WAYNE MAJOR AIRPORT
(See Page 2)
.4f I tr t gttn
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LXVI. No. 5S
Highway Program Begins at Once;
Billion Dollar System To Link States
WASHINGTON ()-President Dwight D. Eisenhower, described
as "highly pleased," signed yesterday the 33-billion-dollar highway,
* Within minutes after Eisenhower's signature put in motion the
government's biggest peacetime spending program, secretary of Com-
merce Sinclair Weeks released funds to get some of the construction
He predicted that thousands of lives would be saved by safer
roads, that traffic jams would be greatly eased, and the nation's.
ANN ARBOR, MICMIGAN, SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1956
U fl Iii LBj1tLJEJJ
economy spurred to new peaks of b
BERLIN (/P)-Gunfire was re-
ported crackling through the after-
noon Friday in the Polish bread
rebellion city of Poznan,
It apparently was from a Red
Polish army effort to mop up die-
A closedown of communications
under martial law all but sealed
off the big industrial city where
possibly 100 died in the outbreak
Thursday against poor living con-
There were indications that the
Iron Curtain may be slamming
down again all along the Soviet
satellite frontiers as the result of
the Poznan revolt.
Telephone communications from
Stockholm to the sovietized Baltic
states-Latvia, Lithuania and Es-
tonia-was. suddenly cut Friday
night after a Moscow operator
broke into a conversation. The.
1 Swedish Telephone company said
itwas told there was a "techni-
The West Berlin newspaper Tel-
egraf-the first here to report the.
Posnan outbreak Thursday-said
noise of fighting was still being
heard in Poznan Friday afternoon.
* It claimed several communist
officials were "literally torn aPart"
by angry demonstrators Thurs-
Telegraf quoted a foreign busi-
nessman as saying troop reinforce-
ments were being brought in when
he left the Polish city late Thurs-
It said the businessm nen met
about 70 tanks and two battalions
of motorized troops headed forj
The Polish Red regime sought
to pacify the rebels in a broadcast
speech by Premier Josef Cyran-
He promised the Poznan PolesI
the better life they demanded and
asked them to support his author-.1
ity. He also threatened all who1
_ To Perform
Duke Ellington, jazz composer-e
*conductor, will appear at 8 p.m.l
next Monday with his orchestra
on the stage of Hill Auditorium.
The composer of "Don't Getx
Around Much Any More" and such
numbers as "Flamingo," "Perdido"t
and "Take the 'A' Train" will ap-.
pear as part of University's special 1
sa mmer session program, "Pat-
ferns of American Culture: Con-F
'tributions of the Negro."t
In 1931, "It Don't Mean a Thing
if it Ai't Got that Swing" obtain-
ed notices for Ellington.
He followed that up with "Soli-t
tude," "Caravan" and "I Let ac
Song Go Out of My Heart," whichc
won ASCAP annual awards. N
Tickets for Monday's perfor-t
mance are on sale at the Hill Aud-t
itorium box office daily from 10F
a.m. till 5 p.m.
Seas are priced at $1.50 fora
main floor and $1.00 for blcony.r
An Alabama pamphleteer who
usiness activity and emplyment.
'It is estimated that when the
program gets fully under way, up
to 630,000 persons. will be working
on the roads during summer peak
periods, with hundreds of thou-
sands of others laboring to con-
tribute materials and equipment.
Weeks also said many jobs will
be created in new businesses that
will spring up along the routes,
such as motels, restaurants, gas
stations and gift shops.
Some businesses along existing
routes are expected to be hurt
because the Bureau of Public
Roads said there will be "substan-
tial" relocation of highways. But
the bureau said "the program
more than can be helped."
Weeks apportioned. $1,125,000,-
000 to the 48 states, the District of
Columbia, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and
Alaska for the fiscal year begin-
ning July 1.
Of the total apportioned, a bil-
lion dollars will be used to begin
won't tear up existing business any
construction on a 41,000-mile sys-
tem of superhighways linking
every state with controlled access
roads, most of them four lanes or
The remainder of the money
will go to the states for building
primary, secondary and urban
Weeks said he expects some of
the projects to be financed by new
funds will be under construction
within 60 to 90 days.
'U' to Start
A unique series of 14 research
projects will be launched Monday
following Regent approval of a
$300,000 state grant to finance,
The projects are part of a pro-
gram to establish research and
service in the utilization of human
Funds were granted by the State1
Legislature this spring after the
University had spent several years
trying to get authorization for the
program. The University had ask-1
ed for one million dollars.
Mark First Time
Appropriations mark the firsti
time the Legislature has given
direct monies for research of this
Three of the projects will be inI
the School of Dentistry and willf
cover dental caries control ands
personal and home care of com-
The School of Education willt
make a study of growth and de-i
velopment of mentally retardedk
children with the objective of
making these children useful mem-1
bers of society.
A ,study of reduction of traffic
accidents will be undertaken by
the engineering college.
To Study Childhood Asphasics
Institute for Human Adjustment
will study development of diagnos-
tic techniques, treatment and edu-
cation of childhood asphasist
children who have failed to de-s
velop a normal use of languageI
through injury or other reasons,
the value of summer camp ex-I
periences on behavior of childrent
and old age.N
Research on diagnosis and treat-F
ment of endocrine glad diseasesc
and cancer will be undertaken byc
the School of Medicine.
The School of Public Healthr
will undertake an epidemiologict
study of a Michigan community
to map the incidence of diseases.
The School of Social Work will'
WASHINGTON (R) - Congress
pissed the biggest money bill of
the session Friday, a $34,656,727,
000 measure to finance the De-
fense Department through the fis-
cal year starting Sunday.
The bill carries about 500 mil-
lion dollars more than President
Dwight D. Eisenhower asked and
reflects congression emphasis on
creating and maintaining the
strongest Air Force in the world.
The Air Force got almost half
the money-$16,459,125,000. About
10 billion dollars was allotted to
the Navy and Marine Corps, 7Y2
billion to the Army and the bal-
ance to the Defense Department
for miscellaneous purposes.
Air Force funds total almostra
billion' more than Eisenhower re-
quested and almost that much
more than what the House voted
for orginially. The extra money
was added in the Senate and ac-
cepted by the House in confeve5ce.
The House passed the coMp'ro-j
mise bill Friday on a standing'
vote of 79-57. The bill cleated the
Senate a few minutes later with-
out objection. Now it goes to the
White House for President Eisen-
In accepting.the larger amount
for the Air Force, the House con-
ferees made a written demand
that the additional money be spent
for the production of heavy, long-
range bombers and other modern
To Be Aired
Meader Questions Aid
To Wayne Major;
Wants Third Airport
By LEE MARKS
Daily Managing Editor
University personnel may ap-
pear before a congressional com-
mittee investigating the Willow-
Run - Wayne Major controversy,
according to Representative
George Meader (R-Mich).
Meader said Detroit's airport
situation will be considered as part
of a broader investigation into
federal aid to airports.
Whether or not the University is
represented will depend largely on
"whether they want to appear,"
Hearings are tentatively sched-
uled for July 11 and 12.
A University administrator at
Willow Run said there is really no
controversy over Willow Run. The
main issue, he declared, is wheth-
er federal funds should be expend-
ed at Wayne Major in view of
pressures to establish a Detroit
city airport on the Northeast side.
Meader confirmed there would
be no pressure put in the Univer-
sity to change the status of Willow
Several months ago the Federal
Airport Use Panel recommended
that the University relinquish Wil-
low Run so it could be converted
to military use with Wayne Major
taking over commercial air travel.
Both the University and six of
the seven commercial airlines at
Willow Run took a firm stand in
opposition to the Panel and said
they would not change the air-
The University purchased Wil-
low Run for one dollar from the
army after the war. It leased
space to the airlines and maintains
extensive research at the field.
Despite refusal of the airlines to
leave Willow Run there have been
attempts to convert Wayne Major
to commercial use. An estimated
33 million dollarsWould be needed.
Meader said the list of witnesses
at the hearing had not yet been
definitely determined.. He added'
that he felt the University ought
to be represented.
Meader said he thought furtheri
expenditure of federal funds for
Wayne Major was unwise. (WayneI
Major has received $1,975,000 from,
the CAB in the last fiscal yeari
and $4,000,000 in the last 10
"Basic objection to making
Wayne Major a second commercial
airport," Meader claimed, "is that1
it is too close to Willow Run.
"It makes sense to spend money
to build a second airport on the
Northeast side (of Detroit). It'
makes no sense to spend money on
The Republican congressman
pointed out that Wayne Major and
Willow Run occupy the same air
space. This will have two major
disadvantages if Wayne Major is;
made commercial according tol
Meader: air traffic will be congest-
ed and local adverse weather con-
ditions will affect both airports.
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-The nation's steel
crisis rushed toward a climax Fri-
day night with negotiators still
bogged down in efforts to avert
an industrywide strike at midnight
"We got nowhere," said David
3. McDonald, United Steel Work-
ers union president, after the
union's latest negotiation session
with the companies produced no
break in the deadlock over a new
He said the striking power of
the Army, Navy, Marine Corps
and Air Force has been augment-
ed steadily with the new weapons,
including nuclear equipment.
Plant operations already were
disrupted with furnaces being
cooled across the land. Industry
sources said production losses al-
ready aggregated "millions of dol-
* * *
Dwight D. Eisenhower will drive
to Gettysburg today for at least
two weeks of convalescence.
This was announced Friday by
Press Secretary James C. Hagerty
who, however, still was shedding
no new light on the President's
future political plans.
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
Defense Charles E. Wilson Friday
denied Democratic charges that
the Eisenhower administration has
skimped dangerously, on air powter
in its drive to balance the budget.
Under instructions from Presi-
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower to "lay
it on the line," Wilson appeared
before a- Senate Armed Services
Committee and insisted U.S. de-
fenses are strong.
WASHINGTON ()-The Senate
last night passed a $4,562,000,000
foreign aid authorization bill after
beating down all efforts to make
any floor cuts in the totals.
The big bill now goes to con-
ference with the House, which
voted for the substantially lower
authorization of about $3,800,000,-
Victory For Ike
The Senate action on the bill,
represented a considerable victory
for President Dwight D. Eisen-
The Senate defeated on a voice
vote an amendment by Sen. Wil-
liam Langer (R-ND) to slash one
billion dollars off the aid bill.
Langer denounced the whole
foreign aid program as an "in-
credible squandering of public
money," but he was unable to get
support for a roll call vote on hia
Thursday night the Senate re-
jected 58-27 a similar attempt by
Sen. Russell B. Long (D-La) to
chop $1,700,000,000 out of the
On a voice vote, the Senate ac-
cepted an amendment by Sen. Ev-
erett Dirksen (R-Ill) which he said
was designed to encourage upris-
ings behind the Iron Curtain like
that which took place in Poznan,
The Drksen amendment would
authorize a five - million - dollar
fund to be used at the absolute dis-
cretion of the president to keep
alive "the spirit of freedom" in
Communist-ruled nations through
exchanges of persons, aid to non-
profit groups and other activities.
Failure For Knowland
Sen. Knowland of California, the
Senate GOP leader, failed in an
attempt to, set up a Hoover-type
commission to review the whole
foreign aid program.
His amendment was defeated
45-41 on a roll call which mainly
followed party lines.
Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont) re-
minded the Senate that Congress
was preparing to make its own
investigation of foreign aid.
The Senate refused by a vote of
60-23 to write into the bill a ban
on any further U.S. military or
economic assistance to nations
that ship strategic materials to'
the Soviet Bloc.
WASHINGTON (A)-Atty. Gen.
Herbert Brownell Friday recom-
mended appointment of 23 addi-
tional federal judges.
He told a Senate judiciary sub-
committee he favors the 21 judicial
seats that would be created by a
bill approved by the House Jundici-'
ary committee June 25 and two
additional seats for Northern Illi-
UNIVERSITY PORTRAIT-Dr, and Mrs. Rueben Kahn pose in
front of a portrait of him presented to University at his testi-
.Honors Rueben Kahn
Dr. Rueben L. Kahn, discoverer of the famous Kahn test for
World renowned for his contribution to medical science, Dr. Kahn'
World renown for his contribution to medical science, Dr. Kahn
is retiring after 27 years of service to the University as professor of
Serology in the Medical School and director of Serologic Laboratories
in the University Hospital.
Retiring from "routine only," Dr. Kahn plans to concentrate in
_research work now that "I will
have my time to myself, and not
M ller lM lonroebe concerned with teaching and
At the dinner, Dr. Arthur Curtis,
Professor of Dermatology and
WHITE PLAINS, N. Y. (AP)-At- Syphilology, made the presenta-
tress Marilyn Monroe and play- tion of a portrait of Dr. Kahn to
wright Arthur Miller, University the University. Robert L. Williams,
alumnus and former Daily editor, assistant dean of Faculties, re-
slppednuetlindoCityDalldlasceived the portrait painted by
slipped quietly into City Hall last artist Leon Makielskix of Ann Ar-
night and were married by City bor.
Judge Seymour Robinowitz. Dr. Pearl L. Kendrick, University'
Dogged by reporters and photog- lecturer of epidemiology, then pre-
raphers for a week, the couple sented Dr. Kahn with a volume of
nevertheless managed to get away Speaking to his friends and col-
by themselves for the ceremony. leagues at the dinner, Dr. Kahn
Hours earlier Miller had said said, "Many people look ahead to
the world would know about their retirement withamisgivings, I ani
wedding-after it happened. fortunate in that I will be able to
But there was no indication it actually forge ahead in my re-
would take place the same day. serch"a
Robinowitz married the blonde fore.s"
pinup queen and the celebrated'" mms rtfu oteL i
pauo aueen nd:2h1prmversity of Michigan for the in-
author at 7:21 p.m. numerable ways it has assisted and
contributed to the success of my,
work. I am very proud to have;
been associated with it for so
" many years," he added.
romotions Necessary Policy Feature
"Compulsory retirement has
been receiving some severe criti-
H. Alvord (Mechanical), Joseph cism recently," he said, "but I be-
A. Boyd (Electrical), Joseph Dat- lieve that it is a necessary feature
sko (Mechanical), Walter A. Hed- of the University's policy."
rich (Electrical), Robert H. Hois- "Personally, I consider myself
ington (Engineering Drawing), fortunate to be associated with an'
William Kerr (Electrical), Edwin enlightened University like Michi-
H. Young (Chemical and Metal- gan where 70 years and not 64 or
lurgical). 65 years is the retirement age."
College of Architecture and De- Dr. Kahn's continued research
sign: Gerome Kamrowski (Draw- at the University will be on a year
ing and Painting). to year basis and without salary.
School of Business Administra- Dr. Kahn's test for the detec-
tion: Wallace W. Gardner (Statis- tion of syphilis was a result of a
tics). great amount of time, energy and
School of Dentistry: Dr. Paul after-hours work in the Michigan
Gibbons. Department of Health.
School of Education: Warren Test Discovered in 1923
A. Ketcham. ; He discovered the reaction in
To Supply Major
A General Fund Budget of $34,-
802,700 for the University's fiscal
1956-'57 year has been officially
Approval was actually given by
the Board of Regents June 15 but
by-laws require a two week wait.
ing period before the budget be-
Major portion of the budget is
supplied by a State Legislature ap-
propriation of $27,500,000. Student
fees of $6,915,000 and miscellane-
ous income of $387,200 supply the
Last year's budget, 4% million
dollars less, was financed by state
appropriations of only $23,725,-
000, student fees of $6,109,000 and
miscellaneous income of $378,000.
Covers Instruction, Research
The General Fund Budget covers
instruction, research, administra-
tive and plant operation costs.
Increased expenditures are plan-
1) Salary increases and retire-
ment health and insurance provis-
ions of $2,050,534.
2) Increases of 169 in faculty
personnel to offset increased en-
rollment, amounting to $1,135,853.
3) Additional student services,
instructional supplies, increased
activities in libraries and museums
and cost of admissions and reg
tration of a larger student bod,
amounting to $581,393.
4) Additional plant operation
services due to new buildings and
improved maintenance of existing
buildings of $475,800.
Other Budgets Approved
Board of Regents also officially
approved the following budgets:
1) Flint College-$316,250 of
which $250,000 comes from the
state. Flint will open for the ftirst
time this fall.
2) Research and Service in the
Utilization of Human Resources
-$300,000 in state funds for pro-
jects and University has been anx-
ious to start for several years.
3) University Hospital-$9,815,-
000, an increase of $800,000 over
last year. The Hospital Is self-
supported and receives no state
4) Neuropsychiatric Institute--
$940,100, an increase of more than
$100,000 with $700,000 coming
from the state.
5) Veterans Readjustment Cen-
ter-$379,000, practically all from
6) Children's Psychiatric Hos-
pital-$875,000, more than $100,-
000 over last year, practically all
7) Mental Health REesearch
Unit-$225,000, all state approp-
Budgets not included in the Re-
gent report are residence halls,
Michigan Union and League, fin-
anced 'by self-liquidating bonds
and the self-supporting inter-col-
legiate athletic program.
Panel To Be Held
"The Teaching of English Com-
position, Written and Oral, in the
High School," is title of a confer-
ence series for English teachers
this summer, open to public.
On Monday at 4 p.m. In Audit-
orium C, Angell Hall, a panel will
be held on "The Problems of the
Beginning Teacher in Composi-
Panel members are: Mildred
Lipe, Redford Hight School; Re-
becca K. Petersen, Eastern Junior
High School, Pontiac; Arthur
FOR FACULTY PERSONNEL:
President Hatcher Announces 135 P
Promotions for 135 members of
the University faculty were an-
nounced yesterday by President
The promotions are all effective
with the start of the 1956-57 aca-
demic year in September. There
were 33 promotions to the rank of
professor, 45 to the rank of asso-
ciate professor and 54 to the rank
of assistant professor.
In addition there was one pro-
motion to the position of assistant
to the dean, one to supervisor of
physical education and one to as-
sociate supervisorhof physical
education. One of the promotions
to associate professor also included
(Political Science), Freeman D.
Miller (Astronomy), Orren C.
Mohler (Astronomy), Edwin E.
Moise (Mathematics), Henry V. S.
Ogden (English), Palmer A.
Throop (History), Edward L.
College of Engineering: Rune L.
Evaldson (Mechanical), Leo M.
Lagatski (Civil), Alan B. Macnee
(Electrical), Joseph J. Martin
(Chemical and Metallurgical),
Wilfred M. Senseman (English),
Homer W. Welch, Jr., (Electrical),
George Brymer Williams (Chemi-
cal and Metallurgical).
College of Architecture and De-
sign: Donald B. Gooch (Design).
Stephen B. Preston (Wood Tech-
School of Nursing: Agnes D.
School of Public Health: William
C. Gibson (Public Health Engi-
neering), Gerald M. Ridenour
(Public Health Engineering).
School of Social Work: Clarice
To Associate Professors
College of Literature, Science
and the Arts: William P. Alston
(Philosophy), Richard B. Bern-
stein (Chemistry), Donald A. Dar-
ling (Mathematics), Reynolds Mc-
Connell Denning (Mineralogy),