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July 18, 1956 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1956-07-18

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cl 4rmlrhigatt Rathy
Sixty-Sixth Year

"Ever Think Of Starting The Motor?"

hen~ opinions Are !re*
Truth Will Prevail"

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or,
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Japan and Philippines
End State of War

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)NE MORE SORE remaining from the Second
World War has been doctored up and begun
ae slow painful process of healing.
In these troubled times, it is encouraging to
eceive the news that the Philippines and Japan
ave ended the technical state of war which
as been in existence since the cessation of
ctual hostilities in 1945. Ratification of the
an Francisco Peace Treaty of 1951 by the Phil-
pine Senate brings to a close one of the
itterest chapters in world history.
Ratiication of the treaty was possible after
reparations settlement, an issue of long
ispute between the two nations. Japan will
ay the Philippines the equivalent of $550,000,-
00 in goods and services over a period of
wenty years.
Although this agreement is neither what the
ilipinos demanded nor what the Japanese
hought they should pay, it has been worked
ut after lengthy negotiations to a point of
ompromise reasonably satisfactory to both
UHE JAPANESE and Philippine economies
are potentially the strongest and most
roductive in eastern and southeastern Asia
,nd if eocnomic stability throughout the region
ever to come about, it can do so only if
apan and the Philippines can lead the way.

In Asia today, political stability is particularly
sensitive to and dependent upon the state of
the economy and the fortunes of one are in-
extricably intertwined with the other.
A settlement of differences should lead
Japan and the Philippines toward the re-
building of both their own economies and that
of the region as a whole. Political and economic
stability are not only desirable for the well-
being of a nation and its citizens but of double
importance today as a barrier across the path
of ever-spreading Communism.
This beginning of a return to normal rela-
tions between the Philippines and Japan is
especially welcome in the United States. The
settling of differences between a long-time
courageous friend and a one-time foe turned
ally can only be greeted with pleasure.
THE STRUGGLE toward genuine good Inter-
national relations between Japan and the
Philippines is far from over. Much hatred and
distrust accruing from World War II still
remains to be overcome in the Philippines.
The actions of the invader are not easily
But these are wounds which only time and
good faith will heal. One more step has been
taken on Japan's road to regaining a respected
place in the family of nations.

aNSI 7t .tFStNCT~ Ps-'

Bassett Has
Just Reason
To be Proud
LESLIE BASSETT, instructor in
theory and composition in the
School of Music, had just reason
to feel proud last evening. His
Quintet, performed by the Stan-
ley Quartet and Clyde Thompson,
creates a fine impression at first
hearing. Perhaps many had heard
its debut last year still the audi-
ence received it as a new and
successful work, twice asking the
composer to rise and acknowledge
his ovation.
The intensity and interest with-
in the Quintet increases from the
opening passage for solo viola,
through the second (allegro)
movement, and reaches a climax
in the central third section, here
returning to the original slow tem-
po. Emerging from this high point
is a reverse process, repeating the
original adagio tempo, by way of
another allegro, creating a type of
arch or pyramid form. The five
movements are brief, to the point,
technically conceived, and aesthet-
ically balanced.
The shortness of the slow move-
ment is unexpectely refreshing af-
ter the traditional lengthiness
which usually accompanies this
tempo. The Quartet, assisted by
Mr. Thompson, did their finest
playing of the evening in this work
(which was dedicated to them by
the composer). The individual per-
formers were able to make their
parts personal enough, yet a homo-
geneous whole was achieved as an
over all result.
Although the tonalities were
perhaps in places routinely mod-
ern, yet the fast movements held
exciting pasages, and there was
in the fourth movement a har-
monic treat quite novel, repeated
just before the losing chord of the
movement. The Quintet ended in
a delicious, bitter-sweet disson-
THlE EVENING began with the
Mozart Divertimento (K. 563) for
String Trio. This work is a real
delight for the listener. Serious
and with depth, it is never lacking
in sensuous beauty. Its six move-
ments are the number of the tra-
ditional divertimento, yet in this
work they have attained a greater
maturity than is usually expected
within this form.
The Divertimento was, in gen-
eral, very well performed. How-
ever, the pitch, though never bal,
was far enough from perfect as to
be very distracting at times.. This
was particularly noticeable in Mr.
Ross's playing. It is regrettable,
for otherwise he played quite well,
and was excellent in the quieter,
more lyrical passages. The cello
was occasionally a bit heavy for
the style of the music and the
capacity of the other instruments,
but the over all impression was not
greatly impaired.
The evening closed with the
familiar Quartet in D Major (K.
575), containing some of Mozart's
finest quartet writing. In a truly
musical and technically competent
rendering, the cello's beautiful role
stood out in particular.
A bonus of thanks is due to Dr.
David who has furnished the con-
cert goer with intelligent program
notes, instead of the usual bare

listing of the works and perform-
ers, as is usual in these parts.
--Charlotte Liddell

Beauty and Brainwork

Presidents' Meeting Security

WHEN THE instructor's lecture is broken
up by the roar of the Plant Department's
mobilized lawnmower division, many students
wonder about the comparative importance of
beautiful lawns and education in the eyes of
the administration.
The University has a beautiful campus, at
least in the summer when the trees, bushes
?nd vines grow enough to hide the more
outstanding architectural monstrosities. It
should be kept that way.
The University is also an educational institu-
tion with a fairly high reputation and this
also is worth keeping.
If the only interuption came from the
lawnmowers, perhaps the whole thing could
be passed off as one of those small problems
which crop up and have to be laughed off.,
However, when the lawnmowers move away
to bother some other class, the concert is taken
up by the rattle of a jackhammer or the com-

plaints of a truck hauling sand for one of the
construction projects around campus,
IT IS TRUE that on a growing campus like
ours, there have to be large construction pro-
jects such as the new undergraduate library
involving noise which must be tolerated.
But most of the recent racket on campus has
come from the series.of elephant traps that are
being dug along the side of State Street. This
is mfnor project and one which could be done
in the period between summer session and fall
This is true of many of the projects carried
out on campus in recent years. Yet the jack-{
hammers continue to blast away and the lawn-
mowers, which could do their work in the
late afternoon when there are few classes in
session, still drown out the lecturer in the nine
And students still wonder if they are out-
ranked by a lownmower.

S[OME of the most wanted men
in the Western Hemisphere will
be the potential "Targets for To-
day" at the conference of Presi-
dents of the American Republics,
whichnPresident Eisenhower is
attending this week end.
These President-Dictators are
"wanted" by gun-toting exiles
from their respective countries,
and security agents are worried
sick over thq possibility of an in-
cident. Never before in history
have so many presidents gathered
together in one place.
Among the most "wanted" presi-
dents are Trujillo of Santo Dom-
ingo, Somoza of Nicaragua, Perez
Jimenez of Venezuela, and Rojas
Pinillas of Colombia.
These dictators are responsible
for the assassination of many
thousands of people, and avenging
relatives and political supporters
may be lying in wait for them,
virtually on the banks of Uncle
Sam's Panama Canal.
THOSE WHO talk about "secur-
ity measures" in the Republic of
Panama are reminded that the
President of Panama, Col. Jose A.
Remon, was shot to death like a
sitting duck in the very presence
of secret police and bodyguards at
the Juan Franco race track in
Panama on Jan. 2, 1955.
The Panamanians were unable
to protect their own president,
who had emplete control of the
National Guard and the Panaman-
ian secret police. Yet they now
claim they can protect 16 presi-
dents who will be assembled with
Eisenhower in Panama.

Though Eisenhower is protected
by the U.S. Secret Service, it has
no actual authority in Panama.
Panama is jealous of her sover-
eignty, and how much extraterri-
torial privileges will be permitted
Americans in the presence of high
officials from all the other Ameri-
can republics is doubtful. The
same applies to the security forces
and bodyguards which the Latin
American presidents will bring
with them.
THE WEIGHTY, sometimes pro-
Eisenhower prestige of Elder
statesman George of Georgia was
thrown into the fight over Hells
Canyon-against his old friends,
the Georgia Power Company and
other utilities. George, who retires
from the senate this year, made
the proposed big federal dam on
the Snake River the last Senatorial
battle of his career, told deserting
Democratic colleagues how im-
portant it was for them to vote
solidly against the private utilities.
Sen. Lyndon Johnson also threw
his persuasive charm into full gear
and talked to each deserting Dem-
ocrat twice. The two made some
Among the arguments they used
is the fact that the Eisenhower
Administration is not against fed-
eral power in principle, but only
against. federal power when it
comes to good damsites; and for
federal power when it comes to
the poor damsites.
Or, as Senator Neuberger of
Oregon put it: "Ike would give
the cream to the private utilities,
the skimmed milk to the govern-

Johnson faced, however, was the
fact that practically every big
utility in the U.S.A. teamed up
with the Idaho Power Company to
defeat federal development of
Hells Canyon. When senators who
live in the midwest or the south
went home recently, they found
representatives of local power com-
panies waiting to buttonhold them
at the airport or railroad station,
whether the time was 5 a.m.. or 11
Approximately $1,000,000 was
spent by the private utilities' in
leading magazines for advertise-
ments opposing the big federal
dam at Hells Canyon. The last
series of ads, published in May,
was estimated at around $300,000.
This was the third in a series.
The utility lobby even took a
junket of newsmen to the Pacific
Northwest earlier this year for a
look at Hells Canyon. Airplane
travel was free; liquor was lavish.
Flying over the famous canyon,
newsmen saw a bridge down below
and asked about it. "That's built
to carry materials across the
Snake river," explained a power
company official, "but as far as
we're concerned it doesn't exist."
What he meant was that the
Eisenhower Admiinstration was so
anxious to help speed up con-
struction of the Idaho Power Com-
pany's small dam at Hells Canyon
before Congress could act, it let
Idaho Power build a bridge with-
out the O.K. of the Chief of Army
Engineers and the Secretary of
Army-which is a criminal offense.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from the Room 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
General Notices
Second Phi Delta Kappa Luncheon.
Thurs., July 19 at 12:00 noon in the
Michigan Union Cafeteria. Ralph A.
Sawyer, Dean of the Horace H. Rack.
ham School of Graduate Studies, will
speak on "Why we Emphasize Re-
Patterns of American Culture: Con-
tributions of the Negro. "Negro Ameri-
canisms in History." Benjamin Quarles,
Morgan State University. 4:15 p.m.,
Wed., July 18, Rackham Amphitheater.
University Lecture, sponsored by the
Department of Music Education of the
School of Music 7:00 p.m., this even-
ing, Aud. A, Angel Hall: lecture (with
film) on "Music, An Asset or a Lia-
bility;" by John C. Kendel, vice-pres-
dent of the American Music Conference
and former State Supervisor of Musie
and Assistant Superintendent of Pub-
lic Instruction in Michigan. Open to
the general public.
University of Michigan Woodwind
Quintet, Nelson Hauensten, flute,
Florian Mueller, oboe, Albert Luconi,
clarinet, Clyde Carpenter, French horn,
and Lewis Cooper, bassoon, 8:30 this
evening, inthe Rackham Lecture Hall.
Compositions by Mozart, Mason, Doug-
las, Haydn, Jacoby, and Reicha, Open
to the general public without charge.
Carillon Recital 6:30 p.m. Thurs. July
19, continuing the summer series of
compositions by Percival Price: Intro-
duction, Seven Andante, Sonata for
47 Bells performed by Percival Price.
The Summer Session Band will pre-
sent a concert on the Diagonal, near
Haven Hall, on Thurs., July 19, at 7:15
p.m. If it is raining at 6:4, the cn-:.
cert will be moved into Hill Auditorium.
The conductors will be Erik Leidzen
and George Cavender.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Preliminary Examinations
for Students in Education. All appli-
cants for the doctorate who are ,plan-
ning to take the August Preliminary
Examinations in Education, Aug. 20,21,
and 22, .1956, must file their names
with the Chairman of Advisors to
Graduate Students, 4019 University
High School Building, not later than
Aug. 1, 1956.
Students College of Engineering: The
final day for dropping courses without
record will be Fri., July 20. A course
may be dropped only with the permis-
sion of the Classifier after conference
with the Instructor.
Foreign Language Examinatalon for
M.A. candidates in History. Thurs,
July 26; 4:00 p.m. Room 2402 Mason
Hall. Sign in the History Office. Dic-
tionaries may be used.
La Socedad Hispanica of the Uni-
versity of Michigan weekly meeting
July 18, at 7:45 p.m. in the Assembly
Hall of the Rackham Bldg. Prof. Xavier
A. Fernandez of Russell Sage College
will speak in Spanish on '"Adventuras
de la lengua." Social period, including
music and songs. All interested are in-
Placement Notices
The following schools will send rep.
resentatives to the Bureau of Appoint.
ments to interview teachers for the
1956-1957 school year.
Needs: French/English or Social Sci
ence; chemistry/Math; Math.. Girls
Physical Ed.

Needs: World History/Geography/Coach
reserve Basketball; Speech/English
(must have teaching experience); Ele-
mentary-5th/6th (man or woman).
For additional information and ap-
pointments contact the Bureau of Ap.
jpointments, 3528 Administration Bldg.
No. 3-1511.
Sherwin-Williams Co.,,Acme Qua-
lity Paint Div., Detroit, Mich., has an
opening for a recent graduate with a
B.S. or B.A. degree for the position of
Assistant Personnel Manager. The Sher-
win-williams Co. also has an opening
in its largest manufacturing plant in
Chicago, Illinois for a Personnel Staff
Vitro Corp. has openings at Elgin Air
Force Base, Florida for two Mathema-
ticians with M.S. degrees or higher and
some experience in the operation of
large scale computers.
Tracerlab Inc., Boston, Mass., needs
Electronic and Mechanical Engrs., Phy-
sicists, Chemists and X-Ray techni-
cians with experience.
Faultless Caster Corp., Evansville, In-
diana, needs men with at least two
years of Engrg. education for Indus-
trial Sales Training.
Mich. State Civil Service announces
exams for Sociological Research Ana-
lyst .1ll and 1V - applications accepted
up to Aug. 8 and for Engrg. Ade B.
New York Civil Service announces
exams for people in Safety Service Ar-
chitecture, Engineeringand Drafting,
Law Enforcement, Administration, Mo-
tion Picture and Library Work Vet-
erinary and Inspection work, Forestry
and Power Linesman Work, Nutrition
and Professional Cooking, Therapy and
Photofluorography, and Personal Test-
ing. The positions of Dir. of Cerebral
Palsy Unit, Sr. Public Health Nutrition-
ist, Sr. Chem. Engr., Assist. Civil Engr.,
Jr. Civil Engr., veterinarian, Horticul-
tural Insnector. and Assistant Library




Summer in Ann Arbor

HOW DIFFERENT it is! Summer in Ann
Arbdr is an enlightening and fruitful ex-
perience for many students, previously accus.
tomer only to the harrassments of the regular
school year.
The undergrad, attending the summer ses-
sion for the first time, feels a pleasant glow of
accomplishment which in his regular year he
somehow misses in the bustle of a hyperactive
environment. When he enters a class, he has
not gulped down a hurried breakfast after a
late Michigras practice, but has had time to
enjoy the warm sun, rising over the Law Quad
during his walk to class.
In the class are a wonderful sampling, of
people-an elderly man retaining a healthy
vigor in reaching further to new intellectual
heights, a foreign exchange student with many
new idseas, teachers anticipating new concepts
rto be passed\ on, a veteran acquiring his degree
through painstaking effort-all of these con-
tributing to each other's intellectual satisfaction
and promoting a keener awareness of the out-
side world.
ON A HOT muggy afternoon, swimming
parties at Silver Lake are in vogue. Besides
absorbing the warm rays of the sun and en-

joying the cool water, bathers have many
memorable discussions. Often a student will
wander down to the tennis courts, looking for
a partner, and make an enduring friendship.
After a typical humid and warm Ann Arbor
day, it is the custom of many to walk about
reveling in the stillness of the campus and the
pastoral friendliness of it all. It is odd indeed,
to see only a few people on the Diagonal, and
surprising when they turn out to be Ann Arbor
residents attracted by the same calm, statu-
esque, atmosphere.
Burton Tower rings out its cheerful, heart-
ening mesage and everyone in communion walks
more sprightly as their step becomes more resi-
lient. One compares the summer evening to
slushing through the snow last winter, when
the bell didn't seem so clear, nor the surround-
ings so encouraging.
S TIME slips by unnoticed and soon many
will return to offices, schools, and some
to the University in the fall. Perhaps these
new experiences in the summer session will
provide insight to the student's vocational,
educational, and spiritual objectives.
Yes, it is different in the summer in Ann

Jazz Not Only Great American Composition

Tito's Loyalties Shaky

Associated Press News Analyst
MARSHAL TITO'S testimony that important
changes are coming in Russia is one man's
Everything Tito says these days must be
heard against a background theme, which is
an effort to get all he car, for Yugoslavia while
Ediorial Staff
LEE MARKS, Managing Editor
Night Editors
Dick Halloran, Donna Hanson, Arlene Liss,

trying to play the middle man between Russia
and the West.
Ambassador Riddleberger reports that Tito
believes Russia must change, following her
denunciation of Stalinism, just as Yugoslavia
had to change after her similar denunciation.
Some Communist practices had to give way
to compromises with capitalism in Yugoslavia
when she was forced by her ouster from the
Cominform to turn her economy westward. But
Yugoslavia is not Russia.
RUSSIA UNDER the Communists has made
these compromises many times already. In-
deed, the basic attractions of personal gain
have become an integral part of the Russian

(Editor's Note: Jazzy a musical pro-
duct that could have been produced
only in America, has proved one of
this country's most popular exports.
But what about our serious music?
Here's a close look by one of Amer-
ica's best-known composers which
shows the United States is a front
runner in this category too.)
Written for The AP
NOTHING in 'past musical his-
ory can match the speed with
which the United States has tak-
en its place as one of the princi-
pal music centers of the world,
Nothing in past musical history
can match the speed with which
the United States has taken its
place as one of the principal mu-
sic centers of the world.
Our symphony orchestras are
acknowledged as the finest any-
where, our schools areabursting
with individual talent and over-
flowing with performing groups of
all kinds; more and more people
are listening to serious music each
year, and spending more money on
it too.
Our music-lovers are familiar
with these developments, but there
is one thing they have to be re-
minded d hmt renpateidv- in the

Rodgers need no introduction-,
their songs and sung and loved
both here and abroad.
* * *
OUR CONCERN here is with
the American composer who is at-
tempting to write in the great
tradition of Western art music,
and in so doing reflect something
of the vitality and greatness of
The listening public tends to
forget how sophisticated an art
music in the larger forms really
is. To master his technique the
young composer must study for a
period of about seven years. But
training alone will not suffice; he
must feel himself part of an or-
ganized musical' community, and
that includes piano manufacturers
as well as competent teachers,
cultivated audiences and plenty
of concert activity,
Europe has had that kind of
musical superstructure for cen-
turies; America began to acquire
it only toward the end of the 19th
century. By the end of World War
I, a generation of young compos-
ers appeared who were able to
reap the benefit of the long years

BEST KNOWN of all these new
names was that of George Gersh-
win, whose untimely death in his
39th year cut off a brilliant talent
in mid-career. At the top of to-
day's list of Americans are names
first heard of then: Charles Ives,
Roy Harris, Roger Sessions, Vir-
gil Thomson, Walter Piston, How-
ard Hanson.
These composers were barely
launched before a different kind
of revolution altered the very
conditions of music-making. Al-
most overnight millions of new
listeners were gained for serious
music through the new media of
radio, phonograph and sound film.
Writing for the symphony or-
chestra has absorbed our com-
posers for the past 75 years, but
writing for the operatic stage dur-
ing that same period was, by com-
parison, a rare event.
Wiseacres used to state confi-
dently that opera was one foreign
importation that could never hope
for transplantation on American
soil. Then came the nationwide
broadcasts of the Metropolitan
Opera, followed by NBC's tele-
vision opera, and the availability
on longplay records of dozens of

that the American composer is
writing his operas. What young
singers need is . opera in English
based on subject matter that they
can feel at home with.
Virgi 1Thomson's "Four Saints
in Three Acts," Marc Blitzstein's
"The Cradle Will Rock," and
Douglas Moore's "The Devil and
Daniel Webster" were path-break-
ers in the 30s.
More recently, Gian-Carlo Men-
otti, with the success of his
"Amahl and the Night Visitors"
and "The Telephone," has en-
couraged other composers to try
their hand at music's most prob-
lematical medium, led on by the
potential monetary rewards and
the amount of national attention
one successful opera can bring.
* * *
NO SURVEY of America's mu-
sic today would be complete with-
out mention of the newest jazz-
inspired trends.
They really have begun to whip
thing up-things that never were
meant to be whipped together.
Perhaps it is a source of pride to
all Americans that our jazz per-
formers are given the royal treat-



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