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Michigan Daily, 1956-08-04

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Sixty-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIvERSry OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241

'When Opinions Are Free,
Truth WU Prevaill

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers or
the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 4, 1956 NIGHT EDITOR: MARY ANN THOMAS
U.S. Must Win Race
For Scientists

Test Of The Political Market Place
- .
_4S
-K,
- ,I-
*m

MUSIC SCHOOL:
Bach Concerti Appreciated;
Ehlers with Baroque Group
THE ALL-BACH program of concerti at Rackham Hall last night.
climaxed a summer of chamber music in a surprisingly exciting
manner. It was a field day for solo, duet and ensemble virtuosity
The high point of the evening was the appearance of Miss Alice
Ehlers at the harpsichord, with Messrs Ross and Hauenstein on violin
and flute respectively, in the Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D. The
trio, with small ensemble, attained perfect balance in the first move-
ment, an experience exceeded only by the almost demoniacal virtuosity
of Miss Ehlers' candenza. The second movement flowed with smooth-
ness and clarity for the three, with only a solo cello as bass continuo.
The final movement was of equal stature drawing a goodly round of
applause from the appreciative near-full house.

I

SCIENCE is in a Big Race these days.
A report from the National Science Foun-
dation has come in on Russian scientists as
compared in numbers with American scientists.
It says, significantly enough, that Russians
graduated two times more scientists than the
United States did last year. But the report also
states that we still have more scientists than
Communists do. This might make one wonder
what the Russians are printing about their
number of scientists-probably a colossal fig-
ure.
Better, however, is what one would wonder
about Russians getting more scientists than
the United States. At least, this is what NSF
brings in: that "the gap in numbers is rapidly
closing."
We have seen this kind of article before.
Scientists, maligned as they have been be-
cause of Atom, praised as they have been for
Enlightenment, bruised as they have been about
Religion, are engaged in a quite awe-inspiring
race. This is a race for earthly field and stream,
but mostly it is a race for the track fields of
the sky over this wearly little planet.
EVERY ONCE in awhile papers on this race
are published. Sometimes the Reds are
ahead and sometimes we are. And always theie
is a cry for more scientists to join the race, for
more to get on the physics team, the engin-

eering team, the chemical team-or whatever.
The Big Race never ends, it seems, never is
flagged and so far, no one has won. And what
is the ultimate prize? The best atoms in the
world.
Despite the implications of the race, Russia
is certainly not going to let up. Whatever that
country wants to do, it can do, and it can win
this Big Race, just as it wins in the Olympics
when it wants to. Russia's system of allotment
of certain duties to certain people wins the
Olympics for it, and its allotment to those
who are to study science can win the Big
Race, for Communism. It can produce guided
missiles, rockets, bombs, jets, anything else of
great speed in the horsepower world it likes.
Where is America? Right in first place on
the race track, so far. We can't let up either,
we can't let our system of freedom of choice
of occupation prove to be' the wrong one. We
have to provide laboratories and equipment for
the Big Race, and we have to keep them secret.
If this race seems bound for inevitable de-
struction, as so many say, we must put our
faith in Atoms for Peace, besides putting faith
in more and more scientists engaged in Atoms
for War. We have to work for these two things,
hoping that most of us don't have ulcers in
the process, or heart attacks. We have to win
those track fields in the sky.
-ADELAIDE WILEY

AT OTHER TIMES, however,

;:
I~ z e
-S
OLPI- a

standards expected. During the firs
burg No. 3 in G, Mr. Ross had his
usual bit of poor pitch. The pain
of a romanticized "adagio" was a
none-too-welcome change from the
expected harpsichord passage usu-
ally heard. The finale was spark-
ling and gay, as it should have
been.
During the Concerto for Two
Violins in D Minor, Messrs Ross
and Raab did very well in the first
and last movements, and achieved
their best playing in the impas-
sioned slow movement. However,
in spite of the great endeavor
which they put into their perform-
ance, they emerged confirmed ro-
mantics, with all the style and
manner of Tschaikowskyites. How-
ever, in all fairness, it was indeed
stirring, and well appreciated,
whether it was Bach or not.
The question arises whether the
members of the Stanley Quartet
have been overworked this sum-
mer. All were in attendance last
night. It could be suggested that
due to an ovrload, their playing
has suffered, and this has been
evident on occasion. Perhaps a
schedule of less concerts so close
together might ease the strain.
* * *

st
i
R
i

performance was not up to the
piece of the evening, the Branden-
.DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publict-ion of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Notices should be sent in
TYPEWRITTEN from thebRoom 3553
Administration Building before 2 p.m.
the day preceding publication.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 3, 1956
VOL. LXVIII, NO. 295

I

NASSER'S BOOK:
'The Philosophy of Revolution'

Copyrigct, 2956, The Puitier PubUsbing ..
St. O oushs-Dispatcla
(Herblock Is on Vacation)
WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Congressional Closing Rush
By DREW PEARSON

By WILLIAM RYAN
AP Foreign News Analyst
GAMAL Abdel Nasser sees himself - and
Egypt - at the center of two vast geogra-
phical circles, the Arab world and Africa.
Unity of purpose by the nations within those
circles, he feels, could play a major role in
shaping the future of mankind.
Is Egypt's President an idealist, seeking
to throw off all remnants of colonialism --
or is he scheming for dictatorial control of a
vast area upon which depend the fortunes of
Western Europe?
When Nasser released his latest bombshell-
nationalization of the Suez Canal -- diplomats
could seek the answer in Nasser's own words.
He wrote down his dreams in a series of bro-
chures published last year as a book: "Egypt's
Liberation, the Philosophy of the Revolution."
The thoughts it expresses were disturbing
enough to cause Premier Guy Mollet of France
to call it a new "Mein Kampf" in which an
Oriental Hitler laid bare his boldest dreams.
Nasser at 38 is new to politics. A mliitary
man since his academy days 20 years ago, he
sprang almost overnight from an army ob-
scurity to a commanding position in the
sprawling Arab world. He has given the West-
ern world one headache after another.
When he seized the canal, he announced:
"We shall all of us defend our nationalism and
our Arabism and we shall all work so that the
Arab homeland may extend from the Atlantic
Ocean to the Persian Gulf."
DID this mean he sought to control all the
Middle East and North Africa? Did his am-
bition extend to tl Africa? Nasser's own words
could be interpreted that way.
The book began as a series of jottings when
he was an officer in Palestine, hemmed in by
Israelis in the sun-baked Faluja Pocket. Con-
cerned with Egypt's history of misery under
corrupt regimes, he met and plotted with oth-
er young officers who were to overthrow King
Farouk in 1952.

The last section of the book, apparently put
together long after the revolution, is the one
which caused the French Premier's concern.
In it Nasser expounded the idea that Egypt
was the center not only of the Arab world
from Asia to the Atlantic, but also of Africa.
He wrote:
"Can we fail to see that there is an Arab
circle surrounding us, that this circle is part
of us and we are part of it? . . Can we possi-
bly ignore the fact that there is an African
continent which fate decreed us to be part of,
and that it is also decreed that a terrible
struggle exists for its future .. .? Can we fur-
ther ignore the existence of an Islamic world
with which we are united by bonds created
not only by religious belief but also reinforced
by historic realities?
"For some reason it seems that within the
Arab circle there is a role wandering aimlessly
in search of a hero . . . It seems to me that
this role, exhausted by its wanderings, has at
last settled down tired and weary near the
borders of our country, and is beckoning us to
move, to take up its lines, to put on its cos-
tume, since no one else is qualified to play it."
NASSER told himself, he wrote, that the re-
gion is all one and the enemy - the for-
eigner - all the same. Thus, "so long as this
is true, why do we scatter our efforts?" Rea-
lizing this after the Palestine War, he said,
he began ot plan and make political contacts
for unifying a struggle against a common
enemy "by whatever means."
One means: to stir'rebellion in North Africa
against the French. Another: violent broad-
casts in the Swahili language against the
British in East and Central Africa.
He combined with Saudi Arabians and
Syrians in violent attacks on the Baghdad
Pact. He played the West against the Soviet
Union, to make a deal for Russian arms with
which to threaten Israel.

STRANGE THINGS happen as
the complex and cumbersome
gears of Congress grind to a fran-
tic halt. Queer bills are pushed
across as the Congressmen, deter-
mined to go home, sweat, trade,
and vote on the laws which the
rest of the nation must abide by
for years to come.
This is the time when sneak
end runs are attempted when no-
body's watching; and it takes time,
after Congress adjourns, to see
how many have scored touch-
downs.
Here are some of the touch-
downs.
Here are some of the touchdowns
and some of the end runs that
failed:
Touchdown for Klein and Duff:
for 16 years the General Public
Utlities Corp., which owns Jersey
Central Power and Light, Metro-
politan Edison of Penn., New Jer-
sey Power and Light, and Northern
Penn Power, has been trying to
duck an order to sell its subsidiary,
the Manila Electric Company in
the Philippines. Under the Hold-
ing Corporation Act. the Securities
and Exchange Commission ordered
it to sell.
But Pearl Harbor came, the Japs
occupied the Philippines, the SEC
order was ignored.
Ih *, w
IN 1951, the SEC rnwdits

order to selil. But for five years
General Public Utilities thumbed
its nose at the Commission. While
operating its plants in New Jersey
and Pennsylvania, it continued to
hang on to its power plant in dis-
tant Manila.
Finally Congressman Arthur
Klein, New York Democrat, came
to the rescue. Klein represents
east Manhattan, the Bowery, Ellis
Island, Governors Island and the
Statue of Liberty in the Middle of
New York harbor. He represents
no voters in Pennsylvania, New
Jersey, or the Philippines. But he
picked up the General Public Utili-
ties ball and made an end run. On
July 2 he sneaked the ball across
the goal line by getting the House
to pass a bill, despite SEC protests,
permitting the New Jersey Com-
pony to keep its Manila Electric
Company.
Then Senator Duff of Pennsyl-
vania,DRepublican, picked up the
ball. Duff, an active governor of
his state, has been most inactive
in the Senate. He enjoys his farm
in southern Maryland, but seldom
pushes legislation in the Senate.
However, with the 84th Congress
racing toward adjournment, Duff
put the General Public Utilities bill
on the consent calendar and rail-
roaded its through on the final
day of congress.

END RUN by Bridges: A brilli-
ant end run was also made by
Senator Styles Bridges of New
Hampshire on behalf of the Hilton
Hotel Chain,
Conrad Hilton has been buying
up so many hotels that the Justice
Department has forced him to
cough some of them up under the
anti-trust law. So the able and
kindly Bridges introduced a rider
on a minor tax bill which would
have excused the Hilton Chain
from paying a capital gains tax
after selling the Mayflower Hotel
in Washington, the Jefferson in St.
Louis, and the Roosevelt and New
Yorker Hotels in New York, in
compliance with the anti-trust
order.
In other words, the Hilton Hotel
chain would get a tax-free gift
as a result of violating the nation's
monopoly laws.
The Hilton bonanza, however,
was blocked in the Senate by Flori-
da's George Smathers, with assists
from Senators Byrd of Virginia,
Humphrey of Minnesota, and
Douglas of Illinois. All Democrats,
they will be in Hilton Hotels in
Chicago next week, but they block-
ed the end run.
"Is this the amendment that was
offered in the Finance Committee
and which the Finance Committee
discussed and finally rejected?"
asked Senator Smathers.
(Copyright 1956, by Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

THE Branderburg No. 6 in B-flat
featured Mr. Courte and Miss Rood
on viola. The first movement was
long and dull, helped little by the
uninspired playing of the viola duo.
The small ensemble fell down here,
leaving the burden on Mr. Cour-
te's shoulders, an unfair and im-
possible task. In addition, Mr.
Courte's bowing technique leaves
something to be desired, since it
effects his tone to a disturbing
degree. In this respet, Miss Rood
was ahead, on an instrument de-
manding excellence in order to
achieve even a fair tone. But the
third movement absolved the pair
from their previous faults by lively
and delightful thematic interplay
between them.
Much should be said of the sup-
porting players, at no time num-
berin gmore than twelve. During
the entire evening, with the one
exception mentioned, the balance
of soloist and group was superb.
-Brendan Liddell
AT THE STATE:
'Pardners'
.Falls .Flat
THE FILM "Pardners" begins
with a fairly funny satire on
typical Western movies, but un-
fortunately ends being the brunt
of this very satire. Martin and
Lewis antic through the movie in
their usual straight man, fall guy
roles, complete with saloon fights,
gals and Western songs, the latter
of which there were far too many.
"Slim" Martin and Wade Lewis
seniors are "Pardners" on the
Kingsley Ranch and get them-
selves "kilt" courageously and
single -handedly defending their
land from a pack of masked riders.
Wade's wife Matilda quickly and
quietly returns to "civilized" New
York during the battle, where,
during the next 25 years, she
amasses a fortune and raises her
son, Wade Jr. (who, curiously
enough, is the exact replica of
Wade Sr., minus beard and guns).
Matilda has left behind Slim's
widow and baby son, Slim Jr. and
her sister-in-law, also a widow,
and baby daughter Carol. Appar-
ently, during these 25 years,
mothers and babies have success-
fully defended Kingsley Ranch
against the persistent attacks of
the masked raiders, though it
hardly seems posible.
At this point, Carol and Slim
Jr. journey to New York to urge
Aunt Matilda for a loan so they
can purchase Cuddles, a prize bull,
who in turn was to propagate their
diminishing herd back to normal
proportions. Being a woman of
few words and many scruples,
Matilda emphatically said "No!"
and kicked them out of her man-
sion.
Wade Jr. overhears the conver-
sation and decides to step into his
father's boots and return West to
aid in defending the ranch. Slim
Jr. is very reluctant, but finally
acquiesces, especially with cuddles
thrown into the bargain, and they
both return West as "Pardners,"
towing Cuddles on the end of a
rope.

General Notices
Additional Ushers are needed for the
Department of Speech production of
"The Lady's Not For Burning" to be
presented In the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre tonight. Telephone the box of-
fice, NO. 8-6300.
Recreational Swimming -- Women's
Pool. New hours starting August 6-12.
Women Students, Monday-Friday,
4:00-6:00 p.m. Monday, Tuesday, Thurs-
day, 7:15-9:15 p.m. Saturday, 2:30-4:30
p.m.
Co-rec Swimming: Wednesday and
Saturday, 7:15-9:15 p.m. Sunday, 3:00-
5:00 p.m.
Faculty Night: Friday, 6:30-8:00 p.m.
Michigan Night: Sunday, 7:15-9:15
p.m.
August 13, 14, 15, Women Students:
Monday-Wednesday, 4:00-6:00 p. m,
Pool closed August 16-September 20.
Second Summer Square Dance spon-
sored by the Office of the Summer
Session and the Departments of Pay-
sical Education for Men and Women,
Tues Aug. 7 at 8:15 p.m. on Palmer
'ield or Waterman Gym in case of
rain. Four guest callers: Al Hards and
Vern Smith from Dearborn, Mr. and
Mrs. Brennan from Detroit, and Mr.
and Mrs. Hofmeyer from Ann Arbor.
Lectures
Patterns of American Culture Con-
tributions of the Negro. "The African
Influence on the Language and Folk-
lore of the Gullahs," Lorenzo Turner,
Department of English, Roosevelt Uni-
versity. 4:15 p.m. Mon., Aug, And. A
A, Angeli Hall.
The Soviets in World Affairs, aus-
pices of the Inter-Departmental Sem-
Inar in Russian Studies, Director of
pblitical studies, Council on Foreign
Relations. 8:00 p.m. Tues., Aug. 7, West
Conference Room Rackham.
Music for Living Lecture, "Where
Should We Be Going in Elementary
School Music" by Hazel B. Morgan,
Northwestern University, 7:00 p.m.
Mon., Aug. 6, in Aud, A, Angell Hal
Open to the public.
Music for Living Lecture, 3:00 p.m.
Tues. Aug. 7, n Aud. A, Angell Hall,
by Hazel B. Morgan, Northwestern
University entitled "Where Should We
Be Going in Junior High Music?" Open
to the general public.
.Play
The Lady's Not For Burning, Christo-
pher Fry's comedy in verse, will be
presented by the Department of speech
at 8:00 p.m. tonight in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Concerts
Student Recital by Fred Marzan, tuba,
8:30 p.m. Sun., Aug. 5, in Ad. A, An-
gels Hall, in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Master
of Music. Marzan is a pupil of Glenn
Smith, and his recital will be open to
the public.
Student Recital: Elizabeth Jo Beebe,
string instrument major in the School
of Music, at 4:15 p.m. Sun. Aug. 5. in
Aud. A, Angell Hall, in partial fulfill.
ment of the requirements for the de.
gree of Bachelor of Music. She studies
violin with Emil Raab, cello with 011.
ver Edel, and viola with Robert Courts.
Open to the general public.
Student Recital by Carol Jaeger,.vio
linist and cellist' 8:30 p.m. Mon, Aug.
6, in Aud. A, Angell Hall, In partial ful.
fillnent of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. Miss Jaeg-
er studies violin with Gilbert Ross and
cello with Oliver Edel, and her recital
will be open to the public.
Academic Notices
Mathematics colloquium: Tues., Aug.
7 at 4:10 p.m. in Room 3010 A. H. Prof.
Richard Brauer, of Harvard University,
will speak on "Groups of Even Order."
Tea and coffee served at 3:45 in 3212
A.H.
Doctoral Examination for Andrew Ga-
briel DeRocco, Chemistry; thesis.: "The
Methane and Ethana," Monday, Aug. 6,
Intermolecular Potentials of Argon
2024 Chemistry Bldg. at 3:00 p.m.
Chairman, J. 0. Halford.
Doctoral Examnation for Basil Spy-
ros Georgopolous, Social Psychology;
Social Systems: A study of Organiz-
thesis: "The Normative Structure of
7. 7611 Haven Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Chair-
man T. M. Newcomb.
Placement Notices
PERSONNEL INTERVIEW:

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Republican Prospects Less Bright

INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
Eden and the Commonwealth

By 3. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
PRIME MINISTER EDEN of Great Britain
predicted the other day that, if there is ever
a world government such as the idealists are
seeking, it will take the form pioneered by the
Commonwealth of Nations.
Britain is taking the lead now in discouraging
use of the word British in describing the Com-
monwealth.
In a free association of nations for mutual
consideration of mutual problems, she remains
the leader only because of her position of rela-
tive power devoted to defense of the other
members, through economics and through the
wispy tradition of allegiance to the crown. And
indeed, even the latter is no longer required.
Eden claims, and can produce an imposing
record to prove it, that imperialism has been
wiped out of British policy, and that the Com-
monwealth, instead of being a possessive in-
strument, plays a leading role in helping to
bring into being young and independent na-
tions.

FROM THIS topic Eden moved without spoken
implications directly into a discussion of
relations between Britain and the United States.
He made no attempt to relate the United
States to teh Commonwealth, referring to
Anglo-American relations as a fellowship which
"continues to live and grow because we have
methods of government, an approach to life,
with a common origin now centuries old."
Referring to the recent observation of the
Fourth of July, Eden "ventured" to tell America
that the Britis'h aleso deeply cherish indepen-
dence.
It was a very brief speech to the English-
Speaking Union in London, and there was no
amplification of the Commonwealth as the
forerunner of a world government.
There was no bridge between thought and
the references to America.
But one could not help but wonder whether
there was more to the speech than a mere
putting in of appearance at an Anglo-American
meeting.-,
CERTAINLY there was no suggestion of an
invitatin for the United States to join the
Commonwealth.
hAt+ .rmild nrnn - - +ha rarlinra t ofirta iv

By WALTER LIPPMANN
RATHER suddenly, so far as the
p public is concerned, Republi-
can prospects have taken a turn,
and have become less clear and
less bright. The cause of this turn
is a spreading uneasiness about the
rate of the President's recovery. It
is plain enough now that this is
the cause of what would otherwise
have been an absurd thing for a
practical politician like Mr. Stas-
sen to do.
It alone explains his having
waited until it was so late in the
day. For it was about the middle
of July that doubt arose about the
official prognosis, on which Chair-
man Hall and Mr. Hagerty have
been acting.
Quite evidently, the less satis-
factory the rate and character of
the President's recovery, the more
serious a liability is Mr. Nixon. For
virtually every press and public
opinion has shown that there are
a ajority who would not vote to
elect Nixon to be President of the
United States. If, during the cam-
paign, Mr. Eisenhower is ailing,
if he does not look and feel and
act more fit than he does now, the
outcome in November will be very
much in doubt.
This, we may be sure, is why
Mr. Stassen has not been obliter-
ated for challenging the plan. of

It is not clear whether they have
backed Mr. Stassen, or whether
he has raised a flag to which they
are rallying. But in any event, Mr.
Stassen is no longer playing a lone
hand, and on his main point, that
Nixon should not be taken for
granted, he has now carried the
President and Mr. Hall with him.
* * *
MR. MAGERTY won the confi-
dence and admiration of the press
and the public for his handling of
the publicity after the President's
heart attack. He has not been
equally successful since the Presi-
dent's second illness in June. For
he has led the country to expect
that by this time the President
would be fully recovered, as good
if not better than before. The ex-
cessively optimistic prognosis of
June was an unwise gamble with
fate and with the nature of things.
It would have benn far better,
as things have turned out, if the'
country had been told that ileitis
is a serious disease, that the oper-
ation was a serious one, and that
the President would need time for
his convalescence. Then it would
not have been necessary to sub-
ject the President to a press
agent's stunt, like taking him to
Panama and compelling him to
show how much weariness and
boredom he can endur,.

I should add that I do not think
Mr. Haggerty imposed the embar-
go in order to mislead the coun-
try. I have no doubt that he was
entirely convinced by the Presi-
dent'*s doctors that the first prog-
nosis could be relied upon, and
that he felt a public debate
among doctors would be an un-
seemly thing, would be dispiriting
to the patient and very unsettling
to the American peoeple.
* * *
THE REPUBLICAN prospects,
which have become darker than
they appeared to be at the begin-
ning of July, would surely be
greatly improved if Nixon were re-
placed by Herter. In fact, if they
go on with Nixon, the Republican
leaders will be placing a bet that
by September or early October,
the President will be so well re-
covered that his health will not
be an issue. With Herter, they
would be reinsuring themselves
against what might become a big
secession of Eisenhower Republi-
cans.
But even with Herter, there is
no longer any certainty, as most
of us have assumed there was,
about the outcome in November.
More than a year will have passed
since the President was first
stricken, and if he is still conva-

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