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L. LXVII, No. 34S
ANN ARBOR., MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 11, 1956
N.Y.C., Pennsy Ask
For 'Realistic Basis'
Britain Slows Military Buildup
In Middle East Under Pressure
For Peaceful Suez Settlement
WASHINGTON (P)-Six Eastern
j railroads, including the New York
Central and the Pennsylvania, yes-
terday proposed a whopping 45 per
cent increase in the first-class
passenger fares-a step that would
J make such travel on their lines for
more expensive than flying.
These railroads and two others
also petitioned the Interstate Com-
merce Commission for a five per
cent hike in basic coach fares.
The ICC probably won't take
s final action on the request for at
least six months. But it was
thought likely it would look with
favor on some sort of -increase
since it recently acted on its own
to begin a study of continuing
losses from railroad passenger
These losses have been offset by
profitable freight traffic.
In their petition, the rail lines
said they lost 1% billion dollars
on their passenger operations in
the past 10 years-an average of
about 125 million dollars a year.
And this year, they reported,
their losses are running even
In confirming persistent reports
that big fare increases would be
sought, the Central and Pennsyl-
vania-which together carry about
25 'per cent of the nation's rail
passengers-joined in a statement.
"We have found it imperative to
take bold action to put our fare
structure on a realistic basis.
"By this we mean bringing it to
a level at which the type of service
offered by our railroads will re-
flect the cost of such service."
The statement did not provide
any estimate of how much first-
class passenger traffic'the railroad
would lose by a 45 per cent hike
in fares-neither did it say in so
many words that higher fares
would compensate for any loss in
The proposed increases would
boost coach fares from the pres-
ent 3.544 cents a mile to 3.721
cents a mile. First-class rates
would be upped from 4.725 to 6.851
cents a mile.
Under the proposed first-class
rates, minimum rail sleeping ac-
commodations from New York to
Chicago would cost $76.50 com-
pared with $49.61 for a first-class
Yairne ticket. The present rail
fare is $55.25.
The lines asking for the 45 per
cent boost in first-class rates were
the Central, the Pennsylvania, the
Chesapeake & Ohio, the Norfolk &
Western, the Pennsylvania-Read-
ing Seashore and the Lake Erie.
WASHINGTON (A) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower provided
some election-year fireworks yes-
terday by vetoing a bill which
would have authorized $1,600,000,-
000 in flood control and rivers and
4 harbors development.
Without using the term "pork
barrel," the President criticized
some provisions of the measure-
which contained pet projects of
many congressmen-as "not in the
It was the first veto of a rivers
.. and harbors authorization bill
since President Franklin D. Roose-
velt killed a similar measure in
1940, and likely will produce con-
siderable congressional grumbling.
The President said he regretted
The bill carried authorizations
for 99 projects or project modifi-
cation, and 14 river basin improve-
ments. As an authorization bill, it
merely would have written into
law authority for the projects-
the money has not yet been ap-
propriated. Work could not have
started anyway until after the
next Congress provided the funds.
President Eisenhower's veto
statement said: "While the major-
DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM COMMITTEE-One hundred and eight members of the committee have
been meeting formally this week. Main problem: the civil rights plank, which southerners warned
yesterday could lose tpe election if made strong.
Platform Drafters Try
For Civil Rights Unity
CHICAGO (All)-Democratic platform drafters, trying to hold
steam below the blowoff point heard demands yesterday for adoption
of a strong civil rights plank and a Dixie warning this would cost
the party the election.
The strategy through hours of hearings all was aimed at stopping
any big North-South civil rights row before it could start. Yesterday it
Today could be different. Gov. George Bell Timmerman Jr. of
South Carolina will be back then for more testimony.
It was Timmerman. who warned yesterday of a Dixie bolt and
loss of the election to the GOP if the Democrats insist on backing at
-%next week's National Convention
the Supreme Court's decision bar-
ring segregation in public schools.
D r v . The governot, as a leader in
marshalling Southern opposition
to the court decision, took the
witness chair after the Platform
Committee had heard insistent
Pro~gressing demands by Northern lawmakers,
labor union leaders and others
WASHINGTON (IP) - Harold urging a strong civil rights stand.
Stassen said yesterday he is writ- He said:
ing 5,000 GOP leaders details of "A profederal civil rights plank
his drive to sidetrack Vice-Presi- infringing upon the constitutional
dent Nixon and get the GOP vice- rights of the states and their peo-
presidential nomination for Mas- ple, a prointegration plank, or any
sachusetts Gov. Christian Herter. approval of the school desegrega-
Stassen told a news conference tion decision will insure a Demo-
he believed that if he hadn't cratie defeat in November.
kicked up a furore over the vice- "It would be an outright en-
presidency, the issue would have dorsement of the Republican ad-
been opened by the Democrats ministration,"
"even if the Republicans closed Cooling-Off
their eyes to it.", Cooling-off efforts in the plat-
But Senator Andrew F. Schoep- form committee were led by
pel (R-Kan), who heads the GOP Southern members. They re-
Senatorial Campaign Committee, frained from firing at Northern
said he thinks the Stassen drive witnesses demanding a school de-
"has consolidated and 'solidified segregation plank questions that
the Nixon sentiment all over the might have touched off explosive
Both Nixon and Stassen called The hold-down was helped along
at the White House yesterday, but by sandwiching witnesses backing
neither disclosed the nature of less controversial measures be-
their discussions. tween those advocating party en-
Upon leaving the White House, dorsement of the Supreme Court
Stassen said his campaign for desegregation edict.
Herter "not only is continuing but How long the truce would last
I am encouraged." was uncertain. Many witnesses
Nixon had little to say about still were to be heard. Plans to
politics. Newsmen asked him to wind up the hearings Friday had
comment on Stassen's statement to be junked.
that Herter now has a 50-50 Only toward the end yesterday
chance for the No. 2 spot on the did the air of tension in the
ticket, but the vice-president re- crowded committee room begin to
plied he has "said all I am going relax. Chairman John McCormack
to say on that subject." sat on the lid.
Adlai Denies Need
Of Truman's Ok.ay
CHICAGO (P) - Adlai E. Stevenson, the leading contender for the
Democratic presidential nomination, said yesterday he thinks he can
win even without the blessing of Harry S. Truman.
Aides who shared his opinion made it clear that they "very
much" want the former President's endorsement.'
Stevenson and his strategists alike stated they have no inkling
of the choice Truman plans to announnee today.
Toss Two Questions
Newsmen toosed two questions at Stevenson as he strode down
Michigan Avenue with his sister, Mrs. Ernest Ives, and Sen. Clinton
Anderson of New Mexico.
The big one was whether he figured he could be nominated if
Truman withholds his backing.
Stevenson, a picture of confidence and good humor during a
busy day, turned serious.
"Oh, my, I don't know," he said, adding that he was not too
well informed on "calculations" of delegate intentions. But then he
made a distinct answer:
"I think so."
The other query was whether his camp knew which contender
would receive Truman's nod.
We Don't Know
His unhesitating reply: "We don't know."
Stevenson's campaign manager, James Finnegan, has estimated
By PETE ECKSTEIN t
Special To The Daily
C H I C A G O-Just two words
presently stand in the way ofI
Democratic unity: "Su p r e m e
As final preconvention prepara-
tions are being made, the lines on
the civil rights plank are clearlye
drawn. If there is an endorsement
of the high court decision in the
Democratic platform, as both
leading candidates for the presi-
dential nomination have suggested,
the party can expect nothing but
trouble from Dixie.
But if the plank hedges on en-
dorsement of the decision-or de-
clares it inappropriate subject
matter for the platform of a polit-
ical party-the solidity of the
"Solid South" will again be a fact.
The plank can endorse a Fair
measures to extend the franchise
to the southern Negro, abolition of1
the loose rules on ending Senate
debate (and filibuster), an assist-
ant Attorney General to prosecute
civil rights cases, and anything
else Northern hearts desire.
"We'll swallow anything else,"
Sen. Sam Ervin of North Caro-
lina, a leading Southern spokes-
man on the platform committee,
told The Daily.
But if the plank specifically
mentions the court, 'It's likely to
help the Republicans win the elec-
Gov. George Bell Timmerman of
South Carolina, leader of the mi-
nority of Southern extremists,
doesn't agree with the more mo-
erate Ervin. "We must have a
strong platform and a strong
candidate," he told the platform
committee, "condemning the un-
constutional usurpation of auth-
ority by the central government."
After describing the party's
1952 plank as stronger that the
Republican's, Timmerman con-
cluded that "civil rights, promises
of integration, and the Negro vote
were not keys to success in the
1952 election, except to the ex-
tent that the Democratic planks
on civil rights and integration per-
suaded four Democratic Southern
states to vote Republican."
Timmerman's bid, if even auth-
orized by the responsible southern
leadership, was only the initial
offer, the ideal point from which
hard bargaining will begin. Er-
vin, a member of the current
southern inner-circle, seemed to
be expressing the south's final
terms, a soft-spoken ultimatum
from which there can be no re-
treat for those southerners who
value "their section honor and
present seats of power and res-
Northern attitudes are more in-
definite at this point. Both Gov.
Averell Harriman and Adlai Stev-
enson have advocated mention of
the high court decision. Steven-
sonites are not likely to press their
claims considering the southern
opposition when the former Illin-
ois governor advocated endorsing
A Negrq member of the commit-
tee told The Daily that up to the
time of Gov. Timmerman's de-
mand for condemnation of the
decision, he was willing to consider
it above politics. However, he in-
terpreted the South Carolinian's
Use of Military Force1
WASHINGTON ()-Top Ameri-.
can officials were described yes-I
terday as slightly more optimistic
about chances of settling the Suezr
Canal crisis without the use of
They were reported to regard
the situation as still critical. But
they were also said to believe thatc
secret diplomatic work and theE
"moral pressure" of world opinionF
have begun to exert a claminig
influence which will be felt at the1
London conference next week.
No Emergency Session E
In keeping with these views.
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles yesterday discounted the
possibility that an emergency ses-
sion of Congress might be sum-
mroned to deal with the crisis.
Asnhe left by plane for a review
of the Middle East picture with
UN Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold in New York, he said:
"There is nothing which would
now suggest the need for a special,
session of Congress.",
After lunching in New York later
with Hammarskjold, Dulles told
newsmen he did not ask the sec-
retary general to take any action
in the Suez crisis. He said they
had merely reviewed the general,
situation in the Middle East.
Ike Calls Leaders
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
has called congressional leaders to
the White House for auspecial
briefing Sunday on the surge of
d e v e 1 o p m e n ts which followed
Egypt's seizure of the canal in a
Commenting on the impending
White House session, Dulles said:
"The President feels very strongly
about sharing responsibility with
Congress, particularly if there
should be any risk of hostilities."
Adm. Arthur W. Radford, chair-
man of the Joint Chiefs of Staff,
will be among those present at
CHICAGO ()-Harry S. Truman
turned tantalizing sphinx yester-
day to keep pacesetter Adlai E.
Stevenson and Averell Harriman
guessing uneasily on his choice for
the Democratic presidential nomi-
From the Stevenson camp came
one report that Truman had de-
cided Harriman is his man, but
Stevenson backers said he had it
in the bag, regardless.
Stevenson himself told reporters
that yes, he thinks he can cap-
ture the nomination at next week's
Democratic National Convention
with or without Truman's support.
His campaign manager, James E.
Finnegan, exuded equal optimism.
Truman apparently made up his
mind definitely yesterday on the
person to embrace in the intrigu-
ing game of political post office
whirling merrily through conven-
But the former President wasn't
saying yet. He did set the time
and place for announcing his pref-
erence-a 3:30 p.m. EST news
Among other preconvention
Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes-
see hit town-no longer a presi-
dential aspirant but thinking
'U' Regent Accuses
State Medical Group
DETROIT (M)-A member of the University Board of Regents
yesterday said he had been subjected to "pressure" by the Michigan
State Medical Society to discourage Regents' approval of a University
doctor to study hospital and medical care plans in Michigan.
Regent Eugene B. Power made the statement following a charge
by a member of the governor's commission conducting the study that
two Medical Society and Blue Cross officials had made "efforts to
block a successful study."
Leonard Woodcock, United Auto Workers vice-president and a
member of the commission, made the charge in a letter to Gov.
Williams and George E. Bowles, '
study commission chairman. ESTES:
Put on Pressure ESTES:_
Woodcock said there was evi-
dence that William S. McNary,y
executive director of Blue Cross
of the Medical Society's council, TP r b
put the pressure to bear.
Blue Cross, meanwhile, flatly
denied today that it has made
efforts "either openly or covertly" Contract
by block the inquiry.
The study already was -started
by the University's Public Health WASHINGTON (A) - Senator
economist, Dr. S. J. Axelrod, who Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn) yester-
resigned a week ago because he day' accused, top off ocials of the
said "interested parties" were not Eisenhower administration of a
cooperating. "criminal" conspiracy to cover up
Power, a Democratic member of on the Dixon-Yates power con-
the Board of Regents, said despite tract.
pressure exerted, Regents gave He demanded a grand jury in-
their unanimous support to the vestigation.
study under the direction of Dr. Sen. Kefauver directed his blast
Axelrod. at Sherman Adams President
Power said he had been informed
by the Medical Society that "the
point of view of Drs. Axelrod and
Nathan Sinai, director of the Uni-
versity's Public Health economics
bureau, was not compatible with
that of the Medical Society."
Woodcock wrote that McNary
had "expressed opinions . . . at
variance with those of voluntary
hospitals and doctors" and that
this prompted the resignation of
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (P)--A San-
gamon County Grand jury re-1
turned 46 indictments yesterday
against Edward A. Epping, former
aide to Orville E. Hodge, in a
milli on dollar check-cashing
Hodge, ousted Republican state
auditor, has been charged in 46
similar indictments with embezzle-
ment, confidence game and for-
gery. He is free on $100,000 bond
after pleading innocent.
Hodge, Epping and Edward
Hintz, resigned president of the
Southmoor Bank and Trust Co., of
Chicago through which the checks
allegedly passed, were named in
two other conspiracy indictments.
Dwight D. Eisenhower's righthand
man in the White House; Chair-
man Lewis L. Struss of the Atomic
Energy Commission; Chairman J.
Sinclair Armstrong of the Secu-
rities and Exchange Commission;
former Budget Director Rowland
R. Hughes and others.
The Tennessee senator, a Dem-
ocratic vice-presidential possibil-
ity, charged Adams and the others
of conspiring to conceal facts
about the highly controversial
Dixon-Yates contract, now can-
celed, by refusing to yield docu-
ments to his Senate investigating
"This whole plan was crudely
conceived in darkness for the base
and ulterior motive of destroying
the TVA-Tennessee Valley Au-
thority," Sen. Kefauver said of
the disputed contract. He added
that indictments and convictions
have resulted "in cases involving
Sen. Kefauver ordered copies of
his statement published in the
Congressional Record and deliv-
ered to Atty. Gen. Brownell.
He also invited President Eisen-
hower, "if he is still unconvinced
that Mr. Adams betrayed him and
the American people," to order
Adams to waive immunity and
submit to questioning by the Sen-
ate Anitimonopoly "task force"
headed by Sen. Kefauver.
Tell of Plan
Right To Call London
Conference on Suez
LONDON (P)--Britain last iight
braked her build-up of military
power in the Middle East under
mounting pressure for a peaceful
settlement of the Suez Canal crisis.
The slowdown came as Western
diplomats spread the word of an
American-British-French plan to
guarantee the freedom and inter-
national control of the waterway
as part of a compromise settlement
The plan envisages a new inter.
national treaty to govern the us
of Suez and conditional recogni-
tion of Egypt's nationalization of
the canal and its installations.
Prime Minister Anthony Eden
and his military chiefs ordered a
second postponement of a mam-
moth trooplift to the Mediterran-
ean, the announced withdrawal of
two parachute battalions from
Cyprus, Britain's Middle East mili-
The official war office explana.
tion was that the parachute troop-
ers are coming home to continue
their training, for which better
facilities are available here than
President Gamal Abdel Nasser's
Egyptian regime meantime chal-
lenged Britain's right to have call-
ed next week's London conference
on the Suez ?dispute and charged
Eden is trying to belittle Nasser in
the eyes of the Egyptian people.
A statement issued by the Egyp-
tian embassy here served the first
official notice that Egypt will boy-
cott the projected 24-nation con-
ference fixed to open next Thurs-
Egypt took the same line as
Soviet Russia did Thursday by
questioning the composition of the
conference and declared further
the participants will be left with
"no choice other than to accept
the British point of view."
The British Foreign Office ad-
mitted bewilderment about the
meaning of Russia's critical reply
to the invitation. The Soviet gov-
ernment, whil saying it would par-
ticipate, listed nearly a dozen ob-
jections to the talks as they are
envisaged by the United States,
Britain and France.
Brush off Russia
Britain, however, brushed off
the Russian bid to recast and
postpone the meeting. Officials
said it will begin Thursday as ar-
ranged, with or without the Aus-
Britain already has mounted an
impressive display of military
power in the Middle East in case
of a blowup over Suez. The British
moves have led to criticism from
such key Commonwealth countries
as India and Ceylon, as well as
Russia and the Arab states.
At home, seven leftist Laborite
legislators asserted publicly Britain
would be guilty of aggression if
she carried out what they de-
scribed as Eden's "threat to take
unilateral action by force" to im-
pose international control over the
The Liberal Manchester Guardi-
an joined in warning Eden that
the use of "blind force" would
hurt the West more than Egypt,
The Guardian took the view all
nations have the right to national-
ize resources within their own
borders and said the British might
expect new seizures of their inter-
ests in the Middle East.
Pluges to Death
CHICAGO OA-A Korean school
teacher studying for a master's
decgree a t the TUnivs~ity o f Michi-.
AT BLACKSTONE HOTEL:
Averill Visits Harry,
Called 'Good Fighter'
CHICAGO (IP)-Gov. Averell Harriman was praised as a "good
fighter" by former President Harry S. Truman yesterday soon after
the New Yorker flew here to challenge Adlai Stevenson for the Demo-
cratic presidential nomination.
But, Truman wasn't saying - until today whether Harriman
or Stevenson is his favorite for the nomination.
Harriman called at Trumn's suite in the Blackstone Hotel and
talked with him about 10 minutes. Afterward, they stood smiling and
shaking hands in the doorway hile photographers and newsmen shot
pictures and questions.
"Was it a successful conference?" Truman was asked.
Truman replied that any conference with Harriman was suc-
"Do you think he is a good fighter?" a newsman asked, recalling
that Truman has said the nominee should be that kind of man.
"Harriman's a good fighter," said Truman.
Harriman, to a question whether he expected to win the nomina-
tion, said he has been confident all along.
Harriman flew here aboard an American Airlines plane from Buf-
falo, N. Y., and was greeted at Midway Airport by supporters carrying
home-made placards with such slogans as: