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July 03, 1956 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1956-07-03

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'COMMUINIST UPRISINGS

ir I rr

(See Page 2)

Latest Deadline in the State

D ait

CLOUDY, COOL

.

LXVHI, No. 6S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 3, 1956

FOUR PAGES

I'

Steel

Strike

Idles

Railroad

Workers

i

I
1',
,_
__
'
hr

Federal Mediator Arranges
Meetings To Clarify Issues
Government Action Removes All Hope
Of Bargaining Sessions Before Holidays
PITTSBURGH ()-Railroads and other carriers, feeling the
pinch of the nationwide steel strike, posted layoff notices for thou-
sands o workers yesterday as the Federal government took action
aimed to moving contract negotiations off dead center.
The furloughs were the first to be announced as a result of the
two-day strike of 650,000 United Steelworkers members in basic
steel plants across the country.
Even as repercussions of the strike began spreading through the
nation's economy, Joseph F. Finnegan, director of the Federal Medi-
ation Service, arranged separate meetings here Thursday with steel
industry and union leaders in an
P fer feffort to revive bargaining.
P r o ssors Meetings To Be Exploratory
The meetings will be "explora-
E toryin nature and for the purpose
X e t or of discussing the real difference
between the union and the indus-
Steel Strike try representatives," F i n n e g a n
Ste1Srie said.
The government action indicated
By LEE MARKS plainly there is no hope for the
negotiators to resume contract
It is unlikely that the steel talks before the July Fourth holi-
strike will be prolonged enough to day, tomorrow. Negotiations were
seriously affect the nation's eceno- broken off in New York Saturday
My two University professors com- night.
mented yesterday. The union's basic steel mem-
Prof. Harold Levinson, of the bers walked out at midnight Sat-
economics department, a labor ex- urday, cutting off 90 per cent of
pert, said the parties did not seem the nation's steel production.
far enough apart to lead to a pro- Finnegan scheduled the meet-
longed strike. ing after holding telephone con-
"A settlement will probably be versation with USW President
reached in a short time," Prof. David J. McDonald and John A.
L~evinson said. Stephens, vice president of U.S.
Prof. Z. Clark Dickinson, of the Steel Corp, and chief industry
economics department agreed with negotiator.
Prof. Levinson that the strike was Accompanying Finnegan will be
unlikely to last. Asst. Director Clyde Mills and
Both men agreed that if the special assistant Robert H. Moore.
strike is shdrt its effects will prob- They will meet McDonald in the
ably not be serious. Prof. Levinson morning and Stephens in the aft-
pointed out that most related in- ernoon.
dustries have enough steel in- Neither McDonald nor Stephens
ventoried to last several weeks. Be- were available to newsmen Mon-
yond that time the pinch would day.
probably be felt. Railroads Announce Furloughs
Prof. Dickinson mentioned un- The Baltimore and Ohio and
employment in related industries Pennsylvania railroads were the
as a serious consequence of a pro- first to post furlough notices.
longed strike. Prof. Dickson said Along the great inland water
a long strike might lead to a busi- system, many tow boats and
ness recession. finished-steel hauling barges were
Importance Of Settlement tied up at their docks. There was
Prof. Kenneth Boulding, of the no estimate of how many marine
economics department, declared employes were affected.
the terms of settlement might well Across the nation small groups
be more important than the strike of union pickets idled around steel
itself. mill gates. No disturbances were
"If the settlement involves a reportd.
new round of wage increases the -The union called the strike to
strike could cause a small inmla- back up demands for a new con-
tionary cycle. On the other hand tract. The length of the agreement
its effect on the automobile in- and the first year package value
+dustry, which is already precari- appeared to be the principal stum-,
usty, which s alreadprea". bling blocks.
ous, could cause a recession". The union, in the final week of
pre-strike bargaining, rejected an
Ford.A ccu ledffer o a 52-month contract that1
FA industry officials said would havej
S*given workers an hourly package
a 7.3 cent immediate wage hike.
Of. Pressuring ieaeof 17% cetiung
The workers were earning an,
Auto Dealers hourly average of $2.46.
Meanwhile in Indiana, Calumeta
WASHINGTON (P-The Ford area steel workers, idled by what
Motor Co. was accused by Sen. threatened to be a long strike,,
O'Mahoney (D-Wyo.) today of try- yesterday began picking up their
Ing to influence its dealers to op- last full pay checks until the man-
pose pending legislation dealing ufacturers and United Steel Work-
with automobile dealer contracts. ers agree on a new contract.
This was promptly denied by a
group of Ford-Lincoln-Mercury
dealers. Lawyer Asks
"I don't want it to be construed}
any way that the Ford Motor T
Co. could brainwash me or in- investigation
fluence me on any 1 islation g"
declared Steward C. Holman, Of Gam bling
Mechantsville, N. J., Ford dealer.
The assertions of company in-
fluence on dealers, and denials WASHINGTON (0P-A Wash-.
were made before the house Judi- ington lawyer suggested yesterday
r com tte ee bhe Sens. 'd- a Senate or FBI investigation of
ciary 'committee by Sen. O'Ma-

wnat~ he saidi are ~idctos
honey in arguing for house sup- that big gaein g ndicatis"
por aa bllhe asgotenpasedmoving in on college and other1
by the senate. amateur athletics.
The proposal came from Rufus
Extend N orth King, secretary of the Criminal
Law Section of the American Bar1
Association. King told a Senate
Campus Area Commerce subcommittee that het
spoke for himself and not for thei
With the purchase of 60 acres association. 4
f land the University has in- King said there are "indica-
reased the size of North Campus tions" that big gambling syndi-
o 717 acresz mates have shifted much of their
Sales price of the 60 acres, be- attention from the horse and dog
--1 ..races to "nther nrofescinna And

Ike Begins
Work; Signs
Defense Bill
Still Remains Silent
About Second Term
GETTYSBURG, Pa. () - De-
scribed as feeling stronger day by
day, President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower signed the huge $34,656,-
727,000 defense appropriation bill
yesterday and okayed but com-
plained about a public works
measure.
The President put in his heavi-
east working session since his in-
testinal operation June 9-an hour
with aides in which he signed 21
bills, vetoed 2, nominated 48 post-
masters and approved a procla-
mation.
The White House Press Secre-
tary James C. Hagerty told news-
men:
"The President this morning got
up. at about 7:30, and the doctors
tell me that he is coming along
fine, and that he told them this
morning that he realizes he is
feeling stronger and stronger each
day."
Does he feel up to running for
a second term? There still is no
clear cut answer -on that, and no
indication when there will be one,
Hagerty replied. ,
The big defense bill carried
nearly a billion dollars more than
President Eisenhower wanted for
the Air Force. Congress had in-
sisted on upping the ante, regard-
less of holddown pleas from the
administration.
Hagerty said no, President Eis-
enhower didn't have any com-
ment when he signed the meas-
ure.
But President Eisenhower sound-
ed off in a formal statement about
legislation appropriating $863,127,-
000 for the Tennessee Valley
Authority, various Interior De-
partment agencies and Army civil
functions.
Wilson Rules
Out Bomber
Increases
WASHINGTON (R) - Secretary
of Defense Charles E. Wilson yes-
terday ruled out any new speedup
in B52 bomber production, but said
an extra 800 million dollars voted
by Congress for warplanes will be
used "when needed."
"I don't intend to recommend
that the additional funds be im-
pounded," Wilson told the Senate
Airpower Investigating subcom-
mittee. "They will be treated like
any other funds that we get and
will be spent when-needed."
Wilson's statement ended specu-
lation that President Dwight D.
Eisenhower might withhold the ad-
ditional money from the Air Force
President Eisenhower yesterday
signed the bill carrying the extra
funds for the Air Force. Press Sec-
retary James C. Hagerty said he
made no comment on it.
Wilson under sharp criticism
from some senators for using the
word "phony" in talking recently
with newsmen about the Air Force
fund increase, was calm and re-
strained in his second appearance,
before the subcommittee.
Wilson refused to budge under
questioning from his statement
earlier that the administration is.
giving the nation a "dynamic mil-
itary program."
Armed with President Eisen-
hower's order, given Wilson last

week, to "lay it on the line," Wil-
son stated categorically :
1. "We are not falling behind
the Russians; they are catching
up from a low beginning."
2. The American B52 heavy jet
bomber is "greatly superior" to
its Russian counterpart in speed,
combat radius and combat ceil-
ing.
Paper To Speak

Unlucky
SCHENECTADY, N. Y. (A -
A 4Y2-year-old boy btrowed
the family automobile yesterday
and returned it with a crash.
Michael J. Mangino, son of
Mr. and Mrs. John Mangino,
backed the family car away
from the curb in front of the
house, sideswiped a parked car
and hit a tree. Then he shifted
into low.
He next plowed over three
front lawns, through a hedge
and back to his own lawn,
where the front porch stopped
him.
And, oh, yes, Michael was
driving with one hand, His left
arm was in a ast and sling,
You might say Michael was
accident-prone
Last month:
His arm was broken in a fall.
His nose was broken in a mis-
hap with a toy mechanical
horse,
He was bitten by a dog.
And he was stung by a bee.
Red Poland
Puts Curtain
On Frontier
BERLIN (')-Red Poland yes-
terday slammed the Iron Curtain
on the East German frontier to
block rebel workers seeking to
flee the terror of a Communist
purge in Poznan.
Western travelers arriving from
Poznan reported young Polish
trying desperately to get through
the Red security ring around the
city in, a westward break for free-
dom.
In Vienna a compilation of eye-
witnesses estimates received by
Western diplomatic sources put
the dead from last week's three-
day revolt at "close to 1000.,'This
was far greater than the 200 to
600 estimate of Western business-
men arriving here and the figure
announced by the Polish govern-
ment of 48 killed and 270 wounded.
Hunt Refugees
The Warsaw government order-
ed thousands of steel-helmeted
troops and police to hunt refugees
from Poznan in automobiles and
trains rolling westward.
Reinforced tank-led army units
patrolled the Oder River along
Germany athwart the road to free
West Berlin. Poznan lies 155 miles
east of isolated Berlin.
One responsible Westernntraveler
said Communist police in Poznan
have jailed thousands of workers
who took part in the "bread and
freedom" insurrection. He added:
"The purge seems to be of gigantic
size."
Travelers Tell News
The principal source of news
from Poznan continued to be trav-
elers arriving in Berlin. They re-
fused to be identified by name be-
cause of Eastern connections.
One such arrival described Poz-
nan yesterday as a "frightened and
terrorized city." He said police
"just get anybody looking suspi-
cious and are searching every-
where for the revolt leaders."
chances o
Less, Dull
WASHINGTON 'RP - Secretary
of State John Foster Dulles says
the chances of Russia starting a
war are less than they were a

year ago, although its economic
capability to make war is greater'
Sec. Dulles signified the admin-
istration's intention to continue
United States Aid to Communist
Yugoslavia despite Premier Tito's
closer-ties visit to Russia.
Sec. Dulles also reported there
is "tangible evidence" of forces
working inside the Soviet Union
which may in time diminish the
threat of communism to the free
world.
The secretary of state testified
in closed session May 24 and June
13 before a House appropriations
subcommittee considering the re-
quest of the administration for
$4,900,000,000 for foreign aid. The
committee made his testimony
public yesterday.
Soviet Foreign Aid
Sec. Dulles reported the Soviets,
under their "new look" foreign
policy emphasizing the nonmili-
tary approach, have put up about
a billion dollars worth of foreign
ai1 nf their nwn in the last 18

Air

Crash

Recovery
Initiated

Air Tragedy
Investigation
Demanded
Sen. Smathers Asks
To Insure Future'
WASHINGTON (P)--A demand
for an investigation of the Civil
Aeronautics Administration came
yesterday from Sen. George A.
Smathers (D-Fla) as a sequel to
the crash of two airliners in Grand
Canyon, Ariz., with the loss of 128
lives.
"If we are to insure the future
of commercial aviation, we must
closely examine our safety stand-
ards and takeoff, landing and
flight procedures," Sen. Smathers
said in a letter to Chairman W.
G. Magnuson (D-Wash) of the1
Senate Commerce Committee.
"I therefore urgently request
that you direct the committee to
conduct an immediate investiga-
tion of the Civil Aeronautics Ad-
ministration as to whether or not
their present operations are keep-
ing up with the increase in the
volume of air travel, plane speeds,
limitations of air space and the de-
mands made upon it by commer-
cial-and military needs."
To Hold Public Hearing
Meanwhile, the Civil Aeronaut-
ics Board said it will hold a public
hearing "as soon as possible,"
probably in Los Angeles, the city
from which the two planes took off
on their fatal flight Saturday.
In other Washington develop-
ments:
1. Milton W. Arnold, vice presi-
dent of the Air Transport Assoc-
iation said it is his "guess" that.
no air traffic control system could
have prevented the crash.
Arnold, testifying before a House
Government Operations subcom-
mittee which has been studying
the government's role in civil
aviation, said no absolutely fool-
proof system could be developed
to prevent aerial collisions,
2. Max Karant, vice president
of the Aircraft'Owners and Pilots
Association, an organization of
private plane owners and pilots,t
said "A considerable area of mys-
tery will probably surround this,
mystery forever."
He suggested the Civil Aeronut-
ics Board require all transport air-
craft be equipped with automatic
flight recorders.
The CAA, which Smathers de-,
manded be investigated, hasi
charge of the nation's airways,
while the CAB has jurisdiction;
aviation, including safety.-
If Warl
es Says 1
Chairman Otto E. Passman (D-
La.) as to whether the peace out-
look is now more favorable than
it was last year, Sec. Dulles re-
plied:
"I think, as far as the Soviet
Union is concerned, that there is1
less likelihood of a general war
originated by the Soviet Unionr
than was perhaps the case a yeari
ago."

-Daily-Harding williams
LISTEN! LISTEN! ... She's speaking Russian." From left, Earl
Sayer as Bounine, Beverly Canning as Anna, John Szucs as Paul,
rehearse fainting scene from speech department's production of
"Anastasia."
'Anastasia' To Begin
Four-Day Run Today
Members of the cast for Guy Bolton's suspense drama, "Anastasia,"
first play in the Department of Speech summer playbill, have been
announced by Prof. Jack E. Bender, director.
"Anastasia" begins a four-day run at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Adopted by Guy Bolton from the play by Marcelle Mauretto,
"Anastasia" is a drama based on historical speculation.
In it, three unscrupulous Russian refugees in Berlin set out to
persuade their countrymen living in exile that they have found the
Princess Anastasia, a now-legend-

D ffer Over
British Consent
To Quit Bases
LONDON (A') - Two British
Commonwealth prime ministers-
old Oxford classmates - differed
publicly yesterday over whether
Britain yet had consented to give
up her prized Indian Ocean bases
on Ceylon.
Solomon Bandaranaike of Cey-
lon told reporters the British gov-
ernment had agreed in principle to
quit its naval base at Trincomalee
and its air base at Katunayake.
He expressed hope that certain fa-
cilities would be "mutually agre-
ed"-under which Britain presum-
ably would go on using the bases.
Within hours Anthony Eden of
Britain ordered his Defense Min-
istry to issue this denial: "A pre-
liminary exchange of views has
taken place but no agreement has
yet been reached".{
Double Explosion
Shatters A-Lab
NEW YORK (')-A double ex-
plosion shattered a secret atomic
laboratory yesterday.
Three hundred employees and
rescue workers faced examinations
in a routine check against radio-
active contamination.

Operation

ary figure thought by many to
have escaped the assassination of
the Russian Royal Family sixteen
years before.
The Czar's Fortune
By this means they hope to lay
hands on the Czar's fortune. If
the Dowager Empress of Russia
believes Anna Broun is her grand-
daughter, then these unscrupulous
men will have won the day.
"Anastasia" opened in London
during the 1953 season and in
New York in 1954.
Cast in the play are Earl Sayer,
'56, as Bounine, David Lloyd,
grad, as Chernov, Richard Allen,
'57, as Petrovin, Glenn Phillips as
Seresky, John Szucs, '57, as Paul,
Lawrence Keller, '56, as Drivin-
itz, George Litwin, '58, as Sergei,
Charles Lutz, '56. as sleigh driver,
Beverly Canning, grad, as Anna
Broun, Shirley Tepper, '57, as the
Empress, Judith Brown, grad, as
the charwoman, Lucille Talayco,
grad, as Varya, and Greta Rich-
ards, '56, as Livenbaum.
'The Circle'
The next play by speech depart-
ment will be W. Somerset Maug-
ham's "The Circle," running July
11 through 14.
"The Wayward Saint" by Paul
Vincent Carroll begins July 25,
through 28.
Following'that, "The Lady's Not
For Buring" by Christopher Fry
runs August 1-4.
Last in speech department series
is the opera "La Boheme" by Puc-
cini on August 9, 10, 11 and 13. A
matinee is to be presented at 2:30
p.m. August 11.

May Revise
Air Traffic
Procedures
Two Plane Crash
Named As Worst
Commercial Disaster
GRAND CANYON, Ariz. ( M
Turbulent winds swished through
the Grand Canyon yesterday and
interrupted recovery operations at
the desolate, grisly scene where
128 persons died in commercial
aviation's greatest disaster.
Before the operation was halted,
the remains of several of the vic-
tims were brought out in five rub-
ber sacks from the eastern end of
the canyon, where a TWA Super
Constellation and a United Air
Lines DC7 hurtled into jagged
buttes Saturday, presumably after
colliding in flight.
There were indications that the
recovery operation would be re-
stricted again today. The Weath-
er Bureau said strong winds will
develop in northern Arizona by
late morning, and added that fly-
ing conditions in the canyon
probably will be "extremely tur-
bulent".
It was uncertain how many
bodies could be recovered at any
time. The first recovery crews de-
scribed the site as "a mess' and
said "there isn't much left".
Second Lt. Philip S. Prince,
USAF, who flew within 25 feet of
the disintegrated DC7 said, "I
don't think there were any bodies
where we were. If there were, we
couldn't see them".
The job of removing bodies, even
from the more accessible peak in-
to which the TWA plane crashed,
is complicated by the rugged ter-
rain.
Wreckage Invisible
National Park Seryice officials
flew over the DC7 wreckage again
yesterday and reported that ap-
parently not all of it Is on the
peak. Some may have fallen into
the river.
The TWA wreckage is spread
over another peak about 1,000 feet
above the river.
Investigators for the Civil Aero-
nautics Board, both airlines and
the Airline Pilots Assn. sought evi-
dence which might show the cause
of the tragedy.
Virtually all observers at the
crash scene agreed the planes
must have collided at about 21,000
feet whlie both were flying from
Los Angeles to the East. The Con-
stellation was bound for Kansas
City; the DC7 for New York.
The 'giant, ill-ftd airliners
took off from Los Angeles Airport
three minutes apart Saturday
morning, flying similar routes and
heading for an identical check-
point over the Painted Desert of
northern Arizona, about 20 miles
east of Grand Canyon Village.
Scheduled At Different Altitude
They originally were scheduled
to reach the checkpoint at the
same time but at different alti-
tudes.
The CAA reported that, while
above the Mojave Desert in Cali-
fornia, the TWA pilot asked to
change his altitude from 19,000 to
21,000 feet. Before the CAA could
advise him United was flying at
21,000, the TWA pilot reported he
would fly visually 1,00 feet above
the cloud level.
This set up a tragic coincidence,
Thunderclouds over the Grand
Canyon were at 20,000 feet. There-
fore, if both pilots followed their

flight plans, they would both have
been at 21,000.
Stanley Quartet
Performs'Tod(ay
The Stanley Quartet will present
its first concert of the summer
8:30 p.m. today in the Rackham
Lecture Hall.
The grnim'k first onncert, will

SEVEN DOLLAR
Student
Two University studen
present a petition objecti
proposed seven dollar cat
tion fee to the Board o:
at their July meeting.
Circulated during the
days of final exams last
the petition contains 74
tures.
Gordon Roberts, gr;
Howard Welowitz, grad.,
n1o" Tn nra.an tha atif

S TOO MUCH:
s Object To New Driving Fee

its plan to
Ang to the
rregistra-
f Regents
last eight
semester,
!4 signa-
ad., and
said they
i-. . -a

K r'-'-.~.
.I.-M....4Y- .'-. N

conditions we got 704 names,"
Wolowitz commented.
The overwhelming majority of
signers were either teaching fel-
lows or graduate students. Several
professors signed also.
Roberts said the basic objection
was that the cost of registration
was disproportionate to the gain.
"Six thousand students will have
to pay the seven dollars to prevent
an additional few thousand from
driving."
Tja a.e^ rsaa 4ilavok. it g

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