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July 19, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-07-19

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MOSCOW NEGOTIATIONS
IMPORTANT TO U.S.
(See Page 2)

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PARTLY CLOUDY

Latest Deadline in the State

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VOL. LXVII, No. 17S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 19, 1956

FOUR PAGES

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US.Army 0

Witness Claims Death
March Could Be Called
Possible Maltreatment.

Death March
Court Trial
'Continuing
Hypothetical Case
Cross-Examination
Brings Forth Opinion
PARRIS ISLAND, S. C. (lP)-A
stern Marine lieutenant colonel
said yesterday the type march on
which S. Sgt. Matthew C. McKeon
led six Marines to death could be
called maltreatment.
Lt. Col. Robert A. Thompson of
Syracuse, N.Y., McKeon's former
boss, appeared as a prosecution
witness in the general court-mar-
tial of the 31-year-old former drill
instructor from Worcester, Mass.
McKeon has been charged with
involuntary manslaughter, oppres-
sion of recruits and two counts of
drinking in a duty status as a re-
sult of the march by the 74-man
recruit platoon into a tidal creek.
Pleaded Innocent
The impassive sergeant pleaded
innocent Tuesday to the major
counts and the court entered a
plea of innocent for- him on the
lesser counts.
Thompson's opinion was offered
on cross-examination in a "hypo-
thetical case," the circumstances
of which were identical to the Mc-
Keon incident of April 8.
Before Thompson, recruit bat-
talion commander, appeared on
the stand, the defense argued that
McKeon owed "no apology to any-
one" for marching the six Marines
to death in a soggy marsh.
Asks No Apology
Defense attorney Emile Zola
Berman of New York City held
that if any apology is due it
"should not be made by McKeon."
Berman has contended all along
that the training methods used by
McKeon were normal at this train-
ing center.
Thompson, under cross-examin-
ation, was asked if he considered a
march such as that conducted by
McKeon maltreatment.
"Without adequate reconais-
sance, without adequate safeguards
. . with full knowledge that some
members of the platoon could not
swim . . . it would be maltreat-
ment," Thompson told Berman.
Tells of Briefing
Thompson told of a briefing he
gave McKeon and other new drill
instructors as they reported for
duty with the battalion. He said he
warned them against practices of
hazing and maltreatment and gave
them a lecture on the "common
pitfalls." /
Berman questioned Thompson
y on what he considered the differ-
ence between hazing and maltreat-
ment. "Hazing is a milder form of
maltreatment in the final analy-
sis," Thompson said.
The, colonel also equated mal-
treatment with physical pain "but
not exclusively." Asked if he con-
sidered robbing a man of his dig-
nity as maltreatment, Thompson
answered, "I do not. Some might."
Sevier Prosecutes
The prosecution, headed by Maj.
Charles B. Sevier of Jacksonville,
Ill., and the defense made open-
ing statements yesterday and then
got down to hearing witnesses and
introducing testimony.
Yesterday afternoon, the court
rwent to the scene of the tragedy.
For McKeon it was his first
time back in the area since the'
court of inquiry was convened
which leveled the charges against

TALK AT RECESS-S/Sgt. Mathew C. McKeon, left, talks with
drill Sgt. Edward Huff outside courtroom during recess.
LIVE IN DARKNESS:
Youth's Eyesight Loses
Battle YWith Cancer

Puts Reins
On Soldiers
Germans Complain
Of Killing, Robbing
HEIDELBERG, Germany (A) --
The United States Army, con-
cerned over strong German blasts
at "GI crime," tightened its reins
on American soldiers yesterday by
invoking an order that enlisted
men must be in their quarters by
midnight six days a week.
In effect it is a curfew. But
officials at United States Army in
Europe headquarters here shied
away from the word.-
They said, instead, that the
Army is merely going to enforce
tightly a 15-month-old decree that
enlisted men have to be in quar-
ters by midnight every night be-
fore they ae scheduled for duty
and by 1 a.m., before nonduty
Don't Apply to Officers
Every day but Sunday is con-
sidered a duty day. Officials said
the regulations do not apply to of-
ficers or to troops with official
leave orders.
A 500-word announcement on
the subject by Gen. Henry I.
Hodes, commander of the U. S.
Army in Europe, made no refer-
ence to the fact the regulation
governing passes had gone into
the books in April 1955.
Hodes, .in odering the restric-
tions instituted at once, said the
action was taken to halt "unfor-
tunate incidents" involving Ameri-
can soldiers and German civilians
-incidents which have included
robbery, killings and rape.
Germans Complained
The Germans complain Ameri-
cans are raping, killing and rob-
bing more Germans now than at
any time since the end .of World
War II.
At Bamberg, the City Council
demanded withdrawal of Ameri-
can troops after the reported mass
rape last week of a 15-year-old
girl. Seven Negro soldiers of the
United States 85th Infantry Regi-
ment, which was transferred to
Germany last November from Ft.
Riley, Kan., are under arrest in
that case.
Orders Protection
The Bavarian Cabinet ordered
special police protection for Mu-
nich citizens in the wake of what
was called a GI crime wave.
German newspapers have
splashed reports of GI incidents
involving Germans and demanded
in editorials that the soldiers go
home.
Hodes praised a recent proposal
by German officials that German
beer halls restrict their sale of
alcoholic beverages to American
troops.
Regensburg police said eight
soldiers wrecked furniture at an
inn Wednesday and beat the inn-
keeper after he told them he
would not sell them drinks. The
innkeeper said he considered the
Americans were already druik.

Bulletin
WASHINGTON M~-The De-
fense Department yesterday
announced a major consolida-
tion of United States military
commands in the Pacific and
Far East.
Adm. Felix Stump was desig-
nated head of all Amkerican
forces in that area.
The department said it will
abolish the Far East Command
in Japan and move the United
Nations Command from Japan
to Korea.
The Pentagon said the gen-
eral overhaul of its command
structure will take effect next
July 1 to "simplify the com-
mand and organization" of the
Pacific Fleet for three years.
Hodge Talks
With Illinois
Attorney
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (A-Former
Auditor Orville E. Hodge, key
figure in an investigation of al-
leged irregularities involving more
than half a million dollars in Illi-
nois state cash, underwent ques-
tioning for almost five hours yes-
terday.
Hodge, Republican politician who
quit Monday, had the long con-
ference with State's Atty.nGeorge
P. Coutrakon.
The prosecutor declined to dis-
close details. He said Hodge had
talked at great length.
"I don't have any promises of
a plea of guilty," Coutrakon said
at a news conference. "I haven't
made any promises. None were
discussed."
Hodge has said he will waive
immunity when he appears before
the Sangamon County grand jury
next week, and has stated he will
make restitution to the extent of
his resources.
Newsmen asked if talk of resti-
tution meant there is a possi-
bility of prosecution being dropped.
"Nobody should draw the con-
clusion ofno prosecution," Cou-
trakon replied.
Asked if the inquiry is leading
to "other people," the prosecutor
said, "The investigation leads me
to it sic."
The investigation revolves about
the cashing of at least 42 state
auditor warrants-they are orders
to pay, like checks-totaling some
$540,000.
Former IU'
Doctor Dies
Dr. Louis H. Newburgh, former
professor in the University Medical
School, died Tuesday in California
after a brief illness.
Dr. Newburgh and his wife were
living in Valley Center, where they
moved after his retirement from
the University in 1951. He was 73.
A well known authority on me-
tabolic and kidney diseases, he
had served in the internal medicine
department in the Medical School
and in University Hospital since
1917. Prior to that he had prac-
ticed in Boston.

Military
Reductions
Forecasted
Sec. Dulles Sees
Less Armed Forces
As 'General Trend'
WASHINGTON (P)-Secretary of
State John Foster Dulles yesterday
forecast new reductions in the
armed forces of nations around
the globe, including Russia.
He told a news conference this
is a "general trend," mainly be-
cause nations are relying more on
atomic-hydrogen weapons and less
on manpower.
A reduction of East-West ten-
sions is also a factor he said, be-
cause this means "there is less
risk of war than was the case."
Answers Questions
Replying to questions. Sec.
Dulles said he would make no
political objections to any move by
North Atlantic Pact allies to cut
back their forces, if competent mil-
itary authorities decided fewer
men were needed to guard Europe
against surprise attack.
Sec. Dulles spoke out in the
wake of reports that some Defense
Department authorities are con-
sidering substantial cuts in the
American Army, Navy and Air
Force during the next three years.
Adm. Arthur Radford, chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has
been reported pressing this drive
in the face of bitter opposition
from Army leaders.
Avoids Taking Sides
Sec. Dulles, in an obvious move
to avoid taking sides publicly in
the dispute, insisted that while
he has discussed "the broad gen-
eral policies," he knows nothing
about the scope of the manpower
slashes being considered.
He expressed hope, however,
that political developments will be
favorable enough in the next 10
years to bring back some of the
American forces stationed over-
seas, mostly in Western Germany.
He cautioned, however, that any
such withdrawals depend on devel-
opments and that if the peace out-
look darkened it might even be
necessary to increase the number
of troops overseas.
Must Keep Superiority
Sec. Dulles stressed that even if
the United States reduces its man-
power strength it will be urgent
"to maintain a certain measure of
superiority or equality with the
Soviet Union in terms of atomic
weapons, missiles and means of
their delivery."
Russia is a "Johnny - come -
lately" in demobilizing some of its
vast armed forces, he said. He
again expressed the view that Rus-
sia's move is dictated partly by its
need for extra workers for farms
and factories.
Sec. Dulles also said he would at-
tend the Republican National Con-
vention in San Francisco to help
write the foreign policy plank in
the party platform. He said, in
his view, this did not constitute
partisan political activity of the
kind he has warned subordinates
against.

Deputize 'U' Security Officers

..

By LEE MARKS
Daily Managing Editor
University attempts to secure deputization of security officers,
giving them the right to enforce University driving regulations, have
bogged down.
Ann Arbor has flatly refused to give campus enforcement officers
authority to stop cars to see if they are properly registered.
University officials are now disc,4ssing the possibijity of authori-
zation from the state with Joseph Childs, Michigan State Police com-
missioner.
- Fear of False Arrest
Reason given by local police for refusing the University's request
is fear of false arrest charges. University officials once had the
needed authority but the propriety of city police deputizing men to
enforce University regulations wa'

City Won't Grant
Needed Authority
State Police. Commissioner Mid

ORLANDO, Fla. 1P)--Mike Si-
bole's eyesight was sacrificed yes-
terday to give him a 50-50 chance
of growing to manhood but in a
world of darkness.
The surgeon who removed the
4.year-old boy's left eye yesterday
morning, asking to remain, anony-
mous, said it is an even chance
that with the eye and a large
section of the optic nerve came all
Parke-Davis
May Build
On '' Land
Chances that Parke-Davis & Co.
of Detroit will build a large re-
search center in Ann Arbor ap-
peared good yesterday following
Ann Arbor Township Board action
to release 329 acres of land for
annexation to the city.
The land is University owned
and a part of North Campus.
Next hurdle to clear is utility
requirements. City Administrator
Guy Larcom, University officials
and Parke-Davis are scheduled to
meet this afternoon to discuss
further plans.
Once utility agreements are
worked out Parke-Davis will be
prepared to purchase the land
from the University.

i

the cancer cells which have cost
Mike both eyes.
The last thing Mike saw was a
doctor in a green skull pap bend-
ing over to administer the ether
at 7:55 a.m. The operation started
at 8:10 and ended at 8:51.
Brave Patient
Mike was a brave patient, the
doctors reported. He didn't cry and
he wasn't afraid.
He looked a little sleepy when
he walked into Holiday House
Hospital at 7:20, holding the hands
of his mother, Mrs. James M.
Sibole, and grandmother, Mrs.
Henry Malone of Miami.
His father, the Rev. James M.
Sibole, parked the car and then
hurried into the small private hos-
pital.
While Mike was in surgery, the
family sat in his quiet room over-
looking Lake Lurna praying for
God to guide the surgeon's hands.
'According to Schedule'
"It went according to schedule,"
the surgeon said of the operation.
Whether he excised all the cancer
cells and saved the child's life
can't be determined yet.
Cancer cost Mike his right eye
two years ago.
Once doctors thought treatment
with drugs and X-ray succeeded.
But some of the cells apparently
lived and resumed their multiply-
ing rapidly.

questioned several years ago.
Sheriff Erwin E. Klager of the
Washtenaw County Sheriff's of-
fice said he had not been
approached recently on the issue.
He said he would be willing to
deputize University officials and
give them the power to arrest and
stop cars if violations of city, state
or county laws were involved.
But he said he could not give
them authority to stop cars pri-
marily to check University regu-
lations.
Childs Not Decided
Reached in Lansing yesterday
Commissioner Childssaid he had
not decided yet if the University
could secure state authorization.
He seemed wary of. granting
authorization and yet sympathetic
to the problem.
"I'd like t - take the matter
with the Attorney General's office
before reaching o decision," Chilcis
reported. He claimed he was not
even sure if he had authority to
deputize University officials for
this reason, noting, "I've never
done it before"
Childs declared he would rather
see the problem worked out within
the city. "It seems to me they
ought to be able to work out some
solution," he said.
Much of the trouble hinges
around one subtle legal issue. No
police officer, city, county or state,
can stop cars at random without
suspicion that a law is being vio-
lated.
On the other hand, they can
stop cars on the slightest suspicion.
Whether Sufficient Cause
The problem is whether suspic-
cion that a car is improperly reg-
istered under University regula-
tions is sufficient cause to stop it.
"I think the University should
have authority to enforce its reg-
ulations. If they deem it essential
to check student car registration
it is only reasonable and proper
they have the means," Childs com-
mented.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis said he won't
be "deeply concerned" if attempts
to secure authorization fail.
He suggested the University
might be able to authorize the
men themselv'es by Regent action.
"The problem is at least partly
educational and that might put it
within the scope of our jurisdic-
tion," he said.
May Assume Authority
It is probable University security
officers will assume the authority
themselves if they cannot get it
from a government agency.
Though they would have no legal
right to stop cars students might
concede their authority as a con-
dition of admission, much in the
way they now bind themselves to
uphold other regulations.
Authorization to check cars to
see if they are properly registered
is needed, University officials
claim, if the recent driving ban
change is to be effective.
Regents lowered the driving age
from 26 to 21 this winter. Cars
will have to be registered with
the Office of Student Affairs.
Difficulty in enforcing the regu-
lations without authority to stop
cars will hinder success of the
change, officials say.
Dope Sellers May
Get Death Penalty

Hungary's
Red Boss
Deposed
VIENNA, Austria (P)-The big-
gest "little Stalin" of Russia's
East European satellites fell last
night.
Matyas Rakosi, long the boss of
C o mmu n ist Hungary, resigned
under fire. The party's Central
Committee accepted his resigna-
tion.
Budapest radio said he was re-
placed as first secretary of the
party by Erno Geroe, first deputy
premier. Geroe, as Hungary3s o.
2 Communist, had engaged R114p
in a struggle for power.
Rakosi was removed from larty
leadership and from membership
in the all-powerful Politburo after
confessin he practiced Stalinist
dictatorship.
Rakosi likewise pleaded he is an
old and sick man. He is 64.
This probably is the final curtain
to the political career of the Hun-
garian who was a friend of Stalin
and a foe of President Titor of
Yugoslavia.
Rakosi was the first top satellite
leader to fall in the widespread
unrest since the bloody bread and
freedom revolt of workers in Poz-
non, Poland, July 28.
The shakeup of the Communist
high command may have been de-
signed partly to head off such an
uprising in Hungary. The Hungar-
ian government has been promis-
ing owners a better deal just as
the Polish government had before
the Poznan uprising.
But Rakosi's removal was re-
garded in Vienna and Belgrade
particularly as a triumph for Tito.
Rakosi was a leader in expelling
Tito from the Cominform in 1948
and he dragged his feet on the
recent reconciliation.
Administration
Gives Threats
To End Strike
PITTSBURGH (iP)-The Eisen-
hower Administration yesterday
"bluntly warned the steel com-
panies and the steelworkers union
to settle their wage contract dif-
ferences within a week," the Pitts
burgh Post-Gazette said yesterday.
The nswspaper said the Admin-
istration's sudden action in the
nationwide basic steel strike came
after a meeting in Washington
yesterday between the President
and his top economic advisors.
The Post-Gazette said there was
an "implied threat" that President
Dwight D. Eisenhower would in-
voke the Taft-Hartley Act if neces-
sary to get the 650,000 striking
members of the United Steelwork-
ers back on the job.
A source close to David J. Mc-
Donald, president of the union,
said he did not know of the Pres-
ident's reported action.Industry

THE CAKEWALK AND BLUE S:A
jQuarles Talks on Negro American isms

By ADELAIDE WILEY
Negroes who came to America
did not come empty-handed -
they brought Africanisms, Prof.
Benjamin Quarles said yesterday
in his lecture, "Negro American-
isms in History."
"They carried a rich African
heritage: music, dance, literature,
art, and when they came to Amer-
ica, this heritage became national
rather than racial," he com-
mented.
Prof. Quarles, historian from

that Negro-White crossing has
evolved so that 78 per cent of
today's Negroes have some non-
Negro blood in them.
"This amalgam is fascinating in
its variety, and some scientists
say that eventually there will not
be a Negro with pure Negro blood."
Spirituals-Burial Songs
Prof. Quarles explained that in
music spirituals originally came
from Negro burial songs, which
were sung by tribes sitting up all
night with their dead.

From the African ward "tan-
gana" came the word "tango," and
the Negro and the Spaniard com-
bined to give us the rhumba, the
conga, the habanera and mambo.
Developed The Cakewalk
As a substitute for ancestriall
dances, minstrel shows developed
peculiar shuffling steps, from
which are originated The Cake-
walk, Poetry in Motion, Black Bot-
tom and Charleston.
In ancient African lore folk
stories in America like the Uncle

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