make a settlement.
Coupled with the fact that the talks have
been transferred from neutral ground in Lon-
don to the capital of one of the participants,
Moscow, it seems apparent that the Japanese
government has come to believe that it can
afford little more delay in renewing relations
with the U.S.S.R.
Japan and Russia are still technically in
state of war resulting from Russia's entry into
World War II against Japan in the dying days
of the conflict. Negotiations were begun last
March in an attempt to return relations to
normal diplomatic status but were broken off
after' several months of unsuccessful talks,
the Russians showing no willingness to meet
Japan's terms even halfway.
Speculation from Tokyo now advises that
Japan may agree to a quick settlement-the
reopening of diplomatic channels and the
exchange of ainbassadors-rather than hold
out for the solution of all outstanding problems
prior to the revival of diplomatic relations, as
she had earlier, demanded.
MART OF the pressure of Premier Ichiro
Hatoyama's government comes from the
opposition Socialist Party's gains in the upper
house of the plet, Japan's parliament. The
Socialists, in a'ddition to calling for renewed
relations with Communist China, have made
a settlement with Russia a priority point in
their program.

This question has been one of much conten-
tion in Japan, mostly of the "get something
done" variety. The Socialists have used the
issue to flail at the incumbent Conservatives
while the Hatoyama government has been
seeking a solution in order to strengthen its
domestic political position.
The renewal of Russo-Japanese diplomatic
relations and the manner in which the differ-
ences between them are subsequently resolved
will have an important bearing on the course of
the Cold War in Asia. Russia has the means--
such as the estimated 10,000 Japanese prison-
ers of war believed to be still captive in Si-
beria-and admission to the United Nations to
coerce the Japanese into coming to terms which
would be most disadvantageous to both Japan
and the West. The Russians will undoubtedly
exert every effort to woo Japan away from her
alignment with the 'West.
THOUGH IT IS highly doubtful that 'Japan
would move into the Soviet orbit, should the
Russians succeed Japan would drift away from
the American-led group of nations into the
middle ground, into the camp of the so-called
"neutrals." Based as it is in Japan, American
foreign policy in the Far East would receive a
serious setback.'
The negotiations in Moscow will be watched
with some anxiety here, in the hope that
Japan can win for herself an honorable settle-
ment which will contribute to her efforts to
rebuild a nation devastated by the Second
World War and to remain a diplomatic ally of
the United States.
-RICHARD HALLORAN

Foy POSSISO
LIM170 R/

c

Y
4 Tos WA-0AWiTO1.I PAS .

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND -*
Utilities and Hell's Canyon
By DREW PEARSON

Keeping Michigan Cosmopolitan

MANY STATE-SUPPORTED universities are
curtailing expansion by limiting their out-
state enrollments.
As the college population surges forward, it
has become increasingly difficult for universi-
ties to get proportionately increased state funds
for out-of-state students. Taxpayers are reluct-.
ant to support the education of non-residents,
and legislatures have bended to their pressure.
Here in Michigan, both the University and
the state legislature deserve high praise for
their refusal to follow the trend. Estimates
indicate the University will continue to enroll
one-third of its students from out-of-state, the
highest of any state-supported university.
The basic rationale for limiting out-of-state
students has been that a state-supported insti-
tution is first obligated to the taxpayers. With
this we have no quarrel. But the obligation is

qualitative as well as quantitative; it entails
giving students the best possible education as
well as giving an education to the greatest
number.
A DIVERSIFIED student body increases edu-
cational opportunity. The University's cos-
mopolitan air is due in part, at least, to its
large out-of-state and foreign contingent. It
would cheapen the University to cut this con-
tingent.
The State Legislature has in the past recog-
nized the value of diversification. It is to be
hoped they continue to do so in the face of
increased pressure from Michigan residents to
increase proportionately the number of resident
students.
--LEE MARKS

IN the files of the Federal Power
Commission are significant facts
about certain lobbyists now en-
gaged in one of the biggest legis-
lative battles in Washington.
The big private utilities are re-
quired to publish the amounts
they pay various people, and if you
take the trouble to look at the
1955 annual report of the Idaho
Power Company, on file at the
FPC, page 56, you will find this
notation: "VII. I(A) Guy Gordon-
Washington, DC (B) Retainer (C)
Basis of charges - time required
and expenses incurred (D) Ac-
count 796."
Guy Gordon, of course, is the
amiable ex-Senator from Oregon,
Republican, defeated in 1954 by
Senator Richard Neuberger during
a campaign in which Neuberger
accused Gordon of being friendly
to the big private utilities and
against federal development of
Hell's Canyon on the Snake River.
Gordon denied these charges at
the time.
However, if you look at account
796, page 81, of the Idaho Power
Co. report you will find listed dis-
bursements for legal services of
$31,999.95, of which $18,348.75
went to Parry, Keenan, Robertson
and Daly in Twin Falls, Idaho,
and the balance to ex-Senator
Gordon.
* * *
FURTHER SEARCH through
power commission files shows that
Senator Gordon also is being paid
by Washington Water Power com-
pany, another big utility which is
fighting against Hell's Canyon,
Both Idaho Power and Washing-
ton Water Power were once part

of the giant holding company,
Electric Bond and Share, before
FDR's holding company act broke
them up.
Gordon is paid a "retainer fee
for 1955 of $10,000 in equal month-
ly installments."
Further search of the FPC rec-
ords shows that Portland General
Electric, which also has joined
Idaho Power in financing the
campaign against public develop-
ment of Hell's Canyon, lists ex-
Senator Gordon as getting a re-
tainer of $10,000 per year, "com-
mencing January 1955 as per oral
agreement."
January 1955 was immediately
after Gordon stepped out of the
Senate. In other words, he retired
on Dec. 31, 1954, and immediately
began picking up retainers from
the private utilities to help them
defeat public power at Hell's Can-
yon.
You don't hear much about it,
but one of the most poteht and
carefully greased lobbies in the
nation's capital is now buttonhol-
ing Senators to defeat Hell's Can-
yon. They are making none of the
mistakes of the natural gas lobby
which stubbed its toe when it tried,
in effect, to bribe Senator Case of
South Dakota.
Guy Gordon, who as an ex-
Senator, has the prvilege of ming-
ling with his former colleagues on
the Senate floor, is part of this
lobby. But he's only relatively a
small part. Private utiltiies in the
East, South, and Midwest have
ganged up with utilities in the'
Northwest to stop Hell's Canyon.
Nor is the issue of federal de-
velopment of Hell's Canyon solely
involved. The basic backstage is-

sue is whether the Democrats or
the Republicans will control the
Senate next year.
For Hell's Canyon is a fighting
term in the Northwest, and its
defeat in ,July might well mean
the defeat of two key Democratic
Senators, Magnuson of Washing-
ton and Morse of Oregon in No-
vember. These two votes would
mean the Democrats would lose
control of the Senate next year.
REASON for political passion
over Hell's Canyon may not be
easily understood on the pave-
ments of New York or on the
prairies of Kansas. But federal
power from some of the biggest
dams in the world - Grand Cou-
lee, Bonneville - has made the
Northwest blossom beyond humn
dreams, and the Northwest wants
to keep on blossoming.
Idaho Power is not dealing in
big dreams. It has a license to
build one small, relatively cheap
dam on the Snake. Once this is
built, a big federal dam will be
out of the question. It would in-
undate the small dam.
The Northwest knows that Hell's
Canyon is the last remaining big
dam site in the U.S.A. It also
knows the Eisenhower Adminis-
tration will spend $800,000,000 on
a public power dam on the upper
Colorado which private utilities
don't want to build themselves be-
cause it's too expensive to be econ-
omic.
Meanwhile they see the admin-
istration giving the choicest dam
site of all, Hell's Canyon, to the
private utilities.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

St. Smithins, into his establish-
ment,
Margaret Rutherford, Headmis-
tress of St. Smithins, and a fierce
old goat, incidentally, is equally
horrified, but in a less frantic
manner.
The situations which naturally
develop are pumped for all they
are worth by unspeakably clever
direction; thus do we see poor
Alastair sleeping in his bathtub
while Margaret gets the bed, and
the girls cooking class making
breakfast an inedible episode.
NEEDLESS TO SAY, some par-
ents of the girls arrive, so the boys
must be hidden, and a few visiting
dignitaries come to inspect Sim's
teaching methods, so the girls
must be hidden.
This touches off a closely timed
parade' whereby the two sets of
visitors are guided into quickly re-
hearsed situations, and the boys
and girls change places with amaz-
ing position as one group leaves
and the other arrives.
Mainly, the important charac-
terizations are marvelous. The
old porter, the Ministry official,
the visiting Board of Governors;
where must one look for charac-
ters like these?
The children are all too good to
be true.
It is somewhat amusing to con-
trast the well-done British comedy
with American-type comedy. All
too often, home-grown attempts
rely upon the abilities of a couple
of star performers, while the rest
of the cast is more or less on hand
to take up space and provide
straight lines for the comics. The
casting often appears to have been
done by drawing lots.
Not so in "Happiest Days."
Every role is well filled, and every
line well spoken. It's better than
Gargoyle, almost.
-David Kessel
LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
Distortion .,..
To the Editor;
YOUR publishing together (July
13) of paragraphs six and seven
of the article "Negroes in Govern-
ment Vital Today," by Judge Mc-
Cree gave a meaning to paragraph
six that he did not state. Between
the two paragraphs, Judge McCree
told the number of Negroes who
served during reconstruction days
in the legislature of the United
States Congress who were college
trained. He named one man that
was educated in England at one
of their colleges.
The speaker said he cited the
facts concerning the college train-
ed men to refute the myth of men
of ignorance, etc., being the only
persons sent to the United States
Congress. Your writer certainly
distorted the statement.
So often it isn't what one tells,
but what one leaves out that
causes so much trouble.
-Mrs. Mabel D. Edwards

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
THURSDAY, JULY 19 1956
VOL. LXVII, NO. 175
General Notices
Golf Clinic, auspices of the Office of
the Summer Session anid the Depart-
ment of Physical Education for Men.
Conducted by Bert Katzenmeyer, golf
coach. 7:30 p.m., Thurs., July 19 and
Fri., July 20, U-M Golf Course.
Lectures
Patterns of American Culture: Con-
tributions of the Negro. "TeNegro
Press." W. Beverly Carter Jr., Publish-
er, The Pittsburgh Courier. 4:15 p.m.,
Thurs., July 19, Auditorium A, An-
gell Hall.
Linguistic Forum Lecture. Rackhara
Amphitheatre, 7:30 p.m., Dr. Robert B.
LePage, University College of the Wet
Indies, will speak on "Creole English in
the British Caribbean."
Concerts
Carillon Recital by Prof. Percival
Price, University Carillonneur, 6:30-
7:15 this evening: Introduction, Seven
Andantes, Sonata for 47 Bells co-
posed by Professor Price.
The Summer Session Band will pre-
sent a concert on the Diagonal, near
Haven Hall, on Thurs., July 19. t 7:1
p.m. If it is raining at 8:45, the on-
cert will be moved into Hill Auditorium.
The conductors will be Erik Leidzen
and George Cavender.
Academic Notices
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources
and Public Health
Students, who received marks of I,
X or 'no reports' at the end of their
last semester or summer session of at-
tendance, will receive a grade of "E" In
the course or courses, unless this work
Is made up. In the School of Music, this
date is by July 20. In the Schools of
Business Administration, Education,
Natural Resources and Public Health,
this date is by July 25. Students wish-
ing an extension of time beyond these
dates in order to make up the work,
should file a petition, addressed to the
appropriate official of their School,
with Room 1513 Administration Build-
ing, where it will be transmitted.
Le Cercle Francais weekly meeting
Thurs., July 19, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Vandenberg Room of the Michigan
League. Dr. C. G. Christofides will pre-
sent a talk illustrated in color on
"Paris et ses peintres." Games and
conversation._
La Sociedad Hispanica, Department of
Romance Languages, weekly "Tertulia"
(informal conversation in Spanish),
Thurs., July 19, at 3 p.m., in the Snack
bar of the Michigan League. Refresh-
ments available. All interested are In.
vited.
Doctoral Examination for Carson
Mahan Bennett, Education; thesis:
"The Relationhips between Responses
to Pupil Aggression and Selected Per-
sonality Characteristics of Student
Teachers," Fri., July 20 East Council
Room, Rackham Bldg., at 2:00 p.m.
Chairman, w. R. Dixon.
Doctoral Examination for Maron .A.
Niederpruem, Education;rthesis: "A
Study of the Educational values of
College Retail work Experiences for
Graduates In the Field of Retaling,
Monday., July 23, 31 Business Admin.
istration Building. at 9:00 a.m. Chair-
man, A. D. Henderson.
Placement Notices
The following schools have listed va-
cancies for the 1956r-57 school year,
They will not send representatives to
the Bureau of Appointmens to inter-
view candidates at this time.
Addison, Michigan - Teacher Needs
Athletic Director/Industrial Arts; Ele-

mentary (6th grade).
Argo, Illinois - Teacher Needs: In.
dustrial Arts (Electric Shop).
Cilo Michigan - Teacher Needs!
Elementary (Kdg., 2nd, 4th, 6th).
Cooks, Michigan -- Teacher Needs:
Commercial; Home Economics; Music
(band/vocal); English.
Coopersville, Michigan - Teacher
Needs: Elementary (3rd, 4th, 8th); High
School Librarian.
Cordova, South Carolina - Teacher
Needs: Band.
Edina, Minnesota "- Teacher Needs:
Band, Junior High.
Hudson, Michigan - Teacher Needs*
Band: Elementary (7th grade); High
School English.
Hume, Illinois - Teacher Needs: Ele-
mentary Music.
Cedarville and Hessel, Michigan -
Teacher Needs: Elementary (2nd 3rd);
High School Science/Msath or Math/oth-
er subject.

Mr. Williams Hits Number 400,

TED WILLIAMS, for over 15 years considered
one of the greatest hitters in baseball, has
reached another milestone in his illustrious
career.
Ranking fifth in all-time home run slugging,
the 37 year old Williams slammed his 400th
homer into the right field seats of Fenway Park
in Boston Tuesday night. He thus joined a
select circle which numbers only four earlier
members.
What was even more significant about
Williams' blow was that it meant the difference
between defeat and victory for the Boston Red
Sox.
Ever since Willilams came to the Sox, the
squad's fortunes have paralleled those of its
star. When the "Splendid Splinter" is physi-
cally able and present, Boston is a pennant
contender. When he's on active duty in the
Marines (this has happened twice) or injured,
the club flounders.
T HERE CAN be no denial that Williams is the
key to the Red Sox fortunes. He is also one

of the top drawing cards in the majors. Fans
flock to any park in the league if Williams is
known to be playing there. They come to see
the result of his career-long effort to achieve
perfect batting form.
Wililams has had his troubles in the past
because of an uninhibited desire to speak his
mind at inopportune moments. He has tangled
with booing spectators, legislators who called
for drafting more ball players, and sports
writers who reported his action in an uncom-
plimentary fashion.
Despite this, he has been a distinct credit
to our national pastime. Men like Williams,
imbued with strong ambition and perfectionists
at heart, often become controversial in their
drive to the top. In all walks of life, men of this
nature are judged by what they accomplish
and certainly in this respect, Ted Williams
deserves continued fame as a baseball player.
His 400th home run is proof enough.
--DICK CRAMER

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Dulles, On Neutralism, Looking For A Black Cat

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Khrushchev's Irresponsibility

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV, now having down-
graded Stalin and Molotov, begins to sound
like them. As he does so, the smile offensive
looks more and more like a leer.
Speaking primarily to official visitors from
puppet East Germany, Khrushchev deliberately
-took note of the fact that there were repre-
sentatives present from non-Communist coun-
tries.
(7 .. ~
Editorial Stafff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors
Dick Halloran, Donna Hanson, Arlene Liss.

"If representatives of those countries think I
speak too sharply, they should understand I
speak as the Communist party secretary," he
said.
As much as to say "I give no quarter."
THEN HE launched out on the old familiar
Stalin-Molotov-Vishinsky-Pravda line.
He said East German Communists must wait
patiently for diplomatic recognition by other
powers, as much as to say that there would
be no reunification of Germany.
He said Soviet Russia waited 16 years for
recognition by the United States, not mention-
ing the lying promise she made to get it-that
she would stop interfering with America's in-
ternal affairs.
He bragged about Russia's "liberation" from
the free world to which she could not be
tempted back "if they handed it to us on a

By WALTER LIPPMANN
MR. DULLES on neutralism has
been behaving for all the
world like the man who went into
a dark room looking for a black
cat that wasn't there. The black
cat that Mr. Dulles has been look-
ing for is a universal all-purpose
definition of neutrality which will
announce the exact temperature
of our official moral disapproval.
He seems to feel that it is some-
how the business of the United
States, and of himself as Sec-
retary of State, to pronounce a
wholesale blanket verdict on all
countries which do not belong to
NATO, SEATO or METO, on
countries as diverse as India and
Ireland, as Sweden and Egypt,
as Switzerland and Yugoslavia.
Because this cannot be done, he
has within the past month or so
found it necessary to contradict
the President, to contradict the
Vice President who had contra-
dicted the President, and to Con-
tradict himself.
Such a thing ought not to hap-
pen in a well conducted govern-
ment.F hrietravs, r onnfiinn

attacking Indian policy when he
was in Pakistan. So Mr. Dulles
had to go back into the dark room
looking for his black cat. Last
Wednesday, at his press confer-
ence he emerged with a new ver-
sion of the Dulles doctrine.
As of July 11 countries belong-
ing to the U.N. (which includes
all countries, excepting only Swtiz-
erland, that are able to get them-
selves admitted) are no longer im-
moral neutrals, and Switzerland
is not an immoral neutral because
it has been neutral for so long a
time.
THIS REDUCES to absurdity
the attempt to generalize about
the morality of neutrals. For hav-
ing started with a blanket disap-
proval, Mr. Dulles has ended with
a n o t h e r generalization which
leaves him with no neutrals to dis-
approve of. The official doctrine
at the momentis that neutrality
is immoral but that there are no
neutrals who are immoral.
Now that we have arrived at
this thundering anti-climax, the
question is how did we become en-
+n r- ,, ;, 2 .+tii t2r . ,r . t.-

influential has been the attain-
ment of nuclear parity by the So-
viet Union, the success of the
forced industrialization of the So-
viet Union followed by the reac-
tion against Stalinism and the
consolidation of the Red regime
in China. These developments in
their combined effect have work-
ed for neutralism, have worked
against the idea that nations
which have no nuclear weapons
can find security by joining one
or the other of the two military
coalitions.
In the face of this new situation
there have arisen in Washington
two schools of thought. The one,
represented by Sen. Knowland,
would like to refuse American aid
to any country which does not
join one of our military alliances.
The other, which has had encour-
weak and under-developed coun-
agement from the President him-
self, would recognize that the
tries may have good reason for
not joining militar alliances,
and would nevertheless give them
economic aid.

a generalized policy which is
equally good for both.
The root of the trouble about
defining neutrals has been the
practice, unfortunately rather
common in our inexperienced dip-
lomacy of trying to deal with spe-
cific and diverse and hard prob-
lems by sweeping them under the
rug of a moral generalization. This
is a political vice which can be,
and frequently has been, ruinous
to an effective and realistic and
genuinely moral policy.
It is the business of the states-
men to work out an Egyptian pol-
icy, and a Yugoslav policy, and an
Indian policy, and a Swedish pol-
icy and an Irish policy, and to re-
frain from upsetting the apple-
cart by pronouncing moral judg-
ment on "neutrals" as such and in
the abstract.
There are people who, when they
hear an official use of the word
"moral" feel that morality is be-
ing promoted and defended. It
may not be so. Nobody thinks it to
be moral and high-minded for a
man to issue blanket moral judg-
ment on his fellow men. He is

,I

-A

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